4. Merits of the scholar over the worshipper

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حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ وَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ الثُّمَالِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: عَالِمٌ يُنْتَفَعُ بِعِلْمِهِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ عِبَادَةِ سَبْعِينَ أَلْفَ عَابِدٍ.


1. It is narrated to us by Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, and Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Sayf Bin Ameyra, from Abu Hamza Al Sumali, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘A scholar benefiting (others) with his knowledge is superior to worship of seventy thousand years by a worshipper’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص‏ فَضْلُ الْعَالِمِ عَلَى الْعَابِدِ كَفَضْلِ الْقَمَرِ عَلَى سَائِرِ النُّجُومِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ.


2. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Hammad Bin Isa, from Abdullah Bin Maymoun, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Merit of the scholar over the worshipper is like the merit of the moon over the rest of the stars on the night of the full moon’’.




وَ عَنْهُ بِهَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ قَالَ: فَضْلُ الْعَالِمِ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ فَضْلِ الْعِبَادَةِ.


3. And from him, by this chain, said, ‘Merit of the scholar is more beloved to me (a.s.) than merit of the worship’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَسَّانَ‏ وَ زَيْدٌ عَنِ الرَّاوَنْدِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ ع قَالَ: يَأْتِي صَاحِبُ الْعِلْمِ قُدَّامَ الْعَابِدِ بِرَبْوَةٍ مَسِيرَةَ خَمْسِ مِائَةِ عَامٍ.


4. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Hassan, and Zayd, from Al Rawandy, ‘From Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.) having said: ‘The knowledge would come in front of the worshipper at a hill of travel distance of five hundred years’’.




حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ الثُّمَالِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ أَوْ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: مُتَفَقِّهٌ فِي الدِّينِ أَشَدُّ عَلَى الشَّيْطَانِ مِنْ عِبَادَةِ أَلْفِ عَابِدٍ.


5. It is narrated to us by Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Sayf Bin Ameyra, from Abu Hamza Al Sumali, ‘From Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.), or from Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘One pondering in the Religion is severer upon the Satan (la) than worship of a thousand worshippers’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع رَجُلٌ رَاوِيَةٌ لِحَدِيثِكُمْ يَبُثُّ ذَلِكَ إِلَى النَّاسِ وَ يُسَدِّدُهُ‏ فِي قُلُوبِ شِيعَتِكُمْ وَ لَعَلَّ عَابِداً مِنْ شِيعَتِكُمْ لَيْسَتْ لَهُ هَذِهِ الرِّوَايَةُ أَيُّهُمَا أَفْضَلُ قَالَ الرَّاوِيَةُ لِحَدِيثِنَا يَبُثُّ فِي النَّاسِ وَ يُسَدِّدُهُ‏ فِي قُلُوبَ شِيعَتِنَا أَفْضَلُ مِنْ أَلْفِ عَابِدٍ.


6. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Sa’dan Bin Muslim, from Muawiya Bin Ammar who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘A man reporting your (a.s.) Ahadeeth, sending that to the people, and confining it in the hearts of your (a.s.) Shias, and maybe there is a worshipper from your (a.s.) Shia who hasn’t this narrating, which of the two is superior?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The narrator of our (a.s.) Ahadeeth sending among the people and confining it in the hearts of our (a.s.) Shias is superior than a thousand worshippers’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى بْنِ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَمَّنْ رَوَاهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ الْعَالِمَ وَ الْعَابِدَ فَإِذَا وَقَفَا بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللَّهِ قَالَ‏ لِلْعَابِدِ انْطَلِقْ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَ قِيلَ لِلْعَالِمِ فَاشْفَعْ‏ لِلنَّاسِ بِحُسْنِ تَأْدِيبِكَ لَهُمْ.


7. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa Bin Yunus Bin Abdul Rahman, from the one who reported it, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘When it will be the Day of Qiyamah, Allah Mighty and Majestic will Resurrect the scholar and the worshipper. When they stand in front of Allah , Allah will Say to the worshipper: “Go to the Paradise!” And He will Say to the scholar: “Interceded for the people due to your beautiful educating to them!”’




حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ مُوسَى عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مَسْعَدَةَ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ أَبِيهِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ص قَالَ: إِنَّ فَضْلَ الْعَالِمِ عَلَى الْعَابِدِ كَفَضْلِ الشَّمْسِ عَلَى الْكَوَاكِبِ وَ فَضْلَ الْعَابِدِ عَلَى غَيْرِ الْعَابِدِ كَفَضْلِ الْقَمَرِ عَلَى الْكَوَاكِبِ.


8. It is narrated to us by Umar Bin Musa, from Haroun Bin Muslim, from Mas’ada Bin Ziyad, ‘From Ja’far (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.) that the Prophet (saww) said: ‘The superiority of the scholar over the worshipper is like the superiority of the sun over the stars, and superiority of the worshipper over the non-worshippers is like the superiority of the moon over the stars’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: عَالِمٌ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ أَلْفِ عَابِدٍ وَ أَلْفِ زَاهِدٍ وَ قَالَ ع عَالِمٌ يُنْتَفَعُ بِعِلْمِهِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ عِبَادَةِ سَبْعِينَ أَلْفَ عَابِدٍ.


9. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Barqy, from the one who mentioned it, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘A scholar is superior than a thousand worshippers, and a thousand ascetics’. And he (a.s.) said: ‘A scholar benefitting (others) by his knowledge is superior than worship of seventy thousand worshippers’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنْ رَجُلَيْنِ أَحَدُهُمَا فَقِيهٌ رَاوِيَةٌ لِلْحَدِيثِ وَ الْآخَرُ عَابِدٌ لَيْسَ لَهُ مِثْلُ رِوَايَتِهِ فَقَالَ الرَّاوِيَةُ لِلْحَدِيثِ الْمُتَفَقِّهُ فِي الدِّينِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ أَلْفِ عَابِدٍ لَا فِقْهَ لَهُ وَ لَا رِوَايَةَ.


10. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Mahboub, from Muawiya Bin Waheyb who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about two men, one of them an understanding narrator of Ahadeeth, and the other a worshipper, there isn’t for him like his narrations’. He (a.s.) said: ‘The narrator of the Ahadeeth, the one pondering in the Religion is superior than a thousand worshippers, there neither being any understanding for him nor narrating’’.