62. The reason due to which there is neither the Azan nor the Iqama upon the woman

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أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنى سعد بن عبد الله عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن عيسى ابن محمد عن محمد بن ابى عمير عن حماد بن عيسى عن حريز بن عبد الله عن زرارة ابن اعين، عن ابى جعفر (ع) قال قلت له المرأة عليها اذان واقامة؟ فقال ان كانت تسمع اذان القبيلة فليس عليها شئ وإلا فليس عليها اكثر من الشهادتين لان الله تبارك وتعالى قال للرجال اقيموا الصلاة وقال للنساء واقمن الصلاة واتين الزكاة واطعن الله ورسوله، قال ثم قال: إذا قامت المرأة في الصلاة جمعت بين قدميها ولا تفرج بينهما وتضم يديها إلى صدرها لمكان ثدييها فإذا ركعت وضعت يديها فوق ركبتيها على فخذيها لئلا تطأطأ كثير افترتفع عجيزتها وإذا جلست فعلى إليتيهما ليس كما يقعد الرجل وإذا سقطت إلى السجود بدأت بالقعود بالركبتين قبل اليدين ثم تسجد لاطية بالارض فإذا كانت في جلوسها ضمت فخذيها ورفعت ركبتيها من الارض وإذا نهضت انسلت انسلالا لا ترفع عجيزتها أولا.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to me, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Isa Ibn Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Hareyz Bin Abdullah, from Zarara Ibn Ayn, (The narrator says) ‘I said to Abu Ja’far (asws), ‘The woman, is there (recitation of) Azan and the Iqama upon her?’ So he (asws) said: ‘If she has heard the Azan of her nation, so there is nothing upon her, otherwise there is nothing more upon her than the two testimonies, because Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Said to the men [2:43] And establish the Prayer; and Said to the women [33:33] and keep up the Prayer, and pay the Zakat, and obey Allah and His Rasool. Then he (asws) said: ‘When the woman stands in the Prayer, she should gather her feet and not release them freely, and includes her hands to her chest at the place of her breasts. So when she Bows, she should place her hands above her knees upon her thighs, lest she would lose a lot of respect if her rear were to be raised. And when she sits, so it is upon her back, not like what the man sits. And when she falls to the Prostrations, she begins with the sitting by the two knees before the two hands, then she Prostrates, flattening herself with the ground. So when she is in her sitting, so she should gather her thighs, and raise her knees from the ground. And when she gets up, she should do so sneakily, not raising her rear first’.