ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā - Volume 1 > Traditions About Imam al-Ridha’s Mother and Her Name
Hadith #2

2 - حَدَّثَنا الْحاكِمُ أَبُو عَلِيِّ الحُسَيْنُ بْنُ أحْمَد الْبِيْهَقِيُّ قالَ: حَدَّثَنا الصُّوليُّ قالَ: حَدَّثَني عَوْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ الْكِنْدِيُّ قالَ: سَمِعْتُ أَبَا الحَسَنِ عَلِىَّ بْنَ مِيْثَم - يَقُولُ: وَما رَأَيتُ أَحَداً قَطُّ أَعْرَفَ بِاُمُورِ الأَئِمَّةِ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلاَمُ وَأَخْبارِهِمْ وَمَناكِحِهِمْ مِنْهُ - قالَ: اشْتَرَتْ حَمِيدَةُ المُصَفَّاةُ وَهِيَ اُمُّ أَبِي الحَسَنِ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَر عَلَيْهِمَا السَّلاَمُ، وَكانَتْ مِنْ أَشْرافِ العَجَمِ جارِيَةً مُوَلِّدَةً وَاِسْمُها تُكْتَمُ وَكانَتْ مِنْ أَفْضَلِ النِّساءِ في عَقْلِها وَدِينِها وَإِعْظامِها لِمَوْلاتِها حَمِيدَةَ المُصَفَّاةِ، حَتّى‏ إِنَّها ما جَلَسَتْ بَيْنَ يَدَيْها مِنْذُ مَلَكَتْها إِجْلالاً لَها، فَقالَتْ لِإِبْنِها مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: يا بُنَيَّ إِنَّ تُكْتَمُ جارِيَةٌ ما رَأَيتُ جارِيَةً قَطُّ أَفْضَلَ مِنْها و لَسْتُ أَشُكُّ أَنَّ اللَّهَ تَعالى‏ سَيُطَهِّرُ نَسْلَها إِنْ كانَ لَها نَسْلٌ وَقَدْ وَهَبْتُها لَكَ، فَاسْتَوْصِ خَيْراً بِها فَلَمَّا وَلَدَتْ لَهُ الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ سَمَّاها الطَّاهِرَةَ، قالَ: وَكانَ الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ يَرْتَضِعُ كَثِيراً وَكانَ تامَّ الْخَلْقِ فَقالَتْ: أَعِينُونِي بِمُرْضِعٍ، فَقِيلَ لَها: أَنْقَضَ الدَّرُّ؟! فَقالَتْ: ما أَكْذِبُ، وَاللَّهِوَاللَّهِ ما نَقَصَ الدَّرُّ، لكِن عَلَىّ وِرْدٌ مِنْ صَلاتِي وَتَسْبِيحِي، وَقَدْ نَقَصَ مُنْذُ وَلَدْتُ.قالَ الْحاكِمُ أَبُو عَليِ: قالَ الصُّوليُّ: وَالدَّلِيلُ عَلَى أَن اِسْمَها تُكْتَمُ قَوْلَ الشَّاعِرِ يَمْدَحُ الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ:وَرَهْطاً وَأَجْداداً عَلِيُّ المُعَظَّمُ;ألا إنَّ خَيْرَ النَّاسِ نَفْساً وَوالِداً;إِماماً يُؤَدِّي حُجَّةَ اللَّهِ تُكْتَمُ‏‏أَتَتْنا بِهِ لِلْعِلْمِ وَالْحِلْمِ ثامِناًوَقَدْ نَسَبَ قَوْمٌ هذا الشِّعْرَ إِلى عَمِّ أَبي إِبْراهيمَ بْنِ العَبَّاسِ وَلَمْ أَرْوِهِ لَهُ، وَما لَمْ يَقَعْ لِي بِهِ رِوايَةً وَسَماعاً فَإِنِّي لا أُحَقِّقُهُ وَلا اُبْطِلُهُ بَلِ الَّذِي لا أَشُكُّ فِيهِ أَنَّهُ لِعَمِّ أَبي إِبْراهيمِ بْنِ العَبَّاسِ قولَهُ:عَلى‏ أَهْلِهِ عادِلاً شاهِداكَفى‏ بِفِعالِ امْرِءٍ عالِمٍوَلا يُشْبِهُ الطّارِفُ التَّالِداأَرى‏ لَهُم طارِفاً مُونِقاًوَتعطون من مائَةٍ واحِدايُمَنُّ عَلَيْكُمْ بِأَمْوالِكُمْ‏يَكُون لأَعْدائِكُمْ حامِدافَلا يَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ مُسْتَبْصِرٌكَما فَضَلَ الوالِدُ الوالِدافَضَلْتَ قَسِيمَكَ فِي قُعْدَدٍقالَ الصُّوليُّ: وَجَدْتُ هذِهِ الأَبْياتَ بِخَطِّ أَبي، على‏ ظَهْرِ دَفْتَرٍ لَهُ يَقُولُ فِيهِ: «أَنْشَدَنِي أَخِي لِعَمِّه فِي عَلِيِّ (يَعْنِي الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ) - تَعْلِيقٌ مُتَوَّقٌ - فَنَظَرْتُ فَإِذا هُوَبِقَسِيمِهِ فِي القُعْدَدِ الْمَأمُون، لأَنَّ عَبْدَ المُطَّلِبِ هُوَالثَّامِنُ مِنْ آبائِهِما جَمِيعاً.وَتُكْتَمُ مِن أَسْماءِ نِساءِ العَرَبِ قَدْ جاءَتْ فِي الأَشْعارِ كَثِيراً مِنْها فِي قولَهُمْ:خِيالُ تُكْنى‏ وَخِيالُ تُكْتَماطافَ الخَيالانِ فَهاجا سَقَماقالَ الصُّوليُّ: وَكانَتْ لإِبْراهِيمَ بْنِ العَبَّاسِ الصُّوليِّ عَمِّ أَبي فِي الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ مَدائِحُ كَثِيرَةٌ أَظْهَرَها، ثُمَّ اضْطُرَّ إِلى أَنْ سَتَرَها، وَتَتَبَّعَها فَأَخَذَها مِنْ كُلِّ مَكان.وَقَدْ رَوى‏ قَوْمٌ أَنَّ اُمَّ الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ تُسَمّى‏ سَكَنَ النَّوابِيَةِ، وَسُمِّيَتْ أَرْوى‏، وَسُمِّيَتْ نَجْمَة وَسُمِّيَتْ سَمانَة، وَتُكَنّى اُمُّ البَنِينَ.

2-2 Al-Hakim Abu Ali Al-Hussein ibn Ahmad al-Bayhaqi quoted on the authority of al-Sowly, on the authority of Own ibn Muhammad al-Kendy quoted on the authority of Abul Hassan Ali ibn Maysam - Imam Al-Kazim’s mother - who was one of the noble Persian ladies called Hamideh, bought a female slave of the Mowalledeh type named Toktam. Toktam was one of the noblest ladies in regards to intelligence, religion and respect for her master and his mother Hamideh. She respected Lady Hamideh so much that she would never sit down in her presence. Then Lady Hamideh told her son - Imam Musa ibn Ja’far (s), “O my son! Toktam is a female slave. I have never seen any female slave better than her. I have no doubt that God will purify any generations from her offspring. Therefore, I will bestow her on you. Treat her with kindness. When she gave birth to Imam Al-Ridha (s), Imam Al-Kazim (s) called her Taherah.”Then Ali ibn Maysam added, “Imam Al-Ridha (s) drank a lot of milk and was a chubby baby. Then his mother asked for a wet-nurse to breast-feed the baby. She was asked if she had run out of milk. She replied, ‘No, Iswear by God that I have not run out of milk, but since the birth of this baby I cannot attend to my own prayers and supplications.’”Al-Hakim Abu Ali quoted on the authority of al-Sowly, “One proof that the name of Imam Al-Ridha’s mother is Toktam can be found in this poem composed about Imam Al-Ridha (s):The Noble Ali is the best of the people Who has the best father, forefathers and tribe. Toktam gave birth to him Who is the eighth Leader. With his knowledge and patience He will stress God’s covenant with the people.”Al-Sowly said, “And some people have ascribed this to my paternal uncle - Ibrahim ibn Abbas - but no such thing has been narrated for me about him. I neither accept nor will I reject what has been narrated for me or what I have not heard. However, the following poem was undoubtedly composed by my paternal uncle - Ibrahim ibn Abbas:The deeds of just men are just witnesses for their doers. O yes, they have some considerable amount of new wealth That is not at all similar to what they had before. They give you only one percent of your own wealth, Yet they mention it as if they are doing you a favor. Whoever eulogizes your enemies, has not eulogized God. You are nobler than your eighth-generation cousin (al-Ma’mun) Just as your forefathers were nobler than his forefathers.”Al-Sowly said, “I found these verses written in my father’s notebook in his own handwriting. My father used to say that his brother had recited these poems and said that our uncle had composed them about Ali . There is a note in the margin of one of the pages of that notebook stating, ‘What is meant by eighth-generation cousin is Al-Ma’mun, since both Imam Al-Ridha (s) and Al-Ma’mun were eighthgeneration descendants of Abdul Muttalib.”Moreover, Toktam is an Arabic name that is often seen in Arabic poetry. Al-Sowly said, “My uncle - Ibrahim ibn Abbas - had composed a lot of eulogies about Imam Al-Ridha (s). He used to recite them in public. However, he was finally forced to hide them. Later he searched for them and compiled them again.”Some people have narrated that the name of Imam Al-Ridha’s noble mother was Sakan An-Nawbiyeh. She was also called Arwa, Najma, and Somayeh. Her nickname was Ummul Banin.