Al-Kāfi - Volume 3 > Washing a Dead Body
Hadith #3

3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) يُغَسَّلُ الْمَيِّتُ ثَلاَثَ غَسَلاَتٍ مَرَّةً بِالسِّدْرِ وَمَرَّةً بِالْمَاءِ يُطْرَحُ فِيهِ الْكَافُورُ وَمَرَّةً أُخْرَى بِالْمَاءِ الْقَرَاحِ ثُمَّ يُكَفَّنُ وَقَالَ إِنَّ أَبِي كَتَبَ فِي وَصِيَّتِهِ أَنْ أُكَفِّنَهُ فِي ثَلاَثَةِ أَثْوَابٍ أَحَدُهَا رِدَاءٌ لَهُ حِبَرَةٌ وَثَوْبٌ آخَرُ وَقَمِيصٌ قُلْتُ وَلِمَ كَتَبَ هَذَا قَالَ مَخَافَةَ قَوْلِ النَّاسِ وَعَصَّبْنَاهُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ بِعِمَامَةٍ وَشَقَقْنَا لَهُ الأرْضَ مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّهُ كَانَ بَادِناً وَأَمَرَنِي أَنْ أَرْفَعَ الْقَبْرَ مِنَ الأرْضِ أَرْبَعَ أَصَابِعَ مُفَرَّجَاتٍ وَذَكَرَ أَنَّ رَشَّ الْقَبْرِ بِالْمَاءِ حَسَنٌ.

3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from al-Halabiy who has narrated the following: “‘Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a dead body must be given three Ghusl (baths). One Ghusl (bath) with water mixed with Lotus tree leaves, one Ghusl (bath) with water mixed with camphor, and one Ghusl (bath) with pure water. Thereafter, the dead body must be wrapped in the shroud. He (the Imam) said, ‘My father made a will that required me to shroud him with three pieces of cloth. One piece was a gown which was made in Hibrah, one more piece of cloth, and a shirt.’ I then asked, ‘Why did he say it in his will?’ He (the Imam) said that he (the Imam) did it so that people will have no objection. We then prepared a turban for him. We then dug the soil like a cut in the earth for him because his body was of a large frame. He had commanded me to raise the surface of his grave from the ground by about four inches.’ He (the Imam) mentioned that it is good to sprinkle water on the grave.’”