6. The Innovation

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عنه، عن أبي يوسف يعقوب بن يزيد، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن حريز رفعه قال: كل بدعة ضلالة، وكل ضلالة سبيلها إلى النار.


1. From him, from Abu Yusuf Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Hareyz, raising it, He (a.s.) said, ‘Every innovation is straying, and every straying, its way is to the Fire’.




عنه، عن بعض أصحابنا، عن محمد بن سنان، عن أبي خالد، عن محمد بن مسلم، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: أدنى الشرك أن يتبدع الرجل رأيا فيحب عليه ويبغض.


2. From him, from one of our companions, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Abu Khalid, from Muhammad Bin Muslim, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘The lowest of Polytheism (Shirk) is the innovation of the man of an opinion, so he loves and hates upon it’.




عنه، عن يعقوب بن يزيد، عن العمي، باسناده قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: أبي الله لصاحب البدعة بالتوبة، قيل: يا رسول الله كيف ذاك؟ - قال: إنه قد أشرب قلبه حبها.


3. From him, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from the general Muslims, by his chain, said, ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Refuses (to Accept) the repentance of the innovator’. It was said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! Why is that?’ He (saww) said: ‘His heart has drunk (from) its love’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن هشام بن الحكم، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام ومحمد بن حمران، عن أبي بصير، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام، قال: كان رجل في الزمان الاول طلب الدنيا من حلال فلم يقدر عليها، فطلبها حراما فلم يقدر عليها، فأتاه الشيطان فقال: يا هذا قد طلبت الدنيا من حلال فلم تقدر عليها، وطلبتها من الحرام فلم تقدر عليها، أفلا أدلك على شئ يكثر به دنياك ويكثر به تبعك؟ - قال، نعم، قال: تبتدع دينا وتدعو إليه الناس، (قال:) ففعل، فاستجاب له الناس فاطأعوه وأصاب من الدنيا (قال:) ثم إنه فكر وقال: ما صنعت شيئا؟ ابتدعت دينا ودعوت الناس إليه، ما أرى لي توبة إلا أن آتى من دعوته إليه فأرده عنه


4. From him, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Hisham Bin Al Hakam, from Abu Abdullah (a.s.); and Muhammad Bin Hamran, from Abu Baseer, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘There was a man in the former times who sought the world by Permissible means, but was not able to. So he sought it by Prohibited means, but he was not able to. So Satan (la) came up to him and said, ‘O you! You have sought the world from Permissible means but you were not able to, and sought it by Prohibited means, but were to able to. Shall I direct you to a thing by which your world would be abundant, and you would have abundant followers?’ He said, ‘Yes’. He (la) said, ‘Innovate a Religion and invite the people towards it’. So he did it. The people responded to him, and he secured (a lot) from the world. Then he thought (to himself) and said, ‘What thing have I done? I innovated a religion and invited the people to it. I do not see repentance for myself except that I should come to the ones I invited, and return them back’. (قال:) فجعل يأتي أصحابه الذين أجابوه فيقول: إن الذي دعوتكم إليه باطل وإنما ابتدعته كذبا، فجعلوا يقولون له: كذبت، هو الحق ولكنك شككت في دينك فرجعت عنه So he went to his companions who has responded to him, so he was saying, ‘That which I have invited to, is false, but rather it was I who innovated it falsely’. So they went on to say, ‘You are lying! But, it is the truth, but you are doubting in your religion, so you have returned from it’. (قال:) فلما رأى ذلك عمد إلى سلسلة فأوتد لها وتدا ثم جعلها في عنقه فقال: لا أحلها حتى يتوب الله علي، (قال:) فأوحى الله تعالى إلي نبي من أنبيائه أن قل لفلان بن فلان: " وعزتي وجلالى لو دعوتني حتى تنقطع أوصالك ما استجبت لك حتى ترد من مات على ما دعوته إليه فيرجع عنه. So when he saw that, he deliberately chained himself, and pegged it to the ground, and chained himself around his neck, and said, ‘I will not release it until Allah (azwj) Turns to me (with Mercy)’. So Allah (azwj) Revealed unto a Prophet (saww) from His (azwj) Prophets (as) : “Say to so and so, son of so and so: “By My (azwj) Honour and My (azwj) Majesty! Even if you supplicate to Me (azwj) until you are cut apart, I (azwj) will not Answer you, until you return everyone who died upon what you had invited him to, but you cannot return him (to life and true faith)’.




عنه، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن معاوية بن وهب، قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: إن لله عند كل بدعة تكون بعدى يكاد بها الايمان وليا من أهل بيتي موكلا به يذب عنه، ينطق بالهام من الله ويعلن الحق وبنوره يرد كيد الكائدين (يعنى عن الضعفاء) فاعتبروا يا أولى الابصار وتوكلوا على الله.


5. From him, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Muawiya Bin Wahab who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘By Allah (azwj), with every innovation which would take place after me (saww) by which the Imaan would be plotted against, there would be a Guardian (a.s.) from the People (a.s.) of my (saww) Household, allocated to defend it (the Imaan). He (a.s.) would speak by the Inspiration from Allah (azwj), and would proclaim the Truth, and by his (a.s.) Light, repel the plots of the plotters (meaning from the weak ones). Therefore, learn a lesson, O people of insight! And rely upon Allah (azwj)’.




عنه، عن يعقوب بن يزيد، عن محمد بن جمهور العمى رفعه قال: من أتى ذا بدعة فعظمه فانما سعى في هدم الاسلام.


6. From him, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Muhammad Bin Jamhour Al A’ma, raising it, He (a.s.) said: ‘The one who comes to an innovator and magnifies him, so he has strived for the destruction of Al-Islam’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن هارون بن الجهم، عن حفص بن عمرو، عن أبي عبد الله، عن أبيه عن علي عليهم السلام قال: من مشى إلى صاحب بدعة فوقرة فقد مشى في هدم الاسلام.


7. From him, from his father, from Haroun Bin Al Jaham, from Hafs Bin Amro, from Abu Abdullah (a.s.), from his father, (It has been narrated) from Ali (a.s.) having said: ‘The one who walks to the innovator, and respected him, so he has walked for the destruction of Al-Islam’.




عنه، عن الحسن بن علي بن فضال، عن عاصم بن حميد، عن محمد بن مسلم، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام، قال: خطب أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام الناس فقال: أيها الناس إنما بدء وقوع الفتن أهواء تتبع، وأحكام تبتدع، يخالف فيها كلام الله، يقلد فيها رجال رجالا، ولو أن الباطل خلص لم يخف على ذي حجى، ولو أن الحق خلص لم يكن اختلاف، ولكن يؤخذ من هذا ضغث ومن هذا ضغث فيمزجان فيجيئان معا، فهنالك استحوذ الشيطان على أوليائه، ونجا الذين سبقت لهم من الله الحسنى


8. From him, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazaal, from Aasim Bin Hameed, from Muhammad Bin Muslim, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘Amir-ul-Momineen (a.s.) addressed the people: ‘O you people! But rather, the beginning of the occurrence of the Fitna (Strife) is from the following of the desires, and rulings which have been innovated, in which the Speech of Allah (azwj) is opposed, in which a man emulates (does Taqleed) of a man. And if the falsehood was pure, the one with arguments would not fear it; and if the Truth was pure, there would be no differing. But, they take a handful of this, and a handful of that, so they mix up the two and come with these two. So it is over that, the Satan (la) enchains his (la) friends, those for whom the goodness has preceded from Allah (azwj) attain salvataion (21:101)’.




عنه، عن عدة من أصحابنا، عن علي بن أسباط، عن عمه يعقوب بن زرارة، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: من اجترى على الله في المعصية وارتكاب الكبائر فهو كافر، ومن نصب دينا غير دين الله فهو مشرك.


9. From him, from a number of our companions, from Ali Bin Asbaat, from his uncle Yaqoub Bin Zarara, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (a.s.): ‘The one who is audacious (fearless) to Allah (azwj) regarding the disobedience and indulges in the major sins, so he is a disbeliever. And the one who establishes a Religion other than the Religion of Allah (azwj), so he is a Polytheist’.