11. Chapter 10 regarding the imams (asws), they (asws) are the ones firmly rooted in the knowledge which allah (azwj) the exalted has mentioned in his (azwj) book

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حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ يَا أَبَا الصَّبَّاحِ نَحْنُ قَوْمٌ فَرَضَ اللَّهُ طَاعَتَنَا لَنَا الْأَنْفَالُ وَ لَنَا صَفْوُ الْمَالِ وَ نَحْنُ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ وَ نَحْنُ الْمَحْسُودُونَ الَّذِينَ قَالَ اللَّهُ‏ أَمْ يَحْسُدُونَ النَّاسَ عَلى‏ ما آتاهُمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ‏


1. It is narrated to us by Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Sayf Bin Ameyra, from Abu Al Sabbah Al Kinany who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘O Abu Al-Sabbah! We (a.s.) are a people, Allah (azwj) has Obligated obedience to us (a.s.). For us (a.s.) are the spoils of war, and for us (a.s.) is the clean wealth, and we (a.s.) are the ones firmly rooted in knowledge [3:7], and we (a.s.) were the envied ones, those Allah (azwj) Said: Or are they envying the people upon what Allah has Given them from His Grace? [4:54]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ هَذِهِ الرِّوَايَةِ مَا مِنْ آيَةٍ إِلَّا وَ لَهَا ظَهْرٌ وَ بَطْنٌ وَ مَا فِيهِ حَرْفٌ إِلَّا وَ لَهُ حَدٌّ وَ مَطْلَعٌ مَا يَعْنِي بِقَوْلِهِ لَهَا ظَهْرٌ وَ بَطْنٌ قَالَ ظَهْرٌ وَ بَطْنٌ هُوَ تَأْوِيلُهَا مِنْهُ مَا قَدْ مَضَى وَ مِنْهُ مَا لَمْ يَجِئْ يَجْرِي كَمَا تَجْرِي الشَّمْسُ وَ الْقَمَرُ كُلَّمَا جَاءَ تَأْوِيلُ شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْهُ يَكُونُ عَلَى الْأَمْوَاتِ كَمَا يَكُونُ عَلَى الْأَحْيَاءِ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى‏ وَ ما يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ‏ وَ نَحْنُ نَعْلَمُهُ‏.


2. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Abdul Jabbar, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Mansour, from Ibn Uzina, from Al Fuzeyl who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about this report, ‘‘There is not from the Quran a Verse except for it there is an apparent and a hidden (meaning)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Its apparent is its Revelation, and its hidden is its explanation from it of what has happened and from it of what not yet happened. It flows like the flowing of the sun and the moon, as goes an explanation of a thing from it on the dead as it is on the living. Allah (azwj) has Said: but none knows its interpretation except Allah, and those who are firmly rooted in knowledge [3:7], and we (a.s.) know it’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ وُهَيْبِ بْنِ حَفْصٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ‏ إِنَّ الْقُرْآنَ فِيهِ مُحْكَمٌ وَ مُتَشَابِهٌ فَأَمَّا الْمُحْكَمُ فَنُؤْمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَعْمَلُ بِهِ وَ نَدِينُ بِهِ وَ أَمَّا الْمُتَشَابِهُ فَنُؤْمِنُ بِهِ وَ لَا نَعْمَلُ بِهِ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ ما تَشابَهَ مِنْهُ ابْتِغاءَ الْفِتْنَةِ وَ ابْتِغاءَ تَأْوِيلِهِ وَ ما يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ‏.


3. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Wuheyb Bin Hafs, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I heard him (a.s.) saying: ‘The Quran, in it are Decisive and Allegorical (Verses). As for the Decisive, we (a.s.) believe in it, and act with it and make a Religion with it, and as for the Allegorical, we (a.s.) believe in it and do not act with it, and it is the Word of Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted: ‘Then as for those in whose hearts there is perversity, so they are following what is allegorical from it, seeking the Fitna and seeking its (personal) interpretation. And none knows its interpretation except Allah, and those who are firmly rooted in the Knowledge. [3:7]’’




حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع‏ فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى‏ وَ ما يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ‏ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص أَفْضَلُ الرَّاسِخِينَ قَدْ عَلَّمَهُ اللَّهُ جَمِيعَ مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ مِنَ التَّنْزِيلِ وَ التَّأْوِيلِ وَ مَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيُنْزِلَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْئاً لَمْ يُعَلِّمْهُ تَأْوِيلَهُ وَ أَوْصِيَاؤُهُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ يَعْلَمُونَهُ كُلَّهُ وَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِذَا قَالَ الْعَالِمُ فِيهِ العلم [بِعِلْمٍ‏] فَأَجَابَهُمُ اللَّهُ يَقُولُونَ‏ آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِنْ عِنْدِ رَبِّنا وَ الْقُرْآنُ لَهُ خَاصٌّ وَ عَامٌّ وَ مُحْكَمٌ وَ مُتَشَابِهٌ وَ نَاسِخٌ وَ مَنْسُوخٌ‏.


4. It is narrated to us by Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Umar Bin Uzina, from Bureyd Al Ijaly, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) regarding Words of Allah (azwj) the Exalted: And none knows its interpretation except Allah, and those who are firmly rooted in the Knowledge. [3:7]’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) is the most superior of the ones firmly rooted. Allah (azwj) had Taught him (saww) the entirety of what Allah (azwj) had Revealed to him (saww), from the Revelation and the explanation. And it was not for Allah (azwj) that He (azwj) would Reveal something to him (saww) and not Teach him (saww) its explanation, and his (saww) successors (a.s.) from after him (a.s.) are knowing all of it. And those who are not knowing its explanation, when the scholar (a.s.) says regarding it, so Allah (azwj) Answered them that they are saying, ‘We believe in it. It is all from the Presence of our Lord’. [3:7], and the Quran is such, for it are special (Verses), and general, and Decisive, and Allegorical, and Abrogating and Abrogated’’.




حَدَّثَنَا صائر الدرجات أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْأَهْوَازِيِّ عَنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ الْحُرِّ وَ عِمْرَانَ‏ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: نَحْنُ‏ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ‏ وَ نَحْنُ نَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ‏.


5. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Ahwazy, from Al Nazr, from Ayoub Bin Ahmar and Imran Bin Ali, from Abu Baseer, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘We (a.s.) those who are firmly rooted in the Knowledge. [3:7], and we (a.s.) know its interpretation’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ يَا أَبَا الصَّبَّاحِ نَحْنُ قَوْمٌ فَرَضَ اللَّهُ طَاعَتَنَا لَنَا الْأَنْفَالُ وَ لَنَا صَفْوُ الْمَالِ وَ نَحْنُ‏ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ‏ وَ نَحْنُ الْمَحْسُودُونَ الَّذِينَ قَالَ اللَّهُ فِي كِتَابِهِ‏.


6. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Abu Al Sabbah who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said to me: ‘O Abu Al-Sabah! We (a.s.) are a people Allah (azwj) Obligated obedience to us (a.s.). For us (a.s.) is the war booty and for us (a.s.) is the clean wealth, and we (a.s.) are those who are firmly rooted in the Knowledge. [3:7], and we (a.s.) are the envied ones, those Allah (azwj) has Spoken of in His (azwj) Book’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ع‏ نَحْنُ‏ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ‏ وَ نَحْنُ نَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ.


7. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid, from Sayf Bin Ameyra, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said: ‘We (a.s.) are the firmly rooted in the Knowledge. [3:7], and we (a.s.) know its interpretation’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ع‏ فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى‏ وَ ما يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ‏ فَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص أَفْضَلُ الرَّاسِخِينَ فِي الْعِلْمِ قَدْ عَلَّمَهُ اللَّهُ جَمِيعَ مَا أَنْزَلَهُ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ التَّنْزِيلِ وَ التَّأْوِيلِ وَ مَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيُنْزِلَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْئاً لَمْ يُعَلِّمْهُ تَأْوِيلَهُ وَ أَوْصِيَاؤُهُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ يَعْلَمُونَهُ كُلَّهُ وَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِذَا قَالَ الْعَالِمُ فِيهِ بِعِلْمٍ فَأَجَابَهُمُ اللَّهُ بِقَوْلِهِ‏ يَقُولُونَ‏ آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِنْ عِنْدِ رَبِّنا وَ الْقُرْآنُ لَهُ خَاصٌّ وَ عَامٌّ وَ مُحْكَمٌ وَ مُتَشَابِهٌ وَ نَاسِخٌ وَ مَنْسُوخٌ وَ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ يَعْلَمُونَهُ‏.


8. It is narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin Is’haq, from Abdullah Bin Hammad, from Bureyd Al Ijaly, ‘From one of the two (5 (th) or 6 (th) Imam (a.s.)) regarding the Words of Allah (azwj) the Exalted: but none knows its interpretation except Allah, and those who are firmly rooted in knowledge [3:7]. Rasool-Allah (saww) is the most superior of the firmly rooted ones in the knowledge. Allah (azwj) had Taught him (saww) the entirety of what He (azwj) had Revealed unto him (saww), from the Revelation and the interpretation, and it was not for Allah (azwj) to Reveal something unto him (saww) and not Teach him (saww) its interpretation. And his (saww) successors (a.s.) from after him (saww) know it, all of it; and those not knowing its interpretation when knowledgeable one (a.s.) says regarding it with knowledge, so Allah (azwj) has Answered them with His (azwj) Words: They are saying, ‘We believe in it. It is all from the Presence of our Lord’. [3:7]. And the Quran, for it is special (Verses) and general, and Decisive and Allegorical, and Abrogating and Abrogated, and the ones (a.s.) firmly rooted in the knowledge are knowing it’’.