3. What is cast to the imams (asws) during laylat al qadr (night of pre-determination), from what would be happening during that year, and descent of the angels unto them (asws)

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حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ يُكْتَبُ مَا يَكُونُ مِنْهَا فِي السَّنَةِ إِلَى مِثْلِهَا مِنْ خَيْرٍ أَوْ شَرٍّ أَوْ مَوْتٍ أَوْ حَيَاةٍ أَوْ مَطَرٍ وَ يُكْتَبُ فِيهَا وَفْدُ الْحَاجِّ ثُمَّ يقضى [يُفْضَى‏] ذَلِكَ إِلَى أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ فَقُلْتُ إِلَى مَنْ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ فَقَالَ إِلَى مَنْ تَرَى.


1. It is narrated to us by Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Al husayn Bin Nukeyr, from Ibn Bukeyr, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘The Night of Pre-determination (laylat Al-Qadr), It is written what would be happening from it during the year up to its like (the next year), from good, or evil, or death, or life, or rain, and it is written during it, delegations of the Hajj. Then that is accomplished to the people of the earth’. I said, ‘To whom from the people of the earth?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘To whom do you see?’’




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ فَرْقَدٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ إِنَّا أَنْزَلْناهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ وَ ما أَدْراكَ ما لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ قَالَ نَزَلَ فِيهَا مَا يَكُونُ مِنَ السَّنَةِ إِلَى السَّنَةِ مِنْ مَوْتٍ أَوْ مَوْلُودٍ قُلْتُ لَهُ إِلَى مَنْ فَقَالَ إِلَى مَنْ عَسَى أَنْ يَكُونَ إِنَّ النَّاسَ فِي تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي صَلَاةٍ وَ دُعَاءٍ وَ مَسْأَلَةٍ وَ صَاحِبَ هَذَا الْأَمْرِ فِي شُغُلٍ‏ تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلائِكَةُ إِلَيْهِ بِأُمُورِ السَّنَةِ مِنْ غُرُوبِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى طُلُوعِهَا مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ سَلامٌ هِيَ‏ لَهُ إِلَى أَنْ يَطْلُعَ الْفَجْرُ.


2. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Sayf Bin Ameyra, from Dawood Bin Farqad who said, ‘I asked him (a.s.) about Words of Allah Mighty and Majestic: Surely We Revealed it during the Night of Pre-determination [97:1] (Surah Al-Qadr). He (a.s.) said: ‘It is Revealed during it what would be happening from the year to the year, from a death or a birth’. I said to him (a.s.), ‘To whom?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘To who else can it happen to be? During that night, the people are in a Salat and supplication and issues, and the Master (a.s.) of this command is in a pre-occupation The Angels and the Spirit descend [97:4] to him (a.s.) with matters of the year, from setting of the sun to its emergence, of every matter [97:4] Salam! It is such [97:5] for him (a.s.) up to the emergence of dawn’’.




حَدَّثَنَا الْعَبَّاسُ بْنُ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ فَقَالَ مَا عِنْدِي فِيهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَ لَكِنْ إِذَا كَانَتْ لَيْلَةُ تِسْعَ عَشْرَةَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ قُسِمَ فِيهَا الْأَرْزَاقُ وَ كُتِبَ فِيهَا الْآجَالُ وَ خَرَجَ فِيهَا صِكَاكُ الْحَاجِّ وَ أَطْلَعَ اللَّهُ إِلَى عِبَادِهِ فَغَفَرَ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ إِلَّا شَارِبَ الْخَمْرِ فَإِذَا كَانَتْ لَيْلَةُ ثَلَاثَةٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ‏ فِيها يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ‏ ثُمَّ يُنْهَى ذَلِكَ وَ يُمْضَى قَالَ قُلْتُ إِلَى مَنْ قَالَ إِلَى صَاحِبِكُمْ وَ لَوْ لَا ذَلِكَ لَمْ يُعْلَمْ.


3. It is narrated to us by Al Abbas Bin Marouf, from Sa’adan Bin Muslim, from Abdullah Bin Sinan who said, ‘I asked him (a.s.) about the middle (15 (th)) of Shaban. He (a.s.) said: ‘There is nothing with me (a.s.) regarding it, but when it would be the night of the 29 (th) of a Month of Ramazan, the sustenance(s) are distributed during it, and the (life) terms are written during it, and delegations of the pilgrims, and Allah Takes notice to His servants and Allah Forgives for them except the drinker of wine. So, when it was a night of the 23rd, During it, every wise matter is made distinct [44:4]. Then that ends and is accomplished’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘To whom?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘To your Master (a.s.), and had it not been that, he (a.s.) would not know’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنِ الْحَرْثِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ الْبَصْرِيِّ وَ عَنْ عَمْرٍو عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَمَّنْ رَوَاهُ عَنْ هِشَامٍ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَوْلُ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى فِي كِتَابِهِ‏ فِيها يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ‏ قَالَ تِلْكَ لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ يُكْتَبُ فِيهَا وَفْدُ الْحَاجِّ وَ مَا يَكُونُ فِيهَا مِنْ طَاعَةٍ أَوْ مَعْصِيَةٍ أَوْ مَوْتٍ أَوْ حَيَاةٍ وَ يُحْدِثُ اللَّهُ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَ النَّهَارِ مَا يَشَاءُ ثُمَّ يُلْقِيهِ إِلَى صَاحِبِ الْأَرْضِ قَالَ الْحَرْثُ بْنُ الْمُغِيرَةِ الْبَصْرِيُّ قُلْتُ وَ مَنْ صَاحِبُ الْأَرْضِ قَالَ صَاحِبُكُمْ.


4. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Umar Bin Abdul Aziz, from Yunus, from Al Hars Bin Al Mugheira Al Basry, and from Amro, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from the one who reported it, from Hisham who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘Words of Allah the Exalted in His Book: During it, every wise matter is made distinct [44:4]. He (a.s.) said: ‘That is the Night of Pre-determination. During it is written, delegations of the Hajj, and what would be happening during it from (an act of) obedience or (an act of) disobedience, or a death, or a life, and Allah Brings about during the night and the day whatever He so Desires, then Casts it to Master (a.s.) of the earth’. Al-Hars Bin Al-Mugheira Al-Basry said, ‘I said, ‘And who is the Master (a.s.) of the earth?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Your Master (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي عِمْرَانَ الْهَمْدَانِيِّ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ فَرْقَدٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْمُهَاجِرِ عَنْ أَبِي الْهُذَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ قَالَ: يَا أَبَا الْهُذَيْلِ إِنَّا لَا يَخْفَى عَلَيْنَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ إِنَّ الْمَلَائِكَةَ يَطُوفُونَ‏ بِنَا فِيهَا.


5. It is narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Yahya Bin Abu Imran Al Hamdany, from Yunus, from Dawood Bin Farqad, from Abu Al Muhajir, from Abu Al Huzeyr, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘O Abu Al-Huzey! We (a.s.), the Night of Predetermination is not hidden unto us (a.s.). The Angels circle around us (a.s.) during it’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ فَرْقَدٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ الَّتِي تَنَزَّلُ فِيهَا الْمَلَائِكَةُ فَقَالَ‏ تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلائِكَةُ وَ الرُّوحُ فِيها بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ سَلامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع مِمَّنْ وَ إِلَى مَنْ وَ مَا يَنْزِلُ.


6. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Sayf Bin Ameyra, from Dawood Bin Farqad who said, ‘I asked him (a.s.) about the Night of Pre-determination which the Angels descend during it. He (a.s.) said: ‘The Angels and the Spirit descend during it by Permission of their Lord of every matter [97:4] Salam! It is such until emergence of the dawn [97:5]’. He (the narrator) said, ‘Then Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said to me: ‘From who, and to who, and what descends’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ: كُنْتُ عِنْدَ الْمُعَلَّى بْنِ خُنَيْسٍ إِذْ جَاءَ رَسُولُ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع فَقُلْتُ لَهُ سَلْهُ عَنْ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ قُلْتُ لَهُ سَأَلْتَهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَأَخْبَرَنِي بِمَا أَرَدْتُ وَ مَا لَمْ أُرِدْ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَقْضِي فِيهَا مَقَادِيرَ تِلْكَ السَّنَةِ ثُمَّ يَقْذِفُ بِهِ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ فَقُلْتُ إِلَى مَنْ فَقَالَ إِلَى مَنْ تَرَى يَا عَاجِزُ أَوْ يَا ضَعِيفُ.


7. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al Nazar Bin Suwed, from Al Hassan Bin Musa, from Saeed Bin Yassar who said, ‘I was in the presence of Al-Mu‘alla bin Khunays when a messenger of Abu Abdullah (a.s.) came. I said to him, ‘Ask him (a.s.) about the Night of Pre-determination’. When he returned, I said to him, ‘Did you ask him (a.s.)?’ He said, ‘Yes, he (a.s.) informed me with what I wanted and what I did not want. He (a.s.) said: ‘Allah Ordain during it the determinations of that year, then He Casts it to the earth’. I said, ‘To Whom?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘To the one (a.s.) you see, O frustrated one!’ Or said: ‘O weak one!’’




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ مُعَلَّى‏ بْنِ خُنَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِذَا كَانَ لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ فِيهَا مَا يَكُونُ قَالَ ثُمَّ يُرِينِي بِهِ‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ إِلَى مَنْ قَالَ إِلَى مَنْ تَرَى يَا أَحْمَقُ.


8. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Bin Ismail, from Al hassan Bin Musa, from Mu‘allah Bin Khunays, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Whenever it would be the Night of Pre-determination, Allah Writes during it what would be happening’. He (the narrator) said, ‘Then he (a.s.) showed me it’. I said, ‘To whom?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘To the one (a.s.) you see, O idiot!’’




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ‏ وَ غَيْرِهِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ حَسَّانَ عَنِ ابْنِ دَاوُدَ عَنْ بُرَيْدَةَ قَالَ: كُنْتُ جَالِساً مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص وَ عَلِيٌّ ع مَعَهُ إِذْ قَالَ يَا عَلِيُّ أَ لَمْ أُشْهِدْكَ مَعِي سَبْعَةَ مَوَاطِنَ الْمَوْطِنِ الْخَامِسِ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ خُصِصْنَا بِبَرَكَتِهَا لَيْسَتْ لِغَيْرِنَا.


9. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, and someone else from Sayf Bin Ameyra, from Hassan, from Ibn Dawood, from Bureyda who said, ‘I was seated with Rasool-Allah (saww) and Ali (a.s.) was with him (a.s.), when he (saww) said: ‘O Ali (a.s.)! Did I (saww) not keep you (a.s.) as witness with me (saww) in seven places? The fifth is the Night of Pre-determination. We (a.s.) have been particularised with its Blessings. It isn’t for others’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ خُنَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِذَا كَانَ لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ فِيهَا مَا يَكُونُ ثُمَّ يُرِينِي بِهِ‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ إِلَى مَنْ قَالَ إِلَى مَنْ تَرَى يَا أَحْمَقُ.


10. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Al Hassan Bin Musa, from Mu‘alla Bin Khunays, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Whenever it would be the Night of Pre-determination, Allah writes during it what would be happening then He Shows it to me (a.s.)’. I said, ‘To whom?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘To the one (a.s.) you see, O idiot!’’




حَدَّثَنَا سَلَمَةُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حُمْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: قُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ يَقُولُونَ إِنَّ لَيْلَةَ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ تُكْتَبُ فِيهِ الْآجَالُ وَ تُقْسَمُ فِيهِ الْأَرْزَاقُ وَ تُخْرَجُ صِكَاكُ الْحَاجِّ فَقَالَ مَا عِنْدَنَا فِي هَذَا شَيْ‏ءٌ وَ لَكِنْ إِذَا كَانَتْ لَيْلَةُ تِسْعَ عَشْرَةَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ يُكْتَبُ فِيهَا الْآجَالُ وَ يُقَسَّمُ فِيهَا الْأَرْزَاقُ وَ يُخْرَجُ صِكَاكُ الْحَاجِّ وَ يَطَّلِعُ اللَّهُ عَلَى خَلْقِهِ فَلَا يَبْقَى مُؤْمِنٌ إِلَّا غُفِرَ لَهُ إِلَّا شَارِبَ مُسْكِرٍ فَإِذَا كَانَتْ لَيْلَةُ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ‏ فِيها يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ‏ أَمْضَاهُ ثُمَّ أَنْهَاهُ قَالَ قُلْتُ إِلَى مَنْ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ فَقَالَ إِلَى صَاحِبِكُمْ وَ لَوْ لَا ذَلِكَ لَمْ يُعْلَمْ مَا يَكُونُ فِي تِلْكَ السَّنَةِ.


11. It is narrated to us by Salama Bin Al Khattab who said, ‘It is narrated to us by Abdullah Bin Muhammad, form Abdullah Bin Al Qasim, from Muhammad Bin Humran, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘The people are saying that the night of the middle (15 (th)) of Shaban, during it the (life) terms are written, and the sustenance(s) are distributed, and the delegations of the pilgrims come out’. He (a.s.) said: ‘There is nothing with us (a.s.) regarding this. But, whenever it would be the night of the 29 (th) of a Month of Ramazan, the (life) terms are written during it and the sustenance(s) are distributed during it, and the delegations of the pilgrims come out, and Allah Takes Notice upon His creatures, so there does not remain any Momin except he is Forgiven except for the drinker of intoxicant. When it would be the night of 23rd, During it, every wise matter is made distinct [44:4], it is Accomplished, then it ends’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘To who? May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)!’ He (a.s.) said: ‘To your Master (a.s.), and had it not been that, he (a.s.) would not know what would be happening during that year’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ الْحَرِيشِ قَالَ: عَرَضْتُ هَذَا الْكِتَابَ عَلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع فَأَقَرَّ بِهِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ عَلِيٌّ ع فِي‏ صُبْحِ أَوَّلِ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ بَعْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص سَلُونِي‏ فَوَ اللَّهِ لَأُخْبِرَنَّكُمْ بِمَا يَكُونُ إِلَى ثَلَاثِمِائَةٍ وَ سِتِّينَ يَوْماً مِنَ الذَّرِّ فَمَا دُونَهَا فَمَا فَوْقَهَا ثُمَّ لَأُخْبِرَنَّكُمْ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ ذَلِكَ لَا بِتَكَلُّفٍ وَ لَا بِرَأْيٍ وَ لَا بِادِّعَاءٍ فِي عِلْمٍ إِلَّا مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ وَ تَعْلِيمِهِ وَ اللَّهِ لَا يَسْأَلُنِي أَهْلُ التَّوْرَاةِ وَ لَا أَهْلُ الْإِنْجِيلِ وَ لَا أَهْلُ الزَّبُورِ وَ لَا أَهْلُ الْفُرْقَانِ إِلَّا فَرَّقْتُ بَيْنَ كُلِّ أَهْلِ كِتَابٍ بِحُكْمِ مَا فِي كِتَابِهِمْ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع أَ رَأَيْتَ مَا تَعْلَمُونَهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ هَلْ تَمْضِي تِلْكَ السَّنَةُ وَ بَقِيَ مِنْهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ لَمْ تَتَكَلَّمُوا بِهِ قَالَ لَا وَ الَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَوْ أَنَّهُ فِيمَا عَلِمْنَا فِي تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةِ أَنْ أَنْصِتُوا لِأَعْدَائِكُمْ لَنَصَتْنَا فَالنَّصْتُ أَشَدُّ مِنَ الْكَلَامِ.


12. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Hassan Bin Al Abbas Bin Al Hareysh who said, ‘I presented this book to Abu Ja’far (a.s.) and acknowledged with it. He (the narrator) said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘Ali (a.s.) said in the morning of the first Night of Pre-determination which happened after Rasool-Allah (saww): ‘Ask me (a.s.), for by Allah I (a.s.) shall inform you all with what would be happening to three hundred and sixty days, from the particles and what is below it and what is above it! Then I (a.s.) shall inform you with something from that, neither having been encumbered, not by an opinion, nor by pretending regarding knowledge, except from Knowledge of Allah and His Teaching. By Allah ! The people of Torah will not ask me (a.s.), nor the people of the Evangel, nor the people of the Psalms, nor the people of Furqan except I (a.s.) shall differentiate between people of the Book with what is in their Books’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘What is your (a.s.) view of what you (a.s.) are learning during the Night of Pre-determination? Does that year pass and there would remain something from it you did not speak with?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘No. By the One in Whose Hand is my (a.s.) soul! If there is something among what we (a.s.) learn during that night, is that we (a.s.) should be listening to your enemies, we (a.s.) would listen. The listening is severer than the speaking’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ الدَّيْلَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ نُطْفَةَ الْإِمَامِ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَ إِذَا وَقَعَ مِنْ بَطْنِ أُمِّهِ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ وَقَعَ وَ هُوَ وَاضِعٌ يَدَهُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ رَافِعٌ رَأْسَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ وَ لِمَ ذَاكَ قَالَ ع لِأَنَّ مُنَادِياً يُنَادِيهِ مِنْ جَوِّ السَّمَاءِ مِنْ بُطْنَانِ الْعَرْشِ مِنَ الْأُفُقِ الْأَعْلَى يَا فُلَانَ بْنَ فُلَانٍ اثْبُتْ فَإِنَّكَ صَفْوَتِي مِنْ خَلْقِي وَ عَيْبَةُ عِلْمِي وَ لَكَ وَ لِمَنْ تَوَلَّاكَ أَوْجَبْتُ رَحْمَتِي وَ مَنَحْتُ جِنَانِي وَ أُحِلُّكَ جِوَارِي ثُمَّ وَ عِزَّتِي وَ جَلَالِي لَأُصْلِيَنَّ مَنْ عَادَاكَ أَشَدَّ عَذَابِي وَ إِنْ أَوْسَعْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ فِي دُنْيَايَ مِنْ سَعَةِ رِزْقِي قَالَ فَإِذَا انْقَضَى صَوْتُ الْمُنَادِي أَجَابَهُ هُوَ شَهِدَ اللَّهُ أَنَّهُ لا إِلهَ إِلَّا هُوَ وَ الْمَلائِكَةُ وَ أُولُوا الْعِلْمِ قائِماً بِالْقِسْطِ لا إِلهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ‏ فَإِذَا قَالَهَا أَعْطَاهُ اللَّهُ الْعِلْمَ الْأَوَّلَ وَ الْعِلْمَ الْآخِرَ وَ اسْتَحَقَّ زِيَادَةَ الرُّوحِ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ.


13. It is narrated to us by Abbad Bin Suleyman, from Muhammad Bin Suleyman Al Daylami, from his father Suleyman, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘The seed of the Imam (a.s.) is from the Paradise, and when he (a.s.) falls from the lap of his (a.s.) mother to the ground, falls such that he (a.s.) places his (a.s.) hand to the ground, raises his (a.s.) head towards the sky’. I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! And why is that so?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Because a Caller Calls out to him (a.s.) from the atmosphere of the sky from the interior of the Throne from the high horizons: “O so and so son of so and so! Be first, for you (a.s.) are My elite from My creatures, and container of My Knowledge, and for you (a.s.) and for the one who loves you (a.s.) I shall Obligate My Mercy, and Award of My Gardens, and Legalise My Vicinity. Then, by My Might and My Majesty! I shall Cause My severe Punishment to arrive to the one who is inimical to you (a.s.), and even if I may Expand upon them in My world from the capacity of My sustenance”’. He (a.s.) said: ‘When the voice of the Caller is terminated, he (a.s.) answers Him : ‘Allah Testifies that there is no god except Him, and (so testify) the Angels and the ones with the knowledge, maintaining His creation with justice; there is no god except Him, the Mighty, the Wise [3:18]’.When he (a.s.) has said it, Allah Gives him (a.s.) the knowledge of the former ones and knowledge of the latter ones, and becomes deserving of the increment of the (Holy) Spirit during the Night of Pre-determination (ليلة القدر)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَبَّاسِ بْنِ حَرِيشٍ‏ أَنَّهُ عَرَضَهُ عَلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع فَأَقَرَّ بِهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع إِنَّ الْقَلْبَ الَّذِي يُعَايِنُ مَا يَنْزِلُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ لَعَظِيمُ الشَّأْنِ قُلْتُ وَ كَيْفَ ذَاكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ لَيُشَقُّ وَ اللَّهِ بَطْنُ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ ثُمَّ يُؤْخَذُ إِلَى قَلْبِهِ‏ وَ يُكْتَبُ عَلَيْهِ بِمِدَادِ النُّورِ فَذَلِكَ جَمِيعُ الْعِلْمِ ثُمَ‏ يَكُونُ الْقَلْبُ مُصْحَفاً لِلْبَصَرِ وَ يَكُونُ اللِّسَانُ مُتَرْجِماً لِلْأُذُنِ إِذَا أَرَادَ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ عِلْمَ شَيْ‏ءٍ نَظَرَ بِبَصَرِهِ وَ قَلْبِهِ فَكَأَنَّهُ يَنْظُرُ فِي كِتَابٍ قُلْتُ لَهُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ وَ كَيْفَ الْعِلْمُ فِي غَيْرِهَا أَ يُشَقُّ الْقَلْبُ فِيهِ أَمْ لَا قَالَ لَا يُشَقُّ لَكِنَّ اللَّهَ يُلْهِمُ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلَ بِالْقَذْفِ فِي الْقَلْبِ حَتَّى يُخَيَّلَ إِلَى الْأُذُنِ أَنَّهُ تَكَلَّمَ بِمَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ [مِنْ‏] عِلْمِهِ‏ وَ اللَّهُ واسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ‏.


14. It is narrated to us by Al Hassan Bin Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from his father, from Al Hassan Bin Abbas Bin Hareysh, ‘He presented unto Abu Ja’far (a.s.) and he (a.s.) acknowledged with it. He said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘The heart which witnessed what descends during the Night of Pre-determination is a magnificent affair’. I said, ‘And how is that so, O Abu Abdullah (a.s.)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘By Allah , the belly of that man (a.s.) splits, then it is taken to his (a.s.) heart, and it is written upon it with the ink of Noor, and that is the entirety of the knowledge. Then the heart becomes a Parchment for the insight, and the tongue becomes an interpreter for the ears. When that man (a.s.) want to know something, he (a.s.) looks with his (a.s.) insight and his (a.s.) heart, and it is as if he (a.s.) is looking into a book’. I asked him, ‘After that, and how is the knowledge regarding something else, is the heart split regarding it or not?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘It is not split, but Allah Inspires that man (a.s.) with the Casting into the heart until it reverberates to the ears (and) he (a.s.) speaks with what Allah Desires from His Knowledge, and Allah is Capacious, Knowing [24:32]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع أَ رَأَيْتَ مَنْ لَمْ يُقِرَّ بِمَا يأتكم [يَأْتِيكُمْ‏] فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ كَمَا ذُكِرَ وَ لَمْ يَجْحَدْهُ قَالَ أَمَّا إِذَا قَامَتْ عَلَيْهِ الْحُجَّةُ من [مِمَّنْ‏] يَثِقُ بِهِ فِي عِلْمِنَا فَلَمْ يَثِقْ بِهِ فَهُوَ كَافِرٌ وَ أَمَّا مَنْ لَا يَسْمَعُ ذَلِكَ فَهُوَ فِي عُذْرٍ حَتَّى يَسْمَعَ ثُمَّ قَالَ ع‏ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَ يُؤْمِنُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ‏.


15. It is narrated to us by Abdullah Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Abu Al Khattab, from Muhammad Bin Abdullah, form Yunus, from Umar Bin Yazeed who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘What is your (a.s.) view of the one who does not acknowledge with what comes to you (a.s.) during the Night of Pre-determination, just as you (a.s.) mentioned and does not reject it (either)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘When the proof is established to him from the ones he trusts with regarding our (a.s.) knowledge, but he does not rely with it, then he is a Kafir, and as for the one who did not hear that, so he would be in an excuse until he does hear (it)’. Then he (a.s.) said: ‘He believes in Allah and has faith in the Momineen, [9:61]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: كَانَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ ع كَثِيراً مَا يَقُولُ مَا الْتَقَيْنَا عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ع التَّيْمِيُّ وَ صَاحِبُهُ وَ هُوَ يَقُولُ‏ إِنَّا أَنْزَلْناهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ وَ يَتَخَشَّعُ وَ يَبْكِي فَيَقُولَانِ مَا أَشَدَّ رِقَّتَكَ بِهَذِهِ السُّورَةِ فَيَقُولُ لَهُمَا إِنَّمَا رَقَقْتُ لِمَا رَأَتْ عَيْنَايَ وَ وَعَاهُ قَلْبِي وَ لِمَا رَأَى قَلْبُ هَذَا مِنْ بَعْدِي يَعْنِي عَلِيّاً ع فَيَقُولَانِ أَ رَأَيْتَ وَ مَا الَّذِي يَرَى فَيَتْلُو هَذَا الْحَرْفَ‏ تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلائِكَةُ وَ الرُّوحُ فِيها بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ سَلامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ قَالَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ هَلْ بَقِيَ شَيْ‏ءٌ بَعْدَ قَوْلِهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ فَيَقُولَانِ لَا فَيَقُولُ هَلْ تَعْلَمَانِ مَنِ الْمَنْزُولُ إِلَيْهِ بِذَلِكَ فَيَقُولَانِ لَا وَ اللَّهِ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَيَقُولُ نَعَمْ فَهَلْ تَكُونُ لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ مِنْ بَعْدِي فَيَقُولَانِ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَهَلْ تنزل [يَنْزِلُ‏] الْأَمْرُ فِيهَا فَيَقُولَانِ نَعَمْ فَيَقُولُ إِلَى مَنْ فَيَقُولَانِ لَا نَدْرِي فَيَأْخُذُ بِرَأْسِي فَيَقُولُ إِنْ لَمْ تَدْرِيَا هُوَ هَذَا مِنْ بَعْدِي قَالَ فَإِنْ كَانَا يَفْرَقَانِ تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ بَعْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ مِنْ شِدَّةِ مَا يَدْخُلُهُمَا مِنَ الرُّعْبِ.


16. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, and Ahmad Bin Is’haq, from Al Qasim Bin Yahya, from one of our companions, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) frequently said: ‘What are they saying, the Taymi (Abu Bakr) and his companion (Umar), when we met in the presence of Rasool-Allah (saww), and he (saww) was saying: ‘Surely We Revealed it during the Night of Pre-determination [97:1], and he (a.s.) would be fearful and cry. Both of them said, ‘How intense is your (a.s.) tenderness with this Chapter!’ He (saww) said to them: ‘But rather I (saww) am tender to what my (saww) eyes saw and my (saww) heart retained, and due to what the heart of this one (a.s.) would see after me (saww)’ – meaning Ali (a.s.). They said, ‘What did you (saww) see and what is that which he (a.s.) would see?’ So, he (saww) recited this phrase: The Angels and the Spirit descend during it by Permission of their Lord of every matter [97:4] Salam! It is such until emergence of the dawn [97:5]’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Then he (saww) said: ‘Does there remain anything after His Words, Blessed and Exalted: every matter [97:4]’. They said, ‘No’. He (saww) said: ‘Do you two know who is the one descended to with that?’ They said, ‘No, by Allah , O Rasool-Allah (saww)!’ He (saww) said: ‘So, will the Night of Pre-determination be happening from after me (saww)?’ They said, ‘Yes’. He (saww) said: ‘Will the Angels be descending during it?’ They said, ‘Yes’. He (saww) said: ‘To whom?’ They said, ‘We do not know’. So, he (saww) grabbed my (a.s.) head and said: ‘If you two do not know, it is this one (a.s.) from after me (saww)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘They had both dispersed from Rasool-Allah during that night after Rasool-Allah (saww) from the intensity of what had entered them of the awe’’.




أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: لَمَّا قُبِضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص هَبَطَ جَبْرَئِيلُ وَ مَعَهُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَ الرُّوحُ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَهْبِطُونَ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ قَالَ فَفُتِحَ لِأَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ بَصَرُهُ فَرَآهُمْ فِي مُنْتَهَى السَّمَاوَاتِ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ يُغَسِّلُونَ النَّبِيَّ مَعَهُ وَ يُصَلُّونَ مَعَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ يَحْفِرُونَ لَهُ وَ اللَّهِ مَا حَفَرَ لَهُ غَيْرُهُمْ حَتَّى إِذَا وُضِعَ فِي قَبْرِهِ نَزَلُوا مَعَ مَنْ نَزَلَ فَوَضَعُوهُ فَتَكَلَّمَ وَ فُتِحَ لِأَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع سَمْعُهُ فَسَمِعَهُ يُوصِيهِمْ بِهِ فَبَكَى وَ سَمِعَهُمْ يَقُولُونَ لَا نَأْلُوهُ جُهْداً وَ إِنَّمَا هُوَ صَاحِبُنَا بَعْدَكَ إِلَّا أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ يُعَايِنُنَا بِبَصَرِهِ بَعْدَ مَرَّتِنَا هَذِهِ حَتَّى إِذَا مَاتَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع رَأَى الْحَسَنُ وَ الْحُسَيْنُ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ الَّذِي رَأَى وَ رَأَيَا النَّبِيَّ ص أَيْضاً يُعِينُ الْمَلَائِكَةَ مِثْلَ الَّذِي صَنَعُوا بِالنَّبِيِّ حَتَّى إِذَا مَاتَ الْحَسَنُ رَأَى مِنْهُ الْحُسَيْنُ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ وَ رَأَى النَّبِيَّ وَ عَلِيّاً يُعِينَانِ الْمَلَائِكَةَ حَتَّى إِذَا مَاتَ الْحُسَيْنُ رَأَى عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ مِنْهُ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ وَ رَأَى النَّبِيَّ وَ عَلِيّاً وَ الْحَسَنَ يُعِينُونَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ حَتَّى إِذَا مَاتَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ رَأَى مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ وَ رَأَى النَّبِيَّ وَ عَلِيّاً وَ الْحَسَنَ وَ الْحُسَيْنَ يُعِينُونَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ حَتَّى إِذَا مَاتَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ رَأَى جَعْفَرٌ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ وَ رَأَى النَّبِيَّ وَ عَلِيّاً وَ الْحَسَنَ وَ الْحُسَيْنَ وَ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ يُعِينُونَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ حَتَّى إِذَا مَاتَ جَعْفَرٌ رَأَى مُوسَى مِنْهُ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ هَكَذَا يَجْرِي إِلَى آخِرِنَا.


17. Ahmad Bin Muhammad and Ahmad Bin Is’haq, from Al Qasim Bin Yahya, from one of our companions, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘When Rasool-Allah (saww) passed away, Jibraeel (as) descended and with him (saww) were the Angels and the Spirit, those who had descended during the Night of Pre-determination. He (a.s.) said: ‘The sight was opened for Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.), and he (a.s.) saw them in the horizons of the skies to the earth, washing the Prophet (saww) along with him (a.s.), and they were praying Salat with him (a.s.) upon him (saww), and they were digging the grave for him (saww). By Allah ! No one dug for him (saww) other than them, until when he (saww) was placed in his (saww) grave, they descended with the one who descended, and placed him (saww). They spoke and the hearing was opened for Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.), bequeathing to them with it. He (a.s.) wept and heard them saying, ‘Don’t give him (a.s.) hard work, and he (a.s.) is our Master (a.s.) after you (saww), except that he (a.s.) does not witness us with his (a.s.) eyes after this time’. Until when Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) passes away, Al-Hassan (a.s.) and Al-Husayn (a.s.) saw similar to that which he (a.s.) had seen, and the Prophet (saww) had seen as well, assisting the Angels similar to that which they had done with the Prophet (saww). Until when Al-Hassan (a.s.) passed away, Al-Husayn (a.s.) saw from him (a.s.) similar to that, and saw what the Prophet (saww) and what Ali (a.s.) both assisting the Angels. Until when Al-Husayn (a.s.) passed away, Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.) saw from him (a.s.) similar to that, and saw the Prophet (saww) and Ali (a.s.) and Al-Hassan (a.s.) assisting the Angels. Until when Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.) passed away, Muhammad (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) saw similar to that, and saw the Prophet (saww), and Ali (a.s.), and Al-Hassan (a.s.), and Al-Husayn (a.s.) assisting the Angels. Until when Muhammad (a.s.) Bin Ali (a.s.) passed away, Ja’far (a.s.) saw similar to that, and saw the Prophet (saww), and Ali (a.s.), and Al-Hassan (a.s.), and Al-Husayn (a.s.), and Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.) assisting the Angels. Until when Ja’far (a.s.) passed away, Musa (a.s.) saw from him (a.s.) similar to that. That is how it flows to our (a.s.) last one (a.s.)’’.