17. Regarding the letters which rasool-allah (saww) taught ali (asws)

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حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِ‏ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع كَانَ فِي ذُؤَابَةِ سَيْفِ‏ عَلِيٍّ ع صَحِيفَةٌ صَغِيرَةٌ وَ إِنَّ عَلِيّاً ع دَعَا إِلَيْهِ الْحَسَنَ فَدَفَعَهَا إِلَيْهِ وَ دَفَعَ إِلَيْهِ سِكِّيناً وَ قَالَ لَهُ افْتَحْهَا فَلَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ أَنْ يَفْتَحَهَا فَفَتَحَهَا لَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ اقْرَأْ فَقَرَأَ الْحَسَنُ ع الْأَلِفَ وَ الْبَاءَ وَ السِّينَ وَ اللَّامَ‏ وَ حَرْفاً بَعْدَ حَرْفٍ ثُمَّ طَوَاهَا فَدَفَعَهَا إِلَى الْحُسَيْنِ ع فَلَمْ يَقْدِرْ عَلَى أَنْ يَفْتَحَهَا فَفَتَحَهَا لَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ اقْرَأْ يَا بُنَيَّ فَقَرَأَهَا كَمَا قَرَأَ الْحَسَنُ ع ثُمَّ طَوَاهَا فَدَفَعَهَا إِلَى ابْنِ الْحَنَفِيَّةِ فَلَمْ يَقْدِرْ عَلَى أَنْ يَفْتَحَهَا فَفَتَحَهَا لَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ اقْرَأْ فَلَمْ يَسْتَخْرِجْ مِنْهَا شَيْئاً فَأَخَذَهَا وَ طَوَاهَا ثُمَّ عَلَّقَهَا مِنْ ذُؤَابَةِ السَّيْفِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع وَ أَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ كَانَ فِي تِلْكَ الصَّحِيفَةِ قَالَ هِيَ الْأَحْرُفُ الَّتِي يَفْتَحُ كُلُّ حَرْفٍ أَلْفَ بَابٍ‏ قَالَ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع فَمَا خَرَجَ مِنْهَا إِلَّا حَرْفَانِ إِلَى السَّاعَةِ.


1. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Imran Al Halby, from Aban Bin Taglub who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) narrated to me that there was a small parchment in the sheath of the sword of Ali (a.s.). Ali (a.s.) called Al-Hassan (a.s.) to him and handed it to him (a.s.), and handed a knife to him and said to him (a.s.): ‘Upon it’. But he (a.s.) was not able to open it, so he (a.s.) opened it for him (a.s.), then said to him (a.s.): ‘Read!’ Al-Hassan (a.s.) read the (letters) ‘Alif’, and the ‘Baa’, and the ‘Seen’, and the ‘Laam’, and letter after letter, then folded it and handed it to Al-Husayn (a.s.). But he (a.s.) was not able upon opening it, so he (a.s.) opened it for him (a.s.), then said to him (a.s.): ‘Read, O my (a.s.) son (a.s.)!’ He (a.s.) read it just as Al-Hassan (a.s.) had read, then folded it. The he (a.s.) handed it to Al-Hanafiyya, but he was not able upon opening it. So, he (a.s.) opened it for him and said: ‘Read!’ But nothing came out from it, so he (a.s.) took it and folded it, then threw it from the sheath of the sword’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘And which thing was in that Parchment?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘These are the letters which, each letter opens a thousand doors’. Abu Baseer said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘Nothing has come out from it except for two letters up to this moment’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ‏ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: عَلَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص عَلِيّاً أَلْفَ حَرْفٍ كُلُّ حَرْفٍ يَفْتَحُ أَلْفَ حَرْفٍ وَ كُلُّ حَرْفٍ مِنْهَا يَفْتَحُ أَلْفَ حَرْفٍ.


2. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Abdul Jabbar, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Mansour Bin Yunus, from Abu Bakr Al Hazrami, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) taught Ali (a.s.) a thousand letters, each letter opened a thousand letter, and each letter from it opened a thousand letters’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: عَلَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص عَلِيّاً حَرْفاً يَفْتَحُ أَلْفَ حَرْفٍ كُلُّ حَرْفٍ مِنْهَا يَفْتَحُ أَلْفَ حَرْفٍ.


3. It is narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin hashim, from Usman Bin Isa, from Abdullah Bin Bukeyr, from Abdul Rahman Bin Abdullah, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) taught Ali (a.s.) a letter opening a thousand letters, each letter from these opened a thousand letters’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: كَانَ فِي ذُؤَابَةِ سَيْفِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص صَحِيفَةٌ صَغِيرَةٌ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع أَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ كَانَ فِي تِلْكَ الصَّحِيفَةِ قَالَ هِيَ الْأَحْرُفُ الَّتِي يَفْتَحُ كُلُّ حَرْفٍ أَلْفَ حَرْفٍ قَالَ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع فَمَا خَرَجَ مِنْهَا إِلَّا حَرْفَانِ حَتَّى السَّاعَةِ.


4. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al hakam, from Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Abu Baseer, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘There was a small parchment in the sheath of the sword of Rasool-Allah (saww)’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘Which thing was in that parchment?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘These were the letters which, each letter opened a thousand letters’. Abu Baseer said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘So, there have not come out from these, except two letters, until at the moment’’.




حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص عَلَّمَ عَلِيّاً ع أَلْفَ حَرْفٍ كُلُّ حَرْفٍ يَفْتَحُ أَلْفَ حَرْفٍ وَ الْأَلْفُ الْحَرْفُ يَفْتَحُ كُلُّ حَرْفٍ مِنْهَا أَلْفَ حَرْفٍ.


5. It is narrated to us by Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Mansour, from Abu Bakr Al Hazrami, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) taught Ali (a.s.) a thousand letters, each letter opened a thousand letters, and the thousand letters, each letter from these opened a thousand letters’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنِ الْحَرْثِ‏ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: جَاءَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَ عُمَرُ إِلَى أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع حِينَ دُفِنَ النَّبِيُّ ص وَ الْحَدِيثُ طَوِيلٌ فَقَالَ لَهُمَا أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع أَمَّا مَا ذَكَرْتُمَا أَنِّي لَمْ أُشْهِدْكُمَا أَمْرَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص فَإِنَّهُ قَالَ لَا يَرَى عَوْرَتِي أَحَدٌ غَيْرُكَ إِلَّا ذَهَبَ بَصَرُهُ وَ لَمْ أَكُنْ لِأُوذِيكُمَا بِهِ وَ أَمَّا كَبِّي عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّهُ عَلَّمَنِي أَلْفَ حَرْفٍ كُلُّ حَرْفٍ يَفْتَحُ أَلْفَ حَرْفٍ فَلَمْ أَكُنْ لِأُطْلِعَكُمَا عَلَى سِرِّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص.


6. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Husayn. From Al hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazzal, from Ali Bin Uqba, from Al hars Bin Al Mugheira, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Abu Bakr and Umar came to Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) when he (a.s.) had buried the Prophet (saww)’ – and the Hadeeth is lengthy. Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) said to them, ‘But, what you are mentioning is that I (a.s.) did not let you attend the matter of Rasool-Allah (saww), for he (saww) said: ‘No one would see my (saww) bareness apart from you (a.s.), except his sight would be gone,’ and I (a.s.) did not want to traumatised you two with it. And as for my (a.s.) devoting to him (saww), so he (saww) taught me (a.s.) a thousand letter, each letter opened a thousand letters. But, I (a.s.) am not going to notify you two upon a secret of Rasool-Allah (saww)’’.