10. The earth cannot be vacant from the divine authority, and they (asws) are the imams (asws)

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حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ رَبِيعِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمُسْلِمِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ الْعَامِرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: مَا زَالَتِ الْأَرْضُ إِلَّا وَ لِلَّهِ الْحُجَّةُ يَعْرِفُ الْحَلَالَ وَ الْحَرَامَ وَ يَدْعُو إِلَى سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَ لَا يَنْقَطِعُ الْحُجَّةُ مِنَ الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً قَبْلَ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ فَإِذَا رُفِعَتِ الْحُجَّةُ أُغْلِقَ بَابُ التَّوْبَةِ وَ لا يَنْفَعُ نَفْساً إِيمانُها لَمْ تَكُنْ آمَنَتْ‏ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تُرْفَعَ الْحُجَّةُ أُولَئِكَ شِرَارٌ مِنْ خَلْقِ اللَّهِ وَ هُمُ الَّذِينَ عَلَيْهِمْ تَقُومُ الْقِيَامَةُ.


1. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Rabie Bin Muhammad Al Muslimi, from Abu Abdullah Bin Suleyman al Aamiri, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘The earth has not ceased to be except for Allah there is the Divine Authority recognising the Permissible and the Prohibition, and calling to the Way of Allah , and the Divine Authority will not be cut off from the earth except for forty days before the Day of Qiyamah. When the Divine Authority is lifted, the door of repentance would be closed: a soul will not benefit from its Eman which had not believed [6:158], from before the Divine Authority is raised up. They are the evil ones from the creatures of Allah , and they are those upon them the Qiyamah would be established’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ ذَرِيحٍ الْمُحَارِبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: الْأَرْضُ لَا تَكُونُ إِلَّا وَ فِيهَا عَالِمٌ لَا يُصْلِحُ النَّاسَ إِلَّا ذَاكَ‏.


2. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Safwan, from Zareeh Al Muharby, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘The earth cannot be except and in it is a knowledgeable one (a.s.). Nothing can correct the people except that’’




حَدَّثَنَا بمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ جَلَّ وَ عَزَّ أَجَلُّ وَ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ أَنْ يَتْرُكَ الْأَرْضَ بِغَيْرِ إِمَامٍ‏.


3. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Abu Baseer, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Allah Majestic and Mighty is more Majestic and more Magnificent that to leave the earth without an Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: وَ اللَّهِ مَا تَرَكَ الْأَرْضَ مُنْذُ قَبَضَ اللَّهُ آدَمَ إِلَّا وَ فِيهَا إِمَامٌ يُهْتَدَى بِهِ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَ هُوَ حُجَّةُ اللَّهِ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ وَ لَا تَبْقَى الْأَرْضُ بِغَيْرِ إِمَامٍ حُجَّةِ اللَّهِ‏ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ.


4. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Muhammad Bin Al Fuzeyl, from Abu Hamza, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘By Allah ! The earth has not been left since Allah Caused Adam (as) to pass away, except and therein is an Imam (a.s.) one can be guided by him (a.s.) to Allah , and he (a.s.) is the Divine Authority of Allah upon His servants; and the earth cannot remain without an Imam (a.s.), a Divine Authority upon His servants’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلَاءِ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع تَبْقَى الْأَرْضُ يَوْماً بِغَيْرِ إِمَامٍ قَالَ لَا.


5. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Al Husayn Bin Abu Al A’ala who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘Can the earth remain for a day without an Imam (a.s.)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘No’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ يَحْيَى الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ جَرِيرٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: مَا كَانَتِ الْأَرْضُ إِلَّا وَ لِلَّهِ فِيهَا عَالِمٌ‏.


6. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Barqy, from Al Nazar, from Yahya Al Halby, from Ayoub Bin Jareer, from Suleyman Bin Khalid, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘The earth has never been except, for Allah , in it is a knowledgeable one (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا ببَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ الْأَحْمَرِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ الْعَطَّارِ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ مَا يَكُونُ الْأَرْضُ إِلَّا وَ فِيهَا عَالِمٌ قَالَ بَلَى‏.


7. It is narrated to us by one of our companions, from Al Washa, from Aban Al Ahmar, from Al Hassan Bin Ziyad Al Attar who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘The earth cannot happen to be except and therein is a knowledgeable one (a.s.)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Yes’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ الْأَحْمَرِ عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ إِنَّ الْأَرْضَ لَا تُتْرَكُ إِلَّا بِعَالِمٍ يَحْتَاجُ النَّاسُ إِلَيْهِ وَ لَا يَحْتَاجُ إِلَى النَّاسِ يَعْلَمُ الْحَرَامَ وَ الْحَلَالَ‏.


8. It is narrated to us from Al Washa, from Aban Al Ahmar, from Al Haris Bin Al Mugheira who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘Surely the earth cannot be left except with a knowledgeable one (a.s.), the people are need to him (a.s.) and he (a.s.) is not needy to the people. He (a.s.) knows the Permissible(s) and the Prohibitions’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بأَحْمَدُ عَنِ ابْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي خَلَفٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ الْعَطَّارِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ إِنَّ الْأَرْضَ لَا تَكُونُ إِلَّا وَ فِيهَا حُجَّةٌ إِنَّهُ لَا يُصْلِحُ النَّاسَ إِلَّا ذَلِكَ وَ لَا يُصْلِحُ الْأَرْضَ إِلَّا ذَاكَ‏.


9. It is narrated to us by Ahmad, from Ibn Yazeed, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Sa’ad Bin Abu Khalaf, from Al Hassan Bin Ziyad, from Al Attar who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘The earth cannot be except and therein is a Divine Authority. Surely, nothing can correct the people except that, nor can anything correct the earth except that’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ‏ إِنَّ الْأَرْضَ لَا تَخْلُو إِلَّا وَ فِيهَا حُجَّةٌ كَيْمَا ازْدَادَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ شَيْئاً رَدَّهُمْ وَ إِنْ نَقَصُوا شَيْئاً أَتَمَّهُ لَهُمْ.


10. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Mansour Bin Yunus, from Is’haq Bin Ammar, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I heard him (a.s.) saying: The earth will not be vacant except and therein would be a Divine Authority. Every time the Momineen increase something, he (a.s.) would return them, and if they reduce something, he (a.s.) would complete it for them’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ النَّضْرِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلَاءِ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع تُتْرَكُ الْأَرْضُ بِغَيْرِ إِمَامٍ قَالَ لَا قُلْنَا لَهُ تَكُونُ الْأَرْضُ وَ فِيهَا إِمَامَانِ قَالَ لَا إِلَّا إِمَامٌ صَامِتٌ لَا يَتَكَلَّمُ وَ يَتَكَلَّمُ الَّذِي قَبْلَهُ‏.


11. It is narrated to us by Ali Bin Ismail, from Ahmad Bin Al Nazar, from Al Husayn Bin Abu Al A’ala who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘Is the earth left without an Imam (a.s.)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘No’. We said to him (a.s.), ‘Can the earth be and therein are two Imams (a.s.)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘No, except an Imam (a.s.) would be silent, not speaking, and the one who is before him (a.s.) would speak’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ مَوْلًى لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ‏ لَا تَكُونُ الْأَرْضُ إِلَّا وَ فِيهَا مَنْ يَعْرِفُ الزِّيَادَةَ وَ النُّقْصَانَ فَإِذَا جَاءَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ بِزِيَادَةٍ رَمَى بِالزِّيَادَةِ وَ إِذَا جَاءُوا بِالنُّقْصَانِ أَتَمَّهُ لَهُمْ وَ لَوْ لَا ذَلِكَ لَاخْتَلَطَ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ أَمْرَهُمْ.


12. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazzal, from Sa’alba, from Is’haq Bin Ammar, From a slave of Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said, ‘I heard him (a.s.) saying: ‘The earth cannot happen to be except and therein would be one (a.s.) recognising the additions and the reductions. So, when the Muslims come with an addition, he (a.s.) would throw out the addition, and when they come with the reduction, he (a.s.) would complete it for them, and had it not been that, their affairs would be mixed-up upon the Muslims’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بعَبَّادُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُمَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ع قَالَ: إِنَّ الْحُجَّةَ لَا تَقُومُ لِلَّهِ عَلَى خَلْقِهِ إِلَّا بِإِمَامٍ حَتَّى يُعْرَفَ‏.


13. It is narrated to us by Abbad Bin Suleyman, from Sa’ad, from Muhammad Bin Umara, ‘From Abu Al-Hassan Al-Ridha (a.s.) having said: ‘The Divine Authorisation cannot stand for Allah upon His creatures except by an Imam (a.s.), until He is recognised’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ وَ الْحَجَّالِ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: لَا تَبْقَى الْأَرْضُ بِغَيْرِ إِمَامٍ ظَاهِرٍ.


14. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Mahboub and Al Hajjal, from Al A’ala, from Muhammad, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘The earth cannot remain without an apparent Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ الْهَمْدَانِيِّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي الثِّقَةُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع يَقُولُ‏ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ لَا تُخْلِي الْأَرْضَ مِنْ حُجَّةٍ لَكَ عَلَى خَلْقِكَ ظَاهِرٍ أَوْ خافٍ مَغْمُورٍ لِئَلَّا تَبْطُلَ حُجَّتُكَ وَ بَيِّنَاتُكَ.


15. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Hisham Bin Salim, from Abu Is’haq Al Hamdany who said, ‘It is narrated to me by the trustworthy one from our companions, ‘He heard Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) saying: ‘O Allah ! You do not Leave the earth vacant from a Divine Authority of Yours upon Your creatures, whether apparent or hidden, obscured, lest Your Arguments and Your Proofs get invalidated’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى وَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ السَّرَّاجِ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع تَخْلُو الْأَرْضُ مِنْ عَالِمٍ مِنْكُمْ حَيٍّ ظَاهِرٍ تَفْزَعُ إِلَيْهِ النَّاسُ فِي حَلَالِهِمْ وَ حَرَامِهِمْ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا يُوسُفَ لَا إِنَّ ذَلِكَ لَبَيِّنٌ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى فَقَالَ‏ يا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اصْبِرُوا وَ صابِرُوا عَدُوَّكُمْ مِمَّنْ يُخَالِفُكُمْ‏ وَ رابِطُوا إِمَامَكُمْ‏ وَ اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ‏ فِيمَا يَأْمُرُكُمْ وَ فَرَضَ عَلَيْكُمْ‏.


16. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa and Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Mahboub, from Yaqoub Al Sarraj who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘Can the earth be vacant from a knowledgeable one (a.s.) from you (Imams (a.s.)), alive, apparent, the people can panic to regarding their Permissible(s) and their Prohibitions?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘O Abu Yusuf, no! Surely that is explained in the Book of Allah the Exalted. He Said: O you who believe! Be patient and excel in patience [3:200], from your enemies that are against you, “and remain steadfast” with your Imam (a.s.) “and fear Allah ”, in what He has Commanded you and Obligated upon you’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بأَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ لَنْ تَخْلُوَ الْأَرْضُ مِنْ حُجَّةٍ عَالِمٍ يُحْيِي فِيهَا مَا يُمِيتُونَ مِنَ الْحَقِّ ثُمَّ تَلَا هَذِهِ الْآيَةَ يُرِيدُونَ لِيُطْفِؤُا نُورَ اللَّهِ بِأَفْواهِهِمْ وَ اللَّهُ مُتِمُّ نُورِهِ وَ لَوْ كَرِهَ الْكافِرُونَ‏.


17. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Al Husayn, from Ibn Fazzal, from Amro Bin Saeed, from Musaddiq Bin Sadaqa who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘The earth will never be vacant from a Divine Authority, a knowledgeable one (a.s.) reviving in it what they are killing of the truth. Then he (a.s.) recited this Verse: They are intending to extinguish the Light of Allah with their mouths but Allah will Complete His Light, and even if the Kafirs abhor it [61:8]’’.