17. Punishment for the one who does not recognise his Imam (asws)

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عنه، عن اسماعيل بن مهران، عن رجل، عن أبي المعزا، عن ذريح، عن أبي حمزة، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام، قال: منا الامام المفروض طاعته، من جحده مات يهوديا أو نصرانيا، والله ما ترك الله الارض منذ قبض الله آدم الا وفيها امام يهتدى به إلى الله حجة على العباد، من تركه هلك، ومن لزمه نجا حقا على الله.

1. From him, from Ismail Bin Mahran, from a man, from Abu Al Ma’aza, from Zareeh, from Abu Hamza, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said: ‘From us (a.s.) is the Imam (a.s.) the obedience to whom is Obligatory. The one who fights against him (a.s.), would die as a Jew or a Christian. By Allah (azwj)! Allah (azwj) has not Left the earth, since Adam (as) passed away without therein being an Imam (a.s.) Guiding to Allah (azwj), a Proof upon the servants. The one who neglects him (a.s.) is destroyed, and the one who necessitates him (a.s.) upon himself, would have a right upon Allah (azwj) to be Saved’.

عنه، عن عبد العظيم بن عبد الله وكان مرضيا، عن محمد بن عمر، عن حماد بن عثمان، عن عيسى بن السري أبي اليسع، قال: قلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: من مات لا يعرف امامه مات ميتة جاهلية؟ قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: أحوج ما يكون العبد إلى معرفته إذا بلغ نفسه هذه، (وأشار إلى صدره يقول:) لقد كنت على أمر حسن.

2. From him, from Abdul Azeem Bin Abdullah and he was happy with it, from Muhammad Bin Umar, from Hamaad Bin Usman, from Isa Bin Al Sary Abu Al Yas’a who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (a.s.), ‘Rasool-Allah (saww) said: ‘The one who dies not having recognised his Imam (a.s.) would have died the death of an infidel (Pre-Islamic era)?’ Abu Abdullah (a.s.) said: ‘The servant is more needful to his (a.s.) recognition when this comes to him’ and he (a.s.) gestured to his (a.s.) own chest saying: ‘He would be upon a beautiful matter’.

عنه، عن محمد بن علي بن محبوب، عن العلا بن رزين، عن محمد بن مسلم قال: سمعت أبا جعفر عليه السلام يقول: ان من دان الله بعبادة يجهد فيها نفسه بلا امام عادل من الله، فان سعيه غير مقبول وهو ضال متحير، ومثله كمثل شاة لا راعى لها ضلت عن راعيها وقطيعها فتاهت ذاهبة وجائية يومها، فلما أن جنها الليل بصرت بقطيع غنم مع راعيها فجاءت إليها فباتت معها في ربضتها متحيرة تطلب راعيها وقطيعها فبصرت بسرح قطيع غنم آخر فعمدت نحوه وحنت إليها فصاح بها الراعى ألحقى بقطيعك فانك تائهة متحيرة قد ضللت عن راعيك وقطيعك فهجمت ذعرة متحيرة لا راعى لها يرشدها إلى مرعاها أو يردها فبينا هي كذلك إذا اغتنم الذئب ضيعتها فأكلها، وهكذا يا محمد بن مسلم من أصبح من هذه الامة ولا امام له من الله عادل أصبح تائها متحيرا، ان مات على حاله تلك مات ميتة كفر ونفاق واعلم يا محمد أن ائمة الحق وأتباعهم على دين الله إلى آخره.

3. From him, from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Mahboub, from Al A’ala Bin Razeyn, from Muhammad Bin Muslim who said, ‘I heard Abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying: ‘The one who makes a Religion of Allah (azwj) by worship and strives in it without a just Imam (a.s.) from Allah (azwj), so his running around is not Acceptable and he is a straying one, confused. And his example is like the example of a sheep with no shepherd for it. It strays from its herd and is cut off from its guardian. So it gets lost on its way on its day. So when the night falls, it sees a flock of sheep with its shepherd, so she comes to it and sleeps with them in their pen, confused and looking for its shepherd and its own flock. So it sees another flock of sheep. So it goes near to it, but the shepherd shouts at it, ‘Go and meet up with your flock, for you are lost and confused, having strayed from your shepherd and your flock. So it gets attacked, and becomes confused having no shepherd for it to guide it to its meadow, or repulse (the attacker) from it. So whilst it is in the middle of that, when the wolf comes over, seizes it and eats it. And like this, O Muhammad Bin Muslim, is what the one from this community has become, and he has no just Imam (a.s.) from Allah (azwj), for himself, so he has becomes lost, confused. If he were to die upon this state of his, that death would be a death of disbelief, and hypocrisy. And know, O Muhammad, the Imams (a.s.) of the Truth, and follow them (a.s.) upon the Religion of Allah (azwj), up to its end’.