17. The spirit which allah (azwj) the exalted spoke of in his (azwj) book, and like that we sent down a spirit unto you from our command. [42:53] – it is regarding rasool-allah (saww) and regarding the imams (asws), informing them (asws), and directing them (asws) and harmonising them (asws)

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حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا ما كُنْتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتابُ وَ لَا الْإِيمانُ وَ لكِنْ جَعَلْناهُ نُوراً نَهْدِي بِهِ مَنْ نَشاءُ مِنْ عِبادِنا وَ إِنَّكَ لَتَهْدِي إِلى‏ صِراطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ صِراطِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي لَهُ ما فِي السَّماواتِ وَ ما فِي الْأَرْضِ أَلا إِلَى اللَّهِ تَصِيرُ الْأُمُورُ قَالَ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ خَلْقٌ‏ وَ اللَّهِ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ وَ قَدْ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص يُخْبِرُهُ وَ يُسَدِّدُهُ وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ ع يُخْبِرُهُمْ وَ يُسَدِّدُهُمْ‏.


1. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Abdul Hameed, from Mansour Bin Yunus, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! Inform me about Words of Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted: And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. You (people) did not know what the Book was, nor the Eman, but We Made it a ‘Noor’ (Light) We Guide with one We so Desire from Our servants; and surely you (Rasool) guide to the Straight Path [42:52] A Path of Allah Who, for Him is whatever is in the skies and whatever is in the earth. Indeed! To Allah do the matters eventually come [42:53]. He (a.s.) said: ‘O Abu Muhammad! (The Holy Spirit), by Allah (azwj), is a creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as), and it was with Rasool-Allah (saww) informing him (saww) and directing him (saww), and it is with the Imams (a.s.) informing them (a.s.) and directing them (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا ما كُنْتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتابُ وَ لَا الْإِيمانُ‏ قَالَ خَلْقٌ مِنْ خَلْقِ اللَّهِ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص يُخْبِرُهُ وَ يُسَدِّدُهُ وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ‏.


2. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Yahya Al Halby, from Abu Al Sabbah Al Kinany, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about Words of Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted: And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. You (people) did not know what the Book was, nor the Eman, [42:52]. He (a.s.) said: ‘A creature from the creatures of Allah (azwj) more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as). It was with Rasool-Allah (saww) informing him (saww) and directing him (saww), and it is with the Imams (a.s.) from after him (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا الْعَبَّاسُ بْنُ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ قَالَ: الرُّوحُ خَلْقٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص يُسَدِّدُهُ وَ يُوَفِّقُهُ وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ‏.


3. It is narrated to us by Al Abbas Bin Marouf, from Sa’dan Bin Muslim, from Aban Bin Taghlub who said, ‘The (Holy) Spirit is a creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as). It was with Rasool-Allah (azwj), directing him (saww) and harmonising him (saww), and it is with the Imams (a.s.) from after him (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ سَعْدَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ إِنْ الرُّوحُ خَلَقَ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص يُسَدِّدُهُ وَ يرشده وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ وَ الْأَوْصِيَاءِ مِنْ بَعْدَهُ.


4. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Musa Bin Sa’dan, from Abdullah Bin Al Qasim, from Sama’at Bin Mihran who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘The (Holy) Spirit is a creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as). It was with Rasool-Allah (saww), directing him (saww) and guiding him (as), and it is with the Imams (a.s.) and the successors (a.s.) from after him (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ سَعْدَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ إِنَّ الرُّوحَ خَلْقٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص يُسَدِّدُهُ وَ يُرْشِدُهُ وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَوْصِيَاءِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ‏.


5. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Musa Bin Sa’dan, from Abdullah Bin Al Qasim, from Sama’at Bin Mihran who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘The (Holy) Spirit is a creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as). It was with Rasool-Allah (saww), instructing him (saww) and guiding him (saww), and it is with the successors (a.s.) from after him (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا إِلَى آخِرِ الْآيَةِ قَالَ خَلَقَ وَ اللَّهِ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ وَ قَدْ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص يُخْبِرُهُ وَ يُسَدِّدُهُ وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ مِنْ بَعْدَهُ.


6. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Abdul Hameed, from Mansour Bin Yunus, from Abu Al Sabbah Al Kinany who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. [42:52] – to the end of the Verse. He said: ‘By Allah (azwj), a creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as), and it used to be with Rasool-Allah (saww), informing him (saww) and directing him (saww), and it is with the Imams (a.s.) from after him (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَسْبَاطٍ بَيَّاعِ الزُّطِّيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ قَالَ: قَالَ لَهُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ هِيتَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا ما كُنْتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتابُ وَ لَا الْإِيمانُ


7. It is narrated to us by Ibn Yazeed, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Asbat Baya’a Al Zuty, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘A man from his (a.s.) family said to him (a.s.), ‘Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. You (people) did not know what the Book was, nor the Eman, [42:52]. ‏ قَالَ فَقَالَ مَلَكٌ مُنْذُ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ الْمَلَكَ لَمْ يَصْعَدْ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ يُسَدِّدُهُمْ‏. He (the narrator) said, ‘He (a.s.) said: ‘An Angel. Since Allah (azwj) Sent down that Angel, did not ascend to the sky. He was with Rasool-Allah (saww), and he is with the Imams (a.s.), informing them (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ: قُلْتُ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا قَالَ هُوَ خَلْقٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ‏ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ وُكِّلَ بِمُحَمَّدٍ ص يُخْبِرُهُ وَ يُسَدِّدُهُ وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ يُخْبِرُهُمْ وَ يُسَدِّدُهُمْ‏.


8. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Safwan, from Abu Al Sabbah Al Kinany, form Abu Baseer who said, ‘I said, ‘Words of Allah (azwj): And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. [42:52]’. He (a.s.) said: ‘He is a creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as) allocated with Muhammad (saww), informing him (saww) and aiding him (saww), and he is with the Imams (a.s.) informing them (a.s.) and aiding them (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عِيسَى عَنِ الْبَزَنْطِيِّ عَنْ عَاصِمٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع‏ فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا ما كُنْتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتابُ وَ لَا الْإِيمانُ‏ فَقَالَ خَلْقٌ مِنْ خَلْقِ اللَّهِ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص يُخْبِرُهُ وَ يُسَدِّدُهُ وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ‏.


9. It is narrate to us by Ibn Isa, from Al Bazanty, from Aasim, from Muhammad Bin Muslim, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) regarding Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. You (people) did not know what the Book was, nor the Eman, [42:52]. He (a.s.) said: ‘A creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as). He was with Rasool-Allah (saww) informing him (saww) and aiding him (a.s.), and he is with the Imams (a.s.) from after him (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ إِنَّهُ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص خَلْقٌ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ كَانَ يُوَفِّقُهُ وَ يُسَدِّدُهُ وَ هُوَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ‏.


10. It is narrated to us by Abdullah Bin Muhammad, from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad, from Abdullah Bin Jabala, from Abu Al Sabbah who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘He was with Rasool-Allah (saww), a creature more magnificent than Jibraeel (as) and Mikaeel (as), inclining him (a.s.) and aiding him (saww), and he is with the Imams (a.s.) from after him (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا الْبَرْقِيُ‏ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَهْمِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ قَالَ: سَأَلَ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع رَجُلٌ وَ أَنَا حَاضِرٌ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا فَقَالَ مُنْذُ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ الرُّوحَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ ص لَمْ يَصْعَدْ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَ إِنَّهُ لَفِينَا.


11. It is narrated to us by Al Barqy, from Abu Al Jaham, from Ibn Asbat who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) was asked by a man and I was present, about Words of Allah (azwj) the Exalted: And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. [42:52]. He (a.s.) said: ‘Since Allah (azwj) Sent down that Spirit unto Muhammad (saww), he did not ascend to the sky, and he is among us (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع‏ فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا ما كُنْتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتابُ وَ لَا الْإِيمانُ وَ لكِنْ جَعَلْناهُ نُوراً نَهْدِي بِهِ مَنْ نَشاءُ مِنْ عِبادِنا فَقَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ع مُنْذُ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ الرُّوحَ عَلَى نَبِيِّهِ ص مَا صَعِدَ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَ إِنَّهُ لَفِينَا.


12. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Mahboub, from Ibn Bukeyr, from Zurara, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) regarding Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. You (people) did not know what the Book was, nor the Eman, but We Made it a ‘Noor’ (Light) We Guide with one We so Desire from Our servants; [42:52]. Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said: ‘Since Allah (azwj) Sent down that Spirit unto His (azwj) Prophet (saww), he did not ascend to the sky and he is among us (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ قَالَ: سَأَلَهُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ هِيتَ وَ أَنَا حَاضِرٌ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا قَالَ مُنْذُ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ الرُّوحَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ ص مَا صَعِدَ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَ إِنَّهُ لَفِينَا.


13. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Ali Bin Asbat who said, ‘A man from the people of Heyt asked him (a.s.) and I was present, about Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. [42:52]. He (a.s.) said: ‘Since Allah (azwj) Send down that Spirit unto Muhammad (saww), it has not ascended to the sky, and it is in us (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا سَلَمَةُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَسْبَاطِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ قَالَ: كُنْتُ عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ هِيتَ فَقَالَ أَصْلَحَكَ اللَّهُ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى فِي كِتَابِهِ‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا قَالَ ع ذَلِكَ فِينَا مُنْذُ هَبَطَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ وَ مَا يَعْرُجُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ.


14. It is narrated to us by Salama Bin Al Khattab, from Yahya Bin Ibrahim, from Asbat Bin Salim who said, ‘I was in the presence of Abu Abdullah (a.s.) and a man from his (a.s.) family entered to see him (a.s.) and said, ‘May Allah (azwj) Keep you (a.s.) well Words of Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted in His (azwj) Book: And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. [42:52]’. He (a.s.) said: ‘That is among us (a.s.) since Allah (azwj) Sent him down to the earth and has not ascended to the sky’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْأَحْوَلِ عَنْ سَلَّامِ بْنِ الْمُسْتَنِيرِ قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع وَ سُئِلَ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا فَقَالَ الرُّوحُ الَّذِي قَالَ اللَّهُ‏ وَ كَذلِكَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِنْ أَمْرِنا فَإِنَّهُ هَبَطَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ ص ثُمَّ لَمْ يَصْعَدْ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ مُنْذُ هَبَطَ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ‏.


15. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Mahboub, from Al Ahowl, from Sallam Bin Al Mustaneer who said, ‘I heard Abu Ja’far (a.s.) and he (a.s.) had been asked about Words of Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted: And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. [42:52]. He (a.s.) said: ‘The Spirit which Allah (azwj) Said: And like that We Sent down a Spirit unto you from Our Command. [42:52], he descended from the sky unto Muhammad (saww), then did not ascend to the sky since it had descended to the earth’’.