15. What allah (azwj) has made to be in the prophetsas, and the successors (asws), and the momineen, and rest of the people, from the souls, and there is an extra for the prophetsas and the imams (asws) from progeny (asws) of muhammad (saww) with the holy spirit, and mention of the five spirits

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حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ جَابِرٍ الْجُعْفِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ يَا جَابِرُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَلَقَ النَّاسَ ثَلَاثَةَ أَصْنَافٍ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى‏ وَ كُنْتُمْ أَزْواجاً ثَلاثَةً فَأَصْحابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ ما أَصْحابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ وَ أَصْحابُ الْمَشْئَمَةِ ما أَصْحابُ الْمَشْئَمَةِ وَ السَّابِقُونَ السَّابِقُونَ أُولئِكَ الْمُقَرَّبُونَ‏ فَالسَّابِقُونَ هُوَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص وَ خَاصَّةُ اللَّهِ مِنْ خَلْقِهِ جَعَلَ فِيهِمْ خَمْسَةَ أَرْوَاحٍ أَيَّدَهُمْ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ فَبِهِ بُعِثُوا أَنْبِيَاءَ وَ أَيَّدَهُمْ بِرُوحِ الْإِيمَانِ فَبِهِ خَافُوا اللَّهَ وَ أَيَّدَهُمْ بِرُوحِ الْقُوَّةِ فَبِهِ قَوُوا عَلَى طَاعَةِ اللَّهِ وَ أَيَّدَهُمْ بِرُوحِ الشَّهْوَةِ فَبِهِ اشْتَهَوْا طَاعَةَ اللَّهِ وَ كَرِهُوا مَعْصِيَتَهُ وَ جَعَلَ فِيهِمْ رُوحَ الْمَدْرَجِ الَّذِي يَذْهَبُ بِهِ النَّاسُ وَ يَجِيئُونَ‏ وَ جَعَلَ فِي الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَصْحَابِ الْمَيْمَنَةِ رُوحَ الْإِيمَانِ فَبِهِ خَافُوا اللَّهَ وَ جَعَلَ فِيهِمْ رُوحَ الْقُوَّةِ فَبِهِ قَوُوا عَلَى الطَّاعَةِ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَ جَعَلَ فِيهِمْ رُوحَ الشَّهْوَةِ فَبِهِ اشْتَهَوْا طَاعَةَ اللَّهِ وَ جَعَلَ فِيهِمْ رُوحَ الْمَدْرَجِ الَّذِي يَذْهَبُ النَّاسُ بِهِ وَ يَجِيئُونَ‏.


1. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Hammad Bin Isa, from Ibrahim Bin Umar, from Jabir Al Jufy who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘O Jabir! Allah Created the people of three types, and it is the Word of Allah the Exalted: And you would be as three categories [56:7] So the companions of the right hand - what are the companions of the right hand? [56:8] And the companions of the left hand - what are the companions of the left hand? [56:9] And the foremost are the foremost [56:10] These are the ones of proximity [56:11]. So, the foremost, it is Rasool-Allah (saww), and Allah Specialised him (saww) from His creatures, Making five spirits to be in them (a.s.) Aiding them with the Holy Spirit, by it the Prophets are Sent. And He Aided them with the Spirit of the Eman, by it they are fearing Allah . And He Aided them with the Spirit of the strength, by it they are strengthened upon obeying Allah . And He Aided them with the spirit of desire, by it they are desiring obedience of Allah and disliking being disobedient to Him . And He Made to be in them the Spirit of socialising by which the people are going and coming. And He Made the Eman to be in the Momineen, companions of the right hand, by it they are fearing Allah , and Made the Spirit of the strength to be in them they are strengthened upon the obedience of Allah from Allah , and Made the Spirit of the desire to be in them, by it they are desiring obedience of Allah , and Made the Spirit of the socialising to be in them by which they are going to the people and coming’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حَسَّانَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ الزَّيَّاتِ يَرْفَعُهُ إِلَى أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع أَنَّهُ قَالَ: إِنَّ لِلَّهِ نَهَراً دُونَ عَرْشِهِ وَ دُونَ النَّهَرِ الَّذِي دُونَ عَرْشِهِ نُورٌ مِنْ نُورِهِ وَ إِنَّ فِي حَافَتَيِ النَّهَرِ رُوحَيْنِ مَخْلُوقَيْنِ- رُوحُ الْقُدُسِ وَ رُوحٌ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ وَ إِنَّ لِلَّهِ عَشْرَ طِينَاتٍ خَمْسَةً مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَ خَمْسَةً مِنَ الْأَرْضِ فَفَسَّرَ الْجِنَانَ وَ فَسَّرَ الْأَرْضَ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَا مِنْ نَبِيٍّ وَ لَا مَلَكٍ إِلَّا وَ مِنْ بَعْدِ جَبْلِهِ نَفَخَ فِيهِ مِنْ إِحْدَى الرُّوحَيْنِ وَ جَعَلَ النَّبِيَّ ص مِنْ إِحْدَى الطِّينَتَيْنِ فَقُلْتُ لِأَبِي الْحَسَنِ ع‏ مَا الْجَبْلُ قَالَ الْخَلْقُ غَيْرَنَا أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ خَلَقَنَا مِنَ الْعَشْرِ الطِّينَاتِ جَمِيعاً وَ نَفَخَ فِينَا مِنَ الرُّوحَيْنِ جَمِيعاً فَأَطْيِبْ‏ بِهَا طِيباً. وَ رَوَى غَيْرُهُ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّامِتِ قَالَ: طِينُ الْجِنَانِ جَنَّةُ عَدْنٍ وَ جَنَّةُ الْمَأْوَى وَ النَّعِيمُ وَ الْفِرْدَوْسُ وَ الْخُلْدُ وَ طِينُ الْأَرْضِ مَكَّةُ وَ الْمَدِينَةُ وَ بَيْتُ‏ الْمَقْدِسِ وَ الْحِيرَةُ.


2. It is narrated to us by Ali Bin Hassan, from Ali Bin Atiyya Al Zayyat raising it to, ‘Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) having said: ‘There is a river for Allah below His Throne, and below the river which is below His Throne, there is a Noor from His Noor, and in the two banks of the river there are two Created Spirit – the Holy Spirit and a Spirit from His Command, and for Allah there are ten clays from the Paradise and five from the earth’. He (a.s.) explained the Gardens and explained the earth. Then he (a.s.) said: ‘There is none from a Prophet (as) nor any Angel except and from after its kneading (creation of body), it is blown into him from one of the two Spirits, and He Made the Prophet (saww) from one of the two clays’. I said to Abu Al-Hassan (a.s.), ‘What is the kneading?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The creation of other than us (a.s.) People (a.s.) of the Household, for Allah Created us from the ten clays altogether and Blew into us (a.s.) from both the two Spirits together, and He Made it goodly with it with goodliness’’. And it is reported by someone else, from Abu Al Samit who said, ‘Clay of the Gardens – Garden of Eden, and Garden of Shelter (Al-Ma’wa), and the Bliss (Al-Naeem), and Al-Firdows, and the Eternal (Al-Khuld). And clay of the earth – Makkah, and Al-Medina, and Bayt Al-Maqdis, and Al-Heera’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ الْأَسَدِيِّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ‏ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ ع قَالَ: فِي الْأَنْبِيَاءِ وَ الْأَوْصِيَاءِ خَمْسَةُ أَرْوَاحٍ رُوحُ الْبَدَنِ وَ رُوحُ الْقُدُسِ وَ رُوحُ الْقُوَّةِ وَ رُوحُ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ رُوحُ الْإِيمَانِ وَ فِي الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَرْبَعَةُ أَرْوَاحٍ أَفْقَدَهَا رُوحَ الْقُدُسِ‏ رُوحُ الْبَدَنِ وَ رُوحُ الْقُوَّةِ وَ رُوحُ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ رُوحُ الْإِيمَانِ وَ فِي الْكُفَّارِ ثَلَاثَةُ أَرْوَاحٍ رُوحُ الْبَدَنِ رُوحُ الْقُوَّةِ وَ رُوحُ الشَّهْوَةِ ثُمَّ قَالَ رُوحُ الْإِيمَانِ يُلَازِمُ الْجَسَدَ مَا لَمْ يَعْمَلْ بِكَبِيرَةٍ فَإِذَا عَمِلَ بِكَبِيرَةٍ فَارَقَهُ الرُّوحُ وَ رُوحُ الْقُدُسِ مَنْ سَكَنَ فِيهِ فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَعْمَلُ بِكَبِيرَةٍ أَبَداً.


3. It is narrated to us by Abdullah Bin Muhammad, from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad, from Yahya Bin Salih, from Muhammad Bin Khalid Al Asady, from Al Hassan Bin Ibrahim, ‘From Abu Abdullah Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.) having said: ‘‘In the Prophets (as) and the Successors (as) are five Spirits – The Spirit of the Body, and the Holy Spirit, and the Spirit of Strength, and the Spirit of Desire, and Spirit of the Faith. And in the believers, there are four Spirits which can be lost – The Holy Spirit, the Spirit of the Body, the Spirit of Desire, and the Spirit of Faith. And in the infidel, there are three Spirits – The Spirit of the Body, and the Spirit of Strength, and Spirit of Desire’. Then he (a.s.) said: ‘The Spirit of the Faith necessitates the body not to commit major sins. If it commits major sins, the Spirit separates, and the Holy Spirit, the one in whom it resides, he will not commit major sins, ever’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ عَنِ الْمُنَخَّلِ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ عِلْمِ الْعَالِمِ فَقَالَ يَا جَابِرُ إِنَّ فِي الْأَنْبِيَاءِ وَ الْأَوْصِيَاءِ خَمْسَةَ أَرْوَاحٍ رُوحَ الْقُدُسِ وَ رُوحَ الْإِيمَانِ وَ رُوحَ الْحَيَاةِ وَ رُوحَ الْقُوَّةِ وَ رُوحَ الشَّهْوَةِ فَبِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ يَا جَابِرُ عَرَفُوا مَا تَحْتَ الْعَرْشِ إِلَى مَا تَحْتَ الثَّرَى ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا جَابِرُ إِنَّ هَذِهِ الْأَرْوَاحَ يُصِيبُهَا الْحَدَثَانُ إِلَّا أَنَّ رُوحَ الْقُدُسِ‏ لَا يَلْهُو وَ لَا يَلْعَبُ‏.


4. It is narrated to us by one of our companions, from Muhammad Bin Umar, from Ibn Sinan, from Ammar Bin Marwan, from Al Minakhal, from Jabir, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) him (a.s.) about the knowledge of the knowledgeable one (a.s.)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘O Jabir, In the Prophets (as) and the Successors (as) there are five Spirits – The Holy Spirit, and Spirit of the Faith, and Spirit of the Life, and Spirit of the Strength, and Spirit of the Desire. By the Holy Spirit, O Jabir, they (as) come to know all that is from underneath the Throne to what is below the Earth’. Then he (a.s.) said: ‘O Jabir, these Spirits get affected by the events, except for the Holy Spirit, it does not get involved with vanities, nor with sport’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عِمْرَانُ بْنُ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْوَاسِطِيِّ عَنْ دُرُسْتَ بْنِ أَبِي مَنْصُورٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ جَابِرٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنِ الرُّوحِ قَالَ يَا جَابِرُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَلَقَ الْخَلْقَ عَلَى ثَلَاثِ طَبَقَاتٍ وَ أَنْزَلَهُمْ ثَلَاثَ مَنَازِلَ وَ بَيَّنَ‏ ذَلِكَ فِي كِتَابِهِ حَيْثُ قَالَ‏ فَأَصْحابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ ما أَصْحابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ وَ أَصْحابُ الْمَشْئَمَةِ ما أَصْحابُ الْمَشْئَمَةِ وَ السَّابِقُونَ السَّابِقُونَ أُولئِكَ الْمُقَرَّبُونَ‏ فَأَمَّا مَا ذَكَرَ مِنَ السَّابِقِينَ فَهُمْ أَنْبِيَاءُ مُرْسَلُونَ وَ غَيْرُ مُرْسَلِينَ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهِمْ خَمْسَةَ أَرْوَاحٍ رُوحَ الْقُدُسِ وَ رُوحَ الْإِيمَانِ وَ رُوحَ الْقُوَّةِ وَ رُوحَ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ رُوحَ الْبَدَنِ وَ بَيَّنَ ذَلِكَ فِي كِتَابِهِ حَيْثُ قَالَ‏ تِلْكَ الرُّسُلُ فَضَّلْنا بَعْضَهُمْ عَلى‏ بَعْضٍ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ كَلَّمَ اللَّهُ وَ رَفَعَ بَعْضَهُمْ دَرَجاتٍ وَ آتَيْنا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ الْبَيِّناتِ وَ أَيَّدْناهُ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ فِي جَمِيعِهِمْ‏ وَ أَيَّدَهُمْ بِرُوحٍ مِنْهُ‏ فَبِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ بُعِثُوا أَنْبِيَاءَ مُرْسَلِينَ وَ غَيْرَ مُرْسَلِينَ وَ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ عَلِمُوا جَمِيعَ الْأَشْيَاءِ وَ بِرُوحِ الْإِيمَانِ عَبَدُوا اللَّهَ وَ لَمْ يُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئاً وَ بِرُوحِ الْقُوَّةِ جَاهَدُوا عَدُوَّهُمْ وَ عَالَجُوا مَعَايِشَهُمْ وَ بِرُوحِ الشَّهْوَةِ أَصَابُوا لَذَّةَ الطَّعَامِ وَ نَكَحُوا الْحَلَالَ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ وَ بِرُوحِ الْبَدَنِ يَدِبُّ وَ يَدْرُجُ وَ أَمَّا مَا ذَكَرْتَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ الْمَيْمَنَةِ فَهُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ حَقّاً جَعَلَ فِيهِمْ أَرْبَعَةَ أَرْوَاحٍ رُوحَ الْإِيمَانِ وَ رُوحَ الْقُوَّةِ وَ رُوحَ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ رُوحَ الْبَدَنِ وَ لَا يَزَالُ الْعَبْدُ مُسْتَعْمِلًا بِهَذِهِ الْأَرْوَاحِ الْأَرْبَعَةِ حَتَّى يَهُمَّ بِالْخَطِيئَةِ فَإِذَا هَمَّ بِالْخَطِيئَةِ زَيَّنَ لَهُ رُوحُ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ شَجَّعَهُ رُوحُ الْقُوَّةِ وَ قَادَهُ رُوحُ الْبَدَنِ حَتَّى يُوقِعَهُ فِي تِلْكَ الْخَطِيئَةِ فَإِذَا لَامَسَ الْخَطِيئَةَ انْتَقَصَ مِنَ الْإِيمَانِ وَ انْتَقَصَ الْإِيمَانُ مِنْهُ فَإِنْ تَابَ تَابَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ قَدْ يَأْتِي عَلَى الْعَبْدِ تَارَاتٌ يَنْقُصُ مِنْهُ بَعْضُ هَذِهِ الْأَرْبَعَةِ وَ ذَلِكَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى‏ وَ مِنْكُمْ مَنْ يُرَدُّ إِلى‏ أَرْذَلِ الْعُمُرِ لِكَيْ لا يَعْلَمَ بَعْدَ عِلْمٍ شَيْئاً فَتَنْتَقِصُ رُوحُ الْقُوَّةِ وَ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ مُجَاهَدَةَ الْعَدُوِّ وَ لَا مُعَالَجَةَ الْمَعِيشَةِ وَ يَنْتَقِصُ مِنْهُ رُوحُ الشَّهْوَةِ فَلَوْ مَرَّتْ بِهِ أَحْسَنُ بَنَاتِ آدَمَ لَمْ يَحِنَّ إِلَيْهَا وَ تَبْقَى فِيهِ رُوحُ الْإِيمَانِ وَ رُوحُ الْبَدَنِ فَبِرُوحِ الْإِيمَانِ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ وَ بِرُوحِ الْبَدَنِ يَدِبُّ وَ يَدْرُجُ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُ مَلَكُ الْمَوْتِ وَ أَمَّا مَا ذَكَرْتَ أَصْحَابَ الْمَشْئَمَةِ فَمِنْهُمْ أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ الَّذِينَ آتَيْناهُمُ الْكِتابَ يَعْرِفُونَهُ كَما يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْناءَهُمْ وَ إِنَّ فَرِيقاً مِنْهُمْ لَيَكْتُمُونَ الْحَقَّ وَ هُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ الْحَقُّ مِنْ رَبِّكَ فَلا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ‏ عَرَفُوا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص وَ الْوَصِيَّ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ وَ كَتَمُوا مَا عَرَفُوا مِنَ الْحَقِّ بَغْياً وَ حَسَداً فَيَسْلُبُهُمْ رُوحَ الْإِيمَانِ وَ جَعَلَ لَهُمْ ثَلَاثَةَ أَرْوَاحٍ رُوحَ الْقُوَّةِ وَ رُوحَ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ رُوحَ الْبَدَنِ ثُمَّ أَضَافَهُمْ إِلَى الْأَنْعَامِ فَقَالَ‏ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَالْأَنْعامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلًا لِأَنَّ الدَّابَّةَ إِنَّمَا تَحْمِلُ بِرُوحِ الْقُوَّةِ وَ تَعْتَلِفُ بِرُوحِ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ تَسِيرُ بِرُوحِ الْبَدَنِ.


5. It is narrated to us by Imran Bin Musa Bin Ja’far, from Ali Bin Ma’bad, from Abdullah Bin Abdullah al Wasity, from Dorost Bin Abu Mansour, from the one mentioned, from Jabir who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about the (Holy) Spirit’. He (a.s.) said: ‘O Jabir! Allah Created the creatures upon three layers and Descended them in three descents, and He Explained that in His Book where He Said: So, the companions of the right hand - what are the companions of the right hand? [56:8] And the companions of the left hand - what are the companions of the left hand? [56:9] And the foremost are the foremost [56:10] These are the ones of proximity [56:11]. As for what He Mentioned of the foremost, they (as) are the Prophets (as), Messengers and non-Messengers. Allah Made five Spirits to be in them (as) – The Holy Spirit, and the Spirit of Eman, and the Spirit of strength, and the Spirit of desire, and the Spirit of the body, and He Explained that in His Book where He Said: Those Rasools, We Merited some of them over the others – from them was one to whom Allah Spoke (with), and some of them He Raised their ranks. And We Gave Isa Ibn Maryam the Clear Proofs and Assisted him with the Holy Spirit; [2:253]. Then He Said regarding all of them: and He Aids them with a Spirit from Him [58:22]. (It was) with the Holy Spirit the Prophets (as), Messengers and non-Messengers were Sent, and by the Holy Spirit they (as) knew the entirety of the things; and by the Spirit of Eman they worshipped Allah and did not associate anything with Him ; And by the Spirit of strength they (as) fought their (as) enemies and death with their (as) livelihood; and by the Spirit of desire they (as) attained pleasures of the food, and married the Permissible from the women; and by the Spirit of the body they (as) avoided immoralities and mingled with the people. And as for what He Mentioned of the companions of the right hand, they are the true Momineen. He Made four Spirits to be in them – the Spirit of Eman, and the Spirit of strength, and the Spirit of desire, and Spirit of the body. And the servant does not cease to being utilised by these Spirits, to the extent that he things of the sins by them. When he things of the sins, the Spirit of desire adorns for him, and the Spirit of strength encourages him, and Spirit of the body guides him until he falls into that sin. When he touches the sin, he reduces from the Eman and the Eman is reduced from him. If he repents, Allah Turns to him. And the persistence comes upon the servant reducing from him one of these four, and what is the Word of Allah the Exalted: and from you is one who is returned to the worst age so that he does not know anything, after knowing. [16:70]. The Spirit of strength is reduced and he is no longer able to fight the enemy, nor deal with the livelihood, and the Spirit of strength is reduced from him, so even if he were to pass by the most beautiful daughter of Adam (as), he would not incline towards her. And there would remain in him the Spirit of Eman and Spirit of the body. By the Spirit of Eman he worships Allah by Spirit of the body he avoids immoralities and mingles with the people until the Angel of death comes to him. And as for what He Mentioned companions of the left hand, from them are people of the Book. Allah Blessed and Exalted: Those whom We have Given the Book are recognising him just as they are recognising their own sons; and a party of them are concealing the Truth while they are knowing [2:146] The Truth is from your Lord, therefore do not become from the doubting ones [2:147]. They recognised Rasool-Allah (saww) and the successor (a.s.) from after him (saww), and they concealed what they had recognised of the truth, out of rebellion and envy. The Spirit of Eman was Confiscated from them and three Spirits were Made to be for them – the Spirit of strength, and the Spirit of desire, and Spirit of the body. Then He Added them to the cattle. He Said: Surely, they are only like the cattle. But, they are more straying of the way [25:44], because the animals are rather carried by the Spirit of strength, and they react by the Spirit of desire, and move around by Spirit of the body’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ دَاوُدَ عَنْ أَبِي هَارُونَ الْعَبْدِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْأَصْبَغِ بْنِ نُبَاتَةَ قَالَ: أَتَى رَجُلٌ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع فَقَالَ أُنَاسٌ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ الْعَبْدَ لَا يَزْنِي وَ هُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ وَ لَا يَسْرِقُ وَ هُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ وَ لَا يَشْرَبُ الْخَمْرَ وَ هُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ وَ لَا يَأْكُلُ الرِّبَا وَ هُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ وَ لَا يَسْفِكُ الدَّمَ الْحَرَامَ وَ هُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَقَدْ كَبُرَ هَذَا عَلَيَّ وَ حَرِجَ مِنْهُ صَدْرِي‏ حَتَّى زُعِمَ أَنَّ هَذَا الْعَبْدَ الَّذِي يُصَلِّي إِلَى قِبْلَتِي وَ يَدْعُو دَعْوَتِي وَ يُنَاكِحُنِي وَ أُنَاكِحُهُ وَ يُوَارِثُنِي وَ أُوَارِثُهُ فَأُخْرِجُهُ مِنَ الْإِيمَانِ مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَنْبٍ يَسِيرٍ أَصَابَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَلِيٌّ ع صَدَقَكَ أَخُوكَ إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص وَ هُوَ يَقُولُ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ الْخَلْقَ وَ هُوَ عَلَى ثَلَاثِ طَبَقَاتٍ وَ أَنْزَلَهُمْ ثَلَاثَ مَنَازِلَ فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ فِي الْكِتَابِ‏ أَصْحابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ وَ أَصْحابُ الْمَشْئَمَةِ وَ السَّابِقُونَ السَّابِقُونَ‏ فَأَمَّا مَا ذَكَرْتُ مِنَ السَّابِقِينَ فَأَنْبِيَاءُ مُرْسَلُونَ وَ غَيْرُ مُرْسَلِينَ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهِمْ خَمْسَةَ أَرْوَاحٍ- رُوحَ الْقُدُسِ وَ رُوحَ الْإِيمَانِ وَ رُوحَ الْقُوَّةِ وَ رُوحَ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ رُوحَ الْبَدَنِ فَبِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ بُعِثُوا أَنْبِيَاءَ مُرْسَلِينَ وَ غَيْرَ مُرْسَلِينَ وَ بِرُوحِ الْإِيمَانِ عَبَدُوا اللَّهَ وَ لَمْ يُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئاً وَ بِرُوحِ الْقُوَّةِ جَاهَدُوا عَدُوَّهُمْ وَ عَالَجُوا مَعَايِشَهُمْ وَ بِرُوحِ الشَّهْوَةِ أَصَابُوا اللَّذِيذَ مِنَ الطَّعَامِ وَ نَكَحُوا الْحَلَالَ مِنْ شَبَابِ النِّسَاءِ وَ بِرُوحِ الْبَدَنِ دَبُّوا وَ دَرَجُوا ثُمَّ قَالَ‏ تِلْكَ الرُّسُلُ فَضَّلْنا بَعْضَهُمْ عَلى‏ بَعْضٍ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ كَلَّمَ اللَّهُ وَ رَفَعَ بَعْضَهُمْ‏ فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ‏ دَرَجاتٍ وَ آتَيْنا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ الْبَيِّناتِ وَ أَيَّدْناهُ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ فِي جَمَاعَتِهِمْ‏ وَ أَيَّدَهُمْ بِرُوحٍ مِنْهُ‏ يَقُولُ أَكْرَمَهُمْ بِهَا وَ فَضَّلَهُمْ عَلَى مَنْ سِوَاهُمْ وَ أَمَّا مَا ذَكَرْتُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ الْمَيْمَنَةِ فَهُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ حَقّاً بِأَعْيَانِهِمْ فَجَعَلَ فِيهِمْ أَرْبَعَةَ أَرْوَاحٍ رُوحَ الْإِيمَانِ وَ رُوحَ الْقُوَّةِ وَ رُوحَ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ رُوحَ الْبَدَنِ وَ لَا يَزَالُ الْعَبْدُ يُسْتَكْمَلُ بِهَذِهِ الْأَرْوَاحِ حَتَّى تَأْتِيَ حَالاتٌ قَالَ وَ مَا هَذِهِ الْحَالاتُ فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ ع أَمَّا أَوَّلُهُنَّ فَهُوَ كَمَا قَالَ اللَّهُ‏ وَ مِنْكُمْ مَنْ يُرَدُّ إِلى‏ أَرْذَلِ الْعُمُرِ لِكَيْ لا يَعْلَمَ بَعْدَ عِلْمٍ شَيْئاً فَهَذَا يَنْتَقِصُ مِنْهُ جَمِيعُ الْأَرْوَاحِ وَ لَيْسَ مِنَ الَّذِي يَخْرُجُ مِنْ دِينِ اللَّهِ لِأَنَّ اللَّهَ الْفَاعِلَ ذَلِكَ بِهِ رَدَّهُ إِلَى أَرْذَلِ عُمُرِهِ فَهُوَ لَا يَعْرِفُ لِلصَّلَاةِ وَقْتاً وَ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ التَّهَجُّدَ بِاللَّيْلِ وَ لَا الصِّيَامَ بِالنَّهَارِ وَ لَا الْقِيَامَ فِي صَفٍّ مَعَ النَّاسِ‏ فَهَذَا نُقْصَانٌ مِنْ رُوحِ الْإِيمَانِ فَلَيْسَ يَضُرُّهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ وَ يَنْتَقِصُ مِنْهُ رُوحُ الْقُوَّةِ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُ جِهَادَ عَدُوِّهِ وَ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ طَلَبَ الْمَعِيشَةِ وَ يَنْتَقِصُ مِنْهُ رُوحُ الشَّهْوَةِ فَلَوْ مَرَّتْ بِهِ أَصْبَحُ بَنَاتِ آدَمَ لَمْ يَحِنَّ إِلَيْهَا وَ لَمْ يَقُمْ وَ يَبْقَى رُوحُ الْبَدَنِ فَهُوَ يَدِبُّ وَ يَدْرُجُ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُ مَلَكُ الْمَوْتِ فَهَذَا حَالٌ خَيْرٌ لِأَنَّ اللَّهَ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ بِهِ وَ قَدْ تَأْتِي عَلَيْهِ حَالاتٌ فِي قُوَّتِهِ وَ شَبَابِهِ يَهُمُّ بِالْخَطِيئَةِ فَتُشَجِّعُهُ رُوحُ الْقُوَّةِ وَ تُزَيِّنُ لَهُ رُوحُ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ تَقُودُهُ رُوحُ الْبَدَنِ حَتَّى تُوقِعَهُ فِي الْخَطِيئَةِ فَإِذَا مَسَّهَا انْتَقَصَ مِنَ الْإِيمَانِ وَ نُقْصَانُهُ مِنَ الْإِيمَانِ لَيْسَ بِعَائِدٍ فِيهِ أَبَداً أَوْ يَتُوبَ‏َإِنْ تَابَ وَ عَرَفَ الْوَلَايَةَ تَابَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ إِنْ عَادَ وَ هُوَ تَارِكُ الْوَلَايَةِ أَدْخَلَهُ اللَّهُ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ وَ أَمَّا أَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ فَهُمُ الْيَهُودُ وَ النَّصَارَى قَوْلُ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى‏ الَّذِينَ آتَيْناهُمُ الْكِتابَ يَعْرِفُونَهُ كَما يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْناءَهُمْ‏ فِي مَنَازِلِهِمْ‏ وَ إِنَّ فَرِيقاً مِنْهُمْ لَيَكْتُمُونَ الْحَقَّ وَ هُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ الْحَقُّ مِنْ رَبِّكَ‏ الرَّسُولُ مِنَ اللَّهِ إِلَيْهِمْ بِالْحَقِ‏ فَلا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ‏ فَلَمَّا جَحَدُوا مَا عَرَفُوا ابْتَلَاهُمُ اللَّهُ بِذَلِكَ الذَّمِّ فَسَلَبَهُمْ رُوحَ الْإِيمَانِ وَ أَسْكَنَ أَبْدَانَهُمْ ثَلَاثَةَ أَرْوَاحٍ رُوحَ الْقُوَّةِ وَ رُوحَ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ رُوحَ الْبَدَنِ ثُمَّ أَضَافَهُمْ إِلَى الْأَنْعَامِ فَقَالَ‏ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَالْأَنْعامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلًا لِأَنَّ الدَّابَّةَ إِنَّمَا تَحْمِلُ بِرُوحِ الْقُوَّةِ وَ تَعْتَلِفُ بِرُوحِ الشَّهْوَةِ وَ تَسِيرُ بِرُوحِ الْبَدَنِ فَقَالَ لَهُ السَّائِلُ أَحْيَيْتَ قَلْبِي بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى.


6. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Muhammad Bin Dawood, from Abu Haroun Al Abdy, from Muhammad bin Al Asbagh Bin Nubata who said, ‘A man came to Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) and said, ‘There are people claiming that the servant does not commit adultery and he is a Momin, nor does he steal and he is a Momin, nor drink the wine and he is a Momin, nor consume the interest and he is a Momin, nor shed the Prohibited blood and he is a Momin. This has been grievous upon me and my chest has been troubled to the extent of the claim that this servant who prays Salat to my Qiblah, and calls my call, and marries in my family and I marry in his (family), and inherits me and I inherit him, and he would exit from the Eman due to the few sins which hit him?’ Ali (a.s.) said to him: ‘Your brother spoke the truth. I (a.s.) heard Rasool-Allah (saww) saying: ‘Allah Created the creatures and it was upon three categories, and Descended them to three stages, and that is His Word: So the companions of the right hand [56:8] And the companions of the left hand [56:9] And the foremost are the foremost [56:10]. As for what you mentioned of the foremost ones, it is the Prophets (as), Messengers (as) and non-Messengers (as). Allah Made five spirits to be in them (as) – The Holy Spirit, and the spirit of Eman, and the spirit of strength, and the spirit of desire, and the spirit of the body. With the Holy Spirit, the Prophets (as), Messengers (as) and non Messengers (as) are Sent; and with the spirit of Eman they (as) worshipped Allah and did not associate anything with Him ; and with the spirit of strength they (as) fought against their (as) enemies and dealt with their (as) livelihoods; and with the spirit of desire they attained pleasures from the food and married the Permissible from the young women; and with the spirit of body they observed the morality and mingled with the people. Then He Said: Those Rasools, We Merited some of them over the others – from them was one to whom Allah Spoke (with), and some of them He Raised their ranks. And We Gave Isa Ibn Maryam the Clear Proofs and Assisted him with the Holy Spirit; [2:253]. Then Said regarding their (as) community: and He Aids them with a Spirit from Him [58:22]. He is Saying that He Honoured them (as) by it and Merited them (as) over the ones besides them (as). And as for what you mentioned of the companions of the right hand, they are the Momineen truly. He Made four Spirits to be in them – Spirit of the Faith, and Spirit of the Strength, and Spirit of the Desire, and Spirit of the Body. The servant does not cease to make use of these four Spirits, until certain situation take place for him’. He said, ‘And what situations are these?’ Ali (a.s.) said: ‘As for the first of these, it is as Allah Said: and from you is one who is returned to the worst age so that he does not know anything, after knowing. [16:70]. This is a deficiency from it of all the spirits, and he isn’t from the one who exits from the Religion of Allah because the Doer with him has Returned him to the worst of his age, so he neither recognises the Salat of its timing, nor is he able for the (Salat) Tahajjud at night, nor Fasting by the day, nor standing in rows with the people (for Jihad). So this is a deficiency from the spirit of Eman, and nothing will harm him, if Allah so Desires, and deficiency from it of the spirit of strength, so he is not able to fight against his enemies, nor able to seek the livelihood, and a deficiency from it of the spirit of desire. So, if he were to pass by the daughters of Adam (as), he will not turn to her and will not stand, and there remains the spirit of body, so he avoids the immorality and mingles with the people until the Angel of death comes to him. This is a better state because Allah Did that with him, and there had come upon him situation during his strength and his youth he had thought of committing sins, so the spirit of strength had encouraged him, and the spirit of desire had adorned it for him, and the spirit of body had guided him until he fell into the sin. . If it so happens, that he gets touched by the deficiency from the faith, he will not get anything out of it, ever, unless he repents. If he were to repent having recognised the Wilayah, Allah will Accept his repentance, and if he returns to sinning, and he has left the Wilayah, Allah will Make him enter the Fire of Hell. And as for the companions of the left hand, they are the Jews and the Christians. Words of Allah the Exalted: Those whom We have Given the Book are recognising him just as they are recognising their own sons; - in their own homes, and a party of them are concealing the Truth while they are knowing [2:146] The Truth is from your Lord, – the Rasool (saww) from Allah to them with the truth, therefore do not become from the doubting ones [2:147]. So, when they rejected what they had recognised, Allah Nullified that and Condemned them. He Confiscated their spirit of the Faith, and Let three spirits reside in their bodies – spirit of the Strength, and spirit of the Desire, and spirit of the Body, then He Likened them to the cattle. He Said: Surely, they are only like the cattle. But, they are more straying of the way [25:44], because the animals are rather being carried by the spirit of strength, and they react by spirit of the desire, and they move around by spirit of the body’. The questioner said to him (a.s.), ‘You (a.s.) have revived my heart, by the Permission of Allah the Exalted’’.