19. The spirit which allah (azwj) said: and they are asking you about the spirit. say: ‘the spirit is from a command of my lord, [17:85] – it is in rasool-allah (saww) and people (asws) of his (saww) household, directing them (asws), and harmonising them (asws), and making them (asws) understand

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حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ يَسْئَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي‏ قَالَ خَلْقٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ خَلْقِ جَبْرَئِيلَ‏ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَ أَحَدٍ مِمَّنْ مَضَى غَيْرِ مُحَمَّدٍ ص وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ يُوَفِّقُهُمْ وَ يُسَدِّدُهُمْ وَ لَيْسَ كُلُّ مَا طُلِبَ وُجِدَ.


1. It is narrated to us by Ibn Yazeed, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hisham Bin Salim who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘And they are asking you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, [17:85]. He (a.s.) said: ‘A creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as). It did not happen to be anyone from the past apart from Muhammad (saww), and he is with the Imams (a.s.), inclining them (a.s.) and informing them (a.s.), and it isn’t that all what is sought is found’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ يَسْئَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي‏ قَالَ خَلْقٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَ أَحَدٍ مِمَّنْ مَضَى غَيْرِ مُحَمَّدٍ ص وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ يُسَدِّدُهُمْ وَ لَيْسَ كُلَّمَا طُلِبَ وُجِدَ.


2. It is narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Abu Ayoub Al Khazaz, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘And they are asking you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, [17:85]. He (a.s.) said: ‘A creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as), did not happen to be with anyone from the ones passed apart from Muhammad (saww), and it is with the Imams (a.s.), directing them, and it isn’t so that all what is sought, is found’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ يَسْئَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي‏ قَالَ مَلَكٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَ أَحَدٍ مِمَّنْ مَضَى غَيْرِ مُحَمَّدٍ ص وَ لَيْسَ كُلَّمَا طُلِبَ وُجِدَ.


3. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hafs Bin Al Bakhtari who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘And they are asking you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, [17:85]. He (a.s.) said: ‘An Angel more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as) who did not happen to be with anyone from the ones passed apart from Muhammad (saww), and it isn’t so that all what is sought, is found’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْأَهْوَازِيِّ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ يَسْئَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي‏ قَالَ مَلَكٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَ أَحَدٍ مِمَّنْ مَضَى غَيْرِ مُحَمَّدٍ ص وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ وَ لَيْسَ كُلُّ مَا طُلِبَ وُجِدَ.


4. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Ahwazy, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Abu Ayoub Al Khazaz wo said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘And they are asking you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, [17:85]. He (a.s.) said: ‘An Angel more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as). It did not happen to be with anyone from the past apart from Muhammad (saww) and it is with the Imams (a.s.), and it isn’t that all what is sought is found’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْأَهْوَازِيِّ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أَبَانٍ الْكَلْبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ يَسْئَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي وَ ما أُوتِيتُمْ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا قَالَ هُوَ خَلْقٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص يُوَفِّقُهُ وَ هُوَ مَعَنَا أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ‏.


5. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Ahwazy, from Fazalat, from Umar Bin Aban Al Kalby, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘And they are asking you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, and you are not Given from the knowledge (of it) except a little’ [17:85]. He (a.s.) said: ‘It is a creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as). It was with Rasool-Allah (saww), inclining him (saww), and it is with us (a.s.), People (a.s.) of the Household’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ حَفْصٍ الْكَلْبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ يَسْئَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي وَ ما أُوتِيتُمْ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا قَالَ هُوَ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص يُوَفِّقُهُ وَ هُوَ مَعَنَا أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ.


6. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Hafs Al Kalby, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about Words of Allah Blessed and Exalted: And they are asking you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, and you are not Given from the knowledge (of it) except a little’ [17:85]. He (a.s.) said: ‘It is a thing more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as) which was with Rasool-Allah (saww), harmonising him (saww), and it is with us (a.s.), People (a.s.) of the Household’’.




حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَسْبَاطِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ يَسْئَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي‏ قَالَ خَلْقٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ.


7. It is narrated to us by Ibn Yazeed, from Al Hasan Bin Ali, from Asbat Bin Salim who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about Words of Allah Mighty and Majestic: And they are asking you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, [17:85]. He (a.s.) said: ‘A creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as), and it is with the Imams (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنِ‏ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع خَلْقٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ يُفَقِّهُهُمْ قُلْتُ‏ وَ نَفَخَ فِيهِ مِنْ رُوحِهِ‏ قَالَ مِنْ قُدْرَتِهِ‏.


8. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al hakam, from Sayf Bin Ameyra, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about: the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, [17:85]. Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘A creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as), and it is with the Imams (a.s.) inclining them (a.s.)’. I said, ‘and Blew into him from His Spirit. [32:9]. He (a.s.) said: ‘From His Power’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي عِمْرَانَ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنْ قَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ وَ يَسْئَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي‏ قَالَ خَلْقٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ وَ هُوَ مِنَ الْمَلَكُوتِ‏.


9. It is narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from yahya Bin Abu Imran, from Yunus, from Ibn Muskan, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about Words of Mighty and Majestic: And they are asking you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, [17:85]. He (a.s.) said: ‘A creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as) who was with Rasool-Allah (saww) and is with the Imams (a.s.), and it is from the Kingdoms’’.




حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ الْقَلَانِسِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ‏ فِي هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ يَسْئَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي‏ قَالَ مَلَكٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَ أَحَدٍ مِمَّنْ مَضَى غَيْرِ مُحَمَّدٍ ص وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ وَ لَيْسَ كَمَا ظَنَنْتَ‏.


10. It is narrated to us by Ibn Isa, from Al Husayn Al Qalanasy who said, ‘I heard him (a.s.) saying regarding this Verse: And they are asking you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, [17:85]. He (a.s.) said: ‘An Angel more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as). He did not happen to be with anyone from the ones past apart from Muhammad (saww), and he is with the Imams (a.s.), and he isn’t as you are thinking of’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عُمَرَ الْيَمَانِيِّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلَاءِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ‏ فِي هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ وَ يَسْئَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي‏ قَالَ مَلَكٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَ أَحَدٍ مِمَّنْ مَضَى غَيْرِ مُحَمَّدٍ ص وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ وَ لَيْسَ كَمَا ظَنَنْتَ.


11. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Hammad Bin Isa, from Ibrahim Bin Umar Al Yamani, from Al Husayn Bin Abu Al A’ala, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I heard him (a.s.) saying regarding this Verse: And they are asking you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, [17:85]. He (a.s.) said: ‘An Angel more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as), not happened to be with anyone from the ones passed apart from Muhammad (saww), and it is with the Imams (a.s.), it is isn’t what you are thinking of’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ ابْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَمِيلَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ فِي قَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ يَسْئَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي‏ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى أَحَدٌ صَمَدٌ وَ الصَّمَدُ الشَّيْ‏ءُ الَّذِي لَيْسَ لَهُ جَوْفٌ وَ إِنَّمَا الرُّوحُ خَلْقٌ مِنْ خَلْقِهِ لَهُ بَصَرٌ وَ قُوَّةٌ وَ تَأْيِيدٌ يَجْعَلُهُ اللَّهُ فِي قُلُوبِ الرُّسُلِ وَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ‏.


12. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad and In Yazeed, from Ibn Fazzal, from Abu Jameela, from Muhammad al Halby, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) regarding Words of Mighty and Majestic: And they are asking you about the Spirit. Say: ‘The Spirit is from a Command of my Lord, [17:85]. He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah Blessed and Exalted is One, ‘Samad’ (solid), and the ‘Samad’ is a thing which has any interior for it, and rather the Spirit is a creature from His creatures having vision for it and strength and support. Allah Makes it to be in the hearts of the Messengers (as) and the Momineen’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: مَثَلُ الْمُؤْمِنِ وَ بَدَنِهِ كَجَوْهَرَةٍ فِي صُنْدُوقٍ إِذَا خَرَجَتِ الْجَوْهَرَةُ مِنْهُ طُرِحَ الصُّنْدُوقُ وَ لَمْ تتعب [يُعْبَأْ] بِهِ قَالَ إِنَّ الْأَرْوَاحَ لَا تُمَازِجُ الْبَدَنَ وَ لَا تُدَاخِلُهُ إِنَّمَا هُوَ كَالْكِلَلِ لِلْبَدَنِ مُحِيطَةٌ بِهِ.


13. It is narrated to us by one of our companions, from Al Mufazzal Bin Umar, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘An example of the Momin and his body is like a jewel in a box. When the jewel is taken out from it, the box is thrown away and (no one) cares of it’. He (a.s.) said: ‘The souls do not mingle with the body, nor do they enter into it, but rather it is like the hull for the body, surrounding it’’.