7. What has come regarding the owned slaves

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فضالة عن داود بن فرقد قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام: يقول: في كتاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله إذا: استعملتم ما ملكت ايمانكم في شئ يشق عليهم فاعملوا معهم فيه قال: وإن كان أبى يأمرهم فيقول: كما أنتم فيأتي فينظر فإن كان ثقيلا قال: بسم الله ثم عمل معهم وإن كان خفيفا تنحى عنهم

1. Fazalat, from Dawood Bin Farqad who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘(It was written) in a letter of Rasool-Allah (saww): ‘Whenever you utilise what your right hands possess (owned slaves) regarding something which is grievous upon them, so work along with them in it’. He (a.s.) said: ‘And it was so that my (a.s.) father (a.s.) would order them (the slaves) and he (a.s.) was saying: ‘(Keep working) as you are’. And he (a.s.) would come over and look, and if it was heavy (work), he (a.s.) would say: ‘In the Name of Allah ’, then he (a.s.) would work along with them, and if it was light (work), he (a.s.) would leave them alone’.

فضالة عن أبان بن عثمان عن زياد بن أبي رجاء عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام وعن أبي سخل عن سلمان قال: بينا انا جالس عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله إذا قصد له رجل فقال يا رسول الله: المملوك فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ابتلى بك وبليت به لينظر الله عز وجل كيف تشكر وينظر كيف يصبر

2. Fazalat, from Aban Bin Usman, from Ziyad Bin Abu Raja’a, from Abu Abdullah (a.s.), and from Abu Sakhal, from Suleyman who said, ‘While I was seated in the presence of Rasool-Allah (saww) when a man came over to him (saww) and said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! The owned slaves’. So Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘An affliction with you and you have been Tried with for Allah Mighty and Majestic to see how you thank Him and He would See how patient you are’.

فضالة عن ابان عن عبد الله بن طلحة عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال استقبل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله رجل من بنى فهد وهو يضرب عبدا له والعبد يقول أعوذ بالله فلم يقلع الرجل عنه فلما أبصر العبد برسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله قال: أعوذ بمحمد فاقلع الرجل عنه الضرب فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: يتعوذ بالله فلا تعيذه ويتعوذ بمحمد فتعيذه والله أحق ان يجار عايذه من محمد فقال الرجل: هو حر لوجه الله فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله والذي بعثني بالحق نبيا لو لم تفعل لواقع وجهك حر النار

3. Fazalat, from Aban, from Abdullah Bin Talha, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) faced towards a man from the Clan of Fahd and he was hitting a slave of his, and the slave was saying, ‘I seek Refuge with Allah !’, but the man did no desist from him. So when the slave saw Rasool-Allah (saww), he said, ‘I seek refuge with Muhammad (saww)!’. So the man abstained from striking. Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘He sought Refuge with Allah but you did not shelter him, and he sought refuge with Muhammad (saww) you sheltered him, and Allah is more rightful with protection of His Refuge than Muhammad (saww) is’. So the man said, ‘He is hereby free for the Face of Allah ’. Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘By the One Who Sent me (saww) with the Truth as a Prophet (saww)! If you had not done so, your face would have surely met the heat of the Fire’.