Al-Kāfi - Volume 6 > Beginning of the Creation of a Human Being and His Turning in His Mother’s Womb
Hadith #4

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَ النُّطْفَةَ الَّتِي مِمَّا أَخَذَ عَلَيْهَا الْمِيثَاقَ فِي صُلْبِ آدَمَ أَوْ مَا يَبْدُو لَهُ فِيهِ وَ يَجْعَلَهَا فِي الرَّحِمِ حَرَّكَ الرَّجُلَ لِلْجِمَاعِ وَ أَوْحَى إِلَى الرَّحِمِ أَنِ افْتَحِي بَابَكِ حَتَّى يَلِجَ فِيكِ خَلْقِي وَ قَضَائِيَ النَّافِذُ وَ قَدَرِيفَتَفْتَحُ الرَّحِمُ بَابَهَا فَتَصِلُ النُّطْفَةُ إِلَى الرَّحِمِ فَتَرَدَّدُ فِيهِ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ تَصِيرُ عَلَقَةً أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ تَصِيرُ مُضْغَةً أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ تَصِيرُ لَحْماً تَجْرِي فِيهِ عُرُوقٌ مُشْتَبِكَةٌ ثُمَّ يَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ مَلَكَيْنِ خَلَّاقَيْنِ يَخْلُقَانِ فِي الْأَرْحَامِ مَا يَشَاءُ اللَّهُ فَيَقْتَحِمَانِ فِي بَطْنِ الْمَرْأَةِ مِنْ فَمِ الْمَرْأَةِ فَيَصِلَانِ إِلَى الرَّحِمِ وَ فِيهَا الرُّوحُ الْقَدِيمَةُ الْمَنْقُولَةُ فِي أَصْلَابِ الرِّجَالِ وَ أَرْحَامِ النِّسَاءِ فَيَنْفُخَانِ فِيهَا رُوحَ الْحَيَاةِ وَ الْبَقَاءِ وَ يَشُقَّانِ لَهُ السَّمْعَ وَ الْبَصَرَ وَ جَمِيعَ الْجَوَارِحِ وَ جَمِيعَ مَا فِي الْبَطْنِ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِثُمَّ يُوحِي اللَّهُ إِلَى الْمَلَكَيْنِ اكْتُبَا عَلَيْهِ قَضَائِي وَ قَدَرِي وَ نَافِذَ أَمْرِي وَ اشْتَرِطَا لِيَ الْبَدَاءَ فِيمَا تَكْتُبَانِ فَيَقُولَانِ يَا رَبِّ مَا نَكْتُبُ فَيُوحِي اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِمَا أَنِ ارْفَعَا رَءُوسَكُمَا إِلَى رَأْسِ أُمِّهِ فَيَرْفَعَانِ رُءُوسَهُمَا فَإِذَا اللَّوْحُ يَقْرَعُ جَبْهَةَ أُمِّهِ فَيَنْظُرَانِ فِيهِ فَيَجِدَانِ فِي اللَّوْحِ صُورَتَهُ وَ زِينَتَهُ وَ أَجَلَهُ وَ مِيثَاقَهُ شَقِيّاً أَوْ سَعِيداً وَ جَمِيعَ شَأْنِهِقَالَ فَيُمْلِي أَحَدُهُمَا عَلَى صَاحِبِهِ فَيَكْتُبَانِ جَمِيعَ مَا فِي اللَّوْحِ وَ يَشْتَرِطَانِ الْبَدَاءَ فِيمَا يَكْتُبَانِ ثُمَّ يَخْتِمَانِ الْكِتَابَ وَ يَجْعَلَانِهِ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ ثُمَّ يُقِيمَانِهِ قَائِماً فِي بَطْنِ أُمِّهِقَالَ فَرُبَّمَا عَتَا فَانْقَلَبَ وَ لَا يَكُونُ ذَلِكَ إِلَّا فِي كُلِّ عَاتٍ أَوْ مَارِدٍ وَ إِذَا بَلَغَ أَوَانُ خُرُوجِ الْوَلَدِ تَامّاً أَوْ غَيْرَ تَامٍّ أَوْحَى اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِلَى الرَّحِمِ أَنِ افْتَحِي بَابَكِ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ خَلْقِي إِلَى أَرْضِي وَ يَنْفُذَ فِيهِ أَمْرِي فَقَدْ بَلَغَ أَوَانُ خُرُوجِهِ قَالَفَيَفْتَحُ الرَّحِمُ بَابَ الْوَلَدِ فَيَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكاً يُقَالُ لَهُ زَاجِرٌ فَيَزْجُرُهُ زَجْرَةً فَيَفْزَعُ مِنْهَا الْوَلَدُ فَيَنْقَلِبُ فَيَصِيرُ رِجْلَاهُ فَوْقَ رَأْسِهِ وَ رَأْسُهُ فِي أَسْفَلِ الْبَطْنِ لِيُسَهِّلَ اللَّهُ عَلَى الْمَرْأَةِ وَ عَلَى الْوَلَدِ الْخُرُوجَقَالَ فَإِذَا احْتُبِسَ زَجَرَهُ الْمَلَكُ زَجْرَةً أُخْرَى فَيَفْزَعُ مِنْهَا فَيَسْقُطُ الْوَلَدُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ بَاكِياً فَزِعاً مِنَ الزَّجْرَةِ .

4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, wants to create the seed which has formed the covenant when taken from the back of Adam or what appears to Him, (due to al-Bada’ ) He places it in the womb and moves the man to go to bed with the woman (his wife). He inspires the womb to open its door so that His creature can enter in it and His authoritative determination and measure. The womb opens its door and the seed reaches the womb, then turns back and forth for forty days, then it becomes a clot, then an embryo in forty days, then a piece of flesh in which veins spread like a net. Then Allah sends two creative angels in the womb who make in the womb as Allah wills. They enter inside the woman through her mouth until they reach her womb. In it (the seed) is the old spirit transferred from the backs of men to the wombs of women, then they blow in it the spirit of life and continued life and carve for him ears, eyes, all of his parts and all the inside by the permission of Allah. Then Allah sends revelation to the two angels that says, ‘Write upon him My authoritative command of determination and measures and stipulate for me a change of plan (al- bada’) in what you write.’ They then ask, ‘What must we write, O Lord?’ Allah then reveals to them to raise their heads to the head of his mother.’ They then raise their heads and find a tablet knocking [informing] from the forehead of his mother. They look at it and find in it his shape, fashion, duration of his life, his covenant of being a virtuous or a wicked one and all of his characteristics.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘One of them dictates, the other writes all that is in the tablet and stipulates the condition of change of plan (al-bada’). They seal the book and place it between his two eyes, then they make him stand up in the belly of his mother.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He perhaps turns insolent and changes and this only happens with insolent and disobedient ones. When it is time for his coming out Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, inspires the womb to open its door so that His creature can come out to His earth so that His command is applied to him; it is time for him to come out.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘The womb then opens the door of the child and Allah sends an angel called a reprimanding one, who reprimands him and it makes him feel shocked. His head turns downward and his feet upward thus Allah makes it easy for the child to come out as well as for the woman.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘When he stops the angel reproaches him again which gives him a shock again. He then falls on the ground crying and upset because of the reproach.’”