11. The precaution in the Religion and the acting by the Sunnah

Back to book

عنه، عن يعقوب بن يزيد، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن مرازم بن حكيم قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: من خالف سنة محمد فقد كفر


1. From him, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Marazim Bin Hakeem who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying:’ The one who opposes the Sunnah so he has blasphemed’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عمن ذكره، عن زيد الشحام، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام: في قول الله: " فلينظر الانسان إلى طعامه ". قال: قلت: ما طعامه؟ - قال: علمه الذي يأخذه ممن يأخذه.


2. From him, from his father, from the one who mentioned it, from Zayd Al Shahaam, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) regarding the Words of Allah (azwj) [80:24] Then let the human being look at his food. He (the narrator said), I said, ‘What is his food?’ He (asws) said: ‘His knowledge which he took from the one he took it from’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن علي بن النعمان، عن أيوب بن الحر قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: كل شئ مردود إلى كتاب الله والسنة، وكل حديث لا يوافق كتاب - الله فهو زخرف.


3. From him, from his father, from Ali Bin No’man, from Ayoub Bin Al Hurr who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘Everything refers back to the Book of Allah (azwj) and the Sunnah, and every Hadeeth which is not in accordance with the Book of Allah (azwj), so it is meaningless’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبى عمير، عن كليب بن معاوية الاسدي، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: ما أتاكم عنا من حديث لا يصدقه كتاب الله فهو باطل.


4. From him, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Kaleyb Bin Muawiya Al Asady, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘Whatever from our (asws) Hadeeth which comes to you, (and) the Book of Allah (azwj) does not Ratify it, so it is false’.




عنه، عن أبي أيوب المدايني، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن الهشامين جميعا وغيرهما قال: خطب النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فقال: أيها الناس ما جاءكم عني يوافق كتاب الله فأنا قلته، وما جاءكم يخالف القرآن فلم اقله.


5. From him, from Abu Ayoub Al Madainy, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Al Hishameyn together, and others who said, ‘The Prophet (saww) addressed and said: ‘O you people! Whatever comes to you from me (saww) which is compatible with the Book of Allah (azwj), so I (saww) have said it; and whatever comes to you in opposition to the Quran, so I (saww) did not say it’.




عنه، عن الحسن بن علي بن فضال، عن علي، عن أيوب، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: إذا حدثتم عنى بالحديث فأنحلوني أهنأه وأسهله و أرشده فان وافق كتاب الله فأنا قلته، وان لم يوافق كتاب الله فلم أقله


6. From him, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazaal, from Ali, from Ayoub, Abu Abdullah (asws) has said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘When you narrate the Hadeeth from me (saww), you should remember that it comes from the (Quran) and is true and beautiful, but (when it comes to you) and it is claimed (that it is from me) then the best way to verify it to see if it is compatible with the Book of Allah (azwj) , then I (saww) have said it, and if it is not compatible with the Book of Allah (azwj) , then I (saww) have not said it’.




عنه، عن علي بن حسان الواسطي، عن موسى بن بكر، عن زرارة، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام في حديث له قال: كل من تعدى السنة رد إلى السنة. وفي حديث آخر قال أبو جعفر عليه السلام: من جهل السنة رد إلى السنة.


7. From him, from Ali Bin Hisan Al Wasity, from Musa Bin Bakr, from Zarara, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) in a Hadeeth of his (asws), having said: ‘Every one who transgresses the Sunnah should have to return to the Sunnah (or else is destroyed). And in another Hadeeth Abu Ja’far (asws) having said: ‘The one who is ignorant of the Sunnah should refer to the Sunnah’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن يونس بن عبد الرحمن رفعه قال: قال علي بن الحسين عليهما السلام: إن أفضل الاعمال ما عمل بالسنة وإن قل.


8. From him, from his father, from Yunus Bin Abdul Rahman, raising it, said, ‘Ali (asws) Bin Al-Husayn (asws) said: ‘The highest of the deeds is what is done in accordance with the Sunnah, even though it may be little’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن أبي اسماعيل ابراهيم بن اسحق الازدي الكوفي، عن عثمان العبدي، عن جعفر بن محمد بن علي، عن أبيه، عن علي عليهم السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: قراءة القرآن في الصلوة أفضل من قراءة القرآن في غير الصلوة، وذكر الله أكبر من الصدقة، والصدقة أفضل من الصوم، والصوم جنة من النار قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: لا قول إلا بعمل ولا قول ولا عمل إلا بنية، ولا قول ولا عمل ولا نية إلا باصابة السنة.


9. From him, from his father, from Abu Ismail Ibrahim Bin Is’haq Al Azady Al Kufy, from Usman Al Abady, (It has been narrated) from Ja’far (asws) Bin Muhammad (asws) Bin Ali (asws), from his (asws) father (asws), from Ali (asws) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘The recitation of the Quran during the Salaat is higher than recitation of the Quran in other than the Salaat; and the Remembrance of Allah (azwj) is greater than the charity; and the charity is higher than the Fasting; and the Fasting is a shield from the Fire. Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘There is no speech except by a deed; and there is neither a speech nor a deed except by intention; and there is neither a speech, nor a deed, nor an intention except by the Sunnah’.




عنه، عن بعض أصحابنا رفعه قال: قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام لانسبن اليوم الاسلام نسبة لم ينسبه أحد قبلى ولا ينسبه أحد بعدى إلا بمثل ذلك، الاسلام هو التسليم، والتسليم هو اليقين، واليقين هو التصديق، والتصديق هو الاقرار، والاقرار هو العمل، والعمل هو الاداء، إن المؤمن لم يأخذ دينه عن رأيه ولكن أتاه عن ربه فأخذ به، إن المؤمن يرى يقينه في عمله، والكافر يرى انكاره في عمله، فوالذي نفسي بيده ما عرفوا أمر ربهم فاعتبروا انكار الكافرين والمنافقين باعمالهم الخبيثة.


10. From him, from one of our companions, raising it, said, ‘Amir-ul-Momineen (asws) said: ‘I (asws) shall be describing Al-Islam today (in such a manner) that no one before me (asws) has describing it, nor will anyone after me (asws) describe it similarly to that. Al-Islam is the submission; and the submission, it is the conviction; and the conviction, it is the ratification; and the ratification, it is the acceptance; and the acceptance, it is the deed; and the deed, it is the performance of it. The Believer does not take his Religion from his opinion, but it is Given to him from his Lord (azwj), so he holds onto it. The Believer sees his conviction in his deeds, and the Infidel sees his denial in his deeds. So, by the One (azwj) in Whose Hand is my (asws) soul, they have not recognised the Command of their Lord (azwj). Therefore, learn a lesson from the denial of the Infidels, and the hypocrites, by their bad deeds’.




عنه، عن رفاعة قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: قال الناس لعلي عليه السلام: ألا تخلف رجلا يصلى بضعفاء الناس في العيدين؟ - فقال علي عليه السلام: لا أخالف السنة.


11. From him, from Rafa’at who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘The people said to Ali (asws), ‘Shall we fall behind a man who Prays with the weak people during the two Eids?’ So Ali (asws) said: ‘Do not oppose the Sunnah’.




عنه، عن ابن فضال، عن علي بن عقبة، عن ميسر، قال: دخلت على أبي - عبد الله عليه السلام وأنا متغير اللون فقال: من أين أحرمت؟ - قلت: من موضع كذا وكذا (قال:) ليس من المواقيت المعروفة، قال: رب طالب خير تزل قدمه، ثم قال أيسرك أنك صليت الظهر في السفر أربعا؟ - قلت: لا، قال: فهو ذاك.


12. From him, from Ibn Fazaal, from Ali Bin Uqba, from Maysar who said, ‘I came up to Abu Abdullah (asws) and my (face) colour had changed. So he (asws) said: ‘From where did you wear Ihraam?’ I said, ‘From such and such a place’. He (asws) said: ‘It is not from the well-know places. Perhaps in seeking the good, his feet slipped’. Then he (asws) said ‘Is it easier for you to Pray the Zohr (Prayer) during the travelling as four (Cycles)?’ I said, ‘No’. He (asws): ‘So it is like that (the wearing of the Ihraam)’.




عنه، عن محمد بن اسماعيل بن بزيع، عن محمد بن يسير، عن عبد الله بن عمر الخثعمي، عن سليمان بن خالد قال: قلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام: إني أصلي الزوال ستة وأصلى بالليل ستة عشر ركعة قال: اذن تخالف رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله، إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله كان يصلي الزوال ثمان ركعات وصلوة الليل ثمان ركعات فقلت: قد أعرف أن هذا هكذا ولكني أقضى الايام الخالية.


13. From him, from Muhammad Bin Ismail Bin Bazi’e, from Muhammad Bin Yaseyr, from Abdullah Bin Umar Al Khash’amy, from Suleyman Bin Khalid who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘I Pray six (Cycles) in the afternoon, and I Pray sixteen Cycles at night’. He (asws) said: ‘Then, you have opposed the Sunnah of Rasool-Allah (saww). Rasool-Allah (saww) was Praying eight Cycles in the afternoon, and eight Cycles at night’. So I said, ‘I understood this to be like this, but I fulfilled the lapsed days’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن غير واحد، عن أبي حمزة الثمالى قال: كان علي بن الحسين عليهما السلام إذا سافر صلى ركعتين ثم ركب راحلته وبقى مواليه يتنفلون فيقف ينتظرهم، فقيل له: ألا تنهاهم؟ - فقال: إني أكره أن أنهى عبدا إذا صلى والسنة أحب إلي.


14. From him, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from someone else, from Abu Hamza Al Sumaly who said, ‘Ali (asws) Bin Al-Husayn (asws), when he (asws) travelled, Prayed two Cycles, then he rode upon his ride, and his (asws) slaves remained doing more than what was required of them Praying optional (Prayers). So he (asws) paused awaiting them. So it was said to him (asws): ‘Will you (asws) not prohibit them?’ So he (asws) said: ‘I (asws) do not like that I (asws) should prohibit a servant when he Prays, and the Sunnah is beloved to me (asws)’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن فضالة بن أيوب، عن أبان بن عثمان الاحمر، عن مفضل بن عبد الملك، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: إن أبا جعفر عليه السلام سئل من مسألة فأجاب فيها فقال الرجل: ان الفقهاء لا يقولون هذا، فقال له أبي: ويحك إن الفقيه الزاهد في الدنيا الراغب في الاخرة المتمسك بسنة النبي صلى الله عليه وآله.


15. From him, from his father, from Fazalat Bin Ayoub, from Aban Bin usman Al Ahmar, from Mufazzal Bin Abdul Malik, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘Abu Ja’far (asws) was asked a question in which the man said, ‘The jurists are not saying this’. So he (asws) said: ‘My (asws) father (asws) said to him: ‘Woe be unto you! The jurist is the one who abstains from indulgence in the world and is the seeker of the Hereafter while adhering to the Sunnah of the Prophet (saww)’ (so the one you are talking about not jurist).




عنه، عن النوفلي، عن السكوني، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام، عن آبائه قال: قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام: السنة سنتان، سنة في فريضة الاخذ بها هدى وتركها ضلالة، وسنة في غير فريضة الاخذ بها فضيلة وتركها إلى غيرها خطيئة.


16. From him, from Al Nowfaly, from Al Sakuny, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), from his (asws) forefathers (asws) having said: ‘Amir-ul-Momineen (asws) said: ‘The Sunnah are two Sunnahs A Sunnah regarding the Obligations, the taking to it is Guidance, and the neglecting of it is straying; and a Sunnah regarding other than the Obligations the taking to it is a merit, and neglecting of it to something else is an error’.




عنه، عن بعض أصحابنا، عن عبد الله بن عبد الرحمن البصري، عن ابن مسكان عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام، عن أبيه، عن علي بن الحسين عليهم السلام قال: مر موسى بن عمران عليه السلام برجل وهو رافع يده إلى السماء يدعو الله فانطلق موسى في حاجته فبات سبعة أيام ثم رجع إليه وهو رافع يده إلى السماء فقال: يا رب هذا عبدك رافع يديه إليك يسألك حاجته ويسألك المغفرة منذ سبعة أيام لا تستجيب له! قال: فأوحى الله إليه يا موسى لو دعاني حتى يسقط يداه أو ينقطع لسانه ما استجبت له حتى يأتيني من الباب الذي أمرته


17. From him, from one of our companions, from Abdullah Bin Abdul Rahman Al nasry, from Ibn Muskaan, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), from his father, from Ali (asws) Bin Al-Husayn (asws) having said: ‘Musa (as) Bin Imran (as) passed by a man, and he had raised his hands towards the sky supplicating to Allah (azwj). So Musa (as) went away for his (as) needs, then returned to him after seven days, and he had his hands raised towards the sky. So he (as) said: ‘O Lord (azwj)! This is Your (azwj) servant, raising his hands to You (azwj), Asking You (azwj) for a need, and asks You (azwj) for Forgiveness since the last seven days, You (azwj) has not Answered him?’ The Imam (asws) said: ‘So Allah (azwj) Revealed unto him (as): “O Musa (as)! Even if he were to supplicate to Me (azwj) until his hands fall down, and his tongue is cut-off, I (azwj) will not Answer him until he comes to Me (azwj) from the Door which I (azwj) have Commanded him by (My (azwj) Prophet (as)/Imam (asws))”.




عنه، عن القاسم، عن المنقرى، عن حفص بن غياث، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام إن أمير المؤمنين عليهما السلام كان يقول: لا خير في الدنيا إلا لاحد رجلين، رجل يزداد كل يوم إحسانا ورجل يتدارك منيته بالتوبة وأني له بالتوبة والله لو سجد حتى ينقطع عنقه ما قبل الله منه إلا بمعرفة الحق.


18. From him, from Al Qasim, from Al Manqary, from Hafs Bin Gayas, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) that Amir-ul-Momineen (asws) was saying: ‘There is no good in the word except for one of the two men a man who increases in the doing of good every day of his, and a man who corrects himself with the repentance. And I (asws) am for him with the repentance. By Allah (azwj)! Even if he were to perform Prostrations until his neck is cut-off, Allah (azwj) would not Accept from him except with the understanding of the Truth (following a Divine Imam (asws)/his (asws) Sunnah)’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن أحمد بن النضر، عن عمرو بن شمر، عن جابر، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام في قول الله " وأتوا البيوت من أبوابها " قال: يعنى ان يأتي الامر من وجهه أي الامور كان.


19. From him, from his father, from Ahmad Bin Al Nazar, from Amro Bin Shimr, from Jabir, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) regarding the Words of Allah (azwj) [2:189] and go into the houses by their doors. He (asws) said: ‘It means he comes to the matter from its face (the Gate/Wilayah), whichever matter it was’.




عنه، عن علي بن سيف، عن أبي حفص الاعشى، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: من تمسك بسنتى في اختلاف أمتى كان له أجر مائة شهيد.


20. From him, from Ali Bin Sayf, from Abu hafs, from Abu Hafs Al A’sha, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘The one who attaches to my (saww) Sunnah during the differing in my (saww) community, there would be for him the Recompense of a hundred martyrs’.