36. The moderation in the eating and its measure

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- عنه، عن أبيه، عن عمرو بن إبراهيم، قال: سمعت أبا الحسن (ع) يقول: لو أن الناس قصدوا في الطعام لاستقامت أبدانهم.

1. From him, from his father, from Amro Bin Ibrahim who said, ‘I heard Abu Al-Hassan (asws) saying: ‘If only the people would be moderate with regards to the food, their bodies would be straightened’.

عنه، عن القاسم بن محمد الاصفهانى، عن سليمان بن داود المنقرى، عن حفص بن غياث، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: ظهر إبليس ليحيى بن زكريا (ع) وإذا عليه معاليق من كل شئ فقال له يحيى: ما هذه المعاليق يا إبليس؟ - فقال: هذه الشهوات التى أصبتها من ابن آدم، قال: فهل لى منها شئ؟ - قال: ربما شبعت فثقلتك عن الصلوة والذكر، قال يحيى: " لله على أن لا أملا بطني من طعام أبدا "، وقال إبليس: " لله على أن لا أنصح مسلما أبدا "، ثم قال أبو عبد الله (ع): يا حفص لله على جعفر وآل جعفر أن لا يملؤا بطونهم من طعام أبدا، ولله على جعفر وآل جعفر أن لا يعملوا للدنيا أبدا.

2. From him, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad Al Isfahany, from Suleyman Bin Dawood Al Manqary, from Hafs Bin Gayas, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘Iblees (la) appeared unto Yahya Bin Zakariyya (as)and there were all kinds of entrapments upon him. So Yahya (as) said to him (la): ‘What are these entrapments upon you (la), O Iblees (la)?’ So he (la) said, ‘These are the desires which I (la) hit the sons of Adam (as) with’. He said: ‘Is there anything from these for me (as)?’ He said, ‘Sometimes you (as) are satiated (from hunger), so the Prayer and the Remembrance becomes heavy for you (as)’. Yahya (as) said: ‘By Allah (azwj)! I (as) shall never fill my (as) belly from food, ever!’ And Iblees (la) said, ‘By Allah (azwj)! I (la) shall never advise a Muslim, ever!’ Then Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘O Hafs! By Allah (azwj)! It is upon Ja’far (asws) and the Progeny of Ja’far (asws) that they would never completely fill their bellies from food, ever! By Allah (azwj)! It is upon Ja’far (asws) and the Progeny of Ja’far (asws) that they would never work for the sake of the world, ever!’

عنه، عن بعض من رواه، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: ليس لابن آدم بد من أكلة يقيم بها صلبه، فإذا أكل أحدكم طعاما، فليجعل ثلث بطنه للطعام، وثلث بطنه للشراب، وثلث بطنه للنفس، ولا تسمنوا كما تمن الخنازير للذبح.

3. From him, from one who reported it, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘It is not inevitable for the son of Adam (as) to eat solids to establish his offspring with. So when one of you eats food, so he should make a third of his belly for the food, and a third of his belly for the drink, and a third of his belly for the breathing, and do not fatten yourselves like the pigs being fattened for the slaughter’.