Al-Kāfi - Volume 5 > Selling Water for Agriculture and Preserving Extra Water of Valleys and Floods
Hadith #2

2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ وَحُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَنِ النِّطَافِ وَالأرْبِعَاءِ قَالَ وَالأرْبِعَاءُ أَنْ يُسَنَّى مُسَنَّاةٌ فَيُحْمَلَ الْمَاءَ فَيُسْتَقَى بِهِ الأرْضَ ثُمَّ يُسْتَغْنَى عَنْهُ فَقَالَ لا تَبِعْهُ وَلَكِنْ أَعِرْهُ جَارَكَ وَالنِّطَافُ أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهُ الشِّرْبُ فَيَسْتَغْنِيَ عَنْهُ فَيَقُولُ لا تَبِعْهُ وَلَكِنْ أَعِرْهُ أَخَاكَ أَوْ جَارَكَ.

2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from and Humayd ibn Ziyad from al- Hassan ibn Sama‘ah from Ja’far ibn Sama‘ah all from Aban who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, prohibited al-Nitaf and al-Arbi‘a’. He said, ‘Al-Arbi‘a’ is constructing, something as a dam, to hold water to water the land, then he stands free of need for such water.’ He said, ‘You must not sell it but allow your neighbor to use it.’ Al-Nitaf is a share that one has in a body of water, then he stands free of need for such a share. And he (the Messenger of Allah) would say, ‘You must not sell it but allow your neighbor to use it or your brother.’”