2. Regarding the imams (asws), and that their (asws) example is an example of the tree which allah (azwj) the exalted mentioned regarding them and regarding their (asws) knowledge

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حَدَّثَنَا الْخَشَّابُ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ عُذَافِرٍ عَنِ الثُّمَالِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ كَشَجَرَةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُها ثابِتٌ وَ فَرْعُها فِي السَّماءِ تُؤْتِي أُكُلَها كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّها فَقَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص أَنَا أَصْلُهَا وَ عَلِيٌّ فَرْعُهَا وَ الْأَئِمَّةُ أَغْصَانُهَا وَ عِلْمُنَا ثَمَرُهَا وَ شِيعَتُنَا وَرَقُهَا يَا أَبَا حَمْزَةَ هَلْ تَرَى فِيهَا فَضْلًا قَالَ قُلْتُ لَا وَ اللَّهِ مَا أَرَى فِيهَا فَضْلًا قَالَ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا حَمْزَةَ وَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ الْمَوْلُودَ يُولَدُ مِنْ شِيعَتِنَا فَتُورِقُ وَرَقَةً مِنْهَا وَ يَمُوتُ فَتَسْقُطُ وَرَقَةٌ مِنْهَا.


1. It is narrated to us by Al Khashab, from Amro Bin Usman, from Ibn Uzafir, from Al Sumaly, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I asked him (a.s.) about Words of Allah (azwj) the Exalted: like a good tree, its roots are stable and its branches are in the sky [14:24] Yielding its fruit in every season by the permission of its Lord? [14:25]. He (a.s.) said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘I (saww) am its roots, and Ali (a.s.) its trunk, and the Imams (a.s.) its branches, and our (a.s.) knowledge is its fruit, and our (a.s.) Shias are its leave. O Abu Hamza! Do you see any extra in it?’ He (the narrator) said, ‘By Allah (azwj)! I do not see any extra in it’. He (a.s.) said: ‘O Abu Hamza! By Allah (azwj)! The new-born from our (a.s.) Shias is born, so a leaf sprouts from it, and he dies, so a leaf falls off from it’’.




حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْأَحْوَلِ عَنْ سَلَّامِ بْنِ الْمُسْتَنِيرِ قَالَ‏ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ كَشَجَرَةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُها ثابِتٌ وَ فَرْعُها فِي السَّماءِ تُؤْتِي أُكُلَها كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّها قَالَ الشَّجَرَةُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص نَسَبُهُ ثَابِتٌ فِي بَنِي هَاشِمٍ وَ فَرْعُ الشَّجَرَةِ عَلِيٌّ وَ عُنْصُرُ الشَّجَرَةِ فَاطِمَةُ وَ أَغْصَانُهَا الْأَئِمَّةُ وَ وَرَقُهَا الشِّيعَةُ وَ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَمُوتُ‏ فَتَسْقُطُ مِنْهَا وَرَقَةٌ وَ إِنَّ الْمَوْلُودَ لَيُولَدُ فَتُورِقُ وَرَقَةً قَالَ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى‏ تُؤْتِي أُكُلَها كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّها قَالَ هُوَ مَا يَخْرُجُ مِنَ الْإِمَامِ مِنَ الْحَلَالِ وَ الْحَرَامِ فِي كُلِّ سَنَةٍ إِلَى شِيعَتِهِ‏.


2. It is narrated to us by Ibn Yazeed, from Ibn Mahboub, from Al Ahowl, from Sallam Bin Al Mustaneer who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about Word of Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted: like a good tree, its roots are stable and its branches are in the sky [14:24] Yielding its fruit in every season by the permission of its Lord? [14:25]. He (a.s.) said: ‘The tree is Rasool-Allah (saww), his (saww) lineage stable in the Clan of Hashim (as), and the trunk of the tree is Ali (a.s.), and a root of the tree is (Syeda) Fatima (a.s.), and its branches are Imams (a.s.), and its leaves are the Shias; and the (Shia) man dies, so a leaf falls off from it, and the (Shia) new-born is born, so a leaf sprouts’. He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! Words of the Exalted: Yielding its fruit in every season by the permission of its Lord? [14:25]’. He (a.s.) said: ‘It is what comes out from the Imam (a.s.), from the Permissible(s) and the Prohibition during every year to his (a.s.) Shias’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مُؤْمِنِ الطَّاقِ عَنْ سَلَّامِ بْنِ الْمُسْتَنِيرِ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى‏ كَشَجَرَةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُها ثابِتٌ وَ فَرْعُها فِي السَّماءِ تُؤْتِي أُكُلَها كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّها قَالَ الشَّجَرَةُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص نَسَبُهُ ثَابِتٌ فِي بَنِي هَاشِمٍ وَ عُنْصُرُ الشَّجَرَةِ فَاطِمَةُ وَ فَرْعُ الشَّجَرَةِ عَلِيٌّ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ أَغْصَانُ الشَّجَرَةِ وَ ثَمَرُهَا الْأَئِمَّةُ وَ وَرَقُ الشَّجَرَةِ الشِّيعَةُ وَ إِنَّ الْمَوْلُودَ لَيُولَدُ فَتُورِقُ وَرَقَةً وَ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ مِنَ الشِّيعَةِ لَيَمُوتُ فَتَسْقُطُ وَرَقَةٌ قَالَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ‏ تُؤْتِي أُكُلَها كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّها قَالَ مَا يُفْتِي الْأَئِمَّةُ شِيعَتَهُمْ فِي كُلِّ حَجٍّ وَ عُمْرَةٍ مِنَ الْحَلَالِ وَ الْحَرَامِ.


3. It is narrated to us by Ahmad, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Momin Al Taq, from Sallam Bin Al Mustaneer who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about Words of Allah (azwj) the Exalted: like a good tree, its roots are stable and its branches are in the sky [14:24] Yielding its fruit in every season by the permission of its Lord? [14:25]. He (a.s.) said: ‘The tree is Rasool-Allah (saww). He (saww) installed it firmly in the Clan of Hashim (as), and the root of the tree is (Syeda) Fatima (a.s.), and the trunk of the tree is Ali (a.s.) Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.), and branches of the tree and its fruits are the Imams (a.s.), and leaves of the tree are the Shias, and that the new-born is born, so a leaf sprouts, and the man from the Shias dies, so a leaf falls off’. He (the narrator) said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.)! Yielding its fruit in every season by the permission of its Lord? [14:25]?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘What Fatwas the Imams (a.s.) issue to their (a.s.) Shias during every Hajj and Umrah, from the Permissible(s) and the Prohibitions’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ سَيْفٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ سَيْفٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ بَيَّاعِ السَّابُرِيِّ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى شَجَرَةٍ أَصْلُها ثابِتٌ وَ فَرْعُها فِي السَّماءِ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص وَ اللَّهِ جَذْرُهَا وَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَرْعُهَا وَ الْأَئِمَّةُ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِهَا أَغْصَانُهَا وَ عِلْمُ الْأَئِمَّةِ ثَمَرُهَا وَ شِيعَتُهُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَرَقُهَا هَلْ تَرَى فِيهَا فَضْلًا يَا أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَا وَ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ وَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ يُولَدُ فَيُورِقُ وَرَقَةً وَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ لَيَمُوتُ فَتَسْقُطُ وَرَقَتُهُ.


4. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Sayf, from his father Sayf, from Umar Bin Yazeed Baya’a Al Sabiry who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about the Words of Allah (azwj) the Exalted: ‘A tree, its roots are stable and its branches are in the sky [14:24]. He (a.s.) said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘By Allah (azwj)! (I (saww)) am its root, and Amir Al Momineen (a.s.) is its root, and the Imams (a.s.) from his (a.s.) offspring are its branches, and knowledge of the Imams is its fruit, and their (a.s.) Shias, the Momineen, are its leaves. Do you see any extra in it, O Abu Ja’far?’ He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘No, by Allah (azwj)!’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The Momin is born, so a leaf sprouts, and the Momin dies, so a leaf falls off’’.