2. Rewards of the teacher and the student

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قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ وَ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَاصِمٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص‏ إِنَّ مُعَلِّمَ الْخَيْرِ يَسْتَغْفِرُ لَهُ دَوَابُّ الْأَرْضِ وَ حِيتَانُ الْبَحْرِ وَ كُلُّ ذِي رُوحٍ فِي الْهَوَاءِ وَ جَمِيعُ أَهْلِ السَّمَاءِ وَ الْأَرْضِ وَ إِنَّ الْعَالِمَ وَ الْمُتَعَلِّمَ فِي الْأَجْرِ سَوَاءٌ يَأْتِيَانِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَفَرَسَيْ رِهَانٍ يَزْدَحِمَانِ.


1. He said, ‘It was narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Abdul Rahman Bin Abu Najran and Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Amro Bin Aasim from Al Mufazzal Bin Salim, from Jabir, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Surely, the good teacher, there seek Forgiveness for him, animals of the earth, and fishes of the sea, and all with a soul in the air, and the entirety of the inhabitants of the sky and the earth, and that the teacher and the student are equal in the Recompense. They will both come on the Day of Qiyamah like two pledged racing horses’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ السَّعِيدِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ الْقَدَّاحِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ ع قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ‏ مَنْ سَلَكَ طَرِيقاً يَطْلُبُ فِيهِ عِلْماً سَلَكَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى بِهِ طَرِيقاً إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَ إِنَّ الْمَلَائِكَةَ لَتَضَعُ أَجْنِحَتَهَا لِطَالِبِ الْعِلْمِ رِضاً بِهِ وَ إِنَّهُ لَيَسْتَغْفِرُ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ‏ وَ مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ حَتَّى الْحُوتُ فِي الْبَحْرِ وَ فَضْلُ الْعَالِمِ عَلَى الْعَابِدِ كَفَضْلِ الْقَمَرِ عَلَى سَائِرِ النُّجُومِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ وَ إِنَّ الْعُلَمَاءَ لَوَرَثَةُ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ إِنَّ الْأَنْبِيَاءَ لَمْ يُوَرِّثُوا دِينَاراً وَ لَا دِرْهَماً إِنَّمَا وَرَّثُوا الْعِلْمَ‏.


2. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Al Saeed, from Hammad Bin Isa, from Abdullah Bin Maymoun Al Qaddah, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.), from his (a.s.) father (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘One who travels a path in which he seeks knowledge, Allah (azwj) the Exalted would Cause him to travel a path to the Paradise, and the Angels would place down their wings for a seeker of the knowledge being pleased with him, and there would seek Forgiveness for him, ones in the skies and ones in the earth, to the extent of the fishes in the sea. And a merit of the scholar (as) over the worshipper, is like a merit of the moon over the rest of the stars on the night of the full moon, and that the scholars are inheritors of the Prophets (as). The Prophets (as) do not leave for inheritance Dinars nor Dirhams, but rather they leave the knowledge as an inheritance’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ‏ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: طَالِبُ الْعِلْمِ يَسْتَغْفِرُ لَهُ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ الْحِيتَانُ فِي الْبِحَارِ وَ الطَّيْرُ فِي جَوِّ السَّمَاءِ.


3. It is narrated by Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Abdul Rahman Bin Al Hajjaj, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘The seeker of knowledge, all things seek Forgiveness for him, and the fishes in the sea, and the birds in the atmosphere of the sky’’.




حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ جَمِيعَ دَوَابِّ الْأَرْضِ لَتُصَلِّي عَلَى طَالِبِ الْعِلْمِ حَتَّى الْحِيتَانُ فِي الْبَحْرِ.


4. It is narrated to us by Al Hassan Bin Ali, from Al Abbas Bin Aamir, from Fuzeyl Bin Usman, from Abu Ubeyda, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘The entirety of the animals of the earth send Salawaat upon the seeker of knowledge, to the extent of the fishes in the sea’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَيْفٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي جَابِرٌ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ مُعَلِّمَ الْخَيْرِ لَتَسْتَغْفِرُ لَهُ دَوَابُّ الْأَرْضِ وَ حِيتَانُ الْبَحْرِ وَ كُلُّ صَغِيرَةٍ وَ كَبِيرَةٍ فِي أَرْضِ اللَّهِ وَ سَمَائِهِ.


5. It is narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Al Husayn Bin Sayf, from his father, from Amro Bin Shimr who said, ‘Jabir narrated to me, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘The good teacher, there tend to seek Forgiveness for him, animals of the earth, and fishes of the sea, and every small and large in the earth of Allah (azwj) and His (azwj) sky’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَيْفٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ وَهْبِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ الصَّبَّاحِ النَّخَعِيِّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي جَرِيرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْبَجَلِيُّ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ص قَالَ: أَوْحَى اللَّهُ إِلَيَّ أَنَّهُ مَنْ سَلَكَ مَسْلَكاً يَطْلُبُ فِيهِ الْعِلْمَ سَهَّلْتُ لَهُ طَرِيقاً إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ.


6. It is narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Al Husayn Bin Sayf, from his father, from Wahab Bin Saeed, from Al Husayn Bin Al Sabbah Al Nakhaie who said, ‘It is narrated to me by Jareer Bin Abdullah Al Bajali, ‘From the Prophet (saww) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) Revealed to me (saww): “One who travels a way seeking the knowledge in it, I (saww) shall Ease for him a path to the Paradise’’.




حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَيْفٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ عَمْرٍو النَّخَعِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ ع قَالَ: طَالِبُ الْعِلْمِ يُشَيِّعُهُ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ مَلَكٍ مِنْ مَفْرَقِ السَّمَاءِ يَقُولُونَ رَبِّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ.


7. It is narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Al Husayn Bin Sayf, from his father, from Suleyman Bin Amro Al Nakhaie, form Abdullah Bin Al Hassan Bin Al Hassan Bin Ali, from his father, ‘From Ali (a.s.) having said: ‘The seeker of knowledge is escorted by a thousand Angels from the separate skies saying, ‘Lord (azwj)! Send Salawaat upon Muhammad (saww) and Progeny (a.s.) of Muhammad (saww)’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَبِي الْمِقْدَامِ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ الْجُعْفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ‏ الْعَالِمُ وَ الْمُتَعَلِّمُ شَرِيكَانِ فِي الْأَجْرِ لِلْعَالِمِ أَجْرَانِ وَ لِلْمُتَعَلِّمِ أَجْرٌ وَ لَا خَيْرَ فِي سِوَى ذَلِكَ.


8. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Mahboub, from Amro Bin Abu Al Miqdam, from Jabir Bin Yazeed Al Jufy, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘The teacher and the student are both participants in the Recompense. There are two Recompenses for the teacher, and for the student there is one Recompense, and there is no good in (anything) besides that’’.




حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ وَ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع فَقَالَ: إِنَّ الَّذِي تَعَلَّمَ الْعِلْمَ مِنْكُمْ لَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِ الَّذِي يُعَلِّمُهُ وَ لَهُ الْفَضْلُ عَلَيْهِ تَعَلَّمُوا الْعِلْمَ مِنْ حَمَلَةِ الْعِلْمِ وَ عَلِّمُوهُ إِخْوَانَكُمْ كَمَا عَلَّمَكُمُ الْعُلَمَاءُ.


9. It is narrated to us by Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Amro Bin Usman, and al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazzal, altogether from Jameel Bin Darraj, from Muhammad Bin Muslim, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘The one from you who learns the knowledge, there would be a Recompense for him similar to the one who taught it, and for him (teacher) would be a merit upon him (student). Learn the knowledge from the bearers of knowledge and teach it to your brethren just as the scholars taught you’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ‏ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع‏ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْعَالِمُ أَعْظَمُ أَجْراً مِنَ الصَّائِمِ الْقَائِمِ الْغَازِي فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَ إِذَا مَاتَ ثُلِمَ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ ثُلْمَةٌ لَا يَسُدُّهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ.


10. It is narrated to us by Abdullah Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Ali Bin Asbat, from one of his companion, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Amir Al-Momineen (a.s.) said: ‘The Momin, the scholar is of a greater Recompense than the Fasting one, the one standing (for Salat), the fighter in the Way of Allah (azwj), and when he dies, such a crack is cracked in Al-Islam, nothing can fill it up to the Day of Qiyamah’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ مَنْ عَلَّمَ خَيْراً فَلَهُ مِثْلُ‏ أَجْرِ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهِ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ عَلَّمَهُ غَيْرَهُ يَجْرِي ذَلِكَ لَهُ قَالَ إِنْ عَلَّمَهُ النَّاسَ كُلَّهُمْ جَرَى لَهُ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ مَاتَ قَالَ وَ إِنْ مَاتَ.


11. It is narrated us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Abu Hamza, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘One who teaches a good, for him would be a Recompense similar to the one who acts with it’. I said, ‘Supposing if he were to teach someone else, would that (also) flow for him?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘If he teaches the people, all of them, it would flow for him (the original teacher)’. I said, ‘Supposing he has died?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘And even if he has died’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ دَوَابَّ الْأَرْضِ لَتُصَلِّي عَلَى طَالِبِ الْعِلْمِ حَتَّى الْحِيتَانُ فِي الْمَاءِ.


12. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Fuzeyl Bin Usman, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘The animals of the earth tend to send Salawaat upon the seeker of knowledge, to the extent of the fishes in the sea’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ عَنِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولُ‏ مَنْ عَلَّمَ خَيْراً فَلَهُ‏ أَجْرُهُ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ عَلَّمَ ذَلِكَ غَيْرَهُ قَالَ يَجْرِي لَهُ وَ إِنْ عَلَّمَهُ النَّاسَ كُلَّهُمْ وَ زَادَ فِيهِ بَعْضُهُمْ قُلْتُ وَ إِنْ مَاتَ قَالَ وَ إِنْ مَاتَ.


13. It is narrated to us by Ahmad, from Al Barqy, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Ali Bin Yaqteen, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘One who teaches a good, for him would be his Recompense’. I said, ‘Supposing he (learner) were to teach that to someone else?’ He (saww) said: ‘It would flow for him (teacher), and even if he were to teach the people, all of them’. And one of them has an addition in it: ‘I said, ‘And if he (teacher) has died?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘And even if he has died’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يُوسُفَ عَنْ مُقَاتِلِ بْنِ مُقَاتِلٍ عَنِ الرَّبِيعِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمُسْلِمِيِّ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ يَغْدُو فِي طَلَبِ الْعِلْمِ وَ يَرُوحُ إِلَّا خَاضَ مِنَ الرَّحْمَةِ خَوْضاً.


14. It is narrated to us by Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Ali, from Al Husayn Bin Ali Bin Yusuf, from Muqatil Bin Muqatil, from Al Rabie Bin Muhammad Al Muslimy, from Jabir, ‘From Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘There is none from a servant who moves in seeking the knowledge and strives, except he is splashed from the Mercy with a splashing’’.




حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ عَنِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: الْعَالِمُ وَ الْمُتَعَلِّمُ فِي الْأَجْرِ سَوَاءٌ.


15. It is narrated to us by Ahmad, from Al Barqy, from Suleyman Al Ja’fari, from a man, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘The teacher and the student are equal in the Recompense’’.




حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَمَّادِ الْحَارِثِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ‏ يَجِي‏ءُ الرَّجُلُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَ لَهُ مِنَ الْحَسَنَاتِ كَالسَّحَابِ الرُّكَامِ‏ أَوْ كَالْجِبَالِ الرَّوَاسِي فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ أَنَّى لِي هَذَا وَ لَمْ أَعْمَلْهَا فَيَقُولُ هَذَا عِلْمُكَ الَّذِي عَلَّمْتَهُ النَّاسَ يُعْمَلُ بِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِكَ.


16. It is narrated to us by Abdullah Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Muhammad Bin Al Hammad Al Harisy, from his father, ‘From Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘A man would come on the Day of Qiyamah and for him would be of the good deeds like the layered clouds, or like the lofty mountains. He will say, ‘O Lord (azwj)! Where is for me and I did not do these?’ He (azwj) will Say: “This is your knowledge which you taught, the people acted with it from after you’’.