83. Reason for the Zakat

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أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن ابن أبي الخطاب عن محمد بن اسماعيل بن بزيع، عن يونس بن عبد الرحمان عن مبارك العقرقوفي قال: سمعت ابا الحسن (ع) يقول: إنما وضعت الزكاة قوتا للفقراء وتوفيرا لاموال الاغنياء.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Ibn Abu Al Khatab, from Muhammad Bin Ismail Bin Bazie, from Yunus Bin Abdul Rahman, from Mubarak Al Aqarquqy who said, ‘I heard Abu Al-Hassan (a.s.) saying: ‘But rather, the Zakat has been placed at a livelihood for the poor, and as a multiplier of the wealth of the rich’.




حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار عن العباس بن معروف عن علي بن مهزيار عن الحسين بن سعيد عن النضر بن سويد عن عبد الله بن سنان عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: ان الله تعالى قرض الزكاة كما فرض الصلاة، فلو أن رجلا حمل الزكاة فاعطاها علانية لم يكن عليه في ذلك عتب وذلك ان الله عزوجل فرض للفقراء في اموال الاغنياء مما يكتفون به ولو علم الله ان الذي فرض لهم لم يكفهم لزادهم، فانما يؤتي الفقراء فيما أوتوا من منع من منعهم حقوقهم لا من الفريضة.


2. Muhammad Bin Al Hassan narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, form Al Abbas Bin Marouf, from Ali Bin Mahziyar, from Al Husayn Bin Saaed, from Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Abdullah Bin Sinan, Abu Abdullah (a.s.) has said: ‘Allah (azwj) the High Obligated the Zakat just as He (azwj) Obligated the Prayer. So if a man were to carry the Zakat and give it in the open, there would not be any reproach against him with regards to that, and that is because Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Obligated it (to be given) to the poor in the wealth of the rich from what they (the poor) can be content with, and if Allah (azwj) had Known that, that which He (azwj) has Obligated for them is not going to suffice for them, He (azwj) would have Increased it. But rather, it is unimportant for the poor, that which is prevented by the one who prevents from their rights, not from the Obligatory.




حدثنا علي بن احمد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن علي بن العباس قال: حدثنا القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف عن محمد ابن سنان ان أبا الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا (ع) كتب إليه فيما كتب من جواب مسائله ان علة الزكاة من أجل قوت الفقراء وتحصين أموال الاغنياء لان الله تعالى كلف اهل الصحة القيام بشأن أهل الزمانة من البلوى كما قال عزوجل: (لنبلونكم في أموالكم وانفسكم) في أموالكم إخراج الزكاة وفي انفسكم توطين النفس على الصبر مع ما في ذلك من اداء شكر نعم الله عزوجل والطمع في الزيادة مع ما فيه من الزيادة والرأفة والرحمة لاهل الضعف والعطف على أهل المسكنة والحث لهم على المساواة وتقوية الفقراء والمعونة لهم على أمر الدين وهي عظة لاهل الغنى رعبرة لهم ليستدلوا على فقر الآخرة بهم ومالهم من الحث في ذلك على الشكر لله تبارك وتعالى لما خولهم وأعطاهم والدعاء والتضرع والخوف أن يصيروا مثلهم في أمور كثيرة في اداء الزكاة والصدقات وصلة الارحام واصطناع المعروف.


3. Ali Bin Ahmad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdulla, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ali Bin Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Rabie Al Sahaaf, (It has been narrated) from Muhammad Ibn Sinan that, Abu Al-Hassan Al-Ridha (a.s.) wrote to him in answer to what he has asked him of, that: ‘The reason for the Zakat is a livelihood for the poor, and a preservation of the wealth of the rich, because Allah (azwj) the High has Tasked the well-to-do people to stand by the afflicted ones of their era, as Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Said [3:186] You shall certainly be Tested respecting your wealth and your selves. In their wealth it is extraction of the Zakat, and in their selves it is the settling of the self upon the patience along with what is in that from the fulfilling the appreciation for the Bounties of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, and the coveting with regards to the increase along with what is in it from the increase, and the kindness and the mercy for the weak people, and the sympathy upon the needy people, and the urging for them upon the equality, and strengthening of the poor and assistance for them upon the matters of Religion. And it is an exhortation (encouragement) for the rich people and a lesson for them evidencing upon the poverty of the Hereafter and what would be for them, from the urging with regards to that, upon the appreciation for Allah (azwj) Blessed and High for what He (azwj) has Authorised for them, and Given them, and their supplication and the restlessness and the fear that they could (also) become like them (poor) in the affairs. A lot of the fulfilment of the Zakat, and the charities, and maintenance of good relations, is synthesised with the goodness’.