76. The reason due to which the fulfilment of the Optional (Prayers) is not Obligatory upon the one who leaves it due to illness

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أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعيد بن عبد الله عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن علي بن حديد و عبد الرحمن بن أبي نجران، عن حماد عن حريز عن محمد بن مسلم عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: قلت له رجل مرض فتوحش فترك النافلة، فقال يا محمد انها ليست بفريضة ان قضاها فهو خير له وان لم يفعل فلا شئ عليه.


1. My father said, ‘Saedd Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Bin Hadeed and Abdul Rahman Bin Abu Najran, from Hamaad, from Hareyz, from Muhammad Bin Muslim, (The narrator says), ‘I said to Abu Ja’far (a.s.), ‘A man is sick, so he is alone and neglects the Optional (Prayer)’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘O Muhammad! It is not with an Obligation, so if he were to fulfil it, it would be better for him, and if he does not do it, so there is nothing upon him’.




أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا علي بن ابراهيم، عن ابيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن مرازم قال: سأل اسماعيل بن جابر أبا عبد الله عليه السلام فقال اصلحك الله ان علي نوافل كثيرة فكيف أصنع؟ فقال: إقضها فقال له: انها اكثر من ذلك قال: إقضها قال: لا أحصيها قال: توخه قال مرازم فكنت مرضت اربعة اشهر ولم أصل نافلة فقال ليس عليك قضاء ان المريض ليس كالصحيح كلما غلبت عليه فالله اولى بالعذر فيه.


2. My father said, ‘Ali Bin Ibrahim narrated to us, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Marazim who said, ‘Ismail Bin Jabir asked Abu Abdullah (a.s.), so he said, ‘May Allah (azwj) Keep you (a.s.) well! There are a lot of Optional Prayers (to be fulfilled) upon me, so how should I deal with it?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘Fulfil these’. So he said to him (a.s.), ‘But rather, these are more than that (can be fulfilled)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Fulfil these’. He said, ‘I cannot (even) number these’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Estimate it’. Marazim said, ‘I was sick for four months and did not Pray the Optional (Prayer)?’ So he (a.s.) said: ‘The fulfilment is not upon you. The sick one is unlike the healthy one, every time he is overcome by it, for Allah (azwj) is the Closest with the Excusing with regards to it’.