37. Purification of the Believer

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عنه، عن ابيه، عمن حدثه، عن ابي سلام النخاس، عن محمد بن مسلم قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: والله لا يصف عبد هذا الامر فتطمه النار، قلت: ان فيهم من يفعل ويفعل، فقال: انه إذا كان ذلك ابتلى الله تبارك وتعالى أحدهم في جسده فان كان ذلك كفارة لذنوبه وإلا ضيق الله عليه في رزقه، فان كان كقارة لذنوبه وإلا شدد الله عليه موته حتى يأتي الله ولا ذنب له ثم يدخله الجنة.

1. From him, from his father, from the one who narrated it, from Abu Salaam Al Nakhaas, from Muhammad Bin Muslim who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘By Allah (azwj)! A servant described to be upon this matter (Al-Wilayah), would not be consumed by the Fire’. I said, ‘Even if among them is the one who does what he does?’ So he (asws) said: ‘If it was that, Allah (azwj) Blessed and High would Test one of them with regards to his body (illness etc.), for that would be an expiation for his sins, or Allah (azwj) would Straiten his sustenance, so it would be an expiation for his sins, or Make his death to be difficult for him, until he comes to Allah (azwj), and there is no sin for him. Then he would be entering the Paradise’.

عنه، عن ابن محبوب، عن محمد بن القاسم، عن داود بن فرقد، عن يعقوب بن شعيب، قال: قلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام: رجل يعمل بكذا وكذا فلم ادع شيئا إلا قلته وهو يعرف هذا الامر، فقال: هذا يرجى له والناصب لا يرجى له، وان كان كما تقول لم يخرج من الدنيا حتى يسلط الله عليه شيئا يكفر الله عنه به، إما فقرا وإما مرضا.

2. From him, from Ibn Mahboub, from Muhammad Bin Al Qasim, from Dawood, from Yaqoub Bin Shuayb who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘A man does such and such, so he does not leave anything except that he does it, and he recognises this matter (Al-Wilayah)’. So he (asws) said: ‘This one, there is hope for him, and the Nasibi (Hostile one), there is no hope for him. And if it is as you are saying it to be, he would not exit from the world until Allah (azwj) Causes something to overcome him which would be an expiation for his sins by it, be it poverty, or illness’.

عنه، عن أبيه، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن ابراهيم بن عمر، عن أبي الصباح الكناني، قال: كنت أنا زرارة عند أبي عبد الله عليه السلام فقال: لا تطعم النار أحدا وصف هذا الامر فقال زرارة: إن فيمن يصف هذا الامر من يعمل موجبات الكبائر، فقال: أو ما تدرى ما كان أبي يقول في ذلك، إنه كان يقول: إذا تاب الرجل منهم من تلك الذنوب شيئا ابتلاه الله ببلية في جسده، أو خوف يدخله عليه حتى يخرجه من الدنيا وقد خرج من ذنوبه.

3. From him, from his father, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Ibrahim Bin Umar, from Abu Al Sabah Al Kanany who said, ‘I and Zarara were in the presence of Abu Abdullah (asws), so he (asws) said: ‘The Fire will not consume anyone described to be upon this matter (Al-Wilayah)’. So Zarara said, ‘If the one described to be upon this matter (Al-Wilayah) is one who commits major sins?’ So he (asws) said: ‘Do you not know what my (asws) father (asws) has said about this?’ He (asws) said: ‘When the man among them repents for any of those sins, Allah (azwj) Tests him with a calamity upon his body, or fear would enter into him, until he exits from the world, having exited from his sins’.