22. Argument of Allah (azwj) upon His (azwj) creatures

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عنه، عن محمد بن علي، عن حكم بن مسكين الثقفي، عن النضر بن قرواش قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله (ع) يقول: إنما احتج الله على العباد بما آتاهم وعرفهم.

1. From him, from Muhammad Bin Ali, from Hakam Bin Maskeyn Al-Saqafy, from Al-Nazar Bin Qarwash who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘But rather, Allah (azwj) would Argue upon the servant with what He (azwj) had Given them and what they understood’.

عنه، عن علي بن الحكم، عن أبان الاحمر، عن حمزة بن الطيار، عن أبي - عبد الله (ع) قال: قال لي: اكتب، فأملى: ان من قولنا: ان الله يحتج على العباد بالذي آتاهم وعرفهم ثم أرسل إليهم رسولا وأنزل عليه الكتاب وأمر فيه ونهى، وأمر فيه بالصلوة والصوم فنام رسول الله (صلعم) عن الصلوة فقال: أنا أنيمك وأنا أوقظك، فإذا قمت فصل ليعلموا إذا أصابهم ذلك كيف يصنعون، ليس كما يقولون: إذا قام عنها هلك، وكذلك الصيام، أنا أمرضك وأنا أصخك فإذا شفيتك فاقضه، ثم قال أبو عبد الله (ع): وكذلك إذا نظرت في جميع الاشياء لم تجد أحدا في ضيق ولم تجد أحدا إلا ولله عليه حجة وله فيه المشية، ولا أقول: إنهم ما شاءوا صنعوا، ثم قال: إن الله يهدى ويضل، وقال: ما أمروا إلا بدون سعتهم، وكل شئ أمر الناس به فهم يسعون له، وكل شئ لا يسعون له فموضوع عنهم، ولكن الناس لا خير فيهم، ثم تلا " ليس على الضعفاء ولا على المرضى ولا على الذين لا يجدون ما ينفقون حرج ولا على الذين إذا ما أتوك لتحملهم "، قال: فوضع عنهم لانهم لا يجدون ما ينفقون وقال: " إنما السبيل على الذين يستأذنونك وهم أغنياء رضوا بأن يكونوا مع الخوالف وطبع على قلوبهم فهم لا يفقهون ".

2. From him, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Abaan Al Ahmar, from Hamza Bin Al Tayyar, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), said, ‘He (asws) said to me: ‘Write! So I (asws) am dictating. It is from our (asws) speech: ‘Allah (azwj) Argues over the creatures by that which He (azwj) has Given them, and Caused them to understand. Then He (azwj) Sent Rasools (sa) to them, and Revealed unto him (as) the Book, and Commanded therein and Prohibited. And Allah (azwj) Commanded therein for the Salaat (Praying), and the Soam (Fasting). So Rasool-Allah (saww) announced about the Salaat, so he (saww) said: ‘I let you sleep and I (saww) wake you up’. So when they stand and Pray, they know when that strikes them (becomes obligatory), how they should be doing it. It is not as you are saying, ‘If he moves away from it, he perishes’. Similar to that are the Fasts: I (saww) cause you to be sick and I (saww) cause you to be healthy, so when you are recovered, so fulfil it”. Then Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘And similar to that, when you look into all the things, you will not find one in which there is narrowness (lack of information), and you will not find one except that for Allah (azwj) there is an Argument, and that there is the Decision in it. And I (asws) am not saying that they can do whatever they wish to do so’. Then he (asws) said: ‘Allah (azwj) Guides and Lets to stray, and Allah (azwj) Said: “I (azwj) do not Command except it is within the capacity (of the individual)”. And every thing which the people have been Ordered by, so they have the capacity for it, and every thing which they do not have the capacity for, so it has been Placed (away) from them. But, (in it for) the people, there is no good in them. Then he (asws) recited [9:91] It is not upon the weak, nor in the sick, nor in those who do not find what they should spend, to go forth, so long as they are sincere to Allah and His Rasool; there is no way (to blame) [9:92] Nor upon those who when they came to you that you might carry them. He (asws) said: ‘So He (azwj) Placed (the burden away) from them, because they could not find what they should be spending. And Said [9:93] The way (to blame) is only against those who ask permission of you though they are rich; they have chosen to be with those who remained behind, and Allah has Set a seal upon their hearts so they do not know’.