52. The etiquettes during the food

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- عنه، عن بعض أصحابنا، رفعه إلى الحسن بن على (ع)، قال: إثنا عشر خصلة ينبغى للرجل أن يتعلمها على الطعام، أربعة منها فريضة، وأربعة منها سنة، وأربعة منها أدب، فأما الفريضة، فالمعرفة، والتسمية، والشكر، والرضا، وأما السنة، فالجلوس على الرجل اليسرى، والاكل بثلاث أصابع، والاكل مما يليه، ومص الاصابع، وأما الادب، فغسل اليدين، وتصغير اللقمة، والمضغ الشديد، وقلة النظر في وجوه القوم.

1. From him, from one of our companions, Al-Husayn (asws) Bin Ali (asws) has said: ‘There are twelve aspects related the food, which is befitting for the man that he should learn these – four of these are Obligatory and four from these are Sunnah, and four from these are etiquettes. As for the Obligatory ones – so it is the recognition (whether it is Permissible or Prohibited), and the Naming (of Allah (azwj) over it), and the thanks (to Allah (azwj) for it), and the pleasure (being pleased with whatever is there). And as for the Sunnah, so it is the sitting of the man upon the left, and the eating with three fingers, and the eating from what follows it, and licking the fingers. And as for the etiquettes, so it is the washing of the two hands, and the smallness of the morsel, and the extensive chewing, and the scarcity of looking at the faces of the people’.