50. The abilities, and the compulsion, and the authorisation

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عنه، عن أبيه، عن عباس بن عامر، قال: حدثنى محمد بن يحيى الخثعمي، عن عبد الرحيم القصير، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: سأله حفص الاعور وأنا أسمع فقال: جعلني الله فداك ما قول الله " ولله على الناس حج البيت، من استطاع إليه سبيلا "؟ - قال: ذلك القوة في المال واليسار، قال فان كانوا موسرين فهم ممن يستطيع إليه السبيل؟ - قال: نعم، فقال له ابن سيابة، بلغنا عن أبي جعفر (ع) أنه كان يقول: يكتب وفد الحاج، فقطع كلامه فقال: كان أبي يقول: يكتبون في الليلة التي قال الله: " فيها يفرق كل أمر حكيم أمرا من عندنا " قال: فان لم يكتب في تلك الليلة يستطيع الحج؟ - قال: لا، معاذ الله، فتكلم حفص بن سالم فقال: لست من خصومتكم في شئ هكذا الامر.


1. From him, from his father, from Abbas Bin Aamir, from Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Khash’amy, from Abdul Raheem Al Qasyer, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), said: ‘Hafs Al-Owr asked him, and I was listening, so he said, ‘May Allah (azwj) Make me to be sacrificed for you (asws)! What about the Words of Allah (azwj) [3:97] and Pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon the people for the Sake of Allah, (upon) every one who is able to undertake the journey to it?’ He (asws) said: ‘That is the strength of the wealth and the richness’. He said, ‘So if he was from the rich ones, so they would be from every one who is able to undertake the journey to it?’ The Imam (asws) said: ‘Yes’. So Ibn Sayaba said to him (asws), ‘It has reached us from Abu Ja’far (asws) that he (asws) was saying: ‘The delegations for Hajj are Ordained’, so he cut off his speech’. So he (asws) said: ‘My (asws) father (asws) was saying: ‘It is Ordained during the night for which Allah (azwj) has Said [44:4] Therein every wise affair is made distinct, [44:5] A Command from Us’. He said, ‘So if it is not Oradine during that night, there is no ability for Hajj?’ He (asws) said: ‘No, Allah (azwj) Forbid!’ So Hafs Bin Saalim spoke, so he (asws) said: ‘It is not from your disputes regarding a thing the affair of which is like this’.




عنه، عن علي بن الحكم، عن هشام بن سالم، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: إن الله أكرم من أن يكلف الناس ما لا يطيقون، والله أعز من أن يكون في سلطانه ما لا يريد.


2. From him, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Hisham Bin Saalim, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘Allah (azwj) is more Benevolent than to Impose upon the people what they cannot endure. And Allah (azwj) is more Honourable than for there to be in His (azwj) Government what He (azwj) does not Want’.




عنه، عن علي بن حكم، عن هشام بن سالم، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: ما كلف الله العباد إلا ما يطيقون، إنما كلفهم في اليوم والليلة خمس صلوات، وكلفهم من كل مأتى درهم خمسة دراهم، وكلفهم صيام شهر رمضان في السنة، وكلفهم حجة واحدة وهم يطيقون أكثر من ذلك وانما كلفهم دون ما يطيقون ونحو هذا.


3. From him, from Ali Bin Hakam, from Hisham Bin Saalim, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘Allah (azwj) does not Impose upon the servant what they cannot endure. But rather, He (azwj) has Imposed upon them during the day and the night, five Salaat; and Imposed them from every two hundred Dirhams, five Dirhams; and Imposed upon them Fasts of the Month of Ramazan during one year; and Imposed upon them one Hajj although they are able to endure more than that. But rather, He (azwj) Imposed upon them besides what they are enduring, and approximately this’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن الحسين بن المختار، عن حمزة بن حمران، قال: قلت له: إنا نقول: إن الله لم يكلف العباد إلا ما آتاهم، وكل شئ لا يطيقونه فهو عنهم موضوع، ولا يكون إلا ما شاء الله وقضى وقدر وأراد، فقال: والله إن هذا لدينى ودين آبائى.


4. From him, from his father, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Al Husayn Bin Al Mukhtar, from Hamza Bin Hamran who said, ‘I said to him (asws), ‘We are saying that Allah (azwj) does not Impose upon the servant except what He (azwj) has Given them, and everything that they cannot endure, so it is their own placing, and nothing happens except what Allah (azwj) so Desires, and Judges, and Pre-determines, and Intends’. So the Imam (asws) said: ‘By Allah (azwj)! This is of my (asws) Religion and the Religion of my (asws) forefathers (asws)’.




عنه، عن علي بن الحكم، عن هشام بن سالم، عن أبي بصير، قال: قلت لابي عبد الله (عليه السلام): رجل كان له مال فذهب ثم عرض عليه الحج فاستحيى؟ - فقال: من عرض عليه الحج فاستحيى ولو على حمار أجدع مقطوع الذنب فهو ممن فقال: كان أبي يقول: يكتبون في الليلة التي قال الله: " فيها يفرق كل أمر حكيم أمرا من عندنا " قال: فان لم يكتب في تلك الليلة يستطيع الحج؟ - قال: لا، معاذ الله، فتكلم حفص بن سالم فقال: لست من خصومتكم في شئ هكذا الامر.


5. From him, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Hisham Bin Salim, from Abu Baseer who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘A man had wealth for himself, so it went away. The Hajj presented itself to him, so should he revive it?’ So he (asws) said: ‘The one to whom Hajj presents itself so he should revive it, even though it be upon a donkey which limps and its ears are cut off, so he is from those. My (asws) father (asws) was saying: ‘It is Ordained during the night for which Allah (azwj) has Said [44:4] Therein every wise affair is made distinct, [44:5] A Command from Us’. He said, ‘So if it is not Oradined during that night, there is no ability for Hajj?’ He (asws) said: ‘No, Allah (azwj) Forbid!’ So Hafs Bin Saalim spoke, so he (asws) said: ‘It is not from your disputes regarding a thing, the affair of which is like this’.