22. The one who dies not recognising his Imam (asws)

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عنه، عن أبيه، عن النضر بن سويد، عن يحيى الحلبي، عن بشير الدهان قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: " من مات وهو لا يعرف امامه مات ميتة جاهلية " فعليكم بالطاعة، قدر أتيم أصحاب علي وأنتم تأتمون بمن لا يعذر الناس بجهالته، لنا كرائم القرآن ونحن أقوام افترض الله طاعتنا، ولنا الانفال ولنا صفو المال.


1. From him, from his father, from Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Yahya Al Halby, from Basheer Al Dahaan who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘The one who dies not having recognised his Imam (a.s.), died the death of the ignorant (Pre-Islamic period). So it is on you to be obedient, to the extent of the companions of Ali (a.s.) follow, and you would be dying with something which the people have no excuse due to their ignorance. For us (a.s.) are the Honours of the Quran, and we (a.s.) are the people to whom Allah (azwj) has Obligated the obedience to, and for us (a.s.) are the spoils of war, and for us is the clean wealth’.




عنه، عن ابن فضال، عن حماد بن عثمان، عن أبي اليسع عيسى بن السرى، قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام. ان الارض لا تصلح الا بالامام، ومن مات لا يعرف امامه مات ميتة جاهلية، وأحوج ما يكون أحدكم إلى معرفته إذا بلغت نفسه هذه وأهوى بيده إلى صدره يقول: لقد كنت على أمر حسن.


2. From him, from Ibn Fazaal, from Hamaad Bin Usmaan, from Abu Al Yas’a Isa Bin Al Sary who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘The earth cannot be in a correct state except with the (presence of) Imam (a.s.). And the one who dies not having recognised his Imam (a.s.), died the death of the ignorant (Pre-Islamic period). And it is most needy that one of you should come to his (a.s.) recognition, when his soul reaches here’ and he (a.s.) gestured with his (a.s.) hand to his (a.s.) chest ‘He would have been upon a beautiful matter’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن النضر، عن يحيى الحلبي، عن حسين بن أبي العلاء، قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن قول رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: " من مات ليس له امام مات ميتة جاهلية " فقال: نعم، لو ان الناس تبعوا علي بن الحسين عليهما السلام وتركوا عبد الملك بن مروان اهتدوا، فقلنا: من مات لا يعرف امامه مات ميتة جاهلية، ميتة كفر؟ - فقال: لا، ميتة ضلال.


3. From him, from his father, from Al nazar, from Yahya Al Halby, from Husayn Bin Abu Al A’ala who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.) about the words of Rasool-Allah (saww): ‘The one who dies and there is no Imam (a.s.) for him, died the death of an ignorant (Pre-Islamic period)’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘If only the people were to follow Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) and neglect Abdul Malik Bin Marwan, they would be Guided. So we said, ‘So the one who died not having recognised his Imam (a.s.), died the death of an ignorant (Pre-Islamic period), died as an Infidel?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Indeed! Death of the straying one’.




عنه، عن النضر، عن يحيى، عن أيوب بن الحر قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: قال أبي: من مات ليس له امام مات ميتة جاهلية.


4. From him, from Al Nazar, from Yahya, from Ayoub Bin Al Hurr who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (a.s.) saying: ‘My (a.s.) father (a.s.) said: ‘The one who died not having an Imam (a.s.) for himself, died the death of an ignorant (Pre-Islamic period)’.




عنه، عن محمد بن علي، عن علي بن النعمان النخعي، قال حدثنى الحارث بن المغيرة النضرى قال: سمعت عثمان بن المغيرة يقول: حدثنى الصادق، عن علي عليهما السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: من مات بغير امام جماعة مات ميتة جاهلية، قال الحارث بن المغيرة: فلقيت جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام، فقال: نعم، قلنا: - فمات ميتة جاهلية؟ - قال: ميتة كفر وضلال ونفاق.


5. From him, from Muhammad Bin Ali, from Ali Bin Al No’man Al Nakhai’e, from Al Haris Bin Al Mugheira Al Nazary, from Usman Bin Al Mugheira who said, ‘Al-Sadiq (a.s.) narrated to me from Ali (a.s.) having said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘The one who died without an Imam of the community died the death of an ignorant (Pre-Islamic period’. Al-Haris Bin Al-Mugheira (the narrator) said, ‘So I met up with Ja’far (a.s.) Bin Muhammad (a.s.), so he (a.s.) said: ‘Yes’. So we said, ‘So he died the death of an ignorant (Pre-Islamic period)?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Death of an Infidel, and a straying one, and hypocrisy’.




عنه، عن ابن فضال، عن ثعلبة بن ميمون، عن بشير العطار، قال: قال أبو - عبد الله عليه السلام: " يوم ندعوا كل أناس بامامهم " ثم قال: قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله:) وعنى امامكم، وكم من إمام يجئ يوم القيامة يلعن أصحابه ويلعنونه، نحن ذرية محمد صلى الله عليه وآله وأمنا فاطمة (عليها السلام) وما آتى الله أحدا من المرسلين شيئا الا وقد آتاه محمدا صلى الله عليه وآله كما آتى المرسلين من قبله ثم تلا " ولقد أرسلنا رسلا من قبلك وجعلنا لهم أزواجا وذرية ".


6. From him, from Ibn Fazaal, from Sa’alba Bin Maymoun, from Basheer Al Ataar who said, ‘Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘[17:71] The Day when We will Call every human being with their Imam. Then he (a.s.) said: ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘And we (a.s.) are your Imams (a.s.), and how many Imams would come on the Day of Judgement cursing their companions (followers) and they would be cursing him. We (a.s.) are the descendants of Muhammad (saww), and our (a.s.) mother (a.s.) is Syeda Fatima (a.s.). And Allah (azwj) has not Given anything to the Mursil Prophets (as) except that He (azwj) Gave it to Muhammad (saww) similar to what was Given to the Mursil Prophets (as) before him (saww)’. Then he (a.s.) recited [13:38] And We had Sent Rasools before you and Gave them wives and children’.




عنه، عن ابن محبوب، عن عبد الله بن غالب، عن جابر بن يزيد الجعفي، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: لما أنزلت. " يوم ندعو كل أناس بامامهم " قال المسلمون: يا رسول الله ألست امام الناس كلهم أجمعين؟ - فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: أنا رسول الله إلى الناس أجمعين ولكن سيكون بعدى أئمة على الناس من أهل بيتى من الله، يقومون في الناس فيكذبونهم ويظلمونهم أئمة الكفر والضلال وأشياعهم، ألا فمن والاهم واتبعهم وصدقهم فهو مني ومعى وسيلقانى، ألا ومن ظلمهم وأعان على ظلمهم وكذبهم فليس مني ولا معى وأنا منه برئ.


7. From him, from Ibn Mahboub, from Abdullah Bin Ghalib, from Jabir Bin Yazeed Al Ju’fy, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (a.s.) having said: ‘When it was Revealed [17:71] The Day when We will Call every human being with their Imam, the Muslims said, ‘O Rasool-Allah (saww)! Are you (saww) not the Imam (a.s.) of all the people together?’ So Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘I (saww) am Rasool-Allah (saww) to the people altogether, but there would be coming after me (saww), Imams (a.s.) upon the people, from the People (a.s.) of my (saww) Household, from Allah (azwj). They (a.s.) would be standing among the people, but they (a.s.) would be belied, and oppressed by the imams of the Infidelity, and the straying, and their adherents. Indeed! So the one who is in their (a.s.) Wilayah, and follows them (a.s.), and ratifies them (a.s.), so he is from me (saww) and with me (saww), and would be meeting me (saww). Indeed! And the one who oppresses them (a.s.), and gives support to the one who oppresses them (a.s.), and belies them (a.s.), so he is not from me (saww), and not with me (saww), and I (saww) am away from him’.




عنه، عن أبيه، عن علي بن النعمان، عن محمد بن مروان، عن الفضيل بن يسار قال: سمعت أبا جعفر عليه السلام يقول: من مات وليس له امام فموته ميتة جاهلية، ولا يعذر الناس حتى يعرفوا إمامهم، ومن مات وهو عارف لامامه لا يضره تقدم هذا الامر أو تأخره، ومن مات عارفا لامامه كان كمن هو مع القائم في فسطاطه.


8. From him, from his father, from Ali Bin Al No’man, from Muhammad Bin Marwan, from Al Fazeyl Bin Yasaar who said, ‘I heard Abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying: ‘The one who died and there is no Imam (a.s.) for him, so his death is the death of an ignorant (Pre-Islamic period). And there is no excuse for the people until they recognise their Imam (a.s.). And the one who dies and he recognised his Imam (a.s.), this matter (death) would not harm him whether it is brought forward or delayed. And the one who died having recognised his Imam (a.s.) would be as if he was with Al-Qaim (a.s.) in his (a.s.) camp’.