2. The etiquette and the urging upon the goodness

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حدثنا الحسين بن سعيد عن فضالة بن أيوب عن أبي المغرا * عن زيد الشحام عن عمرو بن سعيد بن هلال قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام انى لا ألقاك الا في السنين فأوصني بشئ حتى آخذ به قال: أوصيك بتقوى الله الورع والاجتهاد وإياك ان تطمح إلى من فوقك وكفى بما قال الله عز وجل لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: فلا تعجبك أموالهم ولا أولادهم وقال: ولا تمدن عينيك إلى ما متعنا به أزواجا منهم زهرة الحياة الدنيا فان خفت شيئا من ذلك فاذكر عيش رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فإنما كان قوته من الشعير وحلواه من التمر وقوده من السعف إذا وجده وإذا أصبت بمصيبة في نفسك أو مالك أو ولدك فاذكر مصابك برسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فان الخلايق لم يصابوا بمثله قط


1. Al Husayn Bin Saeed narrated to us, from Fazalat Bin Ayoub, from Abu Al Magra, from Zayd Al Shaham, from Amro Bin Saeed Bin Hilal who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘I do not meet you (asws) except after two years, therefore advise me with something until I take with it’. He (asws) said: ‘I advise you with the fear of Allah (azwj), the devoutness and the striving. And beware of coveting to the one above you, and suffice with what Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic said to Rasool-Allah (saww) [9:55] Let not then their property and their children excite your admiration. And Said [20:131] And do not stretch your eyes after that with which We have Provided wedded pairs of them, blossoms of the life of the world. So if you fear anything from that, then remember the life of Rasool-Allah (saww), and it was so that his (asws) staple diet was from the barley, and his (saww) sweet was from the dates, and his (saww) fuel was from foliage leaves when he (saww) found it. And whenever you are hit with a difficulty regarding yourself or your wealth or your children, so remember your difficulty (to be little) than (that of) Rasool-Allah (saww), for the mannerisms the likes of his (saww) cannot be achieved at all’.




فضالة بن أيوب عن الفضيل بن عثمان عن عبيد بن زرارة قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: انى لأبغض رجل يرضى ربه بشئ لا يكون فيه أفضل منه فان رأيته يطيل الركوع قلت: يا نفس وان رايته يطيل السجود قلت يا نفس


2. Fazalat Bin Ayoub, from Al Fazeyl Bin Usman, from Ubeyd Bin Zurara who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘I (asws) hate a man who tries to please his Lord (azwj) with something the superior than what he does not possess, so if you were to see him prolonging the Rukou (Bowings), say, ‘O soul!’, and if you were to see him prolonging the Sujoud (Prostrations), say, ‘O soul!’’.




حدثنا علي بن النعمان عن ابن مسكان عن سليمان بن خالد عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: الا أخبركم بالاسلام فرعه واصله وذروته سنامه؟ قلت بلى جعلت فداك قال: إما أصله فالصلاة واما فرعه قال زكاة واما ذروته وسنامه فالجهاد


3. Ali Bin Al Numan narrated to us, from Ibn Muskan, from Suleyman Bin Khalid, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) having said: ‘Shall I (asws) inform you with Al-Islam, its branch and its root, and its pinnacle, its peak?’ I said, ‘Yes, may I be sacrificed for you (asws)’. He (asws) said: ‘As for its root, so (it is) the Salat, and as for its branch, (it is) Zakat, and as for its pinnacle, its peak, so (it is) the Jihad’.




حماد بن عيسى عن إبراهيم بن عمر اليماني يرفع الحديث إلى علي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام انه كان يقول: إن أفضل ما يتوسل به المتوسلون إلى الله الايمان بالله ورسوله والجهاد في سبيل الله وكلمة الاخلاص فإنها الفطرة وأقام الصلاة فإنها الملة وايتاء الزكاة فإنها من فرايض الله وصوم شهر رمضان فإنه جنة من عذابه وحج البيت فإنه منفاة للفقر وداحضة الذنب وصلة الرحم فإنها مثراة للمال ومنسأة في الاجل وصدقة السر فإنها تذهب الخطيئة وتطفى غضب الرب وصنايع المعروف فإنها تدفع ميتة السوء وتقى مصارع الهوان الا فاصدقوا فإن الله مع من صدق وجانبوا الكذب فان الكذب يجانب الايمان الا الاوان الصادق على شفا نجاة وكرامة الاوان الكاذب على شفا مخزاة وهلكة الا وقولوا خيرا تعرفوا به واعملوا به تكونوا من أهله وأدوا الأمانة إلى من أئتمنكم وصلوا أرحامكم وعودوا بالفضل عليهم


4. Hammad Bin Isa, from Ibrahim Bin Umar Al Yamani, (It has been narrated) raising the Hadeeth to Ali (asws) Bin Abu Talib (asws), he (asws) was saying: ‘The most superior of what the pleaders to Allah (azwj) can plead with is the Eman in Allah (azwj) and His (azwj) Rasool (saww), and the Jihad in the Way of Allah (azwj), and the sincere word, for these are the natural (things), and establish the Salat for it is the Religion, and give the Zakat for it is from the Impositions of Allah (azwj), and Fast the Month of Ramazan for it is a shield from His (azwj) Punishment, and perform Hajj of the House (Kabah) for it is a negation of the poverty and invalidation of the sins, and help the relatives for it inherits the wealth and postpones the term (death), and give charities secretly, for it removes the sins and extinguishes the Wrath of the Lord (azwj). And do the good (deeds) for it repels the evil death, and piety is a fighter (against) the humiliation. Indeed! Be truthful, for Allah (azwj) is with the true speech, and keep aside from the lies for the lie keeps the Eman aside. Indeed! The variety of the truthful ones are upon the verge of salvation and prestige, and the varieties of the lying ones are upon the verge of disgrace and destruction. Indeed! And be saying the good (words), you will be recognised by, and act with it to become from its rightful ones, and pay back the entrustments to the one who entrusts you, and help your relatives and repeat the grace upon them’.




القاسم وفضالة عن أبان بن عثمان عن الصباح بن سيابه قال: سمعت كلاما يروى عن النبي (ص) أنه قال: السعيد من سعد في بطن أمه والشقي من شقى في بطن أمه والسعيد من وعظ بغيره وأكيس الكيس التقى وأحمق الحمق الفجور واشر الرواية رواية الكذب وأشر الأمور محدثاتها واشر العمى عمى القلب واشر الندامة حين يحضر أحدكم الموت وأعظم الندامة ندامة يوم القيامة وأعظم الخطأ عند الله لسان كذب و أشر الكسب كسب الربا وشر الاكل اكل مال اليتيم ظلما وأحسن زينة الرجل هدى حسن مع ايمان واملك امره به وقوله خواتمه ومن يبتغي السمعة يسمع الله بن ومن يثق بالدنيا يعجز عنه ومن يعرف البلاء يصبر عليه ومن لا يعرفه ينكل والذنب كفر ومن يستكبر يضعه الله ومن يطع الشيطان يعص الله ومن يعص الله يعذبه ومن يشكره يزده قال قاسم في حديثه: ومن يصبر على الرزية يعقبه الله ومن يتوكل على الله فحسبه الله لا تسخطوا الله برضا أحد من خلقه ولا تقربوا إلى أحد من الخلق يتباعد من الله فان الله ليس بينه وبين أحد من خلقه شئ يعطيه به خيرا أو يدفع عنه سوءا الا بطاعته وان طاعة الله نجاح من كل خير يبتغي ونجاة من كل شر يتقى وأن الله يعصم من أطعه ولا يعصم من عصاه ولا يجد الهارب من الله مهربا وأن أمر الله نازل على حاله ولو كره الخلايق وكل ما هو آت قريب ما شاء الله كان وما لم يشاء لم يكن تعاونوا على البر والتقوى ولا تعانوا على الاثم العدوان واتقوا الله ان الله شديد العقاب


5. Al Qasim and Fazalat, from Aban Bin Usman, from Al Sabbah Bin Sayaba who said, ‘I heard a speech being reported from the Prophet (saww) having said: ‘The fortunate is the one who is fortunate in the belly of his mother and the wretched is one who is wretched in the belly of his mother. And the fortunate is the one who advises others; and the cleverest of the clever is the pious one, and the most evil is the devourer who devours the wealth of the orphans unjustly. And the best adornment of the man is guidance, excellent with the Eman and controlling of his affairs with it, and his word is his insignia; and the one who seeks the reputation, Allah (azwj) would Kill his reputation; and the one who relies with the world would be frustrated from it; and the one who recognises the affliction would be patient upon it, and the one who does not recognise it would be deterred; and the sin is disbelief; and the one who is arrogant, Allah (azwj) would Place him down; and the one who obeys Satan (la) disobeys Allah (azwj), and the one who disobeys Allah (azwj), He (azwj) would Punish him, and the one who thanks Him (azwj), He (azwj) would Increase it’. Qasim said in his Hadeeth, ‘(He (saww)) said: ‘The one who is patient upon the disaster Allah (azwj) would Supervise him (Look after his future); and the one who relies upon Allah (azwj), so Allah (azwj) would suffice him; neither should you Anger Allah (azwj) by pleasing anyone from His (azwj) creatures, nor should you get closer to anyone from the people by distancing from Allah (azwj), for Allah (azwj) is such that there is nothing between Him (azwj) and anyone from His (azwj) creatures one can get goodness with it or dispel an evil from him except by being in His (azwj) obedience is achievement of every goodness sought and salvation from every evil feared. And Allah (azwj) will Protect the one who obeys Him (azwj) and will not Protect the one who disobeys him, and the fleer would not (be able to) find an escape (refuge) from Allah (azwj), and that the Command of Allah (azwj) will descend upon his state and every though the creatures may be averse; and everything what is to come, is close by; whatever Allah (azwj) Desires will happen, and whatever He (azwj) does not Desire will not happen; assist each other upon the righteousness and the piety and do not assist each other upon the sin, the transgression, and fear Allah (azwj), surely Allah (azwj) is Intense of the Punishment’.




القاسم وفضالة عن ابان عن الحسن الصيقل قال سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام من تفكر ساعة خير من قيام ليلة؟ قال: نعم وقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: تفكر ساعة خير من قيام ليلة قلت: كيف فيتفكر؟ قال: يمر بالخربة وبالدار يتفكر فيقول أين ساكنوك وأين بانوك مالك لا تتكلمين؟


6. Al Qasim and Fazalat, from Aban, from Al Hassan Al Sayqal who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘The one who ponders for a while is better than one who stands (to pray Salat) at night?’ He (asws) said: ‘Yes, and Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Pondering for a while is better than standing (praying Salat) at night’. I said, ‘So should one be pondering?’ He (asws) said: ‘He would pass by the ruins and the houses; he would ponder, so he would be saying, ‘Where your dwellers are, and where are your builders? What is the matter you are not speaking?’




محمد بن أبي عمير عن النضر عن (أبى سيار) ابن سنان عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في خطبة: الا أخبركم بخير خلايق الدنيا والآخرة؟: العفو عمن ظلمكم والاحسان إلى من أساء إليك واعطاء من حرمكم وقال رسول الله (ص): في التباغض الحالقة لا أعني حالقة الشعر ولكن أعنى حالقة الدين


7. Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Al Nazar, from Abu Sayyar Ibn Sinan, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said in a sermon: ‘Shall I (saww) inform you all with the best of the mannerisms of the world and the Hereafter? (These are) the pardoning of the one who wrongs you, and the favours to the one who offends you, and giving to the one who deprives you’. And Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘In the hatred there is the destruction. I (saww) don’t mean destruction of the body, but I (saww) mean destruction of the Religion’.




فضالة بن أيوب عن عبد الله بن يزيد عن علي بن يعقوب قال: قال لي أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: لا يغرنك الناس من نفسك فان الاجر يصل إليك دونهم ولا تقطع عنك النهار بكذا وكذا فان معك من يحفظ عليك ولا تستقل قليل الخير فإنك تراه غدا بحيث يسرك ولا تستقل قليل الشر فإنك تراه غدا بحيث يسؤك وأحسن فانى لم أر شيئا أشد طلبا ولا أسرع دركا من حسنة لذنب قديم ان الله تبارك وتعالى يقول: إن الحسنات يذهبن السيئات ذلك ذكرى للذاكرين


8. Fazalat Bin Ayoub, from Abdullah Bin Yazeed, from Ali Bin Yaqoub who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) said to me: ‘Don’t let people deceive you from yourself, for the Recompense would arrive to you besides them, nor cut off the day from you with such and such, for with you could be one who would preserve upon you, nor belittle the little good (deed) for you could see it tomorrow with what would cheer you up. Don’t belittle the little evil (deed) for you could see it tomorrow with where is would harm you, and do good deeds, for I (asws) do not see anything more difficult to seek nor quicker in realisation than a good deed for an old sin (committed). Allah (azwj) Blessed and High is Saying [11:114] surely good deeds take away evil deeds; that is a Reminder to the mindful’.




عثمان بن عيسى عن سماعة قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول لرجل: مالكم تسوؤن برسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله؟ فقال له الرجل: جعلت فداك وكيف نسوؤه؟ فقال: أما تعلمون ان أعمالكم تعرض عليه فإذا رأى فيها معصية لله سائه ذلك فلا تسوؤا برسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسروه


9. Usman Bin Isa, from Sama’at who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying to a man: ‘What is the matter with you all hurting Rasool-Allah (saww)?’ So the man said to him (asws), ‘May I be sacrificed for you (asws)! And how are we hurting him (saww)?’ So he (asws) said: ‘Are you not knowing that your deeds are presented to him (saww). So when he (saww) sees therein a disobedience to Allah (azwj), that hurts him (saww), therefore do not hurt Rasool-Allah (saww), but (rather try) to please him (saww)’ (with good deeds).




عثمان بن عيسى عن سماعة قال: سمعت أبا الحسن موسى عليه السلام يقول لا تستكثروا كثير الخير ولا تستقلوا قليل الذنوب فان قليل الذنوب تجتمع حتى يصير كثيرا وخافوا الله في السر والعلانية حتى تعطوا من أنفسكم النصف وسارعوا إلى طاعة الله واصدقوا الحديث وأدوا الأمانة فان ذلك لكم ولا تظلموا ولا تدخلوا فيما لا يحل لكم فإنما ذلك عليكم


10. Usman Bin Isa, from Sama’at who said, ‘I heard Abu Al-Hassan Musa (asws) saying: ‘Do not consider a lot of good (deeds) as being a lot, nor consider a few sins as being a few, for the few sins would accumulate until they come to be a lot; and be fearing of Allah (azwj) in the private and the public until you give the half from yourselves; and rush to the obedience of Allah (azwj) and be truthful of the narrations, and pay back the entrustments, for that would be for you, and not be unjust nor enter into what is not Permissible for you, for that would be against you’.




الحسن بن محبوب عن علي بن رئاب عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: من أحب لله ومن أبغض لله وأعطى لله فهو ممن كمل ايمانه


11. Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Ali Bin Raib, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘The one who loves for (the Sake of) Allah (azwj) and the one who hates for (the Sake of) Allah (azwj), and gives for (the Sake of) Allah (azwj), so he is from the ones of perfect Eman’.




وعنه عليه السلام قال: من أوثق عرى الايمان أن تحب لله وتبغض لله وتعطى في الله وتمنع في الله


12. And from him (asws) having said: ‘From the firmest bonds of Eman is that you should love for (the Sake of) Allah (azwj), and you should hate for (the Sake of) Allah (azwj), and you should give regarding Allah (azwj) and deprive regarding Allah (azwj)’.




النضر بن سويد عن زرعة عن أبي بصير قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن قول الله تعالى: قوا أنفسكم وأهليكم نارا وقودها الناس والحجارة فقلت: هذه نفسي أقيها فكيف أقي أهلي؟ فقال: تأمرهم بما أمر الله به وتنهاهم عما نهاهم الله عنه فان أطاعوك كنت قد وقيتهم وان عصوك كنت قد قضيت ما كان عليك


13. Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Zur’at, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (asws) about the Words of Allah (azwj) the Exalted [66:6] O you who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel are the human beings and stones, and I said, ‘This is my own self, I can save it, but how can I save my family?’ So he (asws) said: ‘You should instruct them with what Allah (azwj) has Commanded with, and prevent them from what Allah (azwj) has Forbidden them from. So if they were to obey you, you would have save them, and if they disobey you, you would have fulfilled whatever (obligation) was upon you’.




النضر بن سويد عن حسن عن أبي بصير قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن قول الله عز وجل: اتقوا الله حق تقاته، فقال: يطاع فلا يعصى ويذكر فلا ينسى ويشكر فلا يكفر


14. Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Hassan, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (asws) about the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [3:102] O you who believe! Fear Allah with the piety which is due to Him, so he (asws) said: ‘Obey (Allah (azwj)) and do not disobey, and remember (Allah (azwj)) and do not forget, and thank (Allah (azwj)) and do not disbelieve’.




النظر بن سويد عن درست عن أبي سلمة عن أبي يعقوب قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: ثلاثة لا يطيقهن الناس: الصفح عن الناس ومواساة الرجل في ماله وذكر الله كثيرا قال ابن أبي (أبو) يعقوب قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام من وصف عدل وخالفه إلى غيره كان عليه حسرة يوم القيامة


15. Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Dorost, from Abu Salma, from Abu Yaqoub who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘There are three things the people cannot endure – (Asking for) pardon from the people, and be content with the wealth a man has, and Mentioning Allah (azwj) frequently’. Ibn Abu Yafour said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘The one who happens (to be upon) justice but then opposes it for something else, upon him would be regret on the Day of Judgment’.




(عن) النضر عن إبراهيم بن عبد الحميد عن زيد الشحام قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: احذروا سطوات الله بالليل والنهار، فقلت: وما سطوات الله؟ قال: أخذه على المعاصي


16. From Al Nazar, from Ibrahim Bin Abdul Hameed, from Zayd Al Shahaam who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘Be cautious of the Onslaughts of Allah (azwj) by the night and day’. So I said, ‘And what are the Onslaughts of Allah (azwj)?’ He (asws) said: ‘Him (azwj) Seizing upon the disobedience’.




الحسن بن محبوب عن أبي حمزة الثمالي قال: سمعت علي بن الحسين عليهما السلام يقول: من عمل بما فرض الله عليه فهو من خير الناس ومن اجتنبت ما حرم الله عليه فهو من أعبد الناس ومن قنع بما قسم الله له فهو من أغنى الناس


17. Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Abu Hamza Al Sumaly who said, ‘I heard Ali (asws) Bin Al-Hassan (asws) saying: ‘The one works for what Allah (azwj) has Imposed upon him so he is from the best of the people, and the one who keeps aside from what Allah (azwj) has Prohibited upon him, so he is from the most worshipping of the people, and the one who is content with what Allah (azwj) has Distributed for him, so he is from the richest of the people’.




علي بن النعمان عن ابن مسكان عن داود فن فرقد عن أبي شيبة الزهري عن أحدهما عليهما السلام أنه قال: ويل لمن لا يدين الله بالامر بالمعروف والنهى عن المنكر قال: ومن قال: لا إله إلا الله فلن يلج ملكوت السماء حتى يتم قوله بعمل صالح ولا دين لمن دان الله بغير امام عادل ولا دين لمن دان الله بطاعة ظالم وقال: كل قوم ألهاهم التكاثر حتى زار والمقابر قال ومن أحسن ولم يسئ خير ممن أحسن وأساء ومن أحسن وأساء خير ممن أساء ولم يحسن وقال: الوقوف عند الشبهة خير من الاقتحام في الهلكة


18. Ali Bin Al Numan, from Ibn Muskan, from Dawood Bin Farqad, from Abu Shayba Al Zuhry, (It has been narrated) from one of the two (5th or 6th Imam (asws)) having said: ‘Woe be unto the one who does not make it a Religion of Allah (azwj) with the enjoining of the good and forbidding from the evil’. He (asws) said: ‘The one who says, ‘There is no god except for Allah (azwj)’, so it will never penetrate the kingdom of the skies until he completes his words with righteous deeds. And there is no Religion for the one who makes it a Religion of Allah (azwj) without a just Imam (asws), nor is there a Religion for the one who makes it a Religion of Allah (azwj) by obedience to an oppressor’. And he (asws) said: ‘Every people, the abundance have diverted them until they visit the (grad) dead (soulless rich/rulers)’. He (asws) said: ‘The one who favours and does not insult, he is better than the one who does a favour and insults; and the one who favours and insults is better than the one who insults and does not do a favour’. And he (asws) said: ‘The pausing during the doubts (confusing issues) is better than storming into the destruction’.




فضالة عن فضيل بن عثمان عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قلت له أوصني قال: أوصيك بتقوى الله وصدق الحديث وأداء الأمانة وحسن الصحابة لمن صحبك وإذا كان قبل طلوع الشمس وقبل الغروب فعليك بالدعاء واجتهد ولا تمتنع بشئ تطلبه من ربك ولا تقل: هذا ما لا أعطاه وادع فان الله يفعل ما يشاء


19. Fazalat, from Fazeyl Bin Usman, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), said, ‘I said to him (asws), ‘Advise me’. He (asws) said: ‘I (asws) advise you with the fear of Allah (azwj) and truthful narration, and paying back the entrustment, and good companionship to the one who accompanies you. And whenever it is before the emergence of the sun and before the setting, so upon you is with the supplication and striving, and do not abstain from seeking anything from your Lord (azwj), and do not say, ‘This is what He (azwj) did not Give’, and plead, for Allah (azwj) Does whatever He (azwj) so Desires to’.




فضالة عن قيس الهلالي عن عجلان أبى صالح قال قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام انصف الناس من نفسك وواسهم من مالك وارض لهم ما ترضى لنفسك واذكر الله كثيرا وإياك والكسل والضجر فان أبى بذلك كان يوصيني وبذلك كان يوصيه أبوه وذلك في صلاة الليل انك إذا كسلت لم تؤد إلى الله حقه وإذا ضجرت لم تؤد إلى أحد حقه


20. Fazalat, from Qays Al Hilaly, from Ajlan Abu Salih who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘Be fair to the people from yourself and share from your wealth, and be pleased for them what you are pleased with yourself, and mention Allah (azwj) a lot, and beware of the laziness and the dullness, for with that my (asws) father (asws) had advised me (asws), and with that his (asws) father (asws) had advised him (asws) regarding the night Salat. You, when you are lazy will not pay to Allah (azwj) His (azwj) Right, and when you are dull, you will not pay to anyone his rights’.




الحسين بن علي الكلبي عن عمرو بن خالد عن زيد بن علي عن آبائه عن علي عليهم السلام قال: استأذن رجل من أهل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فقال: يا رسول الله أوصني قال له: أوصيك ان لا تشرك بالله شيئا وان قطعت و أحرقت بالنار ولا تعص والديك وان أرادا ان تخرج من دنياك فاخرج منها ولا تسب الناس وإذا لقيت أخاك المسلم فالقه ببشر حسن وصب له من فضلك دلوك، أبلغ من لقيت من المسلمين عنى السلام وادع الناس إلى الاسلام وأيقن ان لك بكل من أجابك عتق رقبة من ولد يعقوب وأعلمهم ان الصغراب عليهم حرام يعنى النبيذ وهو الخمر وكل مسكر حرام


21. Al Husayn Bin Ali Al Kalby, from Amro Bin Khalid, from Zayd Bin Ali, from his forefathers, (It has been narrated) from Ali (asws) having said: ‘A man from the family of Rasool-Allah (saww) sought permission, and he said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! Advise me’. He (saww) said to him: ‘I (saww) advise you that you should not associate anything with Allah (azwj), and even if you are cut (into pieces) and burnt with the fire, nor should you be harsh with your parents and even if they both intend to throw you out from your world, so exit from it. And you should not insult the people, and when you meet your Muslim brother so meet him with cheerfulness, goodly pouring to him from your grace, delivering to the one who meets you from the Muslims the greetings on my (saww) behalf, and invite the people to Al-Islam, and be certain that for you with everyone who responds, would be a (Reward) of freeing one from the children of Yaqoub (as), and let them know that Al-Sagraab is Prohibited upon them, meaning Al-Nabeez, and it is the wine, and every intoxicant is Prohibited’.




إبراهيم بن أبي البلاد عن أبيه عن بعض أصحابنا رفعه إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله قال: جاء اعرابي إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فاخذ بغرز راحلته وهو يريد بعض غزواته فقال: يا رسول الله علمني عملا ادخل به الجنة فقال ما أجبت ان يأتيه الناس إليك فاته إليهم وما كرهت ان يأتيه إليك فلا تأته إليهم خل سبيل الراحلة


22. Ibrahim Bin Abu Al Balad, from his father, from one of our companions, (It has been narrated) raising it to the Prophet (saww) having said: ‘A Bedouin came over to the Prophet (saww) and grabbed the saddle of his (saww) ride, and he (saww) was intending one of his (saww) military expedition, so he said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! Teach me a deed I can enter the Paradise by it’. So he (saww) said: ‘Whatever fascinates you that the people should bring it to you, so give it to them, and whatever you dislike that it should be brought to you, so do not give it to them. Free the way of the ride!’




ابن النعمان عن داود بن فرقد قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: إن العمل الصالح ليذهب إلى الجنة فيسهل لصاحبه كما يبعث الرجل غلاما فيفرش له ثم قرأ: إما الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات فلأنفسهم يمهدون


23. Ibn Al Numan, from Dawood Bin Farqad who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘The righteous deed will take (its performer) to the Paradise, and it would ease for its owner just as the man sends a slave to prepare his bed for him’. Then he (asws) recited: ‘And as for those who believe [30:44] and whoever does righteous deeds, so it is for their own selves that they are preparing’.




الحسين بن علوان عن عثمان بن ثابت عن جعفر عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لعلى عليه السلام يا علي أوصيك في نفسك بخصال فاحفظا عنى - اللهم أعنه - إما الأولى - فالصدق لا يخرجن من فيك كذبة أبدا والثانية - الورع، لا تجترين على خيانة أبدا والثالثة - الخوف من الله كأنك تراه والرابعة - فالبكاء من خشية الله يبنى لك بكل دمعة بيت في الجنة والخامسة - بذل مالك ودمعك دون دينك والسادسة - الاخذ بسنتي في صلاتي وصومي وصدقتي فاما صلاتي فالإحدى وخمسون واما صومي فثلاثة أيام من كل شهر في أوله ووسطه و آخره واما صدقتي فجهدك حتى يقال: أسرفت ولم تسرف وعليك بصلاة الليل وعليك بصلاة الليل وعليك بصلاة الليل وعليك بصلاة الزوال وعليك بصلاة الزوال وعليك بصلاة الزوال وعليك بتلاوة القرآن على كل حال وعليك برفع يديك في دعائك وتقليبها وعليك بالسواك عند كل وضوء وصلاة وعليك بمحاسن الأخلاق فارتكبها وعليك بمساويها فاجتنبها فإن لم تفعل ما أوصيك به فلا تلم غير نفسك


24. Al Husayn Bin Alwan, from Usman Bin Sabit, (It has been narrated) from Ja’far (asws), from Abu Ja’far (asws) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said to Ali (asws): ‘O Ali (asws)! I (saww) advise you (asws) with regards to yourself (asws) with (certain) characteristics, therefore preserve these from me (saww). As for the first – so it is the truthfulness. A lie should not come out from your (asws) mouth, ever! And the second – the devoutness. You (azwj) must not be audacious upon a betrayal, ever! And the third – The fear from Allah (azwj) as if you can see Him (azwj). And the fourth – The wailing out of fear from Allah (azwj). There would be built for you (asws), with every teardrop, a house in the Paradise. And the fifth - Sacrificing your (asws) wealth and your (asws) tears for your (asws) Religion. And the sixth – The adopting of my (saww) Sunnah regarding my (saww) Salat, and my (saww) charities. So, as for my (saww) Salat, it is fifty one, and as for my (saww) Soam (Fasting), it is of three days from every month, during its beginning, and its middle, and its end. And as for my (saww) charities, so you (asws) should strive until it is said you (asws) have been extravagant, and you (asws) would not have been extravagant. And upon you (asws) is with the night Salat; and upon you (asws) is with the night Salat; and upon you (asws) is with the night Salat; and upon you (asws) is with the midday Salat; and upon you (asws) is with the midday Salat; and upon you (asws) is with the midday Salat. And upon you (asws) is with the recitation of the Quran upon every state; and upon you (asws) is with raising your (asws) hands during your (asws) supplication and their flipping over; and upon you (asws) is with the tooth-brushing during every Wudou (Ablution), and Salat; and upon you (asws) is with the excellent mannerisms, therefore adopt these; and upon you (asws) is with bad mannerisms is to shun these, for if you do not do what I (saww) advising you (asws), then you (asws) cannot blame other than yourself (asws)’.




محمد بن سنان عن كليب الأسدي قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: تواصلوا وتباروا وتراحموا وكونوا اخوة بررة كما امركم الله


25. Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Kaleyb Al Asady who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘Help each other and be merciful to each other and become righteous brethren just as Allah (azwj) Commanded you all’.




محمد بن سنان عن كليب الأسدي عن حسن بن مصعب عن سعد بن طريف عن أبي جعفر عليه السلا قال: صانع المنافق بلسانك وأخلص ودك للمؤمن وان جالسك يهودي فأحسن مجالسته


26. Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Kalyeb Al Asady, from Hassan Bin Mas’ab, from Sa’d Bin Tareyf, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) having said: ‘Deal with the hypocrite with your tongue, and be sincere in your cordiality to the Momin, and if a Jew were to sit with you (asws), so be good in his sitting’.




محمد بن سنان عن يوسف بن عمران عن يعقوب بن شعيب قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: إن الله أوحى إلى آدم عليه السلام انى جامع لك الكلام كله في أربع كلم قال: يا رب وما هن؟ فقال: واحدة لي وواحدة لك وواحدة فيما بيني وبينك وواحدة فيما بينك وبين الناس فقال: يا رب بينهن لي حتى اعمل بهن قال: إما التي لي فتعبدني لا تشرك بي شيئا واما التي لك فأجزيك بعملك أحوجك ما تكون إليه واما التي بيني وبينك فعليك الدعاء وعلى الإجابة واما التي بينك وبين الناس فترضى للناس ما ترض لنفسك


27. Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Yusuf Bin Imran, from Yaqoub Bin Shuayb who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘Allah (azwj) Revealed unto Adam (as): “I (azwj)have Gathered the speech for you (saww), all of it in four speeches”. He (as) said: ‘O Lord (azwj)! And what are these?’ So He (azwj) Said: “One is for Me (azwj), and one is for you (as), and one is regarding what is between Me (azwj) and you (as), and one is regarding what is between you (as) and the people”. So he (as) said: ‘O Lord (azwj)! O Lord (azwj)! Explain these to me until I act upon these’. He (azwj) Said: “As for that which is for Me (azwj), so you (as) shall worship Me (azwj), not associating anything with Me (azwj). And as for that which is for you (saww), so I (azwj) shall Recompense you (as) for your (as) deeds as needy as you (as) can happen to be to it. And as for what which is between Me (azwj) and you (as), so upon you (as) is the supplicating and upon Me (azwj) is the Answering. And as for that which is between you (as) and the people, so be pleased for the people what you (as) are pleased for yourself (as)’.




محمد بن سنان عن حسين بن أسامة قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: لا تكون مؤمنا حتى تكون خائفا راجيا حتى تكون عاملا لما تخاف وترجو


28. Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Husayn Bin Asama who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘You cannot happen to be a Momin until you happen to be fearful, hopeful, until you happen to be working for what you fear of and you hope for’.




محمد بن سنان عن أبي معاذ عن أبي أراكة قال:: صليت خلف علي عليه السلام الفجر في مسجد كم هذا فانتفل عن يمينه وكان عليه كآبة حتى طلعت الشمس على حايط مسجدكم هذا قدر رمح وليس هو عليه اليوم ثم اقبل على القوم فقال: إما والله لقد كان أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وهم يبيتون هذا الليل به يراوحون بين جباههم وركبهم فإذا أصبحوا أصبحوا غبرا صفرا بين أعينهم شبه ركب المعزا فإذا ذكر الله مالوا كما يميل الشجر في يوم الريح وانهملت أعينهم حتى تبل ثيابهم قال: ثم نهض وهو يقول: والله لكأنما بات القوم غافلين ثم لم ير مفترا حتى كان من الفاسق ما كان


29. Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Abu Ma’az, from Abu Araka who said, ‘I prayed the dawn Salat behind Ali (asws) in this Masjid of yours, and he turned towards his (asws) right, and as if there was a sadness upon him (asws) until the emergence of the sun upon a wall of this Masjid of yours of a measurement of a spear, and he (asws) wasn’t his (asws) usual self today. Then he (asws) turned towards the people and he (asws) said: ‘But, by Allah (azwj)! It was so that the companions of Rasool-Allah (saww), they were not sleeping and spending the night along with him (saww), rotating between their foreheads and their knees. So when they came to the morning, they had yellow dead-skin between their eyes resembling the knees of the goat. So when they mentioned Allah (azwj), they were inclining just as the tree tends to incline in a windy day, and their eyes were filled with tears to the extent that they drench/soak their clothes’. He (the narrator) said, ‘Then he (asws) got up and he (asws) was saying: ‘By Allah (azwj)! It is as if these people are sleeping oblivious, then they do not see a slanderer until it happened from the immoral what happened’.




القاسم عن علي عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: سألته عن قول الله عز وجل: الذين يؤتون ما اتوا وقلوبهم وجلة، قال: من شفقتهم ورجائهم يخافون ان ترد إليهم أعمالهم ان لم يطيعوا الله وهو على كل شئ قدير وهم يرجون ان يتقبل منهم


30. Al Qasim, from Ali, from Ali, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), said, ‘I asked him (asws) about the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [23:60] And the ones who give what they give whilst their hearts are full of fear. He (asws) said: ‘From their compassion and their hoping, fearing that their deeds might be rejected from them if they are not obeying Allah (azwj), and He (azwj) is Able upon everything, and they are hoping that He (azwj) would Accept from them’.




فضالة عن أبي المغراء * عن أبي بصير عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله تبارك وتعالى: يؤتون ما أتوا وقلوبهم وجلة، قال: يأتي ما أتى الناس وهو خاش راج


31. Fazalat, from Abu Al Magra’a, from Abu Baseer, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) regarding the Word of Blessed and High [23:60] And the ones who give what they give whilst their hearts are full of fear. He (asws) said: ‘He gives what he is giving to the people and he is fearful (as well as) hopeful’.




عثمان بن عيسى عن سماعة عن أبي بصير والنضر عن عاصم عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: يؤتون ما أتوا وقلوبهم وجلة، قال: يعملون ويعلمون أنهم سيثابون عليه


32. Usman Bin Isa, from Sama’at, from Abu Baseer, and Al Nazar, from Aasim, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) regarding the Words of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [23:60] And the ones who give what they give whilst their hearts are full of fear. He (asws) said: ‘They are working and they are knowing that they are being Rewarded upon it’.




النضر عن ابن سنان عن اليماني * عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: قال الله عز وجل: وعزتي وجلالي وعظيمتي وقدرتي وبهائي وعلوي: لا يؤثر عبد هواي على هواه الا جعلت الغنى في نفسه وهمه في آخرته وكففت عنه ضيعته وضمنت السماوات والأرض رزقة وكنت له من وراء تجارة كل تاجر


33. Al Nazar, from Ibn Sinan, from Al Yamani, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) having said: ‘Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Said: “And by My (azwj) Mighty and My (azwj) Majesty, and My (azwj) Magnificence, and My (azwj) Power, and My (azwj) Glory, and My (azwj) Loftiness! No servant would prefer My (azwj) Desires over his own desires except that I (azwj) shall Make the richness to be within himself and (Make) him to be concerned regarding his Hereafter, and I (azwj) shall Suffice from him of his losses, and the skies and the earth would guarantee (his) sustenance, and I (azwj) would strengthen him (as a Backer) in a trade with every trader’.