26. The Will and the Decision

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عنه، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن هشام بن سالم قال: قال أبو عبد الله (ع): إن الله إذا أراد شيئا قدره، فإذا قدره قضاه، فإذا قضاه أمضاه.


1. From him, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Hisham Bin Saalim who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘Whenever Allah (azwj) Intends something, Ordains it. So when He (azwj) Ordains it, Fulfils it. So when He (azwj) Ordains it, it comes into being’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن فضالة بن أيوب، عن محمد بن عمارة، عن حريز بن عبد الله وعبد الله بن مسكان قالا: قال أبو جعفر (ع): لا يكون شئ في الارض ولا في السماء إلا بهذه الخصال السبعة، بمشية، وإرادة، وقدر، وقضاء، واذن، وكتاب، وأجل، فمن زعم أنه يقدر على نقص واحدة منهن فقد كفر.


2. From him, from his father, from Fazalat Bin Ayoub, from Muhammad Bin amaarat, from Hareyz Bin Abdullah Bin Muskaan who both said, ‘Abu Ja’far (asws) said: ‘Nothing comes into being in the earth or in the sky except by these seven qualities by Desire, and Will, and Power, and Ordainment, and Permission, and Writing, and Term. So the one who claims that he has power of reducing one of these, so he has blasphemed’.




عنه، عن أبيه عن يونس بن عبد الرحمن، عن أبي الحسن الرضا (ع) قال: قلت: لا يكون إلا ما شاء الله وأراد وقضى؟ - فقال: لا يكون إلا ما شاء الله وأراد وقدر وقضى، (قال( قلت: فما معنى " شاء "؟ - قال: ابتداء الفعل، قلت: فما معنى " أراد "؟ - قال: الثبوت عليه، قلت: فما معنى " قدر "؟ - قال: تقدير الشئ من طوله وعرضه، قلت: فما معنى " قضى "؟ - قال: إذا قضاه أمضاه، فذلك الذي لا مرد له. ورواه عن أبيه، عن محمد بن سليمان الديلمى، عن علي بن إبراهيم.


3. From him, from his father, from Yunus Bin Abdul Rahman, (It has been narrated) from Abu Al-Hassan Al-Reza (asws), said, ‘I said, Nothing happens except what Allah (azwj) so Desires, and Wills, and Ordains?’ So he (asws) said: ‘Nothing happens except what Allah (azwj) so Desires, and Wills, and Pre-determines and Ordains’. I said, ‘What is the meaning of ‘Desire’?’ He (asws) said: ‘Beginning of a thing’. I said, ‘So what is the meaning of ‘Will’?’ He (asws) said: ‘Permanence of it’. I said, ‘So what is the meaning of ‘Pre-determination?’ He (asws) said: ‘The Measurement of the thing, from its length and its width’. I said, ‘What is the meaning of ‘Ordain’?’ He (asws) said: ‘Its Ordainment is its fulfilment, so that is there is not a reason for it’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن محمد بن إسحاق قال: قال أبو الحسن (ع) ليونس مولى علي بن يقطين: يا يونس لا تتكلم بالقدر، قال: إني لا أتكلم بالقدر، ولكني أقول: لا يكون إلا ما أراد الله وشاء وقضى وقدر، فقال: ليس هكذا. أقول، ولكني أقول: لا يكون إلا ما شاء الله وأراد وقدر وقضى، ثم قال: أتدرى ما المشية؟ - فقال: لا، فقال: همه بالشئ، أو تدري ما أراد؟ - قال: لا، قال: إتمامه على المشية، فقال: أو تدرى ما قدر؟ - قال: لا، قال: هو الهندسة من الطول والعرض والبقاء، ثم قال: إن الله إذا شاء شيئا أراده، وإذا أراده قدره، وإذا قدره قضاه، وإذا قضاه أمضاه، يا يونس إن القدرية لم يقولوا بقول الله: " وما تشاؤن إلا أن يشاء الله "، ولا قالوا بقول أهل الجنة: " الحمدلله الذي هدانا لهذا وما كنا لنهتدي لو لا أن هدانا الله "، ولا قالوا بقول أهل النار: " ربنا غلبت علينا شقوتنا وكنا قوما ضالين "، ولا قالوا بقول إبليس: " رب بما أغويتني "، ولا قالوا بقول نوح: " ولا ينفعكم نصحي إن أردت أن أنصح لكم إن كان الله يريد أن يغويكم هو ربكم وإليه ترجعون ". ثم قال: قال الله: يابن آدم بمشيتي كنت أنت الذي تشاء، وبقوتي أديت إلي فرائضي، وبنعمتي قويت على معصيتى، وجعلتك سمعيا بصيرا قويا، فما أصابك من حسنة فمني، وما أصابك من سيئة فمن نفسك، وذلك لاني لا أسأل عما أفعل وهم يسألون " ثم قال: قد نظمت لك كل شئ تريده.


4. From him, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Muhammad Bin Is’haq who said, ‘Abu Al-Hassan (asws) said to Yunus, a slave of Ali Bin Yaqteen: ‘O Yunus! Do not speak regarding the pre-determination’. He said, ‘I do not speak by the pre-determination, but I am saying, ‘Nothing comes into being except what Allah (azwj) Wills, and Desires, and Ordains, and Pre-determines’. So he (asws) said: ‘It is not like this. But, I (asws) am saying: ‘Nothing comes into being except what Allah (azwj) so Desires, and Wills, and Pre-determines, and Ordains’. Then the Imam (asws) asked: ‘Do you know what is the Desire?’ So he said, ‘No’. So the Imam (asws) said: ‘His (asws) main Concern with the thing. Or, do you know what is the Will?’ He said, ‘No’. The Imam (asws) said: ‘Completion upon the Decision’. So the Imam (asws) asked: ‘Or, do you know what is Pre-determination?’ He said, ‘No’. The Imam (asws) said: ‘It is the geometry (measurement) of the length, and the width, and the remaining (term)’. Then he (asws) said: ‘Whenever Allah (azwj) Desires a thing, Wills it. And when He (azwj) Wills it, Pre-determines it. And when He (azwj) Pre-determines it, Ordains it. And when He (azwj) Ordains it, it comes into being. O Yunus! The Qadiriyya are not speaking by the Words of Allah [76:30] And you do not desire except what Allah Desires; nor are they speaking by the words of the inhabitants of the Paradise [7:42] All Praise is due to Allah Who Guided us to this, and we would not have found the Way had it not been that Allah had Guided us; nor are they speaking by the words of the inhabitants of the Fire [23:106] They shall say: O our Lord! Our adversity overcame us and we were an erroneous people; nor are they speaking by the words of Iblees (la) [15:39] He said: Lord! With what You Sent me astray; nor are they speaking by the words of Noah [11:34] And my advice will not profit you if I wanted to advise you if Allah intended that He should Leave you to go astray; He is your Lord, and to Him you shall be returning’. Then he (asws) said:’ Allah (azwj) Says: “O son of Adam (as)! It is by My (azwj) Desire that you desire, and it is by My (azwj) Strength that you fulfil to My (azwj) Obligations, and it is by My (azwj) Favour that you have strength upon disobeying Me (azwj). And I (azwj) have Made you as hearing, seeing, strong. So whatever hits you from good, so it is from Me (azwj), and what hits you from evil, so it is from yourself, and that is because I (azwj) cannot be questioned about what I (azwj) do, and they are to be questioned”. Then the Imam (asws) said: ‘He (azwj) has Organised for you every thing you want’.




عنه، عن النضر بن سويد، عن هشام وعبيد بن زرارة، عن حمران، عن أبي - عبد الله (ع) قال: كنت أنا والطيار جالسين فجاء أبو بصير فافرجنا له، فجلس بيني وبين الطيار، فقال: في أي شئ أنتم؟ - فقلنا: كنا في الارادة والمشية والمحبة، فقال: أبو بصير: قلت لابي - عبد الله (ع): شاء لهم الكفر وأراده؟ - فقال: نعم، قلت: فأحب ذلك ورضيه؟ - فقال: لا، قلت شاء وأراد ما لم يحب ولم يرض؟ - قال: هكذا أخرج إلينا.


5. From him, from Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Hisham and Ubey Bin Zarara, from Hamran, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), said, ‘I and Al-Tayyar were seated, so Abu Baseer came up. So I made space for him, and he seated himself in between me and Al-Tayyar. So he (asws) said: ‘Which thing are you in (discussion)?’ So we said, ‘We are in the Will, and the Desire, and the Love’. So Abu Baseer said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘Shall I point out to the disbelief and the Will?’ So he (asws) said: ‘Yes’. I said, ‘So is that His (azwj) Love and His Pleasure?’ So He (asws) said: ‘No’. I said, ‘Does He (azwj) Desire what He does not Love or is not Happy with?’ The Imam (asws) said: ‘This is how it has come out to us (asws)’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن النضر بن سويد، عن هشام وعبيد، عن حمران، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: القضاء والقدر خلقان من خلق الله والله يزيد في الخلق ما يشاء.


6. From him, from his father, from Al nazar Bin Suweyd, from Hisham and Ubeyd, from Hamran, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘The Ordainment and the Pre-determination are two creations from the creations of Allah (azwj), and Allah (azwj) Increases in the creation whatever He (azwj) so Desires to’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن عمر بن أذينة، عن محمد بن مسلم، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: المشية محدثة.


7. From him, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Umar Bin Azina, from Muhammad Bin Muslim, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘The ‘المشية’ Decision gets updated’.