15. Regarding the imams (asws), with them (asws) is entirety of what is in the book, and the sunnah, and they (asws) are not speaking with their (asws) opinions, and they have not allowed that for their (asws) shias

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حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْمِعْزَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ع قَالَ: قُلْتُ لَهُ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ تَقُولُ بِهِ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَ سُنَّتِهِ أَوْ تَقُولُونَ فِيهِ بِرَأْيِكُمْ قَالَ بَلْ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ نَقُولُهُ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَ سُنَّةِ نَبِيِّهِ.


1. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al barqy, from Ismail Bin Mihran, from Sayf Bin Ameyra, from Abu Al Mi’zy, from Sama’at, ‘From Abu Al-Hassan (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘Everything which you (a.s.) are speaking with, is it in the Book of Allah and his (saww) Sunnah, or are you (a.s.) speaking regarding it by your (a.s.) opinions?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘But, every thing we (a.s.) say, it is in the Book of Allah and Sunnah of His Prophet (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الْأَعْرَجِ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع إِنَّ مَنْ عِنْدَنَا مِمَّنْ يَتَفَقَّهُ يَقُولُونَ يَرِدُ عَلَيْنَا مَا لَا نَعْرِفُهُ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَ لَا فِي‏ السُّنَّةِ نَقُولُ فِيهِ بِرَأْيِنَا فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع كَذَبُوا لَيْسَ شَيْ‏ءٌ إِلَّا جَاءَ فِي الْكِتَابِ وَ جَاءَ فِيهِ السُّنَّةُ.


2. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad from Al barqy, from Safwan, from Saeed Al A’raj who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘The ones with us, from the ones of understanding, they are saying, ‘When matters are referred to us what we cannot recognise as being in the Book of Allah , not as being in the Sunnah, we say regarding it by our opinions’. Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘They are lying! There isn’t anything except the Book has come with it, and the Sunnah has come regarding it’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي الْمِعْزَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنِ الْعَبْدِ الصَّالِحِ ع قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ فَقُلْتُ إِنَّ أُنَاساً مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا قَدْ لَقُوا أَبَاكَ وَ جَدَّكَ وَ سَمِعُوا مِنْهُمَا الْحَدِيثَ فَرُبَّمَا كَانَ الشَّيْ‏ءُ يَبْتَلِي بِهِ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا وَ لَيْسَ عِنْدَهُمْ فِي ذَلِكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ يُفْتِيهِ وَ عِنْدَهُمْ مَا يُشْبِهُهُ يَسَعُهُمْ أَنْ يَأْخُذُوا بِالْقِيَاسِ‏ فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ إِلَّا وَ قَدْ جَاءَ فِي الْكِتَابِ وَ السُّنَّةِ.


3. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazzal, from his father, from Abu Al Mi’za, from Sama’at, ‘From Al-Ab Al-Salih (7 (th) Imam (a.s.)), he (the narrator) said, ‘I asked him (a.s.), I said, ‘Some people from our companions had met your (a.s.) father (a.s.) and your (a.s.) grandfather (a.s.), and they heard the Hadeeth from them (a.s.) both. Sometimes there would be something one of our companions may be frustrated by it and there wouldn’t be anything with them he they can issue a verdict with, and with them is what resembles it. Is there leeway for them that they take with the analogy?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘There is nothing except and it has come in the Book and the Sunnah’’.




حَدَّثَنَا السِّنْدِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حُكَيْمٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ ع قَالَ: قُلْتُ لَهُ تَفَقَّهْنَا فِي الدِّينِ وَ رُوِّينَا وَ رُبَّمَا وَرَدَ عَلَيْنَا رَجُلٌ قَدِ ابْتُلِيَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ صَغِيرٍ الَّذِي مَا عِنْدَنَا فِيهِ بِعَيْنِهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَ عِنْدَنَا مَا هُوَ يُشْبِهُهُ مِثْلَهُ أَ فَنُفْتِيهِ بِمَا يُشْبِهُهُ قَالَ لَا وَ مَا لَكُمْ وَ الْقِيَاسَ فِي ذَلِكَ هَلَكَ مَنْ هَلَكَ بِالْقِيَاسِ قَالَ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ أَتَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص بِمَا يَكْتَفُونَ بِهِ قَالَ أَتَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص بِمَا اسْتَفْتَوْا بِهِ فِي عَهْدِهِ وَ بِمَا يَكْتَفُونَ بِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ قَالَ قُلْتُ ضَاعَ مِنْهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ قَالَ لَا هُوَ عِنْدَ أَهْلِهِ.


4. It is narrated to us by Al Sindy Bin Muhammad, from Safwan Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Hukeym, ‘From Abu Al-Husayn (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘We ponder in the Religion, and we report, and sometimes there gets referred to us a man who has been frustrated by something small which there is nothing with us regarding it the exact thing, and with us (a.s.) is what resembles it, similar to it. Should we issue a verdict with what resembles it?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘No, and what have you all to do with the analogy. In that was destroyed the ones who was destroyed by the analogy’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! Did Rasool-Allah (saww) come with what one could be sufficed with?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) came with what verdicts could be issued with during his (saww) era, and with what one could be sufficed with from after him (saww) up to the Day of Qiyamah’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘Has anything from it been lost?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘No, it is with its rightful ones’’.