Al-Kāfi - Volume 6 > Beginning of the Creation of a Human Being and His Turning in His Mother’s Womb
Hadith #5

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْخَلْقِ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى لَمَّا خَلَقَ الْخَلْقَ مِنْ طِينٍ أَفَاضَ بِهَا كَإِفَاضَةِ الْقِدَاحِ فَأَخْرَجَ الْمُسْلِمَ فَجَعَلَهُ سَعِيداً وَ جَعَلَ الْكَافِرَ شَقِيّاً فَإِذَا وَقَعَتِ النُّطْفَةُ تَلَقَّتْهَا الْمَلَائِكَةُ فَصَوَّرُوهَا ثُمَّ قَالُوا يَا رَبِّ أَ ذَكَراً أَوْ أُنْثَى فَيَقُولُ الرَّبُّ جَلَّ جَلَالُهُ أَيَّ ذَلِكَ شَاءَ فَيَقُولَانِ تَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَثُمَّ تُوضَعُ فِي بَطْنِهَا فَتَرَدَّدُ تِسْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ فِي كُلِّ عِرْقٍ وَ مَفْصِلٍ وَ مِنْهَا لِلرَّحِمِ ثَلَاثَةُ أَقْفَالٍ قُفْلٌ فِي أَعْلَاهَا مِمَّا يَلِي أَعْلَى الصُّرَّةِ مِنَ الْجَانِبِ الْأَيْمَنِ وَ الْقُفْلُ الْآخَرُ وَسَطَهَا وَ الْقُفْلُ الْآخَرُ أَسْفَلَ مِنَ الرَّحِمِ فَيُوضَعُ بَعْدَ تِسْعَةِ أَيَّامٍ فِي الْقُفْلِ الْأَعْلَى فَيَمْكُثُ فِيهِ ثَلَاثَةَ أَشْهُرٍ فَعِنْدَ ذَلِكَ يُصِيبُ الْمَرْأَةَ خُبْثُ النَّفْسِ وَ التَّهَوُّعُثُمَّ يَنْزِلُ إِلَى الْقُفْلِ الْأَوْسَطِ فَيَمْكُثُ فِيهِ ثَلَاثَةَ أَشْهُرٍ وَ صُرَّةُ الصَّبِيِّ فِيهَا مَجْمَعُ الْعُرُوقِ وَ عُرُوقُ الْمَرْأَةِ كُلُّهَا مِنْهَا يَدْخُلُ طَعَامُهُ وَ شَرَابُهُ مِنْ تِلْكَ الْعُرُوقِثُمَّ يَنْزِلُ إِلَى الْقُفْلِ الْأَسْفَلِ فَيَمْكُثُ فِيهِ ثَلَاثَةَ أَشْهُرٍ فَذَلِكَ تِسْعَةُ أَشْهُرٍ ثُمَّ تُطْلَقُ الْمَرْأَةُ فَكُلَّمَا طُلِقَتْ انْقَطَعَ عِرْقٌ مِنْ صُرَّةِ الصَّبِيِّ فَأَصَابَهَا ذَلِكَ الْوَجَعُ وَ يَدُهُ عَلَى صُرَّتِهِ حَتَّى يَقَعَ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ وَ يَدُهُ مَبْسُوطَةٌ فَيَكُونُ رِزْقُهُ حِينَئِذٍ مِنْ فِيهِ .

5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the creation. He (the Imam) said, ‘When Allah, most Blessed, most High, created the creation from clay He poured them as arrows are poured, took out the Muslim ones, made him fortunate and made the unbeliever wicked ones. When the seed falls angels receive it and give it its shape then they ask, ‘O Lord, do You want it to be a male or female? ’ The Lord, most Majestic, most Glorious, then says whatever He wants.’ The two then say, ‘Blessed is Allah the best Creator.’ It then is placed inside her and it moves back and forth for nine days in every vein and joint. Inside from her to the womb there are three locks. One lock is for the upper side parallel to the bellybutton from the right side, the other lock is from the midsection and another lock is lower in the womb. After nine days, it is placed in the upper lock where it remains for three months and at this time, the woman experiences disgust and nausea. Thereafter it comes down to the middle lock and remains there for three months. The bellybutton of the child connects to a group of veins and all of the veins of the woman from which food enters as well as drinks by the way of these groups of veins. Then the child descends down to the third lock where the child remains for another three months and this completes nine months. The woman then undergoes childlabor and with every pain a vein of the veins disconnect from the bellybutton of the child. When pain starts his hand rests on his bellybutton and he falls on the ground with his hands spread and thereafter his sustenance is by the way of his mouth.’”