12. On the Shari’ a (System of Laws) - Hadith #1

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الثَّقَفِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى أَعْطَى مُحَمَّداً (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) شَرَائِعَ نُوحٍ وَإِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَى وَعِيسَى (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) التَّوْحِيدَ وَالإخْلاصَ وَخَلْعَ الأنْدَادِ وَالْفِطْرَةَ الْحَنِيفِيَّةَ السَّمْحَةَ وَلا رَهْبَانِيَّةَ وَلا سِيَاحَةَ أَحَلَّ فِيهَا الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَحَرَّمَ فِيهَا الْخَبَائِثَ وَوَضَعَ عَنْهُمْ إِصْرَهُمْ وَالأغْلالَ الَّتِي كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ ثُمَّ افْتَرَضَ عَلَيْهِ فِيهَا الصَّلاةَ وَالزَّكَاةَ وَالصِّيَامَ وَالْحَجَّ وَالأمْرَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَالنَّهْيَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَالْحَلالَ وَالْحَرَامَ وَالْمَوَارِيثَ وَالْحُدُودَ وَالْفَرَائِضَ وَالْجِهَادَ فِي سَبِيلِ الله وَزَادَهُ الْوُضُوءَ وَفَضَّلَهُ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ وَبِخَوَاتِيمِ سُورَةِ الْبَقَرَةِ وَالْمُفَصَّلِ وَأَحَلَّ لَهُ الْمَغْنَمَ وَالْفَيْ‏ءَ وَنَصَرَهُ بِالرُّعْبِ وَجَعَلَ لَهُ الأرْضَ مَسْجِداً وَطَهُوراً وَأَرْسَلَهُ كَافَّةً إِلَى الأبْيَضِ وَالأسْوَدِ وَالْجِنِّ وَالإنْسِ وَأَعْطَاهُ الْجِزْيَةَ وَأَسْرَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ وَفِدَاهُمْ ثُمَّ كُلِّفَ مَا لَمْ يُكَلَّفْ أَحَدٌ مِنَ الأنْبِيَاءِ وَأُنْزِلَ عَلَيْهِ سَيْفٌ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فِي غَيْرِ غِمْدٍ وَقِيلَ لَهُ فَقاتِلْ فِي سَبِيلِ الله لا تُكَلَّفُ إِلا نَفْسَكَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr. And a number of our people from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Thaqafi from Muhammad ibn Marwan all of them have narrated from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from those whom he has mentioned from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Blessed, the Most High, granted to Muhammad (a.s.) the system of laws of Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus, peace be upon them. The laws consisted of belief in monotheism, purity of such belief, the negation of all associates of Allah and the culture, that it is free and clean of idolatry, that it is easy to follow and that it does not allow total abandonment of the worldly life or total indulgence in it. He has made lawful in such a system of laws all that is good and clean and has made unlawful all that is filthy. Through such system He has removed all hardships and obstacles that were imposed on them (people). He then made it necessary for them, in such system of laws, to perform prayers, pay the charity ( Zakat ), complete the Fasting, and perform Hajj. And that they must fulfill their duty in the matters of virtue and vices (ask others to perform their duties and not to commit sins). And that they must follow the rules of lawful and unlawful matters, the rules of inheritance, penalties and compensations for losses and the obligations and the duty of Jihad (defending the faith) in the way of Allah. He has made Wuzu an additional obligation. He has granted him (the Holy Prophet) (a.s.) distinction through the following revelations: the first Chapter of the Holy Quran and the last verses of Chapter Two of the Holy Quran as well as the detailed Chapters from Chapter 47 to the end of the Holy Quran. He made lawful for Prophet Muhammad (a.s.) the spoils of war and the land given to him without resistance. He supported him by giving him an awesome personality, made for him the earth to use in performing prostration before the Lord and to use it to clean himself. He was sent to all human beings, black and white, and to all Jinns. He granted him authority to receive taxes. He helped him to capture the pagans and then set them free on being ransomed. Then he imposed on him such duties that were not imposed on the prophets before. He sent down to him from heaven an unsheathed sword. He was told, ‘Fight for the cause of Allah and do not hold anyone responsible besides your ownself. ’” (4:84)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/89)