61. The reason due to which the two Cycles which Rasool-Allah (saww) had increased were placed aside (removed) for the Day of Friday

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أبى رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن علي بن حديد وعبد الرحمان بن ابى نجران عن حماد بن عيسى عن حريز بن عبد الله السجستاني، عن زرارة بن اعين قال: سئل أبو جعفر (ع) عما فرض الله عزوجل من الصلاة؟ قال خمس صلوات في الليل والنهار قال: قلت هل سماهن الله وبينهن في كتابه؟ قال نعم قال الله تبارك وتعالى لنبيه صلى الله عليه وآله أقم الصلاة لدلوك الشمس إلى غسق الليل) ودلوكها زوالها ففيما بين دلوك الشمس إلى غسق الليل أربع صلوات سماهن الله وبينهن ووقتهن وغسق الليل انتصافه ثم قال (وقرآن الفجر إن قرآن الفجر كان مشهودا) فهذه الخامسة وقال في ذلك اقم الصلاة طرفي النهار وزلفا من الليل وطرفاه المغرب والغداة وزلفا من الليل وهى صلاة العشاء الآخرة وقال: حافظوا على الصلوات والصلاة الوسطى وهي صلاة الظهر وهى اول صلاة صلاها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وهى وسط صلاتين بالنهار صلاة الغداة وصلاة العصر وقال في بعض القراءة حافظوا على الصلوات والصلاة الوسطى وصلاة العصر وقوموا لله قانتين في صلاة العصر قال وانزلت هذه الآية يوم الجمعة ورسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في سفر فقنت فيها وتركها على حالها وأضاف للمقيم ركعتين وانما وضعت الركعتان أضافهما رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يوم الجمعة لمكان الخطبتين فمن صلاها وحده ففليصلها أربعا كصلاة الظهر في ساير الايام. قال وقت العصر يوم الجمعة في وقت الظهر في ساير الايام.


1. My father said, ‘Sa’ad Bin Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Bin Hadeed and Abdul Rahman Bin Abu Najran, from Hamad Bin Isa, from Hareyz Bin Abdullah Al Sajastany, from Zarara Bin Ayn who said, ‘Abu Ja’far (asws) was asked about what Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Obligated from the Prayers? He (asws) said: ‘Five Prayers during the night and the day’. I said, ‘Has Allah (azwj) Named these and Manifested these in His (azwj) Book?’ He (asws) said: ‘Yes. Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Said to His (azwj) Prophet (saww) [17:78] Establish the Prayer from the declining of the sun till the darkness of the night. And its declining is from its meridian. So in what is the between the declining of the sun up to the darkness of the night there are four Prayers. Allah (azwj) has Named these, and Manifested these, and their timings. And the darkness of the night is the middle of it. The He (azwj) Said and the morning recitation; surely the recitation at dawn was always witnessed. So this is the fifth. And He (azwj) Said with regards to that [11:114] And establish Prayer in the two parts of the day. And its parts are the evening and the morning and in the first hours of the night and it is the ‘Al-Isha’ Prayer. And [2:238] Guard strictly your Prayers, (especially) the Middle Prayer. And it is the ‘Al-Zohar Prayer’, and it is the first Prayer which Rasool-Allah (saww) Prayed, and it is in the middle of the day, and in the middle of the two day Prayers The morning Prayers, and the ‘Al-Asr’ Prayer’ And He (azwj) Said in one of the recitations [2:238] Guard strictly your Prayers, (especially) the Middle Prayer, and Al-Asr Prayer, and arise for the Sake of Allah, devoutly in Al-Asr Prayer. He (asws) said: ‘And these Verses were Revelaed on the day of Friday, and Rasool-Allah (saww) was in a journey, so he (saww) devout with regards to it and left it upon its state, and increase it by two Cycles for those who stayed (did not travel). But rather, the two Cycles were placed aside for the Firday, those two which Rasool-Allah (saww) had increased, to replace the two sermons. So the one who Prays it alone, so let him Pray four Cycles like Al-Zohr in the rest of the days’. He (asws) said: ‘The timing for Al-Asr on the day of Friday is at the time of Al-Zohr in the rest of the days’.