71. Reason for the greeting in the Prayer (at the end)

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حدثنا علي بن أحمد بن محمد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي عبد الله الاسدي الكوفي قال: حدثنا محمد بن اسماعيل البرمكي عن علي بن ابن العباس قال: حدثنا القاسم بن الربيع الصحاف عن محمد بن سنان عن المفضل ابن عمر قال: سألت ابا عبد الله (ع) عن العلة التي من أجلها وجب التسليم في الصلاة قال لانه تحليل الصلاة قلت فلاى علة يسلم على اليمين ولا يسلم على اليسار قال لان الملك الموكل الذي يكتب الحسنات على اليمين والذي يكتب السيئات على اليسار والصلاة حسنات ليس فيها سيئات فلهذا يسلم على اليمين دون اليسار قلت فلم لا يقال السلام عليك والملك على اليمين واحد ولكن يقال السلام عليكم قال ليكون قد سلم عليه وعلى من على اليسار وفضل صاحب اليمين عليه بالايماء إليه قلت فلم لا يكون الايماء في التسليم بالوجه كله ولكن لا بالانف لمن يصلى وحده وبالعين لمن يصلى بقوم، قال: لان مقعد الملكين من ابن آدم الشدقين فصاحب اليمين على الشدق الايمن وتسليم المصلى عليه ليثبت له صلاته في صحيفته قلت: فلم يسلم المأموم ثلاثا قال تكون واحدة ردا على الامام وتكون عليه وعلى ملكيه وتكون الثانية على من على يمينه والملكين الموكلين به وتكون الثالثة على من على يساره وملكيه الموكلين به ومن لم يكن على يساره أحد لم يسلم على يساره إلا أن يكون يمينه إلى الحائط ويساره إلى مصلى معه خلف الامام فيسلم على يساره قلت فتسليم الامام على من؟ يقع قال على ملكيه والمأمومين يقول لملائكته اكتبا سلامة صلاتي لما يفسدها ويقول لمن خلفه سلمتم وأمنتم من عذاب الله عزوجل قلت: فلم صار تحليل الصلاة التسليم؟ قال: لانه تحية الملكين، وفي اقامة الصلاة بحدودها وركوعها وسجودها وتسليمها سلامة للعبد من النار وفي قبول صلاة العبد يوم القيامة قبول سائر اعماله فإذا سلمت له صلاته سلمت جميع اعماله، وان لم تسلم صلاته وردت عليه رد ما سواها من الاعمال الصالحة.


1. Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Muhammad narrated to us, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah Al Asady Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Ismail Al Barmakky, from Ali Bin Ibn Al Abbas, from Al Qasim Bin Al Rabie Al Sahaf, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Al Mufazzal Ibn Umar who said, ‘I asked Abu Abdullah (asws) about the reason due to which the greeting is Obligated in the Prayer (at the end of it). He (asws) said: ‘It is the legitimisation of the Prayer’. I said, ‘So, for which reason one has to greet to the right and not to greet to the left?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because the Angel who has been Allocated to write the good deeds is upon the right, and the one who write the evil deeds is upon the left, and the Prayer is a good deed, with no evil deed being therein. Therefore, it is due to that, one has to greet to the right instead of the left’. I said, ‘So why is it not said, ‘Peace be upon you (Singular)’, and the Angel upon the right is one, but it is said, ‘Peace be upon you all (Plural)’?’ He (asws) said: ‘In order for there to be greetings upon him (on the right) and upon him on the left, and that is a merit of the one on the right by the gesture being towards him’. I said, ‘So why did there not happen to be a gesture in the greeting with the face, all of it, but it is not with the nose for the one who Prays alone, and with the eye for the one who Prays with the people?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because the sitting of the two Angels is upon the two cheeks of the son of Adam (as). So the one of the right is upon the right cheek, and the greeting of the Praying one is upon him in order to affirm to him, his Prayer in his Parchment’. I said, ‘So why does the follower greet thrice?’ He (asws) said: ‘One of these happens to be in response to the Prayer leader, and happens to be upon him, and upon his Angel; and the second one happens to be upon the one who is upon his right and the two Angels Allocated with him, and the third one happens to be upon the one who is upon his left and the two Angels Allocated with him. And the one who does not happen to have anyone upon his left, will not greet upon his left, except that he greets upon his right, up to the wall, and to his left up to the Praying one who is with him, behind the Prayer leader. So he greets to his left’. I said, ‘So the greeting of the Prayer leader, upon whom does it occur?’ He (asws) said: ‘Upon his two Angels, and the two following Angels are saying to his Angels: ‘Write greetings of my Prayer, what has been spoilt of it’; and are saying to the ones behinds him: ‘You are peaceful and secure from the Punishment of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic’. I said, ‘So how did the greeting come to be the legitimisation of the Prayer?’ He (asws) said: ‘Because it is a salutation to the two Angels, and in the establishment of the Prayer by its Limits, and its Bowings, and its Prostrations, and its Greetings, is a safety for the servant from the Fire, and in the Acceptance of the Prayer of the servant on the Day of Judgement is the Acceptance of the rest of his deeds. So if his Prayer is safe, the entirety of his deeds, and if his Prayer is not safe, what is besides it from the righteous deeds is returned back to him’.