23. The reason due to which Al-Najaf was named as ‘Najaf’ - Hadith #1

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حدثنا علي بن احمد بن محمد رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبى عبد الله الكوفى، عن موسى بن عمران النخعي، عن عمه الحسن بن يزيد النوفلي عن على بن أبى حمزة، عن أبى نعيم، عن أبى عبد الله عليه السلام قال: ان النجف كان جبلا وهو الذي قال ابن نوح: (سآوي إلى جبل يعصني من الماء) ولم يكن على وجة الارض جبل أعظم منه، فأوحى الله عز وجل إليه يا جبل أيعتصم بك مني فتقطع قطعا قطعا إلى بلاد الشام، وصار رملا دقيقا، وصار بعد ذلك بحرا عظيما وكان يسمى ذلك البحر بحر (نى) ثم (جف) بعد ذلك فقيل نى جف فسمي بنجف ثم صار الناس بعد ذلك يسمونه نجف لانه كان أخف على ألسنتهم.

1. Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Muhammad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah Al Kufy, from Musa Bin Imran Al Nakhai’e, from his uncle Al Hassan Bin Yazeed Al Nowfaly, from Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Abu Naeem, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘Al-Najaf was a mountain, and it is the one for which the son of Noah (as) said [11:43] He said: I will betake myself (for refuge) to a mountain that shall protect me from the water, and there did not happen to be a mountain upon the face of the earth, greater than it. So Allah Mighty and Majestic Revealed upon it: “O mountain! He is seeking refuge with you, from Me ”. So it broke itself into pieces and pieces to the city of Syria, and became small grains of sand. And after that, it became a great ocean, and that ocean used to be called the ‘Ni’ ocean. Then it became a desert (dried up – ‘Jaf’). So it was called ‘Ni-Jaf’, and the people, after that, called it ‘Najaf’, for it was easier upon their tongues’.