15. Weeping

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَا مِنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ إِلا وَلَهُ كَيْلٌ وَوَزْنٌ إِلا الدُّمُوعُ فَإِنَّ الْقَطْرَةَ تُطْفِئُ بِحَاراً مِنْ نَارٍ فَإِذَا اغْرَوْرَقَتِ الْعَيْنُ بِمَائِهَا لَمْ يَرْهَقْ وَجْهاً قَتَرٌ وَلا ذِلَّةٌ فَإِذَا فَاضَتْ حَرَّمَهُ الله عَلَى النَّارِ وَلَوْ أَنَّ بَاكِياً بَكَى فِي أُمَّةٍ لَرُحِمُوا.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mansur ibn Yunus from Muhammad ibn Marwan from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “For everything there is weighing and measuring except tears. One drop of tears can extinguish oceans of fire. If the eyes flood with tears the face will not suffer hardships and humiliation. When tears flow out, Allah makes it forbidden for the fire and if a person weeps in a nation, such nation will receive favors.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/50)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَمِيلَةَ وَمَنْصُورِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَا مِنْ عَيْنٍ إِلا وَهِيَ بَاكِيَةٌ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِلا عَيْناً بَكَتْ مِنْ خَوْفِ الله وَمَا اغْرَوْرَقَتْ عَيْنٌ بِمَائِهَا مِنْ خَشْيَةِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلا حَرَّمَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ سَائِرَ جَسَدِهِ عَلَى النَّارِ وَلا فَاضَتْ عَلَى خَدِّهِ فَرَهِقَ ذَلِكَ الْوَجْهَ قَتَرٌ وَلا ذِلَّةٌ وَمَا مِنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ إِلا وَلَهُ كَيْلٌ وَوَزْنٌ إِلا الدَّمْعَةُ فَإِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يُطْفِئُ بِالْيَسِيرِ مِنْهَا الْبِحَارَ مِنَ النَّارِ فَلَوْ أَنَّ عَبْداً بَكَى فِي أُمَّةٍ لَرَحِمَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ تِلْكَ الأمَّةَ بِبُكَاءِ ذَلِكَ الْعَبْدِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Faddal from abu Jamilah and Mansur ibn Yunus from Muhammad ibn Marwan from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Every eye will be weeping on the Day of Judgment except the eye that has wept for fear of Allah. Any eye that is flooded with tears for fear of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, will make it forbidden for the fire to burn the other parts of his body. Any eye from which tears flow over one’s checks such face will not face any suffering or humiliation. Everything has weighing and measuring tools except tears with a very little of which Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, will extinguish oceans of fire. If a servant (of Allah) weeps in a nation, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, will grant favor to that nation because of the weeping of that one servant (of Allah).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/52)



3ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ مُثَنًّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَا مِنْ قَطْرَةٍ أَحَبَّ إِلَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مِنْ قَطْرَةِ دُمُوعٍ فِي سَوَادِ اللَّيْلِ مَخَافَةً مِنَ الله لا يُرَادُ بِهَا غَيْرُهُ.


3. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Najran from Muthanna al-Hannat from abu Hamza from abu la’ far (a.s.) who has said the following: “No drop is more beloved to Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, than the drop of tears in the dark night for fear of Allah, and is intended to be just for Him alone.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/52)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ وَغَيْرِهِمَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كُلُّ عَيْنٍ بَاكِيَةٌ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِلا ثَلاثَةً عَيْنٌ غُضَّتْ عَنْ مَحَارِمِ الله وَعَيْنٌ سَهِرَتْ فِي طَاعَةِ الله وَعَيْنٌ بَكَتْ فِي جَوْفِ اللَّيْلِ مِنْ خَشْيَةِ الله.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mansur ibn Yunus from Salih ibn Razin and Muhammad ibn Marwan and others from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Every eye on the Day of Judgment will be weeping except three eyes: the eye that was shut closed from looking at things made unlawful by (the laws of) Allah, the eye that spends the night in awake in obedience to Allah and the eye that weeps inside the night for fear of Allah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/53)



5ـ ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ وَدُرُسْتَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ مَا مِنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ إِلا وَلَهُ كَيْلٌ وَوَزْنٌ إِلا الدُّمُوعُ فَإِنَّ الْقَطْرَةَ مِنْهَا تُطْفِئُ بِحَاراً مِنَ النَّارِ فَإِذَا اغْرَوْرَقَتِ الْعَيْنُ بِمَائِهَا لَمْ يَرْهَقْ وَجْهَهُ قَتَرٌ وَلا ذِلَّةٌ فَإِذَا فَاضَتْ حَرَّمَهُ الله عَلَى النَّارِ وَلَوْ أَنَّ بَاكِياً بَكَى فِي أُمَّةٍ لَرُحِمُوا.


5. Ibn abu ‘Umayr has narrated from Jamil ibn Darraj and Drust from Muhammad ibn Marwan who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘everything has weighing and measuring tools except the tears. A drop of tear can extinguish oceans of fire. If the eye floods with tears, that face will not suffer anything or become humiliated. If the eye overflows with tears, Allah makes it forbidden for the fire to burn it and if a person weeps in a nation, that nation will receive favors.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/53)



6ـ ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَوْحَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَى مُوسَى (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ عِبَادِي لَمْ يَتَقَرَّبُوا إِلَيَّ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ أَحَبَّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ ثَلاثِ خِصَالٍ قَالَ مُوسَى يَا رَبِّ وَمَا هُنَّ قَالَ يَا مُوسَى الزُّهْدُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْوَرَعُ عَنِ الْمَعَاصِي وَالْبُكَاءُ مِنْ خَشْيَتِي قَالَ مُوسَى يَا رَبِّ فَمَا لِمَنْ صَنَعَ ذَا فَأَوْحَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَيْهِ يَا مُوسَى أَمَّا الزَّاهِدُونَ فِي الدُّنْيَا فَفِي الْجَنَّةِ وَأَمَّا الْبَكَّاءُونَ مِنْ خَشْيَتِي فَفِي الرَّفِيعِ الأعْلَى لا يُشَارِكُهُمْ أَحَدٌ وَأَمَّا الْوَرِعُونَ عَنْ مَعَاصِيَّ فَإِنِّي أُفَتِّشُ النَّاسَ وَلا أُفَتِّشُهُمْ.


6. Ibn abu ‘Umayr has narrated from a man from certain individuals of his people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, sent revelations to Moses that said, “the most beloved of things to Me with which My servants can seek nearness to Me are three things.” Moses then asked, ‘Lord, what are they?’ The Lord said, ‘One’s reduced interest in worldly matters, restraint from sins and weeping for fear of Me.’ Moses asked, ‘Lord, what is then the reward for one who would do so?’ Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, sent him revelation that said, ‘Moses, people with reduced interest in the world will be in paradise, those weeping for fear of Me will be in a high position with whom no one else will share and those restraining from sins for their reward will have the privilege of freedom from My searching their affairs when I search all other people.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/54)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَكُونُ أَدْعُو فَأَشْتَهِي الْبُكَاءَ وَلا يَجِيئُنِي وَرُبَّمَا ذَكَرْتُ بَعْضَ مَنْ مَاتَ مِنْ أَهْلِي فَأَرِقُّ وَأَبْكِي فَهَلْ يَجُوزُ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَتَذَكَّرْهُمْ فَإِذَا رَقَقْتَ فَابْكِ وَادْعُ رَبَّكَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘When I pray and plead before Allah for help, I like to weep but it does not come through, but if I recall members of my family who have died I may feel weeping. Is that permissible?’ The Imam said, ‘Yes, it is permissible. When you recall them and feel like weeping then pray to your Lord, the Most Blessed, the Most High.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/54)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَنْبَسَةَ الْعَابِدِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ بِكَ بُكَاءٌ فَتَبَاكَ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ‘Anbasah al-‘Abid who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘If you cannot weep then make a weeping-like face.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/56)



9ـ عَنْهُ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ بَيَّاعِ السَّابِرِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنِّي أَتَبَاكَى فِي الدُّعَاءِ وَلَيْسَ لِي بُكَاءٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَلَوْ مِثْلَ رَأْسِ الذُّبَابِ.


9. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from ibn Faddal from Yunus ibn Ya’qub from Sa’Id ibn Yasar Bayya’ al-Sabiri who has said the following: “Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘In my prayer I can only make a weeping-like face, but weeping does not come through.’ The Imam said, ‘Yes, even (tears) of the size of the head of a fly (are very good).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/56)



10ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) لأبِي بَصِيرٍ إِنْ خِفْتَ أَمْراً يَكُونُ أَوْ حَاجَةً تُرِيدُهَا فَابْدَأْ بِالله وَمَجِّدْهُ وَأَثْنِ عَلَيْهِ كَمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ وَصَلِّ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) وَسَلْ حَاجَتَكَ وَتَبَاكَ وَلَوْ مِثْلَ رَأْسِ الذُّبَابِ إِنَّ أَبِي (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) كَانَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ أَقْرَبَ مَا يَكُونُ الْعَبْدُ مِنَ الرَّبِّ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَهُوَ سَاجِدٌ بَاكٍ.


10. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamza who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said to abu Basir, ‘If you are afraid of something or need help, then begin with Allah and His glory and praise Him as He deserves. Then ask Allah’s favors for the Holy Prophet and ask for help, tiy to weep even if your tears are of the size of the head of a fly. Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) would say, ‘a servant (of Allah) in prostration and weeping is in the nearest position to Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy.’”




11ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ الْبَجَلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنْ لَمْ يَجِئْكَ الْبُكَاءُ فَتَبَاكَ فَإِنْ خَرَجَ مِنْكَ مِثْلُ رَأْسِ الذُّبَابِ فَبَخْ بَخْ.


11. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from Isma’Il al-Bajilli from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “If weeping does not come through, make a weeping-like face. If of the size of the head of a fly tears come out that is your sheer good luck indeed.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/58)