3. The consultation

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- عنه، عن جعفر بن محمد الاشعري، عن ابن القداح، عن جعفر بن محمد، عن أبيه (ع) قال: قيل لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: ما الحزم؟ - قال: مشاورة ذوى الرأى واتباعهم.


1. From him, from Ja’far Bin Muhammad Al Ash’ary, from Ibn Al Qadah, (It has been narrated) from Ja’far Bin Muhammad (asws), from his (asws) father (asws) having said: ‘It was said to Rasool-Allah (saww), ‘What is the resoluteness?’ He (saww) said: ‘Consulting the ones with the opinion and then follow them (the Commands)’.




عنه، عن عدة من أصحابنا، عن على بن أسباط، عن عبد الملك بن سلمة، عن السرى بن خالد، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: فيما أوصى به رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله عليا (ع) أن قال: لا مظاهرة أوثق من المشاورة، ولا عقل كالتدبير.


2. From him, from a number of our companions, from Ali Bin Asbaat, from Abdul Malik Bin Salma, from Al Sary Bin Khalid, (It has been reported) from Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘In what Rasool-Allah (saww) bequeathed to Ali (asws) was that he (saww) said: ‘There is no demonstration like the consultation, nor an intellect like the management’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن سنان، عن أبى الجارود، عن أبى جعفر (ع) قال: في التوراة أربعة أسطر: من لا يستشر يندم، والفقر الموت الاكبر، وكما تدين تدان، ومن ملك استأثر.


3. From him, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Abu Al Jaroud, Abu Ja’far (asws) has said: ‘In the Torah there are four lines – The one who does not consult, regrets, and the poverty is the greatest death, and just as you have condemned, you shall be condemned, and the one who is a king would be (held) accounted for’.




عنه، عن موسى بن القاسم، عن جده معاوية وهب، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: استشيروا في أمركم الذين يخشون ربهم.


4. From him, from Musa Bin Al Qasim, from his grandfather Muawiya Wahab, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘Consult with regards to your matter with those who fear their Lord (azwj)’.




عنه، عن عثمان بن عيسى، عن سماعة بن مهران، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: لن يهلك امرء عن مشورة.


5. From him, from Usman Bin Isa, from Sama’at Bin Mahran, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘A person is never destroyed if (he) consults’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عمن ذكره، عن الحسين بن المختار، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: قال على (ع) في كلام له: شاور في حديثك الذين يخافون الله.


6. From him, from his father, from the one who mentioned it, from Al Husayn Al Mukhtar, Abu Abdullah (asws) has narrated that Ali (asws) said in a speech of his (asws): ‘Consult in your discussion with those who are fearing Allah (azwj)’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن معمر بن خلاد، قال: هلك مولى لابي الحسن الرضا (ع) يقال له سعد، فقال: أشر على برجل له فضل وأمانة، فقلت: أنا أشير عليك؟! فقال شبه المغضب: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله كان يستشير أصحابه ثم يعزم على ما يريد. عنه، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبى عمير، عن الفضيل بن يسار، قال: استشارني أبو - عبد الله (ع) مرة في أمر فقلت: أصلحك الله مثلى يشير على مثلك؟! قال: نعم، إذا استشرتك.


7. From him, from his father, from Moamar Bin Khalad who said, ‘A slave of Abu Al-Hassan Al-Reza (asws) called ‘Sa’ad’ passed away, so he (asws) said: ‘Consult with me (asws) for a man of his merit and his trustworthiness’. So I said, ‘I give consultation to you (asws)!?’ So he (asws) said, resembling anger: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) was consulting his (saww) companions, then resolved in doing whatever he (saww) wanted to!’ From him, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Al Fazeyl Bin Yasaar who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) once consulted me with regards to a matter, so I said, ‘May Allah (azwj) Keep you (asws) well! The likes of me consulted by the likes of you (asws)!?’ He (asws) said: ‘Yes, if I (asws) were to consult you’.




عنه، عن عدة من أصحابنا، عن على بن أسباط، عن الحسن بن الجهم، قال: كنا عند أبى الحسن الرضا (ع) فذكرنا أباه (ع) فقال: كان عقله لا يوازن به العقول، وربما شاور الاسود من سودانه فقيل له: تشاور مثل هذا؟! قال: إن الله تبارك وتعالى ربما فتح لسانه، قال: فكانوا ربما أشاروا عليه بالشئ فيعمل به من الضيعة والبستان.


8. From him, from a number of our companions, from Ali Bin Asbaat, from Al Hassan Bin Al Jaham who said, ‘I was in the presence of Abu Al-Hassan Al-Reza (asws), so we mentioned his (asws) father (asws), so he (asws) said: ‘His (asws) intellect cannot be equated to the intellects (of the people), and sometimes he (asws) would consult a black from his (asws) blacks (slave). So, it was said, ‘You (asws) are consulting the likes of these?’ He (asws) said: ‘Perhaps Allah (azwj) the Blessed and High would Open his tongue’. He (asws) said: ‘So, sometimes I (asws) consult with him for something and I (asws) work in accordance with it from the (matters of the) estate and the orchard’.




عنه، عن أبى عبد الله الجامورانى، عن الحسن بن على بن أبى حمزة، عن صندل، عن ابن مسكان، عن سليمان بن خالد، قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله (ع) يقول: استشر - العاقل من الرجال، الورع، فانه لا يأمر إلا بخير، وإياك والخلاف، فان خلاف الورع العاقل مفسدة في الدين والدنيا.


9. From him, from Abu Abdullah Al Jamourany, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Sandal, from Ibn Muskan, from Suleyman Bin Khalid who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘Consult the intellectual from the men, the pious, for he would not order except with the goodness, and beware of the opponents, for the opposite of the pious and the intellectual are the spoilers in the Religion and the world’.




عنه، عن الجامورانى، عن الحسين بن على، عن سيف بن عميرة، عن منصور بن حازم، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: مشاورة العاقل الناصح رشد ويمن وتوفيق من الله، فإذا أشار عيك الناصح العاقل، فاياك والخلاف فان في ذلك العطب.


10. From him, from Al Jamourany, from Al Husayn Bin Ali, from Sayf Bin Umeyra, from Mansour Bin Hazam, Abu Abdullah (asws) has narrated that Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Consultation of the intellectual adviser is guidance, and right, and successfulness from Allah (azwj). So if you were to consult, do so from the intellectual adviser. Beware of the opposition, for in that is the fragility (weakness)’.




عنه، عن الجامورانى، عن الحسن بن على بن أبى حمزة، عن الحسين بن على، عن المعلى عن خنيس، قال: قال أبو عبد الله (ع): ما يمنع أحدكم إذا ورد عليه مالا قبل له به أن يستشير رجلا عاقلا دين وورع؟! ثم قال أبو عبد الله (ع): أما إنه إذا فعل ذلك لم يخذله الله، بل يرفعه الله ورماه بخير الامور وأقربها إلى الله.


11. From him, from Al Jamhourany, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Al Husayn Bin Ali, from Al Moala, from Khunays who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘What is preventing one of you from consulting intellectual men, pious in Religion, when wealth is presented before him?’ Then Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘But, if he were to do that, Allah (azwj) would not Abandon him. But, Allah (azwj) would Raise him and would Cast the best of the affairs on him, and it would bring him closer to Allah (azwj)’.




عنه، عن بعض أصحابنا، عن الحسين بن حازم، عن حسين بن عمر بن يزيد، عن أبيه، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: من استشار أخاه فلم ينصحه محض الرأى سلبه الله رأيه.


12. From him, from one of our companions, from Al Husayn Bin Hazam, from Husayn Bin Umar Bin Yazeed, from his father, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘The one who consults his brother, but he does not advise him with pure opinion, Allah (azwj) would Confiscate his opinion (intellect to give good opinion)’.




عنه عن أحمد بن نوح، عن شعيب النيسابوري، عن عبيدالله بن عبد الله الدهقان، عن أحمد بن عائذ، عن الحلبي، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: إن المشورة لا تكون إلا بحدودها فمن عرفها بحدودها وإلا كانت مضرتها على المستشير أكثر من منفعتها له، فأولها أن يكون الذى يشاور عاقلا، والثانية أن يكون حرا متدينا، والثالثة أن يكون صديقا مؤاخيا، والرابعة أن تطلعه على سرك، فيكون علمه به كعلمك بنفسك، ثم يستر ذلك ويكتمه،


13. From him, from Ahmad Bin Nuh, from Shuayb Al Neshapouri, from Ubeydullah Bin Abdullah Al Dahqan, from Ahmad Bin Aa’iz, from Al Halby, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘The consultation does not take place except with its Limits. So the one who recognises it with its Limits (then fine) otherwise its harm upon the consulting one would be greater than its benefit. So the first of it (Limit) is that the consulted one should be intelligent; and the second is that he should be free (unbiased), a Religious man; and the third is that he should be a truthful, brotherly; and the fourth is that he should be notified of your secret so that his knowledge (of the matter) should become just like your knowledge of it, then he would veil that and conceal it’.




فانه إذا كان عاقلا انتفعت بمشورته، وإذا كان حرا متدينا جهد نفسه في - النصيحة لك، وإذا كان صديقا مواخيا كتم سرك إذا أطلعته على سرك، وإذا أطلعته على سرك فكان علمه به كعلمك تمت المشورة وكملت النصيحة.


14. So if he was intelligent, you would benefit by his consultation, and if he was free (un-bias) and Religious, he would strive hard with himself in the advice to you, and if he was truthful, brotherly, he would conceal your secret when you notify him of your secret; and when you notify him of your secret so that his knowledge was like your knowledge (of the matter), his consultation would be complete (not deficient), and his advice would be complete (as well)’.