21. Regarding the difference between the imams (asws) of justice from progeny (asws) of muhammad (saww) and the imams (leaders) of tyranny from others, by the interpretation of rasool-allah (saww) and the imams (asws)

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حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ وَ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ بِغَيْرِ هَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ يَرْفَعُهُ إِلَى طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: قَرَأْتُ فِي كِتَابِ أَبِي الْأَئِمَّةُ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ إِمَامَانِ إِمَامُ هُدًى وَ إِمَامُ ضَلَالٍ فَأَمَّا أَئِمَّةُ الْهُدَى فَيُقَدِّمُونَ أَمْرَ اللَّهِ قَبْلَ أَمْرِهِمْ وَ حُكْمَ اللَّهِ قَبْلَ حُكْمِهِمْ وَ أَمَّا أَئِمَّةُ الضَّلَالِ فَإِنَّهُمْ يُقَدِّمُونَ أَمْرَهُمْ قَبْلَ أَمْرِ اللَّهِ وَ حُكْمَهُمْ قَبْلَ‏ حُكْمِ اللَّهِ اتِّبَاعاً لِأَهْوَائِهِمْ وَ خِلَافاً لِمَا فِي الْكِتَابِ‏.


1. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Mansour, from Talha Bin Zayd and Muhammad Bin Abdul Jabbar with other than this chain, raising it to Talha Bin Zayd, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘I (a.s.) read in the book of my (a.s.) father (a.s.): ‘The Imams in the Book of Allah (azwj) are two (type of) Imams – An Imam (a.s.) of guidance and an imam of straying. As for the Imams (a.s.) of guidance, they (a.s.) giving priority to the Commands of Allah (azwj) before their (a.s.) orders, and Judgment of Allah (azwj) before their (a.s.) decisions; and as for the imams of straying, they are giving priority to their own orders before the Commands of Allah (azwj), and their own decisions before the Judgments of Allah (azwj), by following their whims and in opposition to what is in the Book’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ ع قَالَ قَالَ: الْأَئِمَّةُ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ إِمَامَانِ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى‏ وَ جَعَلْناهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَهْدُونَ بِأَمْرِنا لَا بِأَمْرِ النَّاسِ يُقَدِّمُونَ أَمْرَ اللَّهِ قَبْلَ أَمْرِهِمْ وَ حُكْمَ اللَّهِ قَبْلَ حُكْمِهِمْ وَ قَالَ‏ وَ جَعَلْناهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَدْعُونَ إِلَى النَّارِ يُقَدِّمُونَ أَمْرَهُمْ قَبْلَ أَمْرِ اللَّهِ وَ حُكْمَهُمْ قَبْلَ حُكْمِ اللَّهِ وَ يَأْخُذُونَ بِأَهْوَائِهِمْ خِلَافاً لِمَا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ.


2. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Ali, from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Talha Bin Zayd, ‘Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.) having said: ‘The Imams in the Book of Allah (azwj) are two (types of) Imams. Allah (azwj) Blessed and Exalted Said: ‘And We made them as Imams guiding by Our Command [21:73], not by the instructions of the people. They (a.s.) advance the Commands of Allah (azwj) before their (a.s.) own orders, and Judgment of Allah (azwj) before their (a.s.) own decisions. And Said: ‘And We Made them imams calling to the Fire, [28:41]. They are advancing their own orders before the Commands of Allah (azwj), and their own decisions before the Judgments of Allah (azwj), and taking with their own whims in opposition to what is in the Book of Allah (azwj)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلَاءِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ‏ إِنَّ الدُّنْيَا لَا تَكُونُ إِلَّا وَ فِيهَا إِمَامَانِ بَرٌّ وَ فَاجِرٌ فَالْبَرُّ الَّذِي قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى‏ وَ جَعَلْناهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَهْدُونَ بِأَمْرِنا وَ أَمَّا الْفَاجِرُ فَالَّذِي قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى‏ وَ جَعَلْناهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَدْعُونَ إِلَى النَّارِ وَ يَوْمَ الْقِيامَةِ لا يُنْصَرُونَ‏.


3. It is narrate to us by one of our companions, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Safwan Bin Yahya, from Al Husayn bin Abu Al A’ala, from Abu Baseer, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.), he (the narrator) said, ‘I heard him (a.s.) saying: ‘Surely, the words cannot exist unless and in it are two Imams, a righteous one and an immoral one, those Allah (azwj) the Exalted Said: And We made them as Imams guiding by Our Command [21:73]. And as for the immoral, they are those Allah (azwj) the Exalted Said: And We Made them imams calling to the Fire, and on the Day of Judgment, they will not be helped [28:41]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: لَا يُصْلِحُ النَّاسَ إِلَّا إِمَامٌ عَادِلٌ وَ إِمَامٌ فَاجِرٌ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَقُولُ‏ وَ جَعَلْناهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَهْدُونَ بِأَمْرِنا وَ قَالَ‏ وَ جَعَلْناهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَدْعُونَ إِلَى النَّارِ.


4. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from usman Bin Isa, from Ali, from Abu Baseer, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘The people cannot be corrected except and there is a just Imam (a.s.) and an immoral one. Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Saying: And We made them as Imams guiding by Our Command [21:73], and Said: And We Made them imams calling to the Fire, [28:41]’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ الْأَعْمَشِ‏ عَنْ أَبِي صَادِقٍ عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ نَاجِدٍ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ ع قَالَ: الْأَئِمَّةُ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ أَبْرَارُهَا أَئِمَّةُ أَبْرَارِهَا وَ فُجَّارُهَا أَئِمَّةُ فُجَّارِهَا ثُمَّ تَلَا هَذِهِ الْآيَةَ وَ جَعَلْناهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَدْعُونَ إِلَى النَّارِ وَ يَوْمَ الْقِيامَةِ لا يُنْصَرُونَ‏.


5. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Amro bin Usman Al Amsh, from Abu Sadiq, from Rabie Bin Najid, ‘The Imams from Quraysh, its righteous ones are righteous Imams (a.s.), and it’s immoral ones are immoral imams’. Then he (a.s.) recited this Verse: And We Made them imams calling to the Fire, and on the Day of Judgment, they will not be helped [28:41]’’.