22. Regarding the imam (asws), when does he (asws) know he (asws) is the (next) imam (asws)

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حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الْإِمَامِ مَتَى يَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ إِمَامٌ حِينَ يَبْلُغُهُ أَنَّ صَاحِبَهُ قَدْ مَضَى أَوْ حِينَ يَمْضِي مِثْلُ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ع قُبِضَ بِبَغْدَادَ وَ أَنْتَ هَاهُنَا قَالَ يَعْلَمُ ذَلِكَ حِينَ يَمْضِي صَاحِبُهُ قُلْتُ بِأَيِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يَعْلَمُ قَالَ يُلْهِمُهُ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ‏.


1. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Safwan Bin Yahya who said, ‘I said to Abu Al-Hassan Al-Ridha (a.s.), ‘Inform me about the Imam (a.s.), when does he (a.s.) know that he (a.s.) is an Imam (a.s.)? When it reaches him (a.s.) that his (a.s.) companion has passed away, or when it transpires like, Abu Al-Hassan (a.s.) passed away at Baghdad and you (a.s.) were over here?’ He (a.s.) knows when his (a.s.) companion as passed away’. I said, ‘By which thing does he (a.s.) know?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah Inspires him that’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ قَارِنٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ كَانَ رَضِيعَ‏ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: بَيْنَا أَبُو الْحَسَنِ جَالِسٌ مَعَ مُؤَدِّبٍ لَهُ يُكَنَّى أَبَا زَكَرِيَّا وَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّهُ بِبَغْدَادَ وَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ يَقْرَأُ مِنَ اللَّوْحِ‏ عَلَى مُؤَدِّبِهِ إِذْ بَكَى بُكَاءً شَدِيداً سَأَلَهُ الْمُؤَدِّبُ مَا بُكَاؤُكَ فَلَمْ يُجِبْهُ وَ قَالَ ائْذَنْ لِي بِالدُّخُولِ فَأَذِنَ لَهُ فَارْتَفَعَ الصِّيَاحُ وَ الْبُكَاءُ مِنْ مَنْزِلِهِ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَيْنَا فَسَأَلْنَاهُ عَنِ الْبُكَاءِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ أَبِي قَدْ تُوُفِّيَ السَّاعَةَ فَقُلْنَا بِمَا عَلِمْتَ قَالَ قَدْ دَخَلَنِي مِنْ إِجْلَالِ اللَّهِ مَا لَمْ أَكُنْ أَعْرِفُهُ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ فَعَلِمْتُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ مَضَى فَتَعَرَّفْنَا ذَلِكَ الْوَقْتَ مِنَ الْيَوْمِ وَ الشَّهْرِ فَإِذَا هُوَ قَدْ مَضَى فِي ذَلِكَ الْوَقْتِ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ‏.


2. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Qarin, from a man who was a brother, from breastfeeding of, Abu Ja’far (a.s.) who said, While Abu Al-Hassan (a.s.) was seated with a student of his (a.s.) teknonymed as Abu Zakariya, and Abu Ja’far (a.s.) was with us, he (a.s.) being at Baghdad and Abu Al-Hassan (a.s.) recited from the tablet unto his (a.s.) student, when he (a.s.) cried with intense crying. The student asked him (a.s.), ‘What makes you (a.s.) cry?’ But he (a.s.) did not answer him and said: ‘Allow me (a.s.) with the entering (a room)’. I permitted him. The shrieking and the crying rose from his (a.s.) house. Then he came out to us and we asked him (a.s.) about the crying. He (a.s.) said: ‘My (a.s.) father (a.s.) has passed away this moment’. We said, ‘By what did you (a.s.) know?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘There entered into me from the Majesty of Allah what I (a.s.) had not recognised before that, so I (a.s.) knew that he (a.s.) has passed away’. We made a note of that time from the day, and the month, and he (a.s.) had passed away during that time’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ حُكَيْمٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْفَضْلِ الشَّيْبَانِيِّ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ قَالَ: رَأَيْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ ع فِي الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي تُوُفِّيَ فِيهِ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ع فَقَالَ‏ إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَ إِنَّا إِلَيْهِ راجِعُونَ‏ مَضَى أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ فَقِيلَ لَهُ وَ كَيْفَ عَرَفْتَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ تَدَاخَلَنِي ذِلَّةٌ لِلَّهِ لَمْ أَكُنْ أَعْرِفُهَا.


3. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from one of our companions, from Muawiya Bin Hukeym, from Abu Al Fazl Al Shaybani, from Haroun Bin Al Fazl who said, ‘I saw Abu Al-Hassan (a.s.) during the day in which Abu Ja’far (a.s.) passed away. He (a.s.) said: ‘We are for Allah and we are returning to Him [2:156]. Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has passed away’. It was said to him (a.s.), ‘And how did you (a.s.) know that?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘(Feeling of) humbleness to Allah entered into me (a.s.), I (a.s.) did not happen to recognise it (beforehand)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ يَعْنِي أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ع‏ إِنِّي طَلَّقْتُ أُمَّ فَرْوَةَ بِنْتَ إِسْحَاقَ فِي رَجَبٍ بَعْدَ مَوْتِ أَبِي بِيَوْمٍ قُلْتُ لَهُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ طَلَّقْتَهَا وَ قَدْ عَلِمْتَ بِمَوْتِ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ قَالَ نَعَمْ‏.


4. It is narrated to us by Abbad Bin Suleyman, from Sa’ad Bin Sa’ad, from Ahmad Bin Umar who said, ‘I heard him (a.s.) saying, meaning Abu Al-Hassan Al-Ridha (a.s.): ‘I (a.s.) got Umm Farwa Bin Is’haq divorced during Rajab after the passing away of my (a.s.) father (a.s.). by a day’. I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! You (a.s.) got her divorced and you (a.s.) had known of the expiry of Abu Al-Hassan (a.s.)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Yes’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي الْفَضْلِ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ‏ أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي تُوُفِّيَ فِيهِ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ قَالَ‏ إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَ إِنَّا إِلَيْهِ راجِعُونَ‏ مَضَى أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ فَقِيلَ لَهُ وَ كَيْفَ عَرَفْتَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ لِأَنَّهُ تَدَاخَلَنِي ذِلَّةٌ لِلَّهِ لَمْ أَكُنْ أَعْرِفُهَا.


5. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Abu Al Fazl, from Haroun Bin Al Fazl, ‘He (a.s.) said during the day in which Abu Ja’far (a.s.) passed away: We are for Allah and we are returning to Him [2:156], Abu Ja’far (a.s.) passed away’. It was said to him (a.s.), ‘And how do you (a.s.) know that?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Because humbleness to Allah entered into me (a.s.) I (a.s.) did not happen to have recognised it (before)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ع إِنَّهُمْ رَوَوْا عَنْكَ فِي مَوْتِ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ أَنَّ رَجُلًا قَالَ لَكَ‏ عَلِمْتَ ذَلِكَ بِقَوْلِ سَعِيدٍ فَقَالَ جَاءَنِي سَعِيدٌ بِمَا قَدْ كُنْتُ عَلِمْتُهُ قَبْلَ مَجِيئِهِ‏.


6. It is narrated to us by Abbad Bin Suleyman, from Sa’ad Bin Sa’ad, from Safwan bin Yahya who said, ‘I said to Abu Al-Hassan Al-Ridha (a.s.), ‘They are reporting from you (a.s.) regarding the expiry of Abu Al-Hassan (a.s.) that a man said to you (a.s.) that you (a.s.) knew that by the words of Saeed’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Saeed came to be with what I (a.s.) had already known before his coming’’.