1. Regarding the difference between the prophetsas and the messengersas and the imams (asws), and theiras recognition, and theiras description, and the matter of the hadeeth

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حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنِ الرَّسُولِ وَ النَّبِيِّ وَ الْمُحَدَّثِ قَالَ الرَّسُولُ الَّذِي تَأْتِيهِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَ تَبْلُغُهُ‏ عَنِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى وَ النَّبِيُّ الَّذِي يَرَى فِي مَنَامِهِ فَمَا رَأَى فَهُوَ كَمَا رَأَى وَ الْمُحَدَّثُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ كَلَامَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ وَ يُنْقَرُ فِي أُذُنِهِ وَ يُنْكَتُ فِي قَلْبِهِ‏.


1. It is narrated to us by Ibn Marouf, from Al Qasim Bin Urwa, from Bureyd Al Ijaly who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about the Rasool (as) and the Prophet (as), and the Muhaddith. He (a.s.) said: ‘The Rasool (as) is the one the Angels come to him (as) and deliver to him (as) on behalf of Allah (azwj) the Exalted; and the Prophet (as) is the one who sees in his (as) dream. So, whatever he (as) sees, it is just as he (as) saw; and the Muhaddith is the one who hears the speech of the Angels, and it is resonated in his (a.s.) (ears), and reverberated in his (a.s.) heart’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْبَزَنْطِيِّ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ وَ كانَ رَسُولًا نَبِيًّا قُلْتُ مَا هُوَ الرَّسُولُ مِنَ النَّبِيِّ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ هُوَ الَّذِي يَرَى فِي مَنَامِهِ وَ يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَ لَا يُعَايِنُ الْمَلَكَ وَ الرَّسُولُ يُعَايِنُ الْمَلَكَ وَ يُكَلِّمُهُ قُلْتُ فَالْإِمَامُ مَا مَنْزِلَتُهُ قَالَ يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَ لَا يَرَى وَ لَا يُعَايِنُ ثُمَّ تَلَا وَ مَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ وَ لَا نَبِيٍّ وَ لَا مُحَدَّثٍ‏.


2. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Bazanty, from Sa’alba, from Zurara who said, I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: and he was a Rasool, a Prophet [19:54], I said, ‘What is the Rasool (as) from the Prophet (as)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The Prophet (saww), he (as) is the one who sees in his (as) dream and hears the voice and does not see the Angel; and the Rasool (as) sees the Angel and speaks to him’. I said, ‘The Imam (a.s.), what is his (a.s.) status?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘He (a.s.) hears the voice and neither sees not witnesses’. Then he (a.s.) recited: And We did not Send any Rasool or a Prophet or a Muhaddith before you [22:52]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ‏ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنِ الرَّسُولِ وَ النَّبِيِّ وَ الْمُحَدَّثِ فَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ الَّذِي يَأْتِيهِ الْمَلَكُ فَيُحَدِّثُهُ وَ يُكَلِّمُهُ كَمَا يُحَدِّثُ أَحَدُكُمْ صَاحِبَهُ وَ النَّبِيُّ الَّذِي يُؤْتَى فِي مَنَامِهِ نَحْوَ رُؤْيَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَ مَا عَلِمَ أَنَّ الَّذِي رَأَى فِي مَنَامِهِ أَنَّهُ حَقٌّ قَالَ بَيَّنَهُ اللَّهُ حَتَّى يَعْلَمَ أَنَّهُ حَقٌّ وَ يُنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِ وَ قَدْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص نَبِيّاً وَ الْمُحَدَّثُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَ لَا يَرَى شَيْئاً.


3. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Ibn Fazzal, from Ibn Bukeyr, from Zurara who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about the Rasool (as) and the Prophet (as) and the Muhaddith. He (a.s.) said: ‘The Rasool (as) is the one whom the Angel comes to and narrates to him (a.s.) and he (as) speaks to him just as one of you narrates to his companion; and the Prophet (as) is the one who is come to in his (as) dream, approximate to a dream of Ibrahim (as)’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘And what makes him (a.s.) know that the one he (a.s.) saw in his (a.s.) dream, it is true?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Manifests it until he (a.s.) knows it is true, and it is Revealed to him (a.s.); and Rasool-Allah (saww) was a Prophet (saww); and the Muhaddith is the one who hears the voice and does not see anything’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ مِهْرَانَ قَالَ: كَتَبَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَبَّاسٍ الْمَعْرُوفِيُ‏ إِلَى الرِّضَا ع جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ أَخْبِرْنِي مَا الْفَرْقُ بَيْنَ الرَّسُولِ وَ النَّبِيِّ وَ الْإِمَامِ قَالَ فَكَتَبَ أَوْ قَالَ الْفَرْقُ بَيْنَ الرَّسُولِ وَ الْإِمَامِ‏ هُوَ أَنَّ الرَّسُولَ الَّذِي يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ‏ فَيَرَاهُ وَ يَسْمَعُ كَلَامَهُ وَ النَّبِيَّ يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ وَ رُبَّمَا نُبِّئَ فِي مَنَامِهِ نَحْوَ رُؤْيَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ النَّبِيَّ رُبَّمَا يَسْمَعُ الْكَلَامَ وَ رُبَّمَا يَرَى الشَّخْصَ وَ لَمْ يَسْمَعِ الْكَلَامَ وَ الْإِمَامَ هُوَ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ الْكَلَامَ وَ لَا يَرَى الشَّخْصَ‏.


4. It is narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin Hashim said, ‘It was narrated to us by Ismail Bin Mihran who said, ‘Al-Hassan Bin Abbas Al-Maroufi wrote to Al-Ridha (a.s.), ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! Inform me, what is the difference between the Rasool (as), and the Prophet (as), and the Imam (a.s.)?’ He (the narrator) said, ‘He (a.s.) wrote, or said: ‘The difference between the Rasool (as) and the Imam (a.s.), it is that the Rasool (as) is the one Jibraeel (as) descends unto him (as), so he (as) sees him (as) and speaks to him (as); and the Prophet (as), Jibraeel (as) descends unto him (as), and sometimes he (as) appears in his (as) dream approximate to the dream of Ibrahim (as), and sometimes the Prophet (as) hears the speech, and sometimes he (as) sees the person and does not hear the speech; and the Imam (a.s.), he (a.s.) is the one who hears the speech and does not see the person’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ عَنِ الْحَرْثِ الْبَصْرِيِّ قَالَ: أَتَانَا الْحَكَمُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ قَالَ إِنَّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ قَالَ إِنَّ عِلْمَ عَلِيٍّ كُلَّهُ فِي آيَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ قَالَ فَخَرَجَ حُمْرَانُ بْنُ أَعْيَنَ لِيَسْأَلَهُ فَوَجَدَ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ قَدْ قُبِضَ فَقَالَ لِأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع إِنَّ الْحَكَمَ بْنَ عُيَيْنَةَ حَدَّثَنَا أَنَّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ قَالَ إِنَّ عِلْمَ عَلِيٍّ ع كُلَّهُ فِي آيَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ع وَ مَا تَدْرِي مَا هُوَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَا قَالَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى وَ مَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ وَ لَا نَبِيٍّ وَ لَا مُحَدَّثٍ.


5. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Fazalat, from Al Hars Al Basri who said, ‘We came to Al-Hakam Bin Uyayna who said, ‘Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.) said: ‘Knowledge of Ali (a.s.), all of it is in one Verse’. He (the narrator) said, ‘Humran Bin Ayn went out to ask him (a.s.) and found Ali (a.s.) Bin Al Husayn (a.s.) to have passed away. He said to Abu Ja’far (a.s.), ‘Al-Hakam Bin Uyayna narrated to us that Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.) said that the knowledge of Ali (a.s.), all of it is in one Verse’. Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said: ‘And you do not know what it is?’ I said, ‘No’. He (a.s.) said: ‘It is the Word of Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted: And We did not Send any Rasool or a Prophet or a Muhaddith before you [22:52]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: الْأَنْبِيَاءُ عَلَى خَمْسَةِ أَنْوَاعٍ‏ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ مِثْلَ صَوْتِ السِّلْسِلَةِ فَيَعْلَمُ مَا عُنِيَ بِهِ وَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ يُنَبَّأُ فِي مَنَامِهِ مِثْلَ يُوسُفَ وَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ يُعَايِنُ وَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ يُنْكَتُ فِي قَلْبِهِ وَ يُوقَرُ فِي أُذُنِهِ.


6. It is narrated to us by Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Hammad Bin Isa, from Hareez, from Zurara, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘The Prophets (as) are upon five types. A type from them is one who hears the sound like the sound of the chain, so he (as) knows what is meant by it; and from them (as) is one who is given information in his (as) dream, like Yusuf (as) and Ibrahim (as); and from them (as) is one who witnesses; and from them (as) is one it is reverberated in his (as) heart, and resonated in his (as) ears’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّسُولِ فَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ الَّذِي يُعَايِنُ الْمَلَكَ يَجِيئُهُ‏ بِرِسَالَةٍ عَنْ رَبِّهِ فَيُكَلِّمُهُ كَمَا يُكَلِّمُ أَحَدُكُمْ صَاحِبَهُ وَ النَّبِيُّ لَا يُعَايِنُ مَلَكاً إِنَّمَا يُنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِ الْوَحْيُ وَ يَرَى فِي مَنَامِهِ قُلْتُ مَا عَلِمَهُ إِذَا رَأَى فِي مَنَامِهِ أَنَّ هَذَا حَقٌّ قَالَ يُبَيِّنُهُ اللَّهُ حَتَّى يَعْلَمَ أَنَّ ذَلِكَ حَقٌّ وَ الْمُحَدَّثُ يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَ لَا يَرَى شَيْئاً.


7. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Ja’far Bin Bashir, from Ibn Bukeyr, from Zurara, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I asked him (a.s.) about the Rasool (as). He (a.s.) said: ‘The Rasool (as) is the one who witnesses the Angel coming to him (as) with the Message from his Lord (azwj). He (as) speaks to him just as one of you speaks with his companion; and the Prophet (as) does not witness an Angel, but rather the Revelation descends unto him (as), and he (as) sees in his (as) dream’. I said, ‘What makes him (as) know, when he (as) does see in his (as) dream that this is true?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Manifests it until he (as) knows that, that is true; and the Muhaddith hears the voice and does not see anything’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ وَ كانَ رَسُولًا نَبِيًّا مَنِ الرَّسُولُ‏ مِنَ النَّبِيِّ قَالَ هُوَ الَّذِي يَرَى فِي مَنَامِهِ وَ يُعَايِنُ الْمَلَكَ قُلْتُ فَيَكُونُ نَبِيٌّ غَيْرَ رَسُولٍ قَالَ نَعَمْ هُوَ الَّذِي يَرَى فِي مَنَامِهِ وَ يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَ لَا يُعَايِنُ قُلْتُ فَالْإِمَامُ مَا مَنْزِلَتُهُ قَالَ يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَ لَا يَرَى وَ لَا يُعَايِنُ ثُمَّ تَلَا وَ مَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ وَ لَا نَبِيٍّ وَ لَا مُحَدَّثٍ‏.


8. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Hajjal, from sa’alba, from zurara who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about Words of Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted: and he was a Rasool, a Prophet [19:54], ‘Who is the Rasool (as) from the Prophet (as)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘He (Rasool (as)) is the one who sees in his (as) dream and witnesses the Angel’. I said, ‘Can the Prophet (as) happen to be without being a Rasool (as)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Yes, he (as) is the one who sees in his (as) dream, and hears the voice, and does not witness’. I said, ‘So the Imam (a.s.), what is his (a.s.) status?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘He (a.s.) hears the voice and neither sees (in the dream) nor witnesses’. Then he (a.s.) recited: And We did not Send any Rasool or a Prophet or a Muhaddith before you [22:52]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْأَحْوَلِ قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ زُرَارَةَ يَسْأَلُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الرَّسُولِ وَ النَّبِيِّ وَ الْمُحَدَّثِ فَقَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ع الرَّسُولُ الَّذِي يَأْتِيهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ قُبُلًا فَيَرَاهُ وَ يُكَلِّمُهُ فَهَذَا الرَّسُولُ وَ أَمَّا النَّبِيُّ فَإِنَّهُ يَرَى‏ فِي مَنَامِهِ عَلَى نَحْوِ مَا رَأَى إِبْرَاهِيمُ وَ نَحْوَ مَا كَانَ‏ رَأَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص مِنْ أَسْبَابِ النُّبُوَّةِ قَبْلَ الْوَحْيِ حَتَّى أَتَاهُ جَبْرَئِيلُ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ بِالرِّسَالَةِ وَ كَانَ مُحَمَّدٌ ص حِينَ جُمِعَ لَهُ النُّبُوَّةُ وَ جَاءَتْهُ الرِّسَالَةُ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ يَجِيئُهُ بِهَا جَبْرَئِيلُ وَ يُكَلِّمُهُ بِهَا قُبُلًا وَ مِنَ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ مَنْ جُمِعَ لَهُ النُّبُوَّةُ وَ يَرَى فِي مَنَامِهِ يَأْتِيهِ الرُّوحُ فَيُكَلِّمُهُ وَ يُحَدِّثُهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَكُونَ رَآهُ فِي الْيَقَظَةِ وَ أَمَّا الْمُحَدَّثُ فَهُوَ الَّذِي يُحَدَّثُ فَيَسْمَعُ وَ لَا يُعَايِنُ وَ لَا يَرَى فِي مَنَامِهِ‏.


9. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Al Ahowl who said, ‘I heard Zurara asking Abu Ja’far (a.s.), ‘Inform me about the Rasool (as) and the Prophet (as), and the Muhaddith’. Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said: ‘The Rasool (as) is the one Jibraeel (as) comes to him (as), so he (as) sees him (as), and speaks to him (as). So, this is the Rasool (as). And as for the Prophet (as), he (as) sees in his (as) dream upon an approximation of what Ibrahim (as) saw, and approximate to what Rasool-Allah (saww) saw from the means of the Prophet-hood before the Revelation, until Jibraeel (as) came to him (as) from the Presence of Allah (azwj) with the Message. And Muhammad (saww), when the Prophet-hood was gathered for him (saww) and the Message came to him (saww) from the Presence of Allah (azwj), Jibraeel (as) came with it and spoke to him (as) with it face to face; and from the Prophets (as) the is one from whim the Prophet-hood was gathered for him (saww), and he saw in his (as) dream. The Spirit came to him (as) and he (as) spoke to it, and he was narrated to from without happen to see him during the wakefulness. And as for the Muhaddith, he (a.s.) is the one who is narrated to, so he (a.s.) hears him and neither witnesses nor sees in his (a.s.) dream’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حَسَّانَ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع مَنِ الرَّسُولُ مَنِ النَّبِيُّ مَنِ الْمُحَدَّثُ فَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ الَّذِي يَأْتِيهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ فَيُكَلِّمُهُ قُبُلًا فَيَرَاهُ كَمَا يَرَى أَحَدُكُمْ الَّذِي يُكَلِّمُهُ فَهَذَا الرَّسُولُ وَ النَّبِيُّ الَّذِي يُؤْتَى فِي النَّوْمِ نَحْوَ رُؤْيَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ نَحْوَ مَا كَانَ يَأْخُذُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص مِنَ السُّبَاتِ إِذَا أَتَاهُ جَبْرَئِيلُ فِي النَّوْمِ فَهَكَذَا النَّبِيُّ وَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَجْتَمِعُ لَهُ الرِّسَالَةُ وَ النُّبُوَّةُ فَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص رَسُولًا يَأْتِيهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ قُبُلًا فَيُكَلِّمُهُ وَ يَرَاهُ وَ يَأْتِيهِ فِي النَّوْمِ وَ أَمَّا الْمُحَدَّثُ فَهُوَ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ كَلَامَ الْمَلَكِ فَيُحَدِّثُهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَرَاهُ وَ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَهُ فِي النَّوْمِ.


10. It is narrated to us by Ali Bin Hassan, from Ibn Bukeyr, from Zurara who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.), ‘Who is the Rasool (as), who is the Prophet (as), who is the Muhaddith?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The Rasool (as) is the one Jibraeel (as) comes to and speaks to him (as) face to face. So, he (as) sees him (as) just as one of you sees the one who speaks to him. So, this is the Rasool (as). And the Prophet (as) is the one, he (as) comes to him (as) during the sleep, approximate to the dream of Ibrahim (as), and approximate to what used to seize Rasool-Allah (saww) of the slumber when Jibraeel (as) came to him (saww) in the sleep. So, like this is the Prophet (as). And from them (as) is one (as), the Messenger-ship and the Prophet-hood is gathered for him (as). Rasool-Allah (saww) was a Rasool (saww). Jibraeel (as) was coming to him (saww) face to face and speak to him (saww), and he (saww) would see him (as), and he (as) came to him (saww) during the sleep. And as for the Muhaddith, he (as) is the one who hears the speech of the Angel, and he would narrate to him (as) from without him (as) seeing him, and from without him coming to him (as) during the sleep’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ الْهَاشِمِيِّ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع وَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ فِي قَوْلِهِ وَ مَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ وَ لَا نَبِيٍّ وَ لَا مُحَدَّثٍ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ لَيْسَ هَذِهِ قِرَاءَتَنَا فَمَا الرَّسُولُ وَ النَّبِيُّ وَ الْمُحَدَّثُ قَالَ الرَّسُولُ الَّذِي يَظْهَرُ لَهُ الْمَلَكُ فَيُكَلِّمُهُ وَ النَّبِيُّ يَرَى فِي الْمَنَامِ وَ رُبَّمَا اجْتَمَعَتِ النُّبُوَّةُ وَ الرِّسَالَةُ لِوَاحِدٍ وَ الْمُحَدَّثُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَ لَا يَرَى الصُّورَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ أَصْلَحَكَ اللَّهُ كَيْفَ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّ الَّذِي رَأَى فِي الْمَنَامِ هُوَ الْحَقُّ وَ أَنَّهُ مِنَ الْمَلَكِ قَالَ يُوقِعُ عِلْمَ ذَلِكَ حَتَّى يَعْرِفَهُ.


11. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazzal, from Ali Bin Yaqoub Al Hashimy, from Haroun Bin Muslim, from Bureyd, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) and Abu Abdullah (a.s.) regarding His (azwj) Words: And We did not Send any Rasool or a Prophet or a Muhaddith before you [22:52]. I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! This isn’t our recitation. So, what is the Rasool (as), and the Prophet (as), and the Muhaddith?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The Rasool (as) is the one the Angel appears to him (as), and speaks to him (as); and the Prophet (as) sees during the sleep; and sometimes the Prophet-hood and the Messengership are gathered for one (as); and the Muhaddith is one (as) who hears the voice and does not see the face’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘May Allah (azwj) Keep you (a.s.) well! How does he (as) know, the one who sees during the sleep, that it is truth, and he is from the Angels?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Knowledge of that occurs until he (as) recognises it’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ‏ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنِ الرَّسُولِ وَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ وَ عَنِ الْمُحَدَّثِ فَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ الَّذِي يُعَايِنُ الْمَلَكَ يَأْتِيهِ بِالرِّسَالَةِ مِنْ رَبِّهِ يَقُولُ يَأْمُرُكَ كَذَا وَ كَذَا وَ الرَّسُولُ يَكُونُ نَبِيّاً مَعَ الرِّسَالَةِ وَ النَّبِيُّ لَا يُعَايِنُ الْمَلَكَ يُنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِ‏ النَّبَأُ عَلَى قَلْبِهِ فَيَكُونُ كَالْمُغْمَى عَلَيْهِ فَيَرَى فِي مَنَامِهِ قُلْتُ فَمَا عَلِمَهُ أَنَّ الَّذِي رَأَى فِي مَنَامِهِ حَقٌّ قَالَ يُبَيِّنُهُ اللَّهُ حَتَّى يَعْلَمَ أَنَّ ذَلِكَ حَقٌّ وَ لَا يُعَايِنُ الْمَلَكَ وَ الْمُحَدَّثُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَ لَا يَرَى شَاهِداً.


12. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Bin Fazzal, from his father, from Ibn Bukeyr, from Zurara who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about the Rasool (as) and about the Prophet (as), and about the Muhaddith. He (a.s.) said: ‘The Rasool (as) is the one who witnesses the Angel coming to him (as) with the Message from his (as) Lord (azwj) saying: ‘He (azwj) is Commanding you (as) with such and such’, and the Rasool (as) happens to be a Prophet (as) with the Message; and the Prophet (as) witnesses the Angel descending unto him (as) with the news onto his (as) heart, so he (as) happens to be like the blind to him, and sees him in his (as) dream’. I said, ‘So what makes him (as) know that the one whom he (as) saw in his (as) dream is true?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Manifests it until he (a.s.) knows that, that is true, and he (as) does not witness the Angel; and the Muhaddith is the one who hears the voice, and does not see a witnessing’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى وَ مَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ وَ لَا نَبِيٍّ وَ لَا مُحَدَّثٍ قَالَ الرَّسُولُ الَّذِي يَأْتِيهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ قُبُلًا فَيُكَلِّمُهُ وَ يَرَاهُ كَمَا يَرَى أَحَدُكُمْ صَاحِبَهُ وَ أَمَّا النَّبِيُّ فَهُوَ الَّذِي يُؤْتَى فِي مَنَامِهِ مِثْلَ رُؤْيَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ نَحْوَ مَا كَانَ يَأْتِي مُحَمَّداً وَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ تُجْمَعُ لَهُ الرِّسَالَةُ وَ كَانَ مُحَمَّدٌ ص‏ وَ أَمَّا الْمُحَدَّثُ فَهُوَ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ كَلَامَ الْمَلَكِ وَ لَا يَرَى وَ لَا يَأْتِيهِ فِي الْمَنَامِ‏.


13. It is narrated to us by Abdullah Bin Muhammad, from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad, from Ismail Bin Yasaar, from Ali Bin Ja’far Al Hazramy, from Zurara Bin Ayn who said, ‘I asked him (a.s.) about the Words of the Exalted: And We did not Send any Rasool or a Prophet or a Muhaddith before you [22:52]. He (a.s.) said: ‘The Rasool (as) is the one whom Jibraeel (as) comes to face to face, and he (as) speaks to him (as), and he (as) sees him (as) just as one of you sees his companion. And as for the Prophet (as), he (as) is the one whom he (as) comes to in his (as) dream, like the dream of Ibrahim (as), and approximate to what came to Muhammad (saww), and from them is one for the Message is gathered for him (as), and Muhammad (saww) was such. And as for the Muhaddith, he (a.s.) is the one who hears the speech of the Angel and neither sees nor does he (as) come to him (a.s.) in the dream’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ الرِّضَا ع قَالَ: كَانَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ع مُحَدَّثاً.


14. (The book) ‘Basaair Al Darajaat’ – Ali Bin Ismail, from Safwan, ‘From Al-Ridha (a.s.): ‘Abu Ja’far (a.s.) was a Muhaddith’’.




بِهَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ كَانَ الْحَسَنُ وَ الْحُسَيْنُ مُحَدَّثَيْنِ‏.


15. (The book) ‘Basaair Al Darajaat’ – By this chain, said, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘Al-Hassan (a.s.) and Al-Husayn (a.s.) were both Muhaddith’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الثَّقَفِيِّ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ سُلَيْمِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ الشَّامِيِّ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عَلِيّاً ع يَقُولُ‏ إِنِّي وَ أَوْصِيَائِي مِنْ وُلْدِي مَهْدِيُّونَ كُلُّنَا مُحَدَّثُونَ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَنْ هُمْ قَالَ الْحَسَنُ وَ الْحُسَيْنُ ثُمَّ ابْنِي عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَلَيْهِمُ الصَّلَاةُ وَ السَّلَامُ قَالَ وَ عَلِيٌّ يَوْمَئِذٍ رَضِيعٌ ثُمَّ ثَمَانِيَةٌ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ وَاحِداً بَعْدَ وَاحِدٍ وَ هُمُ الَّذِينَ أَقْسَمَ اللَّهُ بِهِمْ فَقَالَ‏ وَ والِدٍ وَ ما وَلَدَ أَمَّا الْوَالِدُ فَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَ مَا وَلَدَ يَعْنِي هَؤُلَاءِ الْأَوْصِيَاءَ قُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَ يَجْتَمِعُ إِمَامَانِ قَالَ لَا إِلَّا وَ أَحَدُهُمَا مُصْمَتٌ لَا يَنْطِقُ حَتَّى يَمْضِيَ الْأَوَّلُ قَالَ سَلِيمٌ الشَّامِيُّ سَأَلْتُ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ أَبِي بِكْرٍ قُلْتُ كَانَ عَلِيٌّ ع مُحَدَّثاً قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَ هَلْ يُحَدِّثُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ إِلَّا الْأَنْبِيَاءَ قَالَ أَ مَا تَقْرَأُ وَ مَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ وَ لَا نَبِيٍّ وَ لَا مُحَدَّثٍ قُلْتُ فَأَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مُحَدَّثٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَ فَاطِمَةُ كَانَتْ مُحَدَّثَةً وَ لَمْ تَكُنْ نَبِيَّةً.


16. It is narrated to us by Abdullah, from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Al Saqafi, from Ismail Bin Yasaar, from Ali Bin Ja’far al Hazramy, from Suleym Bin Qays the Syrian, ‘He heard Ali (a.s.) saying: ‘I (a.s.) and my (a.s.) successors (a.s.) from my (a.s.) sons (a.s.) are Guided ones, all of us (a.s.) are Muhaddith’. I said, ‘O Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.)! Who are they?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Al-Hassan (a.s.) and Al-Husayn (a.s.), then my (a.s.) son Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.), may the Salawat and the greetings be upon them (a.s.)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘And on that Ali (a.s.) (Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.)) was a baby. ‘Then eight from after him (a.s.), one after one, and they are those Allah (azwj) Swore by them (a.s.): ‘And (I Swear by) a father and what he begot [90:3]. As for the father, it is Rasool-Allah (saww) and what he (saww) begot, means these successors (a.s.)’. I said, ‘O Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.)! Can there be two Imams (a.s.) together?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘No, except and one of them (a.s.) would be silent, not speaking until the first one passes away’. Suleym the Syrian said, ‘I asked Muhammad Bin Abu Bakr, I said, ‘Ali (a.s.) was a Muhaddith?’ He said, ‘Yes’. I said, ‘Do the Angels narrate except to the Prophets (as)?’ He said, ‘Have you not read: And We did not Send any Rasool or a Prophet or a Muhaddith before you [22:52]?’ I said, ‘So Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) was a Muhaddith?’ He said, ‘Yes, and (Syeda) Fatima (a.s.) was a Muhaddith, and did not happen to be a Prophet (as)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنِ ابْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنِ الثُّمَالِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع يَقُولُ‏ وَ مَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ وَ لَا نَبِيٍّ وَ لَا مُحَدَّثٍ إِلَّا إِذَا تَمَنَّى أَلْقَى الشَّيْطَانُ فِي أُمْنِيَّتِهِ فَقُلْتُ وَ أَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ الْمُحَدَّثُ فَقَالَ يُنْكَتُ فِي أُذُنِهِ فَيَسْمَعُ طَنِيناً كَطَنِينِ الطَّسْتِ أَوْ يُقْرَعُ عَلَى قَلْبِهِ فَيَسْمَعُ وَقْعاً كَوَقْعِ‏ السِّلْسِلَةِ عَلَى الطَّسْتِ فَقُلْتُ نَبِيٌّ فَقَالَ لَا مِثْلُ الْخَضِرِ وَ مِثْلُ ذِي الْقَرْنَيْنِ‏.


17. It is narrated to us by Abu Muhammad, from Imran Bin Musa, from Ibn Asbat, from Muhammad Bin Al Suzeyl, from Al Sumaly who said, ‘I heard Abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying: ‘And We did not Send any Rasool or a Prophet or a Muhaddith before you [22:52], except when he (a.s.) wishes the Satan (la) throws in his (a.s.) wishes’. I said, ‘And which thing is the Muhaddith?’ He (a.s.) said ‘It is resonated in his (a.s.) ears, and he (a.s.) hears clanging like the clanging of the tray, or it is reverberated upon his (a.s.) heart, so he (a.s.) hears the falling of the chain upon the tray’. I said, ‘A Prophet (as)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘No, like Al-Khizr (as), and like Zulqarnayn (as)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: عِلْمُ النُّبُوَّةِ يُدْرَجُ فِي جَوَارِحِ الْإِمَامِ‏.


18. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Ibn Mahboub, from Abdullah Bin Sinan, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘The knowledge of Prophet-hood is inserted into the body parts of the Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي الْخَطَّابِ عَنِ الْبَزَنْطِيِّ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع مَنِ الرَّسُولُ مَنِ النَّبِيُّ مَنِ الْمُحَدَّثُ قَالَ الرَّسُولُ يَأْتِيهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ فَيُكَلِّمُهُ قُبُلًا فَيَرَاهُ كَمَا يَرَى الرَّجُلُ صَاحِبَهُ الَّذِي يُكَلِّمُهُ فَهَذَا الرَّسُولُ وَ النَّبِيُّ الَّذِي يُؤْتَى فِي مَنَامِهِ نَحْوَ رُؤْيَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ نَحْوَ مَا كَانَ يَأْتِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص مِنَ السُّبَاتِ إِذَا أَتَاهُ‏ جَبْرَئِيلُ هَكَذَا النَّبِيُّ وَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ تُجْمَعُ‏ لَهُ الرِّسَالَةُ وَ النُّبُوَّةُ وَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص رَسُولًا نَبِيّاً يَأْتِيهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ قُبُلًا فَيُكَلِّمُهُ وَ يَرَاهُ وَ يَأْتِيهِ فِي النَّوْمِ وَ النَّبِيُّ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ كَلَامَ الْمَلَكِ حَتَّى يُعَايِنَهُ فَيُحَدِّثَهُ فَأَمَّا الْمُحَدَّثُ فَهُوَ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ وَ لَا يُعَايِنُ وَ لَا يُؤْتَى فِي الْمَنَامِ‏.


19. It is narrated to us by Ibn Abu Al Khattab, from Al Bazanty, from Hammad Bin Usman, from Zurara who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.), ‘Who is the Rasool (as)? Who is the Prophet (as)?’ Who is the Muhaddith?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The Rasool (as), Jibraeel (as) comes to him (as) and speaks to him (as) face to face, so he (as) sees him (as) just as the man sees his companion whom he speaks to. So this is the Rasool (as). And the Prophet (as) is one he (Angel) come to him (as) in his (as) dream approximate to the dream of Ibrahim (as), and approximate to what had come to Rasool-Allah (saww) from the slumber when Jibraeel (as) came to him (saww). That is how the Prophet (as) is. And from them (as) is one it is gathered for him (as), the Message and the Prophet-hood, and Rasool-Allah (saww) was a Rasool (as), a Prophet (as). Jibraeel (as) used to come to him (as) speaking to him (as) face to face, and he (as) sees him (as) in the sleep. And the Prophet (as) is one who hears the speech of the Angel until he (as) witnesses him (as), and narrates to him. As for the Muhaddith, he (a.s.) is the one who hears and neither witnesses nor is he (a.s.) come to in the dream’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى الْوَاسِطِيِّ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ وَ دُرُسْتَ بْنِ أَبِي مَنْصُورٍ الْوَاسِطِيِّ عَنْهُمَا ع قَالَ: الْأَنْبِيَاءُ وَ الْمُرْسَلُونَ عَلَى أَرْبَعِ طَبَقَاتٍ فَنَبِيٌّ مُنَبَّأٌ فِي نَفْسِهِ لَا يَعْدُو غَيْرَهَا وَ نَبِيٌّ يَرَى فِي النَّوْمِ وَ يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَ لَا يُعَايِنُ فِي الْيَقَظَةِ وَ لَمْ يُبْعَثْ إِلَى أَحَدٍ وَ عَلَيْهِ إِمَامٌ مِثْلُ مَا كَانَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ عَلَى لُوطٍ وَ نَبِيٌّ يَرَى فِي مَنَامِهِ وَ يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَ يُعَايِنُ الْمَلَكَ وَ قَدْ أُرْسِلَ إِلَى طَائِفَةٍ قَلُّوا أَوْ كَثُرُوا كَمَا قَالَ اللَّهُ‏ وَ أَرْسَلْناهُ إِلى‏ مِائَةِ أَلْفٍ أَوْ يَزِيدُونَ‏ قَالَ يَزِيدُونَ ثَلَاثِينَ أَلْفاً وَ نَبِيٌّ يَرَى فِي نَوْمِهِ وَ يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَ يُعَايِنُ فِي الْيَقَظَةِ وَ هُوَ إِمَامٌ مِثْلُ أُولِي الْعَزْمِ وَ قَدْ كَانَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ نَبِيّاً وَ لَيْسَ بِإِمَامٍ حَتَّى قَالَ اللَّهُ‏ إِنِّي جاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِماماً قالَ وَ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِي‏ بِأَنَّهُ يَكُونُ فِي وُلْدِهِ كُلِّهِمْ‏ قالَ لا يَنالُ عَهْدِي الظَّالِمِينَ‏ أَيْ مَنْ عَبَدَ صَنَماً أَوْ وَثَناً.


20. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Haroun, from Abu Yahya Al Wasity, from Hisham Bin Salim and Dorost Bin Abu Mansour Al Wasity, ‘From both of them (a.s.) (5 (th) and 6 (th) Imam (a.s.)) having said: ‘The Prophets (as) and the Messengers (as) are upon four layers. A Prophet (as) is given the news within himself (as) not something else; and a Prophet (as) sees during the sleep and he (as) hears the voice and does not witness during the wakefulness, and he (as) is not Sent to anyone, and upon it is an Imam (a.s.) similar to what Ibrahim (as) was upon Lut (as); And a Prophet (as) sees during his (as) sleep and hears the voice and witnesses the Angel, and he (as) has been Sent to a group, be they few or more, just as Allah (azwj) Said: And We sent him to a hundred thousand, or more [37:147] – the more is thirty thousand; and a Prophet (as) sees during his (as) sleep and hears the voice and witnesses during the wakefulness, and he (a.s.) is an Imam (a.s.) like the Determined Ones (Ul Al-Azam). And Ibrahim (as) had been a Prophet (as) and wasn’t an Imam (as) until Allah (azwj) Said: “I will Make you an Imam for the people”. He said: ‘And from my offspring?’ – that they would happen to be in his (as) sons (as), all of them (as), He Said: My Covenant cannot be attained by the unjust [2:124] – i.e., one who worships an idol or an image’’.