Al-Kāfi - Volume 5 > Chapter 9(b)
Hadith #1

1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ كَانَ أَبِي (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ لِلْحَرْبِ حُكْمَيْنِ إِذَا كَانَتِ الْحَرْبُ قَائِمَةً لَمْ تَضَعْ أَوْزَارَهَا وَلَمْ يُثْخَنْ أَهْلُهَا فَكُلُّ أَسِيرٍ أُخِذَ فِي تِلْكَ الْحَالِ فَإِنَّ الإمَامَ فِيهِ بِالْخِيَارِ إِنْ شَاءَ ضَرَبَ عُنُقَهُ وَإِنْ شَاءَ قَطَعَ يَدَهُ وَرِجْلَهُ مِنْ خِلافٍ بِغَيْرِ حَسْمٍ وَتَرَكَهُ يَتَشَحَّطُ فِي دَمِهِ حَتَّى يَمُوتَ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنَّما جَزاءُ الَّذِينَ يُحارِبُونَ اللهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَيَسْعَوْنَ فِي الأرْضِ فَساداً أَنْ يُقَتَّلُوا أَوْ يُصَلَّبُوا أَوْ تُقَطَّعَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَأَرْجُلُهُمْ مِنْ خِلافٍ أَوْ يُنْفَوْا مِنَ الأرْضِ ذلِكَ لَهُمْ خِزْيٌ فِي الدُّنْيا وَلَهُمْ فِي الآخِرَةِ عَذابٌ عَظِيمٌ أَلا تَرَى أَنَّ الْمُخَيَّرَ الَّذِي خَيَّرَ اللهُ الإمَامَ عَلَى شَيْ‏ءٍ وَاحِدٍ وَهُوَ الْكُفْرُ وَلَيْسَ هُوَ عَلَى أَشْيَاءَ مُخْتَلِفَةٍ فَقُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَوْلُ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَوْ يُنْفَوْا مِنَ الأرْضِ قَالَ ذَلِكَ الطَّلَبُ أَنْ تَطْلُبَهُ الْخَيْلُ حَتَّى يَهْرُبَ فَإِنْ أَخَذَتْهُ الْخَيْلُ حُكِمَ عَلَيْهِ بِبَعْضِ الأحْكَامِ الَّتِي وَصَفْتُ لَكَ وَالْحُكْمُ الآخَرُ إِذَا وَضَعَتِ الْحَرْبُ أَوْزَارَهَا وَأُثْخِنَ أَهْلُهَا فَكُلُّ أَسِيرٍ أُخِذَ فِي تِلْكَ الْحَالِ فَكَانَ فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ فَالإمَامُ فِيهِ بِالْخِيَارِ إِنْ شَاءَ مَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ فَأَرْسَلَهُمْ وَإِنْ شَاءَ فَادَاهُمْ أَنْفُسَهُمْ وَإِنْ شَاءَ اسْتَعْبَدَهُمْ فَصَارُوا عَبِيداً.

1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Talhah ibn Zayd who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ’My father would say, “There are two laws about war: (1) During an ongoing war when the enemy is not defeated about the prisoners of war the Imam has the choice to execute, cut off their hands and legs, one of each of the opposite side, without (doing something to) stopping blood flow so that the victim dies by bleeding. This is stated in words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious: ‘The only proper punishment for those who fight against Allah and His Messenger and try to spread evil in the land is to be killed, crucified, or either to have one of their hands and feet cutoff from the opposite sides or to be sent into exile. These are to disgrace them in this life and they will suffer a great torment in the life hereafter.’ (5:33) “Of the choices that Allah has given to the Imam is one and that is execution. There are no different choices.’” “I then asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘. . . or that they are exiled. . . .’ He (the Imam) said it is up to the search and pursuit of the troops until he flees. If the troops capture him certain of the rules that I just describe will be executed in his case. “The other law about war (2) is when it is over and the enemy is defeated. About every prisoner of war that is captured, the Imam has the choice to set them free as favor to them or they pay ransom to set themselves free. The Imam may also decide to keep them as slaves.’”