Al-Kāfi - Volume 3 > Taking out of the Souls of Believing and Unbelievers
Hadith #3

3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ حَضَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) رَجُلاً مِنَ الأنْصَارِ وَكَانَتْ لَهُ حَالَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَحَضَرَهُ عِنْدَ مَوْتِهِ فَنَظَرَ إِلَى مَلَكِ الْمَوْتِ عِنْدَ رَأْسِهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) ارْفُقْ بِصَاحِبِي فَإِنَّهُ مُؤْمِنٌ فَقَالَ لَهُ مَلَكُ الْمَوْتِ يَا مُحَمَّدُ طِبْ نَفْساً وَقَرَّ عَيْناً فَإِنِّي بِكُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ رَفِيقٌ شَفِيقٌ وَاعْلَمْ يَا مُحَمَّدُ إِنِّي لأَحْضُرُ ابْنَ آدَمَ عِنْدَ قَبْضِ رُوحِهِ فَإِذَا قَبَضْتُهُ صَرَخَ صَارِخٌ مِنْ أَهْلِهِ عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ فَأَتَنَحَّى فِي جَانِبِ الدَّارِ وَمَعِي رُوحُهُ فَأَقُولُ لَهُمْ وَالله مَا ظَلَمْنَاهُ وَلاَ سَبَقْنَا بِهِ أَجَلَهُ وَلاَ اسْتَعْجَلْنَا بِهِ قَدَرَهُ وَمَا كَانَ لَنَا فِي قَبْضِ رُوحِهِ مِنْ ذَنْبٍ فَإِنْ تَرْضَوْا بِمَا صَنَعَ الله بِهِ وَتَصْبِرُوا تُؤْجَرُوا وَتُحْمَدُوا وَإِنْ تَجْزَعُوا وَتَسْخَطُوا تَأْثَمُوا وَتُوزَرُوا وَمَا لَكُمْ عِنْدَنَا مِنْ عُتْبَى وَإِنَّ لَنَا عِنْدَكُمْ أَيْضاً لَبَقِيَّةً وَعَوْدَةً فَالْحَذَرَ الْحَذَرَ فَمَا مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِ مَدَرٍ وَلاَ شَعْرٍ فِي بَرٍّ وَلاَ بَحْرٍ إِلاَّ وَأَنَا أَتَصَفَّحُهُمْ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ خَمْسَ مَرَّاتٍ عِنْدَ مَوَاقِيتِ الصَّلاَةِ حَتَّى لأَنَا أَعْلَمُ مِنْهُمْ بِأَنْفُسِهِمْ وَلَوْ أَنِّي يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَرَدْتُ قَبْضَ نَفْسِ بَعُوضَةٍ مَا قَدَرْتُ عَلَى قَبْضِهَا حَتَّى يَكُونَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ هُوَ الآمِرَ بِقَبْضِهَا وَإِنِّي لَمُلَقِّنُ الْمُؤْمِنِ عِنْدَ مَوْتِهِ شَهَادَةَ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُولُ الله (صلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه).

3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from al-Mufaddal ibn Salih from Jabir who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Messenger of Allah once visited a man from Ansar (people of Madinah) and he was of a good status before the Messenger of Allah. He visited him in his dying condition and looked at the angel of death near his head. The Messenger of Allah said, ‘Be kind to my companion; he is a believing person.’ The angel of death then said, ‘O Muhammad, be pleased and delighted; I am a very kind friend of every believer. O Muhammad, please consider that I visit the sons of Adam in their dying conditions and when I take their souls away, their families cry at that time. I then move away to the side of the room, with his spirit with me, and say to them, “By Allah, we have not done any injustice to him or come before the due time or rushed his measures. It is not our fault. If you agree with what Allah has done to him and bear patience, you will be rewarded and admired. If you howl and become angry, you sin and transgress; and you will not have any credit with us. Our work about you is not yet finished. So be on your guard, and beware! There is no household in urban or countryside, on land or water whose faces I do not study five times every day at the time of Salah (prayer), so much so that I know them better than they themselves do. If I, O Muhammad, decide to take away the soul of a bug, I cannot do so without the command of Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, to do so. I dictate to a believer the testimony of belief at the time of his death: “No one deserves to be worshipped except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.’””