72. The reason due to which the Praying one exclaims (Takbeer) three times after the greeting, and raises one’s hands with it

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حدثنا علي بن أحمد بن محمد رضى الله عنه قال: حدثنا حمزة بن القاسم العلوى قال حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مالك الفزارى الكوفي قال حدثنا محمد بن الحسين بن زيد الزيات قال حدثنا محمد بن سنان عن المفضل بن عمر قال: قلت لابي عبد الله (ع) لاي علة يكبر المصلي بعد التسليم ثلاثا يرفع بها يديه فقال لان النبي صلى الله عليه وآله لما فتح مكة صلى باصحابه الظهر عند الحجر الاسود فلما سلم رفع يديزه وكبر ثلاثا وقال: لا إله إلا الله وحده، وحده أنجز وعده ونصر عبده واعز جنده وغلب الاحزاب وحده فله الملك وله الحمد يحيى ويميت ويميت ويحيى وهو على كل شئ قدير، ثم أقبل على اصحابه فقال: لا تدعوا هذا التكبير وهذا القول في دبر كل صلاة مكتوبة فان من فعل ذلك بعد التسليم، وقال هذا القول كان قد أدى ما يجب عليه من شكر الله تعالى ذكره على تقوية الاسلام وجنده.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Muhammad narrated to us, from Hamza Bin Al Qasim Al Alawy, from Ja’far Bin Muhammad Bin Malik Al Fazary Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Zayd Al Ziyat, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Al Mufazzal Bin Umar who said, ‘I said to Abu Abdullah (asws), ‘For which reason does the Praying one exclaim after the Greeting, three (times) and raises his hands with it?’ Because the Prophet (saww), when he (saww) conquered Makkah, Prayed Al-Zohr with his (saww) companions near the (Black) Stone. So when he (saww) Greeted, raised both his hands and exclaimed (Takbeer) three times, and said: ‘There is no god except for Allah (azwj), One, One, Fulfilled His (azwj) Promise, and Helped His (azwj) servant, and Strengthened His (azwj) army, and Overcame the allies (those allied against Him (azwj)) alone. For Him (azwj) is the Kingdom, and for Him (azwj) is the Praise. He (azwj) Revives and Causes to die, and Causes to die and Revives, He (azwj) has Power over everything’. Then he (saww) faced to his (saww) companions, so he (saww) said: Do not leave this exclamation, and this speech at the end of every Prescribed Prayer, for the one who does that after the Greeting, and says this speech, would have fulfilled what was Obligated upon him from thanking Allah (azwj), Elevated is His (azwj) Mention, upon the Strengthening of Al-Islam and His (azwj) army’.