4. The aturhorisation to rasool-allah (saww)

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حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَلَقَ مُحَمَّداً عَبْداً فَأَدَّبَهُ حَتَّى إِذَا بَلَغَ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً أَوْحَى إِلَيْهِ وَ فَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ الْأَشْيَاءَ فَقَالَ‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا.


1. It is narrated to us by Ibn Yazeed, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Ibrahim Bin Abdul Hameed, from Abu Asama, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) Created Muhammad (saww) as a servant. He (azwj) Educated him (saww) until when he (saww) reached forty years (of age), Revealed to him (saww) and Delegated the things to him (saww). He (azwj) Said: And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ وَ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولَانِ‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَوَّضَ إِلَى نَبِيِّهِ أَمْرَ خَلْقِهِ لِيَنْظُرَ كَيْفَ طَاعَتُهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلَا هَذِهِ الْآيَةَ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا.


2. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Hajjal, from Sa’alba, from Zurara who said, ‘I heard Abu Ja’far (a.s.) and Abu Abdullah (a.s.) both saying: ‘Allah (azwj) Delegated to His (azwj) Prophet (saww), the matters of His (azwj) creatures in order to see how their obedience would be’. Then he (a.s.) recited this Verse: And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ عَنْ رِبْعِيٍّ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَدَّبَ نَبِيَّهُ فَأَحْسَنَ تَأْدِيبَهُ فَقَالَ‏ خُذِ الْعَفْوَ وَ أْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَ أَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجاهِلِينَ‏ فَلَمَّا كَانَ ذَلِكَ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ‏ وَ إِنَّكَ لَعَلى‏ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ‏ وَ فَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ أَمْرَ دِينِهِ وَ قَالَ‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا فَحَرَّمَ اللَّهُ الْخَمْرَ بِعَيْنِهَا وَ حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص‏كُلَّ مُسْكِرٍ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ وَ كَانَ يَضْمَنُ عَلَى اللَّهِ الْجَنَّةَ فَيُجِيزُ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ وَ ذَكَرَ الْفَرَائِضَ فَلَمْ يَذْكُرِ الْجَدَّ فَأَطْعَمَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص سَهْماً فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ وَ لَمْ يُفَوِّضْ إِلَى أَحَدٍ مِنَ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ غَيْرِهِ.


3. It is narrated to us by Abdul Jabbar, from Al Barqy, from Fazalat, from Rabie, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad who said, ‘Allah (azwj) Educated His (azwj) Prophet (saww), and excellent was his (saww) education: Take to the Forgiveness and enjoin good and turn away from the ignorant ones [7:199]. When that had happened, Allah (azwj) Revealed: And you are upon magnificent morals [68:4]. And Allah (azwj) Authorised to him (saww) the matters of His (azwj) Religion and Said: And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]. Allah (azwj) had Prohibited the wine in particular, and Rasool-Allah (saww) prohibited all intoxicants, and Allah (azwj) Allowed that. And he (saww) used to guarantee (people) the Paradise (based) upon Allah (azwj), and Allah (azwj) Allowed that for him (saww), and He (azwj) Mentioned the Obligatory (inheritances) but did not Mention (the share of) the grandfather, and Rasool-Allah (saww) fed him a share, and Allah (azwj) Allowed that, and He (azwj) did not Authorise it to anyone from the Prophets (as) apart from him (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا الْحَجَّالُ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ اللُّؤْلُؤِيِّ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَدَّبَ نَبِيَّهُ عَلَى أَدَبِهِ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَى بِهِ إِلَى مَا أَرَادَ قَالَ لَهُ‏ إِنَّكَ لَعَلى‏ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ‏ فَفَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ دِينَهُ فَقَالَ‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا وَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَرَضَ فِي الْقُرْآنِ وَ لَمْ يَقْسِمْ لِلْجَدِّ شَيْئاً وَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص أَطْعَمَهُ السُّدُسَ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ لَهُ وَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ حَرَّمَ الْخَمْرَ بِعَيْنِهَا وَ حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص كُلَّ مُسْكِرٍ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ لَهُ ذَلِكَ وَ ذَلِكَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ‏ هذا عَطاؤُنا فَامْنُنْ أَوْ أَمْسِكْ بِغَيْرِ حِسابٍ‏.


4. It is narrated to us by Al Hajjal, from Al Hassan Bin Al Husayn Al Luluie, from Ibn Sinan, from Is’haq Bin Ammar, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) Educated His (azwj) Prophet (saww) upon His (azwj) Education. When he (saww) ended up to what He (azwj) Wanted, He (azwj) Said to him (saww): And you are upon magnificent morals [68:4]. He (azwj) Delegated His (azwj) Religion to him (saww). He (azwj) Said: And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]. Allah (azwj) Obligated (inheritances) in the Quran and did not Apportion anything for the grandfather, and Rasool-Allah (saww) fed him the one-sixth, and Allah (azwj) Allowed him (saww). Allah (azwj) Prohibited the wine in particular, and Rasool-Allah (saww) prohibited every intoxicant, and Allah (azwj) Allowed that for him (saww), and that is the Word of Allah (azwj): This is Our Gift, so either confer or withhold, without a Reckoning [38:39]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْمُؤْمِنِ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَدَّبَ نَبِيَّهُ حَتَّى إِذَا أَقَامَهُ عَلَى مَا أَرَادَ قَالَ لَهُ‏ وَ أْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَ أَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجاهِلِينَ‏ فَلَمَّا فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص زَكَّاهُ اللَّهُ فَقَالَ‏ إِنَّكَ لَعَلى‏ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ‏ فَلَمَّا زَكَّاهُ فَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ دِينَهُ فَقَالَ‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا فَحَرَّمَ اللَّهُ الْخَمْرَ وَ حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص كُلَّ مُسْكِرٍ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ كُلَّهُ وَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَنْزَلَ الصَّلَاةَ وَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص وَقَّتَ أَوْقَاتِهَا فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ‏.


5. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Abu Abdullah Al Momin, from Is’haq Bin Ammar, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) Educated His (azwj) Prophet (saww) until He (saww) has Established him (saww) upon what He (azwj) Wanted, Said to him (saww): Take to the Forgiveness and enjoin good and turn away from the ignorant ones [7:199]. When Rasool-Allah (saww) had done that for Him (azwj), Allah (azwj) Praised him (saww) Saying: And you are upon magnificent morals [68:4]. When He (azwj) had Purified him (saww), Authorised His (azwj) Religion to him (saww): And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]. Allah (azwj) had Prohibited the wine, and Rasool-Allah (saww) prohibited all intoxicants, and Allah (azwj) Allowed all of that for him, and Allah (azwj) Revealed the Salats, and Rasool-Allah (saww) timed their timings, and Allah (azwj) Allowed that for him (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ أَشْيَاءَ مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ وَ الدِّيَاتِ وَ الْفَرَائِضِ وَ أَشْيَاءَ مِنْ أَشْبَاهِ هَذَا فَقَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَوَّضَ إِلَى نَبِيِّهِ ص.


6. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Ja’far Bin Bashir, from Ibn Bukeyr, from Zurara who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about things from the Salat, and the wergilds, and the Obligations, and the things resembling this. He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) had Authorised to His (azwj) Prophet (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ وَ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَوَّضَ إِلَى نَبِيِّهِ أَمْرَ خَلْقِهِ لِيَنْظُرَ كَيْفَ‏ طَاعَتُهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلَى هَذِهِ الْآيَةَ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا.


7. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Abdullah Bin Muhammad Al Hajjal, from Sa’alba, from Zurara who said, ‘I heard Abu Ja’far (a.s.) and Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘Allah (azwj) Authorised to His (azwj) Prophet (saww), the affairs of His (azwj) creatures in order for Him (azwj) to See how their obedience would be’. Then he (a.s.) recited this Verse: And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ حُمْرَانَ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ أَشْيَاءَ مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ وَ الدِّيَاتِ وَ الْفَرَائِضِ وَ أَشْيَاءَ مِنْ أَشْبَاهِ هَذَا فَقَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَوَّضَ إِلَى نَبِيِّهِ ص.


8. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazzal, from Abdullah Bin Bukeyr, from Zurara, from Humran who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about things from the Salat, and the wergilds, and the Obligations, and things resembling this. He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) has Authorised to His (azwj) Prophet (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ قَالَ: قَالَ لِي جَعْفَرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص كَانَ يُفَوَّضُ إِلَيْهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى فَوَّضَ إِلَى سُلَيْمَانَ مُلْكَهُ فَقَالَ‏ هذا عَطاؤُنا فَامْنُنْ أَوْ أَمْسِكْ بِغَيْرِ حِسابٍ‏ وَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَوَّضَ إِلَى مُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيِّهِ فَقَالَ‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ إِنَّمَا كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص مُفَوَّضاً إِلَيْهِ فِي الزَّرْعِ وَ الضَّرْعِ فَلَوَى جَعْفَرٌ ع عَنْهُ عُنُقَهُ مُغْضَباً فَقَالَ فِي كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ اللَّهِ فِي كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ.


9. It is narrated to us by one of his companions, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Ali Bin Al Numan, from Ibn Muskan, from Ismail Bin Abdul Aziz who said, ‘Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.) said to me: ‘It had been Authorised to Rasool-Allah (saww). Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted had Delegated His (azwj) Kingdom to Suleyman (as). He (saww) Said: This is Our Gift, so either confer or withhold, without a Reckoning [38:39]. Allah (azwj) had Authorised to His (azwj) Prophet (saww), Muhammad (saww). He (azwj) Said: And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]’. A man said, ‘But rather, Rasool-Allah (saww), it was Delegated to him (saww) regarding the cultivation and the farming’. Ja’far (a.s.) turned his (a.s.) neck away from him in anger, and said: ’Regarding all things! By Allah (azwj)! Regarding all things!’’




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ وَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَوَّضَ إِلَى نَبِيِّهِ أَمْرَ خَلْقِهِ لِيَنْظُرَ كَيْفَ طَاعَتُهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلَا هَذِهِ الْآيَةَ وَ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا.


10. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Hajjal. From Sa’alba, from Zurara, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) and Abu Abdullah (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I heard him (a.s.) saying: ‘Allah (azwj) Authorised to His (azwj) Prophet (saww) the affairs of His (azwj) creatures in order to See how obedient they would be’. Then He (azwj) recited this Verse: And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَمَّنْ رَوَاهُ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَدَّبَ مُحَمَّداً ص تَأْدِيباً فَفَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ الْأَمْرَ وَ قَالَ‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا وَ كَانَ مِمَّا أَمَرَهُ اللَّهُ فِي كِتَابِهِ فَرَائِضَ الصُّلْبِ وَ فَرَضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص لِلْجَدِّ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ‏.


11. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Abdullah Bin Suleyman, from the one who reported it, from Abdullah Suleyman, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) Educated Muhammad (saww) with an education, and Authorised the affairs to him (saww), and Said: And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7], and it was from what Allah (azwj) had Commanded him (saww) in His (azwj) Book the Obligatory (rights) of the lineages, and Rasool-Allah (saww) obligated for the grandfather, and Allah (azwj) Allowed that for him (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ زِيَادٍ الْقَنْدِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُمَارَةَ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ كَيْفَ كَانَ يَصْنَعُ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ بِشَارِبِ الْخَمْرِ قَالَ كَانَ‏ يَحُدُّهُ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ كَانَ عَادَ قَالَ يَحُدُّهُ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَإِنْ عَادَ كَانَ يَقْتُلُهُ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ كَانَ يَصْنَعُ بِشَارِبِ الْمُسْكِرِ قَالَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ قُلْتُ فَمَنْ شَرِبَ شَرْبَةَ مُسْكِرٍ كَمَنْ شَرِبَ شَرْبَةَ خَمْرٍ قَالَ سَوَاءٌ فَاسْتَعْظَمْتُ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ لِي يَا فُضَيْلُ لَا تَسْتَعْظِمْ ذَلِكَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ إِنَّمَا بَعَثَ مُحَمَّداً رَحْمَةً لِلْعالَمِينَ‏ وَ اللَّهُ أَدَّبَ نَبِيَّهُ فَأَحْسَنَ تَأْدِيبَهُ فَلَمَّا انْتَدَبَ‏ فَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ فَحَرَّمَ اللَّهُ الْخَمْرَ وَ حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص كُلَّ مُسْكِرٍ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ وَ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ مَكَّةَ وَ حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص الْمَدِينَةَ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ كُلَّهُ لَهُ وَ فَرَضَ اللَّهُ الْفَرَائِضَ مِنَ الصُّلْبِ فَأَطْعَمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص الْجَدَّ فَأَجَازَ ذَلِكَ كُلَّهُ لَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ يَا فُضَيْلُ حُرِّفَ وَ مَا حُرِّفَ‏ مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطاعَ اللَّهَ‏.


12. It is narrated to us by Yaqoub Bin Yazeed and Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ziyad Al Qandy, from Muhammad Bin Umarah, from Fuzeyl Bin Yasaar who said, ‘I asked him (a.s.), ‘How was Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) dealing with a drinker of wine?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘He (a.s.) would whip him’. I said, ‘Supposing he repeated?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘He (a.s.) would whip him, three times (violations), and if he repeated (fourth time), he (a.s.) would kill him’. I said, ‘How was he (a.s.) dealing with a drinker of intoxicant’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Similar to that’. I said, ‘So, the one who drinks an intoxicating drink - is like the one who drinks wine?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Same’. I considered that as grievous. He (a.s.) said to me: ‘O Fuzeyl, do not consider that as being grievous, for rather, Allah (azwj) had Sent Muhammad (saww) as a mercy to the worlds, and Allah (azwj) Educated His (azwj) Prophet (saww), and excellent was his (saww) education. When he (saww) had been educated, Allah (azwj) Prohibited the wine, and Rasool-Allah (saww) prohibited every intoxicant, and Allah (azwj) Allowed that to him (saww). And Allah (azwj) Sanctified Makkah, and Rasool-Allah (saww) sanctified Al-Medina, and Allah (azwj) Allowed all of it to him (saww). And Allah (azwj) Obligated the Obligations (of inheritance) of the lineages, and Rasool-Allah (saww) fed the grandfather, and Allah (azwj) Allowed all of that to him (saww)’. Then he (a.s.) said to him: ‘O Fuzeyl! They altered (the Quran), and did not alter: There is one who obeys the Rasool, so he has obeyed Allah [4:80]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنْ زِيَادٍ الْقَنْدِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: قُلْتُ لَهُ كَيْفَ كَانَ يَصْنَعُ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع بِشَارِبِ الْخَمْرِ قَالَ كَانَ يَحُدُّهُ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ عَادَ قَالَ كَانَ يَحُدُّهُ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ عَادَ قَالَ يَحُدُّهُ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَإِنْ عَادَ كَانَ يَقْتُلُهُ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ كَانَ يَصْنَعُ بِشَارِبِ الْمُسْكِرِ قَالَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ قُلْتُ فَمَنْ شَرِبَ الْخَمْرَ كَمَنْ شَرِبَ الْمُسْكِرَ قَالَ سَوَاءٌ فَاسْتَعْظَمْتُ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ لَا تَسْتَعْظِمْ ذَلِكَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَّا أَدَّبَ نَبِيَّهُ ص ائْتَدَبَ فَفَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ وَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ حَرَّمَ مَكَّةَ وَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص حَرَّمَ الْمَدِينَةَ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ لَهُ ذَلِكَ وَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ حَرَّمَ الْخَمْرَ وَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص حَرَّمَ الْمُسْكِرَ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ كُلَّهُ لَهُ وَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَرَضَ فَرَائِضَ مِنَ الصُّلْبِ وَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص أَطْعَمَ الْجَدَّ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ حَرْفٌ وَ مَا حَرْفٌ‏ مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطاعَ اللَّهَ‏.


13. It is narrated to us by Ibn Yazeed Al Qandy, from Abdullah Bin Sinan, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘How did Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) deal with the drinker of wine?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘He (a.s.) applied the legal punishment on him’. I said, ‘And if he returned to it?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘He (a.s.) applied the legal punishment on him three times, and if he returned to it, he (a.s.) killed him’. I said, ‘Is the one who drinks wine like the one who drinks an intoxicant?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘(Yes it’s the) Same’. I considered that as great (major issue). He (a.s.) asked from me: ‘Don’t consider that to be grievous. When Allah (azwj) Educated His (azwj) Prophet (saww) (with the best morality) and He (azwj) Completed it, He (azwj) Delegated it to him (saww) (the Religion). Allah (azwj) Sanctified Mecca, and the Rasool-Allah (saww) sanctified Al-Medina. Allah (azwj) Permitted for him (saww) all of that. Allah (azwj) Prohibited the wine, and the Rasool-Allah (saww) prohibited all intoxicants. Allah (azwj) Permitted that for him (saww); and Allah (azwj) Obligated the obligations from the lineages and that the Rasool-Allah (saww) included in it the ancestors. Allah (azwj) Permitted for him (saww) all of that. Then he (a.s.) said to him: ‘O Fazeyl, they have distorted (Tahreef), and what have they distorted There is one who obeys the Rasool, so he has obeyed Allah [4:80]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْبَزَنْطِيِّ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: وَضَعَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص دِيَةَ الْعَيْنِ وَ دِيَةَ النَّفْسِ وَ دِيَةَ الْأَنْفِ وَ حَرَّمَ النَّبِيذَ وَ كُلَّ مُسْكِرٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَجُلٌ فَوَضَعَ هَذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَكُونَ جَاءَ فِيهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ لِيَعْلَمَ مَنْ يطع [يُطِيعُ‏] الرَّسُولَ‏ وَ يَعْصِيهِ‏.


14. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Hammad Bin Usman, from Zurara, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) placed the wergild of the eye, and wergild of the soul, and wergilds of the nose, and Prohibited the (consumption of) ‘Al-Nabeez’ (alcoholic drink), and every intoxicant’. A man said to him (a.s.), ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) placed these from without anything having come with regards to it?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Yes, in order to know who obeys the Rasool (saww) and (who) disobeys him (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَامِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ الثُّمَالِيِّ قَالَ: قَرَأْتُ هَذِهِ الْآيَةَ إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع لَيْسَ لَكَ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ شَيْ‏ءٌ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى لِنَبِيِّهِ وَ أَنَا أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَسْأَلَهُ عَنْهَا فَقَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ع بَلْ وَ شَيْ‏ءٌ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ مَرَّتَيْنِ وَ كَيْفَ لَا يَكُونُ لَهُ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَقَدْ فَوَّضَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ دِينَهُ فَقَالَ‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا فَمَا أَحَلَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص فَهُوَ حَلَالٌ وَ مَا حَرَّمَ فَهُوَ حَرَامٌ.


15. It is narrated to us by Abdullah Bin Aamir, from Abu Abdullah Al Barqy, from AL Hassan Bin Usman, from Muhammad Al Fuzeyl, from Abu Hamza Al Sumali who said, ‘I recited this Verse to Abu Ja’far (a.s.): There isn’t anything for you from the matter [3:128], the Words of Allah (azwj) the Exalted to His (azwj) Prophet (saww), and I wanted to ask him (a.s.) about it. Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said: ‘But and a thing with a thing’ – twice, ‘And how can there not happen to be anything for him (saww) from the matter and Allah (azwj) has Authorised His (azwj) Religion to him (saww). He (saww) Said: And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]. Thus, whatever Rasool-Allah (saww) permitted, so it is Permissible (by Allah (azwj)), and whatever he (saww) Prohibited, so it is Prohibited (by Allah (azwj))’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُذَافِرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى أَدَّبَ مُحَمَّداً ص فَلَمَّا تَأَدَّبَ فَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا فَقَالَ‏ مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطاعَ اللَّهَ‏ فَكَانَ فِيمَا فَرَضَ فِي الْقُرْآنِ فَرَائِضُ الصُّلْبِ وَ فَرَضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص فَرَائِضَ الْجَدِّ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ وَ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فِي الْقُرْآنِ تَحْرِيمَ الْخَمْرِ بِعَيْنِهَا فَحَرَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص تَحْرِيمَ الْمُسْكِرِ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ لَهُ ذَلِكَ فِي أَشْيَاءَ كَثِيرَةٍ فَمَا حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص فَهُوَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ مَا حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ.


16. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Muhammad Bin Zafir, from Abdullah Bin Sinan, from one of our companions, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted Educated Muhammad (saww). When He (azwj) had Educated him (saww), Authorised to him (saww). The Blessed and Exalted Said: ‘And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]. He (saww) Said: There is one who obeys the Rasool, so he has obeyed Allah [4:80]. It was among what Allah (azwj) Obligated in the Quran, Obligations of the lineage (inheritances), and Rasool-Allah (saww) obligated (for) the grandfather, and Allah (azwj) Allowed that for him (saww). And Allah (azwj) Revealed in the Quran the Prohibition of the wine in particular, and Rasool-Allah (saww) prohibited the intoxicants, and Allah (azwj) Allowed that for him (saww), in many things. Thus, whatever Rasool-Allah (saww) prohibited, it is at the status of what Allah (azwj) Prohibited’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنِ الْمُعَلَّى بْنِ خُنَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: مَا أَعْطَى اللَّهُ نَبِيّاً شَيْئاً إِلَّا وَ قَدْ أَعْطَاهُ مُحَمَّداً ص قَالَ لِسُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ دَاوُدَ ع‏ فَامْنُنْ أَوْ أَمْسِكْ بِغَيْرِ حِسابٍ‏ وَ قَالَ لِمُحَمَّدٍ ص‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا.


17. It is narrated by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Ali Bin Al Numan, from Ibn Muskan, from Al Mu‘alla Bin Khunays, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) did not Give any Prophet (as) anything except and He (azwj) Gave it to Muhammad (saww). He (azwj) Said to Suleyman Bin Dawood (as): This is Our Gift, so either confer or withhold, without a Reckoning [38:39]. And He (azwj) Said to Muhammad (saww): And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُذَافِرٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مِنْ إِخْوَانِنَا عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى أَدَّبَ مُحَمَّداً ص فَلَمَّا تَأَدَّبَ فَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ الْأَمْرَ فَقَالَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا فَقَالَ‏ مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطاعَ اللَّهَ‏ فَكَانَ فِيمَا فَرَضَ اللَّهُ فِي الْقُرْآنِ فَرَائِضُ الصُّلْبِ وَ فَرَضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص فَرَائِضَ الْجَدِّ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ وَ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ فِي الْقُرْآنِ تَحْرِيمَ الْخَمْرِ بِعَيْنِهَا وَ حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص كُلَّ مُسْكِرٍ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ وَ أَشْيَاءَ كَثِيرَةً وَ كُلُّ مَا حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص فَهُوَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ مَا حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ.


18. It is narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Amro Bin Usman, from Muhammad Bin Uzafir, from a man from our brethren, ‘From Muhammad (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted Educated Muhammad (saww). When he (saww) was educated, Authorised the matters to him (saww). The Blessed and Exalted Said: And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]. He (azwj) Said: There is one who obeys the Rasool, so he has obeyed Allah [4:80]. It was among what Allah (azwj) Obligated in the Quran, the Obligations of the lineages (inheritances), and Rasool-Allah (saww) obligated (for) grandfather, and Allah (azwj) Allowed that; and Allah (azwj) Revealed in the Quran the Prohibition of the wine in particular, and Rasool-Allah (saww) prohibited every intoxicant, and Allah (azwj) Allowed that for him (saww), and many more things; and all what Rasool-Allah (saww) prohibited, it is as the status of what Allah (azwj) Prohibited’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي عِمْرَانَ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنْ قَوْلِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَوَّضَ الْأَمْرَ إِلَى مُحَمَّدٍ ص فَقَالَ‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا أَ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَلَقَ مُحَمَّداً ص طَاهِراً ثُمَّ أَدَّبَهُ حَتَّى قَوَّمَهُ عَلَى مَا أَرَادَ ثُمَّ فَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ الْأَمْرَ فَقَالَ‏ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا فَحَرَّمَ اللَّهُ الْخَمْرَ بِعَيْنِهَا وَ حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص الْمُسْكِرَ مِنْ كُلِّ شَرَابٍ وَ فَرَضَ اللَّهُ فَرَائِضَ الصُّلْبِ وَ أَعْطَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص الْجَدَّ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ لَهُ ذَلِكَ وَ أَشْيَاءَ ذَكَرَهَا مِنْ هَذَا الْبَابِ.


19. It is narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Yahya Bin Abu Imran, from Yunus, from Ibrahim Bin Abdul Hameed, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about the Words that Allah (azwj) Authorised the matters to Muhammad (saww). He (a.s.) said: ‘And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]. He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Created Muhammad (saww), clean, then Educated him (saww) until He (azwj) stood him (saww) upon what He (azwj) Wanted, He (azwj) Said: ‘And whatever the Rasool gives you, so take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain [59:7]. Allah (azwj) Prohibited with wine in particular, and Rasool-Allah (saww) prohibited the intoxicant of every drink; and Allah (azwj) Obligated the obligations of the lineage (inheritances), and Rasool-Allah (saww) gave (share) for the grandfather. Allah (azwj) Allowed that for him, and things He (azwj) Mentioned from this door (subject matter)’’.