Al-Khiṣāl > On from one to twelve characteristics
Hadith #1

12-1 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، عن محمد بن أحمد بن يحيى بن عمران الاشعري قال: حدثني أبوعبد الله الرازي، عن أبي الحسن عيسى بن محمد بن عيسى بن عبد الله المحمدي من ولد محمد بن الحنفية، عن محمد بن جابر عن عطاء، عن طاووس قال: أتي قوم من اليهود عمر بن الخطاب وهو يومئذ وال علي الناس فقالوا: أنت والي هذا الامر بعد نبيكم. أتيناك نسألك عن أشياء إن أنت أخبرتنا بها آمنا وصدقنا واتبعناكفقال عمر: سلوا عما بدا لكمقالوا: أخبرنا عن أقفال السماوات السبع ومفاتيحها، وأخبرنا عن قبر سار بصاحبه؟ وأخبرنا عمن أنذر قومه ليس من الجن ولا من الانس؟ وأخبرنا عن موضع طلعت فيه الشمس ولم تعد إليه، وأخبرنا عن خمسة لم يخلقوا في الارحام، عن واحد واثنين وثلاثة وأربعة وخمسة وستة وسبعة، وعن ثمانية وتسعة وعشرة وحادي عشر وثاني عشر؟قال: فأطرق عمر ساعة ثم فتح عينيه ثم قال: سألتم عمر بن الخطاب عما ليس له به علم، ولكن ابن عم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يخبركم بما سألتموني عنه. فأرسل إليه فدعاهفلما أتاه قال له: يا أبا الحسن، إن معاشر اليهود سألوني عن أشياء لم اجبهم فيها بشيء، وقد ضمنوا لي إن أخبرتهم أن يؤمنوا بالنبي صلى الله عليه وآلهفقال لهم علي عليه السلام: يا معشر اليهود، اعرضوا علي مسائلكمفقالوا له مثل ما قالوا لعمر.، فقال لهم علي عليه السلام: أتريدون أن تسألوا عن شيء سوى هذا؟ قالوا لا: يا أبا شبر وشبيرفقال لهم علي عليه السلام: أما أقفال السماوات فالشرك بالله، ومفاتيحها قول لا إله إلا الله، وأما القبر الذي سار بصاحبه فالحوت سار بيونس في بطنه البحار السبعة وأما الذي أنذر قومه ليس من الجن ولا من الانس فتلك نملة سليمان بن داود عليهما السلام، أما الموضع الذي طلعت فيه الشمـس فلم تعـد إليه، فـذاكالبحر الذي أنجى الله عز وجل فيه موسى عليه السلام وغرق فيه فرعون وأصحابه، وأما الخمسة الذين لم يخلقوا في الارحام فآدم وحواء وعصى موسى وناقة صالح وكبش إبراهيم عليهم السلام،وأما الواحد فالله الواحد لا شريك له،وأما الاثنان فادم وحواء وأما الثلاثة فجبريل وميكائيل وإسرافيل، وأما الاربعة فالتوراة والانجيل والزبور والفرقان، وأما الخمس فخمس صلوات مفروضات على النبي صلى الله عليه وآله، وأما الستة فقول الله عز وجل: "وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ" وأما السبعة فقول الله عز وجل: "وَبَنَيْنَا فَوْقَكُمْ سَبْعًا شِدَادًا" وأما الثمانية فقول الله عز وجل" وَيَحْمِلُ عَرْشَ رَبِّكَ فَوْقَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ ثَمَانِيَةٌ" وأما التسعة فالآيات المنزلات على موسى بن عمران عليه السلام، وأما العشرة فقول الله عز وجل: "وَوَاعَدْنَا مُوسَى ثَلاَثِينَ لَيْلَةً وَأَتْمَمْنَاهَا بِعَشْرٍ" وأما الحادي عشر فقول يوسف لابيه "إِنِّي رَأَيْتُ أَحَدَ عَشَرَ كَوْكَبًا" وأما الاثنى عشر فقول الله عز وجل لموسى عليه السلام: "اضْرِبْ بِعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ فَانفَجَرَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْنًا "قال: فأقبل اليهود يقولون: نشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وإنك ابن عم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله، ثم أقبلوا على عمر فقالوا: نشهد أن هذا أخو رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله والله إنه أحق بهذا المقام منك. وأسلم من كان معهم وحسن إسلامهم

12-1 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Attar quoted Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Yahya ibn Imran al-Ash’ari, on the authority of Abu Abdullah al-Razi, on the authority of Abil Hassan Isa ibn Muhammad ibn Isa ibn Abdullah al-Muhammadi - one of the offspring of Muhammad ibn al-Hanifat, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Jabir, on the authority of Ata that Tavoos said, “A group of Jews went to see Umar ibn al-Khat’tab when he was in charge of the people. They told him, ‘You are in charge of the affairs after your Prophet (MGB). We have come here to ask you several questions. Should you give us the correct answers we will believe in you, accept your religion and follow you.’ Then Umar told them, ‘Ask whatever you wish to ask.’ They said, ‘Inform us about the locks of the seven heavens; the grave which carried its resident around; the one who admonished his own nation, but was neither of the genies nor of the men; the place on which the Sun shone only once and never again; the five creatures which were not created in the womb; of the one, the two, the three, the four, the five, the six, the seven, the eight, the nine, the ten, the eleven and the twelve.’ Umar looked down, opened his eyes and said, ‘You have asked Umar ibn al-Khat’tab things which he doesn’t know. However, the Prophet’s cousin will answer all your questions.’ Then he sent after Ali (MGB). When Ali (MGB) came there, he told him, ‘O Abal-Hassan! This group of Jews have asked me questions none of which I could answer. They have pledged to believe in the Prophet (MGB), if we give them the right answers.’Ali (MGB) told them, ‘O group of Jews! Present your questions.’ They related to him what they had asked Umar.He (MGB) asked them, ‘Do you have any other questions?’ They said, ‘No, O the father of Shabar and Shobayr! ’ Then Ali (MGB) told them, ‘The locks of the heavens are associating partners with God, and the keys to them are saying ‘There is no god but God.’ And the grave which carried its resident around was the large whale which moved around at sea when Jonah was in its stomach. The one who advised his people which was neither of the genies nor of men was the ant which spoke with Solomon - the son of David (MGB). And the place where the Sun shone only once andnever again was in the depth of the sea which the Honorable the Exalted God split up for the Children of Israel to pass (when they were escaping from Egypt and chased by Pharaoh) and where Pharaoh and his soldiers were drowned.The five creatures which were not created in the wombs were Adam; Eve; the cane of Moses; the she-camel of Salih; and Abraham’s ram. And the One is the Honorable the Exalted God for whom there are no partners. And the two are Adam and Eve. And the three are the angels Gabriel, Michael and Isra’fil . And the four are the Torah; the Bible; the Zabur (Psalms of David) and the Quran. And the five are the five prayers made obligatory upon the Prophet (MGB). And the six are the six days during which God created the heavens, the Earth and whatever lies in between as we read in what the Honorable the Exalted God says, ‘We created the heavens and the Earth and all between them in Six Days.’ And the seven refers to the seven firmaments which the Honorable the Exalted God says in the following verse, ‘And (have We not) built over you the seven firmaments.’ And the eight refers to the eight who bear the Throne as we read in what the Honorable the Exalted God says, ‘…and eight will, that Day, bear the Throne of thy Lord above them.’ And the nine refers to the miracles which were sent to Moses - the son of Imran. And the ten refers to the ten (more) days referred to in the following verse as said by the Honorable the Exalted God, ‘We appointed for Moses thirty nights, and completed (the period) with ten (more)...’ And the eleven refers to what Joseph told his father ‘I did see eleven stars’And the twelve refers to the twelve times Moses was advised to strike at the rock by the Honorable the Exalted God, ‘‘Strike the rock with thy staff.’ Then gushed forth there from twelve springs….’ The Jews faced Ali (MGB) And said, ‘We bear witness that there is no god but God; Muhammad is God’s Prophet and you are the Prophet’s cousin.’ Then they faced Umar and said, ‘We bear witness that this Ali (MGB) is the brother of God’s Prophet (MGB) and is more deserving for your rank than you are.’ Everyone who was with them sincerely accepted Islam.”