25. The food regarding the funeral

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- عنه، عن أبيه، عن سعدان، عن أبى بصير، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: ينبغى لصاحب الجنازة أن يلقى رداءه حتى يعرف، وينبغى لجيرانه أن يطعموا عنه ثلاثة أيام


1. From him, from his father, from Sa’dan, from Abu Baseer, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘It is befitting for the owner of the funeral (the bereaved) that he should cast his robe until he is recognised, and it is befitting for his neighbours that they should feed him for three days’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن حريز، عن زرارة، عن أبى جعفر (ع) قال: يصنع للميت الطعام للمأتم ثلاثة أيام بيوم مات فيه.


2. From him, from his father, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Hareyz, from Zarara, Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said: ‘Make for the deceased, the food for the funeral for three days, including the day in which he died’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبى عمير، عن هشام بن سالم، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: لما قتل جعفر بن أبى طالب أمر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فاطمة (ع) أن تتخذ طعاما لاسماء بنت عميس ثلاثة أيام، وتأتيها وتسليها ثلاثة أيام فجرت بذلك السنة أن يصنع لاهل المصيبة ثلاثة أيام طعام.


3. From him, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Hisham Bin Saalim, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘When Ja’far Bin Abu Talib (as) was killed, Rasool-Allah (saww) ordered Syeda Fatima (a.s.) that she (a.s.) should take food to Asma daughter of Umays for three days. She (a.s.) brought it for her and consoled her for three days. Thus, that flowed as the Sunnah to be made for the people of the difficulty (the bereaved), three days of food’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبى عمير، عن حفص بن البخترى، عن أبى - عبد الله (ع) قال: لما قتل جعفر بن أبى طالب أمر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فاطمة (ع) أن تأتى بأسماء بنت عميس هي ونساؤها وتقيم عندها ثلاثا وتصنع لها طعاما ثلاثة أيام.


4. From him, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Hafs Bin Al Bakhtary, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘When Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) was killed, Rasool-Allah (saww) asked Syeda Fatima (a.s.) that she (a.s.) should go to Asma daughter of Umays, she (a.s.) and her (a.s.) ladies, and be with her for three days, and make the food for her for three days’.




عنه، عن أبى عبد الله البرقى، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن مرازم، قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله (ع) يقول: لما قتل جعفر بن أبى طالب دخل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله على أسماء بنت عميس فمسح على رأس ابنها، فقالت: يا رسول الله أحدث في أبيه حدث؟ - فقال: نعم استشهد الله جعفرا وجعل له جناحين من ياقوت يطير مع الملائكة في الجنة، فقالت: يا رسول الله اذكر هذا للناس (وكانت موفقة)، فخرج رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) فصعد المنبر، فأعلم الناس ذلك ثم نزل فدخل فقال: اجعلوا لاهل جعفر طعاما فجرت السنة إلى اليوم.


5. From him, from Abu Abdullah Al Barqy, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Marazam who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘When Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) was killed, Rasool-Allah (saww) came up to Asma daughter of Umays, so he (saww) wiped his (saww) hand upon the head of her son. So she said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! What is the latest which has happened with his father?’ So he (saww) said: ‘Yes. Allah (azwj) Martyred Ja’far (as) and Made for him (as) two wings of Sapphire which he flies by with the Angels in the Paradise’. So she said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! Mention this to the people’. So Rasool-Allah (saww) went out and ascended the Pulpit and let that be known to the people. Then he (saww) descended and entered (the house), so he (saww) said: ‘Make food for the family of Ja’far (as)’. Thus, that flowed as the Sunnah until today’.




عنه، عن بعض أصحابنا، عن العباس بن موسى بن جعفر (ع) قال: سألت أبى عن المأتم؟ - فقال: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لما انتهى إليه قتل جعفر بن أبى طالب دخل على أسماء بنت عميس امرأة جعفر، فقال: أين بنى؟ - فدعت بهم وهم ثلاثة، عبد الله، وعون، ومحمد، فمسح رسول الله رؤوسهم، فقالت: إنك تمسح رؤوسهم كأنهم أيتام؟ - فتعجب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله من عقلها فقال: يا أسماء ألم تعلمي أن جعفرا (رض) استشهد فبكت فقال لها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: لا تبكى فان جبرئيل (ع) أخبرني أن له جناحين في الجنة من ياقوت أحمر، فقالت: يا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لو جمعت الناس وأخبرتهم بفضل جعفر لا ينسى فضله، فعجب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله من عقلها ثم قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: ابعثوا إلى أهل جعفر طعاما، فجرت السنة.


6. From him, from one of our companions, (It has been narrated) from Al-Abbas son of Musa Bin Ja’far (a.s.) who said, ‘I asked my father (a.s.) about the funeral? So he (a.s.) said: ‘When Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) was martyred, Rasool-Allah (saww) came up to Asma Bint Umays, wife of Ja’far (as), so he (saww) said: ‘Where are your sons?’ So she called them and they were three of them – Abdullah, Awn, and Muhammad. So Rasool-Allah (saww) wiped over their heads. She said, ‘You (saww) are wiping their heads as if they are orphans?’ So Rasool-Allah (saww) was astounded from her intellect, so he (saww) said: ‘O Asma! Do you not know that Ja’far (as) has been martyred?’ So she cried. So, Rasool-Allah (saww) said to her: ‘Do not cry, for Jibraeel (as) informed me (saww) that for him are two wings of red Sapphire in the Paradise’. So she said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! If you (saww) could gather the people and inform them of the merit of Ja’far (as) so that they would not forget his (as) merit’. So Rasool-Allah (saww) was astounded by her intellect, then Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Send food to the family of Ja’far (as)’. Thus, that flowed as the Sunnah’.




عنه، عن الحسن بن طريف بن ناصح، عن أبيه، عن الحسين بن زيد، عن عمر بن على بن الحسين، قال: لما قتل الحسين بن على (ع) لبسن نساء بنى هاشم السواد والمسوح وكن لا يتشتكين من حر ولا برد وكان على بن الحسين (ع) يعمل لهن الطعام للمأتم.


7. From him, from Al Hassan Bin Tareyf Bin Nasih, from his father, from Al Husayn Bin Zayd, from Umar Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn who said, ‘When Al-Husayn Bin Ali (a.s.) was martyred, the womenfolk of the Clan of Hashim (as) wore black and coarse clothes, and they became such that they neither complained of the heat nor the cold. And Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.) worked for them upon the (preparation of the) food for the mourning (sessions)’.