20. Regarding the spirit which allah (azwj) mighty and majestic said: he sends down the angels with the spirit from his command [16:2], and it happens to be with the prophetsas and the successors (asws), and the difference between the spirit and the angels

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حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ يُنَزِّلُ الْمَلائِكَةَ بِالرُّوحِ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ عَلى‏ مَنْ يَشاءُ مِنْ عِبادِهِ‏ فَقَالَ جَبْرَئِيلُ الَّذِي نُزِّلَ عَلَى الْأَنْبِيَاءِ وَ الرُّوحُ تَكُونُ مَعَهُمْ وَ مَعَ الْأَوْصِيَاءِ لَا تُفَارِقُهُمْ تُفَقِّهُهُمْ وَ تُسَدِّدُهُمْ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ وَ إِنَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ- مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَ بِهِمَا عُبِدَ اللَّهُ وَ اسْتَعْبَدَ اللَّهُ عَلَى هَذَا الْجِنَّ وَ الْإِنْسَ وَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ وَ لَمْ يَعْبُدِ اللَّهَ مَلَكٌ وَ لَا نَبِيٌّ وَ لَا إِنْسَانٌ وَ لَا جَانٌّ إِلَّا بِشَهَادَةِ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَ مَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ خَلْقاً إِلَّا لِلْعِبَادَةِ.


1. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Asbat, from Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Abu Baseer, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I asked him (a.s.) about Words of Allah Mighty and Majestic: And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. You (people) did not know what the Book was, nor the Eman, but We Made it a ‘Noor’ (Light) We Guide with one We so Desire from Our servants; [42:52]. He (a.s.) said: ‘Jibraeel (as) is the one who descended unto the Prophets (as), and the Spirit happened to be with them (as) and with the successors (as), not separating from them (as) and informing them from the Presence of Allah , and it is, ‘There is no god except Allah , Muhammad (saww) is Rasool (saww) of Allah ’, and with these two (phrases) they (as) were worshipping Allah , and the Jinn and the human and the Angels will be worshipping Allah upon this. And there did not worship Allah any Angel, nor a Prophet (as), nor a human being, nor Jinn except with the testimony that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad (saww) is Rasool (saww) of Allah , and Allah did not Create any creature except for the worship’’.




و روى بعض أصحابنا عن موسى بن عمر عن علي بن أسباط هذا الحديث بهذا الإسناد بعينه.


2. And it is reported by one of our companions, from Musa Bin Umar, from Ali Bin Asbaat – This Hadeeth with this chain exactly.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلَاءِ عَنْ سَعْدٍ الْإِسْكَافِ قَالَ: أَتَى رَجُلٌ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ ع يَسْأَلُهُ عَنِ الرُّوحِ أَ لَيْسَ هُوَ جَبْرَئِيلَ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَلِيٌّ ع جَبْرَئِيلُ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ وَ الرُّوحُ غَيْرُ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ كَرَّرَ ذَلِكَ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ فَقَالَ لَهُ لَقَدْ قُلْتَ عَظِيماً مِنَ الْقَوْلِ مَا أَحَدٌ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ الرُّوحَ غَيْرُ جَبْرَئِيلَ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَلِيٌّ ع إِنَّكَ ضَالٌّ تَرْوِي عَنْ أَهْلِ الضَّلَالِ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى لِنَبِيِّهِ ص‏ أَتى‏ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ فَلا تَسْتَعْجِلُوهُ سُبْحانَهُ وَ تَعالى‏ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ يُنَزِّلُ الْمَلائِكَةَ بِالرُّوحِ‏ وَ الرُّوحُ غَيْرُ الْمَلَائِكَةِ.


3. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Husayn and Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Bin Asbat, from Al Husayn Bin Abu Al A’ala, from Sa’ad Al Iskaf who said, ‘A man came to Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) asking him (a.s.) about the (Holy) Spirit, ‘Isn’t he Jibraeel (as)?’ Ali (a.s.) said to him: ‘Jibraeel (as) is from the Angels, and the (Holy) Spirit is other than Jibraeel (as)’, and he (a.s.) repeated that upon the man. He said to him (a.s.), ‘You (a.s.) have said a mighty word. There is no one who claims that the Spirit is other than Jibraeel (as)’. Ali (a.s.) said to him: ‘You have strayed, reporting from the people of straying. Allah Blessed and Exalted is Saying to His Prophet (saww): The Command of Allah will come, therefore do not hasten it. Glorious is He and Exalted from what they are associating [16:1] He Sends down the Angels with the Spirit [16:2] – and the Spirit is other than the Angels’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ الْمُخْتَارِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ: كُنْتُ مَعَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع فَذَكَرَ شَيْئاً مِنْ أَمْرِ الْإِمَامِ إِذَا وُلِدَ قَالَ وَ اسْتَوْجَبَ زِيَارَةَ الرُّوحِ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ أَ لَيْسَ الرُّوحُ جَبْرَئِيلَ فَقَالَ جَبْرَئِيلُ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ وَ الرُّوحُ خَلْقٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ أَ لَيْسَ اللَّهُ يَقُولُ‏ تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلائِكَةُ وَ الرُّوحُ‏.


4. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Al Husayn, from Al Mukhtar Bin Ziyad, from Abu Ja’far Muhammad Bin Suleyman, from his father, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I was with Abu Abdullah (a.s.) and there was a mention of something from the matters of the Imams (a.s.) when he (a.s.) is Blessed (to the world). He (a.s.) said: ‘And the visitation of the Spirit is Obligation during the Night of Pre-determination (Laylat Al-Qadir)’. I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! Isn’t Jibraeel (as) the Spirit?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Jibraeel (as) is from the Angels, and the Spirit is a creature more magnificent than the Angels. Isn’t Allah Saying: The Angels and the Spirit descend [97:4]’’.