27. Regarding the imams (asws), they (asws) are those allah (azwj) said regarding them (asws), they (asws) are inheritors of the book and they (asws) are the ones preceding with the goodness

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حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ الْمُثَنَّى عَنْ أَبِي سَلَّامٍ الْمَرْعَشِيِّ عَنْ سَوْرَةَ بْنِ كُلَيْبٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا فَمِنْهُمْ ظالِمٌ لِنَفْسِهِ وَ مِنْهُمْ مُقْتَصِدٌ وَ مِنْهُمْ سابِقٌ بِالْخَيْراتِ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ‏ قَالَ السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ الْإِمَامُ‏.


1. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Bin Fazzal, from Humeyd Bin Al Musanna, from Abu Sallam Al Mar’ashy, from Sowrat Bin Kuleyb who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about the Words of Allah Blessed and Exalted: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. So, for them is one who is unjust to himself, and from them is a moderate one, and from them is one who precedes with the deeds of goodness by the Permission of Allah. [35:32]. He (a.s.) said: ‘The ones preceded with the deeds of goodness is the Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ مُيَسِّرٍ عَنْ سَوْرَةَ بْنِ كُلَيْبٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ‏ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا فَمِنْهُمْ ظالِمٌ لِنَفْسِهِ وَ مِنْهُمْ مُقْتَصِدٌ وَ مِنْهُمْ سابِقٌ بِالْخَيْراتِ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ‏ قَالَ السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ الْإِمَامُ.


2. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Yahya Al Halby, from Ibn Muskan, from Muyasser, from Sowrat Bin Kuleyb who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about Words of Allah Blessed and Exalted: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. So, for them is one who is unjust to himself, and from them is a moderate one, and from them is one who precedes with the deeds of goodness by the Permission of Allah. [35:32]. He (a.s.) said: ‘The one precedes with the good deeds is the Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْأَهْوَازِيِّ عَنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ يَحْيَى الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ مُيَسِّرٍ عَنْ سَوْرَةَ بْنِ كُلَيْبٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع أَنَّهُ قَالَ: فِي هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا الْآيَةَ قَالَ السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ الْإِمَامُ فَهِيَ فِي وُلْدِ عَلِيٍّ وَ فَاطِمَةَ ع‏.


3. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Ahwazy, from Al Nazr, from Yahya Al Halby, from Ibn Muskan, from Muyassar, from Sowrat Bin Kuleyb, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said regarding this Verse: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. [35:32] – the Verse. He (a.s.) said: ‘The one preceding with the good deeds is the Imam (a.s.), and it is regarding the sons (a.s.) of Ali (a.s.) and (Syeda) Fatima (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا صَفْوَانُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ يُونُسَ وَ هِشَامٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ع قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا فَمِنْهُمْ ظالِمٌ لِنَفْسِهِ وَ مِنْهُمْ مُقْتَصِدٌ وَ مِنْهُمْ سابِقٌ بِالْخَيْراتِ‏ قَالَ الْإِمَامُ.


4. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Abdul Jabbar who said, ‘It is narrated to us by Safwan Bin Yahya, from Yunus and Hisham, ‘From Abu Al-Hassan Al-Ridha (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I asked him (a.s.) about Words of Allah Mighty and Majestic: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. So, for them is one who is unjust to himself, and from them is a moderate one, and from them is one who precedes with the deeds of goodness [35:32], he (a.s.) said: ‘The Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ بُرُزْجٍ‏ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا فَمِنْهُمْ ظالِمٌ لِنَفْسِهِ وَ مِنْهُمْ مُقْتَصِدٌ وَ مِنْهُمْ سابِقٌ بِالْخَيْراتِ‏ قَالَ الْإِمَامُ.


5. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Mansour Burzij, from Suleyman Bin Khalid who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about Words of Allah the Exalted: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. So, for them is one who is unjust to himself, and from them is a moderate one, and from them is one who precedes with the deeds of goodness [35:32], he (a.s.) said: ‘The Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا فَمِنْهُمْ ظالِمٌ لِنَفْسِهِ وَ مِنْهُمْ مُقْتَصِدٌ وَ مِنْهُمْ سابِقٌ بِالْخَيْراتِ‏ قَالَ السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ الْإِمَامُ.


6. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Abu Nasr, from Abdul Kareem, from Suleyman Bin Khalid, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I asked him (a.s.) about Words of Allah Mighty and Majestic: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. So, for them is one who is unjust to himself, and from them is a moderate one, and from them is one who precedes with the deeds of goodness [35:32]. He (a.s.) said: ‘The ones preceded with the good deeds is the Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُوسَى عَنِ الْخَشَّابِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَسَّانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ فِي قَوْلِهِ‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ‏ الْآيَةَ قَالَ إِيَّانَا عَنَى السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ الْإِمَامُ‏.


7. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Musa, from Al Khashab, from Ali Bin Hassan, from Abdul Rahman Bin Kaseer, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) regarding His Words: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance [35:32] – the Verse. He (a.s.) said: ‘It means by the one preceding with the good deeds, the Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ بُكَيْرٍ وَ فُضَيْلٍ وَ بُرَيْدٍ وَ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع‏ فِي هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا قَالَ السَّابِقُ الْإِمَامُ‏.


8. It is narrated to us by Ibn Yazeed, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Ibn Uzina, from Bukeyr, and Fuzeyl, and Bureyd, and Zurara, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) regarding this Verse: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. [35:32]. He (a.s.) said: ‘The preceding one is the Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ مُيَسِّرٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ‏ الْآيَةَ قَالَ السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ الْإِمَامُ‏.


9. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Al Hassan, from Ibn Uzina, from Ibn Bukeyr, from Muyassar who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about the Words of Allah Blessed and Exalted: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance [35:32] – the Verse. He (a.s.) said: ‘The one preceding with the good deeds is the Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا سَلَمَةُ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ مُوسَى الْأَصَمِّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لَهُ‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا إِلَى قَوْلِهِ‏ وَ مِنْهُمْ سابِقٌ بِالْخَيْراتِ‏ قَالَ الْإِمَامُ.


10. It is narrated to us by Salama, from Al Husayn Bin Musa Al Asamma, from Al Husayn Bin Umar who said, ‘I said to him (a.s.), ‘Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. – up to His Words: and from them is one who precedes with the deeds of goodness [35:32]’. He (a.s.) said: ‘The Imam (a.s.))’’.




حَدَّثَنَا سَلَمَةُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ أَبِي عِمْرَانَ الْأَرْمَنِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي السَّلَّامِ عَنْ سَوْرَةَ بْنِ كُلَيْبٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ قَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ‏ الْآيَةَ قَالَ فِينَا نَزَلَتْ وَ السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ الْإِمَامُ‏.


11. It is narrated to us by Salama Bin Al Khattab, from Abu Imran Al Azmani, from Abu Al Sallam, from Sowrat Al Kuleyb who said, ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about the Words of the Exalted: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance [35:32] – the Verse. He (a.s.) said: ‘It was Revealed regarding us (a.s.), and the one preceding with the good deeds, is the Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُصَدِّقٍ عَنْ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا قَالَ هُمْ آلُ مُحَمَّدٍ ص وَ السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ هُوَ الْإِمَامُ‏.


12. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Al Hassan, from Amro Bin Saeed, from Musaddiq, from Ammar, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) (regarding): Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. [35:32]. He (a.s.) said: ‘They are the Progeny (a.s.) of Muhammad (saww), and the one preceding with the good deeds, he is the Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ فُضَيْلٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ع‏ فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا الْآيَةَ قَالَ السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ هُوَ الْإِمَامُ.


13. It is narrated to us by Abbad Bin Suleyman, from Saeed Bin Sa’ad, from Muhammad Bin Fuzeyl, ‘From Abu Al-Hassan Al-Ridha (a.s.) regarding Words of Allah the Exalted: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. [35:32] – the Verse. He (a.s.) said: ‘The one preceding with the good deeds, he (a.s.) is the Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَامِرٍ عَنِ الرَّبِيعِ بْنِ أَبِي الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَ‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا إِلَى آخِرِهَا قَالَ السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ هُوَ الْإِمَامُ.


14. It is narrated to us by Abdullah Bin Aamir, from Al Rabie Bin Abu Al Khattab, from Ja’far Bin Bashir, from Suleyman Bin Khalid who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about Words of Allah Mighty and Majestic: Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. [35:32] – up to its end. He (a.s.) said: ‘The preceded with the good deeds, he (a.s.) is the Imam (a.s.)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْمُؤْمِنِ الْأَنْصَارِيِّ عَنْ سَالِمٍ الْأَشَلِ‏ وَ كَانَ إِذَا قَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ لَا يَرْجِعُ حَتَّى يَلْقَى أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ فَخَرَجَ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ قُلْنَا يَا سَالِمُ مَا جِئْتَ بِهِ قَالَ جِئْتُكُمْ بِخَيْرِ الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ‏ ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنا مِنْ عِبادِنا الْآيَةَ قَالَ السَّابِقُ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ هُمُ الْأَئِمَّةُ.


15. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Hammad Bin Isa, from Mansour, from Abdul Momin Al Ansary, from Salim Al Ashal, ‘And it was so that whenever he arrived at Al-Medina, he would not return until he met Abu Ja’far (a.s.). He came out to Al-Kufa, we said, ‘O Salim! What have you come with?’ He said, ‘I have come to you with the good of the world and the Hereafter. I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about the Words of Allah : Then We Gave the Book as an inheritance to those We Chose from among Our servants. [35:32] – the Verse. He (a.s.) said: ‘The ones preceding with the good deeds, they (a.s.) are the Imams (a.s.)’’.