ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā - Volume 1 > Traditions About Imam al-Ridha’s Mother and Her Name
Hadith #4

4 - حَدَّثَنا أَبي رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: حَدَّثَنا سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّه، عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى، عَنْ الحَسَن بْنِ مَحْبُوب، عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ إِسْحاق، عَنْ أَبي زَكَريَّا الواسِطِىَّ، عَنْ هِشامِ الأَحْمَرِ قالَ: قالَ ابوالحَسَن الأَوَّلُ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: هَلْ عَلِمْتَ أَحَداً مِنْ أَهْل المَغْرِبِ قَدِمْ ؟ قُلتُ: لا، فَقالَ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: بَلى‏ قَدْ قَدِمَ رَجُلٌ [أحمرُ] فَانْطَلِقْ بِنا إِلَيْهِ، فَرَكِبَ وَرَكِبْنا مَعَهُ حَتّى‏ انْتَهَيْنا إِلَى الرَّجُلِ، فَإِذا رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْل المَغْرِبِ مَعَهُ رَقِيق فَقالَ لَهُ: اِعْرِضْ عَلَيْنا فَعَرَضَ عَلَيْنا تِسْعَ جَوار كُلِّ ذلِكَ يَقُولُ أَبُوالحَسَن‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: لا حاجَةَ لي‏فِيها، ثُمَّ قالَ لَهُ: اعْرِضْ عَلَيْنا، قالَ: ما عِنْدِي شَي‏ءٌ فَقالَ لَهُ: بَلى‏ اعْرِضْ عَلَيْنا، قالَ: لا وَاللَّهِ، ما عِنْدِي إِلاّ جارِيَةٌ مَرِيضَةٌ، فَقالَ لَهُ: ما عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تَعْرِضَها؟ فَأبي عَلَيْهِ، ثُمَّ انصَرَفَ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ ثُمَّ اِنَّهُ أَرْسِلْنِي مِنَ الغَدِ إِلَيْهِ، فَقالَ لي‏: قُلْ لَهُ: كَمْ غايَتُكَ فِيها؟ فَإِذا قالَ: كَذا وَكَذا فَقُلْ: قَدْ أَخَذْتُها.فَأَتَيْتُهُ،[وَ] قالَ: ما اُرِيدُ أَنْ أَنْقُصَها مِنْ كَذا [وَكَذا] ، فَقُلْتُ: قَدْ أَخَذْتُها وَهُوَ لَكَ، فَقالَ: هِيَ لَكَ، وَلكِن مَنَ الرَّجُل الَّذِي كانَ مَعَكَ بِالأَمْسِ؟ فَقُلْتُ: رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي هاشِم؛ فَقالَ: مِنْ أيِّ بَنِي هاشِم؟ [فَقُلْتُ مِنْ نُقَبائِهِم‏] فَقالَ: اُرِيدُ أَكْثَرَ مِنْهُ، فَقُلْتُ: ما عِنْدِي أَكْثَرُ مِنْ هذا، فَقالَ: أَخْبِرُكَ عَنْ هذِهِ الوَصِيفَةِ، إِنِّي اشْتَرَيْتُها مِنْ أَقْصى‏ بِلاد الْمَغْرِبِ، فَلَقِيَتْني اِمْرَأَةٌ مِن أَهْلِ الْكِتاب، فَقالَتْ: ما هذِهِ الوَصِيفَةِ مَعَكَ؟ فَقُلْتُ اشْتَرَيْتُها لِنَفْسِي. فَقالَتْ: ما يَنْبَغِي أَن تَكُون هذِهِ الوَصِيفَةُ عِنْدَ مِثْلِكَ، إِنَّ هذِهِ الجارِيَةَ يَنْبَغِي‏أَن تَكُون عِنْدَ خَيْرَ أَهْلِ الأَرْض، فَلا تَلْبَثُ عنْدَهُ إِلاّ قَلِيلاً حَتّى‏ تَلِدَ مِنْهُ غُلاماً يَدَيْنُ لَهُ شَرْقُ الأَرْض وَغَرْبُها، قالَ: فَأَتَيْتَهُ بِها، فَلَمْ تَلْبَثْ عنْدَهُ إِلاّ قَلِيلاً حَتّى‏ وَلَدَتْ لَهُ عَلِيّاً عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ.وَحَدَّثَني بِهذَا الْحَدِيثِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِى ماجِيلوَيْه رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: حَدَّثَني عَمِّي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبي القاسِم، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِى الكُوفِيِّ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خالِد، عَنْ هِشامِ الأَحْمَرِ مِثْلَهُ سَواءٌ.

2-4 (The author of the book narrated) my father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Sa’d ibn Abdullah quoted on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Mahboob, on the authority of Yaqoob ibn Ishaq, on the authority of Zakariya al-Wasety, on the authority of Hisham bin Ahmed that Abul Hassan the first (Imam Al-Kazim (s) said, “Do you know anyone from the West who has come here?” I said, “No.” Imam Al-Kazim (s) said, “Yes, a red man has come here. Let’s go to see him together.” We mounted our horses and rode over to see him. He was a Western man with several slaves. Imam Al-Kazim (s) said, “Show us your slaves.” The man showed the Imam (s) nine of his female slaves. About each one of them Imam Al-Kazim (s) said, “I do not need her.” Then he said, “Show us the rest of them.” The man said, “I do not have any more.” TheImam (s) said, “Yes you do. Show them to us. The man swore to God and said, “I swear by God that I do not have any more. There is just an ill female slave left.” The Imam (s) said, “What would happen if you also show her to us?” The man refused and then the Imam (s) left. The next day Imam Al-Kazim (s) sent me to that man, instructed me to ask him what the last price was for her and to accept whatever price he quoted for her. Then I went to see that man. He said, “I will not sell her for an less than so much.” I said, “O.K. I accept the amount. Here is the money. It is yours.” He said, “O.K. That female slave is ours. But please tell me who the man with you was.” I said, “He is from the Hashemite tribe.” He asked, “Which branch? “I answered, “He is from the noble men of the Hashemite tribe.” The man said, “Please explain more.” I said, “I do not know anymore than this.” Then the man said, “O.K. Let me tell you then. I bought this female slave from one of the farthest towns away in the West.” A woman of the People of the Book saw me and asked me, “What is this female slave doing with you?” I said, “I have bought her for myself.” She said, “It is neither proper nor possible for her to be with people like you. She must live with the best of the people on the Earth. She will give birth to a child after living in their house for a short while to whom all the people of the East and the West will be humble.” Hisham said, “After buying her, I took her to Imam Al-Kazim (s). Then after a short while, she gave birth to (Imam) Ali ibn Musa Al-Ridha (s). Muhammad ibn Ali Majiluwayh - may God be pleased with him - quoted the same tradition in the same form for me on the authority of his uncle Muhammad ibn Ali al-Qasim, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Ali al-Kufi, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Khalid, on the authority of Hisham bin Ahmed.