22. Regarding recognising the imams (asws) of guidance from the imams of straying, and they are the false gods and the tyrans and the immoralities

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حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ غَالِبٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: لَمَّا نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الْآيَةُ يَوْمَ نَدْعُوا كُلَّ أُناسٍ بِإِمامِهِمْ‏ قَالَ فَقَالَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَ لَسْتَ إِمَامَ النَّاسِ كُلِّهِمْ أَجْمَعِينَ‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص أَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ إِلَى النَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ وَ لَكِنْ سَيَكُونُ بَعْدِي أَئِمَّةٌ عَلَى النَّاسِ مِنَ اللَّهِ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِي يَقُومُونَ فِي النَّاسِ فَيُكَذَّبُونَ وَ يَظْلِمُهُمْ أَئِمَّةُ الْكُفْرِ وَ الضَّلَالِ وَ أَشْيَاعُهُمْ أَلَا وَ مَنْ وَالاهُمْ وَ اتَّبَعَهُمْ وَ صَدَّقَهُمْ فَهُوَ مِنِّي‏ وَ سَيَلْقَانِي أَلَا وَ مَنْ ظَلَمَهُمْ وَ أَعَانَ عَلَى ظُلْمِهِمْ وَ كَذَّبَهُمْ فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي وَ لَا مَعِي وَ أَنَا مِنْهُ بَرِي‏ءٌ.


1. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Mahboub, from Abdullah Bin Ghalib, from Jabir, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘When this Verse was Revealed: On the Day (of Judgment), We will be Calling every human being with their Imam [17:71], the Muslims said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! Aren’t you (saww) the Imam of the people, all of them in their entirety?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘I (saww) am a Rasool (saww) of Allah to the people in their entirety, but there will be coming from after me (saww), Imams (a.s.) upon the people from Allah , from the People (a.s.) of my (saww) Household, who would be standing among the people but they would be belying them (a.s.) and oppressing them (a.s.) - the imams of the Kufr and the straying, and their adherents. One who befriends them (a.s.), and follows them (a.s.), and ratifies them (a.s.), so he is from me (saww), and with me (saww), and would be meeting me (saww). Indeed! The one who oppresses them (a.s.) and belies them (a.s.), so he is neither from me (saww), nor with me (saww), and I (saww) disavow from him’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ أَبِي وَهْبٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ عَبْداً صَالِحاً ع عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ إِنَّما حَرَّمَ رَبِّيَ الْفَواحِشَ ما ظَهَرَ مِنْها وَ ما بَطَنَ‏ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الْقُرْآنَ لَهُ ظَهْرٌ وَ بَطْنٌ فَجَمِيعُ مَا حُرِّمَ فِي الْكِتَابِ هُوَ الظَّاهِرُ وَ الْبَاطِنُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ أَئِمَّةُ الْجَوْرِ وَ جَمِيعُ مَا أُحِلَّ فِي الْكِتَابِ هُوَ الظَّاهِرُ وَ الْبَاطِنُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ أَئِمَّةُ الْحَقِ‏.


2. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Abu Wahab, from Muhammad Bin Mansour who said, ‘I asked Abd Al-Salih (a.s.) (7 (th) Imam (a.s.)) about Words of Allah Blessed and Exalted: Say: ‘But rather, My Lord Prohibited the immoralities, whatever is apparent from these and whatever is hidden [7:33]. He (a.s.) said: ‘‘The Quran is such that for it there is an apparent and a hidden (meaning). So the entirety of what Allah Prohibited in the Quran, it is the apparent, and the hidden from that are the tyrannical imams (leaders); and the entirety of what Allah the Exalted Permitted in the Book, it is the apparent, and the hidden from that are the Imams (a.s.) of the truth’’.




حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع‏ فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ أَ لَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا نَصِيباً مِنَ الْكِتابِ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْجِبْتِ وَ الطَّاغُوتِ‏ فُلَانٍ وَ فُلَانٍ‏ وَ يَقُولُونَ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا هؤُلاءِ أَهْدى‏ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا سَبِيلًا يَقُولُونَ لِأَئِمَّةِ الضَّلَالِ وَ الدُّعَاةِ إِلَى النَّارِ هَؤُلَاءِ أَهْدَى مِنْ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَوْلِيَائِهِمْ سَبِيلًا أُولئِكَ الَّذِينَ لَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ وَ مَنْ يَلْعَنِ اللَّهُ فَلَنْ تَجِدَ لَهُ نَصِيراً أَمْ لَهُمْ نَصِيبٌ مِنَ الْمُلْكِ‏ يَعْنِي الْإِمَامَ وَ الْخِلَافَةَ فَإِذاً لا يُؤْتُونَ النَّاسَ نَقِيراً عَنِ‏ النَّاسِ الَّذِينَ عَنَى اللَّهُ.


3. It is narrated to us by Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Ibn Uzina, from Bureyd Al Ijaly, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) regarding Words of Allah Blessed and Exalted: Have you not seen those Given a portion of the Book? They are believing in the false god and the tyrant [4:51]: ‘So and so, and so and so (Abu Bakr and Umar). and they are saying to those who are committing Kufr, ‘They are more guided of the way than those who are believing’. [4:51]. They are saying for the leaders of misguidance and the callers to the Fire, ‘They are better guides than the Progeny (a.s.) of Muhammad (saww) and their (a.s.) friends, of the way. They are those whom Allah has Cursed; and the one whom Allah Curses, so you will never find there being a helper for him [4:52]. Or is there for them a share in the Kingdom? – meaning the Imam (a.s.) (Imamate) and the Caliphate. (If) So, they would not be giving the people (even) the speck of the date stone [4:53] – about the people, those whom Allah Meant (Imams (a.s.))’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى‏ وَ إِذا فَعَلُوا فاحِشَةً قالُوا وَجَدْنا عَلَيْها آباءَنا وَ اللَّهُ أَمَرَنا بِها قُلْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لا يَأْمُرُ بِالْفَحْشاءِ أَ تَقُولُونَ عَلَى اللَّهِ ما لا تَعْلَمُونَ‏ فَقَالَ أَ رَأَيْتَ أَحَدٌ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَ بِالزِّنَاءِ وَ شُرْبِ الْخَمْرِ أَوْ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ هَذِهِ الْمَحَارِمِ فَقُلْتُ لَا فَقَالَ مَا هَذِهِ الْفَاحِشَةُ الَّتِي يَدَّعُونَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَ بِهَا فَقُلْتُ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ وَ وَلِيُّهُ‏ قَالَ فَإِنَّ هَذِهِ فِي أَئِمَّةِ الْجَوْرِ ادَّعَوْا أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَهُمْ بِالايتِمَامِ بِقَوْمٍ لَمْ يَأْمُرِ اللَّهُ بِالايتِمَامِ بِهِمْ فَرَدَّ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَ أَخْبَرَنَا أَنَّهُمْ قَدْ قَالُوا عَلَيْهِ الْكَذِبَ فَسَمَّى اللَّهُ‏ مِنْهُمْ فَاحِشَةً.


4. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Muhammad Bin Mansour who said, ‘I asked him (a.s.) about the Words of Allah Mighty and Majestic [7:28] And when they commit an immorality they say: We found our fathers doing this, and Allah has Commanded us for it. Say: Surely, Allah does not Command for immoralities; are you saying against Allah what you do not know?. He (a.s.) said: ‘Have you ever seen anyone claiming that Allah Commanded with the adultery, and drinking of the wine, or anything from these Prohibitions?’ I said, ‘No’. He (a.s.) said: ‘What are these immoralities that they are claiming that Allah Commanded with these?’ I said, ‘Allah and His Guardian (a.s.) are more Knowing’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So this is regarding the tyrannical imams (leaders) who are claiming that Allah Commanded them to be the imams (leaders) of the people. Allah did not Command them with being their imams (leaders). Thus, Allah Rebutted it upon them and Informed that they have said a lie upon Him , and He Termed that as being an immorality from them’’.